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Full text of "Cathedral organists past and present; a record of the succession of organists of the cathedrals, chapels royal, and principal collegiate churches of the United Kingdom, from about the period of the Reformation until the present day, with biographical notes, extracts from the chapter books, anecdotes, etc"

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CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS 

PAST AND PRESENT. 
A RECORD OF THE SUCCESSION OF ORGANISTS 

OF THE 

CATHEDRALS, CHAPELS ROYAL, AND PRINCIPAL 

COLLEGIATE CHURCHES OF THE 

UNITED KINGDOM, 

FROM ABOUT THE PERIOD OF THE REFORMATION UNTIL 
THE PRESENT DAY. 

WITH BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES, EXTRACTS FROM THE 
CHAPTER BOOKS, ANECDOTES, ETC. 




JOHN E. WEST, 

FELLOW OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF Music ; FELLOW OF THE ROYAL COLLEGI: OF ORGANISTS. 



NEW AND ENLARGED EDITION, 
1921. 



LONDON: NOVELLO AND COMPANY, LIMITED. 
NEW YORK : THE H. W. GRAY CO., SOLE AGENTS FOR THE U.S.A. 



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3% 



MADE IN ENGLAND. 




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The following Latin Hymn, dating, it is supposed, from about 
the 6th or yth century, was incorporated in the Statutes delivered 
by Henry VIII. to those of the Cathedrals of the New Foundation 
here named Canterbury, Carlisle, Chester, Durham, Gloucester, 
Peterborough, Rochester, and Worcester with the injunction 
that it should be used " by all in our Church before retiring to 
rest " : 

PRECES VESPERI AB OMNIBUS IN ECCLESIA DICEND.^. 

HYMNUS. 



Salvator mundi Domine, 
Qui nos salvasti hodie 
In hac nocte nos protege 
Et salva omni tempore. 



Ne mentem somnus opprimat, 
Nee hostis nos surripiat : 
Nee ullis caro, petimus, 
Commaculetur sordibus. 



Adeste nunc propitius, Te, Reformator sensuum, 

Et parce supplicantibus : Votis precamur cordium : 

Tu dele nostra crimina, Ut puri castis mentibus 

Tu tenebras illumina. Surgamus a cubilibus. 

Deo Patri sit gloria, 

Ejusque soli Filio : 

Cum Spiritu Paraclito, 

Et nunc, et in perpetuum. Amen. 

English paraphrase by James Walter Brown : 

O loving Saviour, Lord of all, 
Whose care hath kept us safe to day, 
Protect us now at evening's fall, 
And ever be our guard and stay. 

Draw near us through the gloomy night, 
And while we pray Thy grace afford : 
Our past offence blot from Thy sight, 
And lighten Thou our darkness. Lord. 

May no vile dream our mind assail, 
No crafty foe our sleep invade, 
Nor evil thought o'er us prevail 
That so our flesh impure be made. 

Our hearts lift up this prayer to Thee, 
Whose love our every want supplies, 
That, when again the morn we see, 
Refreshed and pure we may arise. 

The paraphrase forms the words of an Anthem composed by 
Dr. F. W. Wadely, Organist of Carlisle Cathedral, and 
published by Messrs. Novello. 



PREFACE 

TO THE ORIGINAL EDITION. 



No complete or adequate record of past and present Cathedral Organists 
of the United Kingdom has hitherto been published. The following 
pages have, therefore, been compiled to supply this want. 

The idea of this book originated in a somewhat imperfect list of 
Cathedral Organists, which I had gathered from various sources for my 
own private use. It afterwards occurred to me, however, that an 
amplification of this material, including short biographical notes con- 
cerning those Organists of whom any information could be obtained, 
might, if published, prove useful as a work of reference to Church 
musicians and to those interested in the history of this branch of 
the art of music. 

The assistance of the majority of the present Cathedral and Collegiate 
Organists, and, in some cases, that of the Cathedral Clergy and Chapter 
Clerks, was accordingly asked, in searching their registers and other 
documents for further information on this subject; and it is greatly 
owing to the ready and generous manner in which these gentlemen 
have responded to my inquiries, that I have been enabled to obtain so 
complete and authentic a record. 

It is difficult to state definitely when the office of Organist in our 
Cathedrals began to assume an independent and personal character; 
but, speaking approximately, it may be said to date from about the 
period of the Reformation. 

In the early services of the Church very little practical skill was 
required for the accompaniment of the plain-song upon the primitive 
organs then in use, and the duties of Organist were apparently shared, 
in the majority of cases, by certain of the members of the Choral 
Establishment in turn. So that, although, in the early records, frequent 
mention is made of the "Organista," " Pulsator Organorum," " Lusor 
ad Organa," &c., these, and other distinctive titles applied to the 
player upon the organs, refer merely to the person filling that office for 
the time being. At Hereford, in the thirteenth century, the Organist 
was called " Clerk of the Organs " ; at Exeter, at one period, he held 
the title of " Clerk of the Chapel " ; and at St. Paul's he was appointed 
by the Prsecentor "to keep the table and instruct the boys." 

In tracing the history of Cathedral Organists an .important dis- 
tinction has to be drawn between Cathedrals of the Old Foundation 
and those of the New Foundation. 



PREFACE. 



Cathedrals of the Old Foundation are those which retained, after 
the suppression of the Monasteries by Henry VIII., their original 
constitution ; consequently there was no provision in the Statutes for 
an Organist as a separate and independent officer. 

The following are the thirteen Cathedrals known as those of the 
Old Foundation : 

Bangor Lincoln St. Paul's 

Chichester Llandaff Salisbury 

Exeter St. Asaph Wells 

Hereford St. David's York. 

Lichfield 

Cathedrals of the New Foundation are those which were re-con- 
stituted in the time of Henry VIII. They are fourteen in number. 
Nine of them 

Canterbury Durham Rochester 

Carlisle Ely Winchester 

Dublin (Christ Church) Norwich Worcester 

had previously been both Monasteries and Cathedrals; the remaining 
five : 

Bristol Gloucester Peterborough 

Chester Oxford 

had been simply Monasteries, and their Sees were then for the first 
time established. 

In the Statutes ot Henry VIII. for Cathedrals of the New Founda- 
tion, provision was generally made for the office of Organist. Exceptions 
to this, however, occur at Winchester and at Ely, where the Organist 
was not recognised as a distinct member of the Foundation until the 
time of the Statutes of Charles I. and Charles II. respectively. 

In cases where no provision was thus made for an Organist, the 
office continued to be held by one or more of the members of the Choir, 
or by someone who was virtually Organist, but statutably a member of 
the Choral Establishment, receiving his salary, or the greater part 
of it, as a Vicar Choral or a Lay Clerk. Sometimes he was one of 
the Minor Canons or Priest Vicars, where such were included in the 
Choir, as at Exeter, Hereford, &c. Even at the present time the 
Organists of Exeter, Lichfield, Salisbury, and Winchester are, according 
to Statute, Lay Vicars; that of Lichfield receiving, as Organist, the 
annual salary of 4, as ordered by Bishop Hacket's Statutes, which 
were first put into force by Bishop Lloyd in 1693. 

The office of Master of the Choristers has, since the Reformation, 
generally been united with that of Organist, especially in Cathedrals of 
the New Foundation ; and where exceptions to this arrangement have 
occurred, they have, as a rule, only been in the case of individual 
Organists. At Lincoln a Cathedral of the Old Foundation however, 



PREFACE. vii 

the appointment of Master of the Choristers was separated from that of 
Organist in 1595, and, with one or two exceptions, the two posts were 
not re-united until the year 1850. 

It has been impossible to trace a complete list of the earlier 
Organists in some of the Cathedrals of the Old Foundation from the 
fact that, the duty being generally allotted to certain members of the 
Choral Staff in turn, a very imperfect record exists as to which of 
these members were in the habit of performing the same. For this 
reason it may happen that one or two of the earlier names given under 
these Cathedrals are not those of Organists, and that, on the other 
hand, some of those whose names should appear as such have been 
omitted. At certain Cathedrals other circumstances, of course, have 
precluded the possibility of tracing a complete succession of the 
Organists. 

In the case of Bristol, for instance, a break of nearly a century 
(1639-1734) occurs. The Cathedral records corresponding to that period 
were destroyed when the library was burnt during the riots of 1831, 
and no information concerning the Organists there during that break 
has been discovered from any other source. 

At Llandaff, also, there was no Organ or Choral Service from 1691 
until 1861, and the existing record of Organists there previous to 1691 
is very imperfect. 

During the search for information at Wells two breaks were 
discovered in the records, one of them being significantly noted " Per 
bella civilia." The period of the Civil Wars has, in fact, produced a 
hiatus in the musical records of many of our Cathedrals and Collegiate 
Churches, owing to the destruction of the organs and music books by 
the Parliamentary troops, and the suspension of the Choral Service 
consequent upon that turbulent period. In 1644, moreover, an Ordinance 
of Parliament was passed for the entire suppression of Organs and the 
Choral Service, thereby temporarily depriving Organists and members of 
the Choir of their appointments. This Ordinance continued in force 
until the Restoration, when the Choral Service was resumed and Organs 
were again allowed. 

Amongst other Cathedrals from which the information obtained has 
been somewhat incomplete are Lichfield and Southwell, the latter 
having no available record of past Organists earlier than 1718, with the 
exception of one solitary name which occurs at a pre- Reformation 
period. On the other hand, the lists of Bangor, Durham, Dublin (Christ 
Church and St. Patrick's Cathedrals), Exeter, Gloucester, Hereford, 
Norwich, Oxford (Christ Church), Peterborough, Rochester, St. 
Paul's, Salisbury, Worcester, and King's and Trinity Colleges at Cam- 
bridge, will be found nearly complete from a comparatively early date ; 
whilst those of Chester, Ely, Lincoln, Westminster Abbey, the Chapel 



PREFACE. 



Royal, St. George's Chapel at Windsor, and Magdalen College at 
Oxford may almost be regarded as giving an unbroken succession from 
about the time of the Reformation. 

In the case of the recently established Cathedrals which were 
previously parish churches, with no endowed musical foundation viz., 
Liverpool, Newcastle, St. Alban's, Southwark (St. Saviour's), Truro, 
and Wakefield, it has not been considered necessary to include the 
names of the parochial Organists who held office before the establish- 
ment of the See. 

The biographical notes given under the names of the various 
Organists refer principally to their appointments and work as church 
musicians, and are not intended as a complete and exhaustive outline of 
their musical careers. Consequently, the matter devoted to well-known 
Organists, whose names are to be found in most of the musical bio- 
graphies, will often appear to be short in proportion to that given under 
less distinguished names, much of which is recorded for the first time. 

Several anecdotes, interesting extracts from Chapter books, &c., are 
included, many of which have never before been published. 

Very little is mentioned concerning Organs, the subject being an 
extensive and peculiar one, and almost beyond the scope of the present 
book. 

I desire to tender my grateful acknowledgments to the following 
who have kindly rendered me much valuable assistance in the com- 
pilation of this work : 

PROFESSOR PHILIP ARMES, M.A., Mus.D., Organist of Durham 
Cathedral. 

IVOR A. ATKINS, Esq., Mus.B., Organist of Worcester Cathedral. 

FRANK BATES, Esq., Mus.D., Organist of Norwich Cathedral. 

G. GALLOWAY BEALE, Esq., Mus.B., Organist of Llandaff Cathedral. 

MRS. JOHN STOCKS BOOTH, St. Alban's. 

The REV. E. BRADLEY, M.A., Priest Vicar and Sacrist of Lichfield 
Cathedral. 

A. H. BREWER, Esq., Mus.B., Organist of Gloucester Cathedral. 

JOSEPH C. BRIDGE, Esq., M.A., Mus.D., Organist of Chester 
Cathedral. 

PERCY C. BUCK, Esq., M.A., Mus.D., Organist of Bristol Cathedral. 

JOHN S. BUMPUS, Esq. 

EDWARD BUNNETT, Esq., Mus.D., Organist to the Corporation of 
Norwich. 

The REV. CANON CHURCH, D.D., Sub-Dean of Wells. 

C. E. CLARKE, Esq., late Assistant-Organist of Gloucester Cathedral. 
FREDERICK L. CLARKE, Esq., Bursar's Clerk of King's College, 

Cambridge. 

D. J. D. CODNBR, Esq., late Organist of St. David's Cathedral. 



PREFACli. 



RICHARD COPE, Esq., Chapter Clerk of Windsor, and Clerk to the 

College, Eton. 

J. M. COWPER, Esq., Curator of the Library, Canterbury. 
Miss CRAWFORD (daughter of the late Major Crawford), West Hill 

Putney, S.W. 

EDWIN J. CROW, Esq., Mus.D., Organist of Ripon Cathedral. 
The REV. ARNOLD D. CULLEY, M.A., Mus.B., Cantab., Deputy 

Priest Vicar of Exeter Cathedral. 

The VERY KEY. A. P. PUREY-CUST, D.D., Dean of York. 
The REV. CANON W. E. DICKSON, M.A., late Precentor of Ely. 
F. G. EDWARDS, Esq., Editor of The Musical Times. 
The REV. E. H. FELLOWES, M.A., Mus.B., Precentor of Bristol 

Cathedral. 

H. E. FORD, Esq., Mus.D., Organist of Carlisle Cathedral. 
GEORGE GAFFE, Esq., Organist of St. Alban's Cathedral. 
Miss GUNTON, Rimmersfield, Chester. 
BASIL HARWOOD, Esq., M.A., Mus.D., Organist of Christ Church 

Cathedral, Oxford. 
FREDERICK ILIFFE, Esq., Mus.D., Organist of St. John's College, 

Oxford. 
E. J. HOPKINS, Esq., Mus.D., late Organist, and now Hon. 

Organist of the Temple Church. 

JOHN HOPKINS, Esq., Organist of Rochester Cathedral. 
JOHN HORAN, Esq., Organist of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin. 
WALTER H. HUGHES, Esq., Chapter Clerk of Bristol Cathedral. 
WILLIAM HUTT, Esq., Organist of Winchester College. 
HAYDN KEETON, Esq., Mus.D., Organist of Peterborough Cathedral. 
HENRY KING, Esq., Late Assistant Vicar Choral of St. Paul's 

Cathedral. 

CHARLES HARFORD LLOYD, Esq., M.A., Mus.D., Precentor of Eton. 
W. H. LONGHURST, Esq., Mus.D., Late Organist of Canterbury 

Cathedral. 

J. B. LOTT, Esq., Mus.B., Organist of Lichfield Cathedral. 
DONALD W. LOTT, Esq., Formerly Organist of St. Columba's 

College, Rathfarnham. 
MESSRS. MACDONALD and MALDEN, Chapter Clerks of Salisbury 

Cathedral. 
The REV. CANON A. R. MADDISON, M.A., F.S.A., Priest Vicar and 

Succentor of Lincoln Cathedral. 
The REV. F. T. MADGE, Minor Canon and Librarian of Winchester 

Cathedral. 

A. H. MANN, Esq., Mus.D., Organist of King's College,' Cambridge. 
The REV. W. MANN, M.A., Late Precentor of Bristol. 
J. C. MARKS, Esq., Mus.D., Organist of Cork Cathedral. 



PREFACE. 



The REV. K. T. MARSHALL, Minor Canon, Precentor, and Sacrist 

of Winchester Cathedral. 

T. WESTLAKE-MORGAN, Esq., Organist of Bangor Cathedral. 
H. C. MORRIS, Esq., Organist of St. David's Cathedral. 
SIR WALTER PARRATT, Kn*- Mus.D., Organist of St. George's 

Chapel, Windsor. 

H. C. PERRIN, Esq., Mus.B., Organist of Canterbury Cathedral. 
J. KENDRICK PYNE, Esq., Organist of Manchester Cathedral. 

F. J. READ, Esq., Mus.D., Organist of Chichester Cathedral. 
GEORGE RISELEY, Esq., late Organist of Bristol Cathedral. 
THOMAS SHINDLER, Esq,, M.A., LL.B., Registrar of the Royal 

College of Organists. 

G. R. SINCLAIR, Esq., Organist of Hereford Cathedral. 
The REV. R. F. SMITH, Precentor of Southwell Cathedral. 

C. F. SOUTH, Esq., Organist of Salisbury Cathedral. 

The RIGHT REV. THE LORD BISHOP OF BANGOR, D.D., late Dean 

of St. Asaph. 
A. W. WILSON, Esq., B.A., Mus.D., Organist of St. Asaph Cathedral. 

D. J. WOOD, Esq., Mus.D., Organist of Exeter Cathedral. 



The following, now deceased, also afforded me their kind help : 
JOHN NAYLOR, Esq., Mus.D., Organist of York Minster. 
J. M. W. YOUNG, Esq., Organist of Lincoln Cathedral. 



I cannot conclude these introductory remarks without expressing my 
deep sense of gratitude to my friend, MR. JOHN S. BUMPUS, for the 
ungrudging manner in which he has given me the benefit of his long 
experience in matters relating to the history of Cathedral music, and, 
moreover, for so readily and constantly placing at my disposal his most 
interesting and valuable library. The sound advice, voluminous 
information, and kind encouragement which he has given me throughout 
the preparation of this work have enabled me to accomplish that 
which might otherwise have been an impossible task. 

My special thanks are also due to MR. F. G. EDWARDS, the REV. 
H. O. MACKEY, and DR. A. H. MANN, for having read the proofs and 
for having offered several valuable suggestions. 

JOHN E. WEST. 
WEST KENSINGTON, 
September, 1899. 



PREFACE. 



xi 



The following are amongst the various printed books, periodicals, catalogues, 
&c.,from which information has been obtained for this work : 

44 The Choral Service of the United Church of England and Ireland " 

John Jebb, D.D. [1843.] 
" Cathedralia." A constitutional history of the Cathedrals of the 

Western Church. Mackenzie E. C. Walcott, B.D. [1865.] 
" The Dictionary of National Biography." Edited by Leslie Stephen 

and Sidney Lee. [1883.] (In progress.} 
" A General History of the Science and Practice of Music." Sir John 

Hawkins. [1776.] 

" A General History of Music." Charles Burney, Mus.D. [1776-89.] 
14 A Dictionary of Music and Musicians." Edited by Sir George Grove 

C.B. [1878-85.] 
44 British Musical Biography." James D. Brown and Stephen S. 

Stratton. [1897.] 
4k A Short Historical Account of Degrees in Music." C. F. Abdy 

Williams, M.A., Mus.B. [1893.] 
44 Succession of Organists of the Cathedral Churches of Armagh, 

Christ Church, and St. Patrick's, Dublin," &c. Co npiled by Major 

G. A. Crawford, M.A. [1881.] 
" Papers, documents, law proceedings, &c., respecting the maintenance 

of the Choir of the Cathedral Church of Bangor, as provided for by 

an Act of Parliament, passed in the reign of King James the 

Second, A.D. 1685." Collected and arranged by Joseph Pring, 

Mus.D. [1819.] 
44 The Old Cheque Book, or Book of Remembrance, of the Chapel 

Royal." (Camden Society.) Edited by E. F. Rimbault, LL.D. 

[1872.] 
44 The History and Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Canterbury." 

John Dart. [1726.] 
44 The Early Statutes of the Cathedral Church of Chichester." 

Mackenzie E. C. Walcott, B.D. [1877.] 
44 Annals of St. Fin Barre's Cathedral, Cork." Richard Caulfield, 

LL.D., F.S.A. [1871.] 
44 Registers of Durham Cathedral." Transcribed and annotated by 

Edward Arthur White, F.S.A. Edited for the Harleian Society by 

George J. Armytage, F.S.A. [1897.] 
44 History and Antiquities of the Cathedral and Conventual Church 

of Ely." James Bentham. Addenda by W. Stevenson, F.S.A. 

[1817-] 
4 Fasti Herefordensis." Francis T. Havergal, M.A. [1869.] 

44 A Short Account of the Vicars Choral, &c., of Lincoln Cathedral, from 
the 12th Century to the Accession of Edward VI." Also four 



I 



xii 



PREFACE. 



Papers on the same subject continued to the present time. 

A. R. Maddison, M.A., F.S.A. [1878.] 
Some account of the Condition of the Fabric of Llandaff Cathedral 

from 1575 to its re-opening in 1857." Alfred Ollivant, D.D. 

(Bishop of Llandaff). [1857.] 
A Register of the Presidents, Fellows, Demies, . . . and other Members 

of St. Mary Magdalen College, Oxford." John Rouse Blox<im, D.D. 

[I853-76.] 
Memorials of the Church of St. Peter and Wilfred, Ripon." Edited, 

for the Surtees Society, by J. T. Fowler. [1882-86.] 
Registers of the Cathedral Church of Rochester." Thomas Shindler, 

M.A., LL.B. [1892.] 
History and Antiquities of the Parish of St. David's." Captain 

George Manby. [1801.] 

History and Antiquities of St. David's." Jones and Freeman. [1856.] 
The Organists and Composers of St. Paul's Cathedral." John S. 

Bumpus. [1891.] 
A History of the Antiquities of Southwell." W. Dickenson Rastall, M.A. 

[1787-] 

A few Notes on the Temple Organ.'' Edmund Macrory, Q.C. [1861.] 
The Marriage, Baptismal, and Burial Registers of the Collegiate 

Church or Abbey of St. Peter, Westminster." Edited and annotated 

by Col. Joseph Lemuel Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.H.S. [1876.] 
Documents relating to the History of the Cathedral Church of 

Winchester." Edited, for the Hants Record Society, by R. W. 

Stephens, B.D., F.S.A. (Dean of Winchester), and F. T. Madge, 

M.A. (Minor Canon and Librarian of Winchester Cathedral). 

[1889, &c.] 

1 Annals of Winchester College." T. F. Kirby, M.A., F.S.A. [1892.] 
1 Annals of Windsor," &c. Tighe and Davis. [1858.] 
1 History and Antiquities of the City and Suburbs of Worcester." 

Valentine Green. [1796.] 
1 A Survey of the Cathedral Church of Worcester." William Thomas. 

[1736.] 
' Eboracum " ; or, the History and Antiquities of the City of York, 

together with the History of the Cathedral Church, &c. Francis 

Drake, F.R.S. [1736.] 
' A Survey of the Cathedrals of York, Durham," &c., &c. Browne 

Willis. [1742.] 
' Annals of the Three Choirs." Daniel Lysons, M.A., F.R.S., F.S.A., 

John Amott, C. Lee Williams, Mus.B., and H. Godwin Chance, 

M.A. [1895-] 
* History of the Handel and Haydn Society " (Boston, US. A.). Charles 

C. Perkins. 



PREFACE. xiii 



" English Church Composers." (" The Great Musicians " Series.) 

William Alexander Barrett, Mus.B. [1882.] 
11 Purcell." ("The Great Musicians" Series.) William H.Cummings. 

[1881.] 
" An Account of the Musical Performances in Westminster Abbey and 

the Pantheon . . . 1784, in Commemoration of Handel." 

Charles Burney, Mus.D. [1785.] 
" Sir John Stevenson." A Biographical Sketch. John S. Bumpus. 

[1893-] 

" Memoir of Sir Robert Stewart." Olinthus J. Vignoles, M.A. [1898.] 
" A Few Words on Cathedral Music and the Musical System of the 

Church, with a Plan of Reform." Samuel Sebastian Wesley, Mus.D. 

[1849.] 

" Fifty Years of Church Music." W. E. Dickson, M.A. [1895.] 
" Musical and Personal Recollections during Half-a-Century." Henry 

Phillips. [1864.] 

" The Musical Haunts of London." F. G. Edwards. [1895.] 
14 Court and Private Life in the time of Queen Charlotte." Journals of 

Mrs. Papendiek. Edited by her grand-daughter, Mrs. Vernon 

Delves Broughton. [1887.] 
" A Collection of Anthems as sung at Christ Church and St. Patrick's 

Cathedrals (&c.), Dublin." John Finlayson,M.A. [1852.] 
' Catalogue of Ancient Choral Services and Anthems preserved . . . 

in the Cathedral Church of Ely." Edited by W. E. Dickson, M.A. 

[1861.] 

English Musical Gazette. [1819.] 
Ecclesiologist. [1859.] 
Musical Times. 
Musical Opinion. 

Musical News. Various Numbers. 

Musical Standard. 
Canterbury Press. 
&c., &c. 



XIV 



PREFACE. 



PREFACE TO THE REVISED AND 
ENLARGED EDITION 

So many new appointments have taken place in the office of Organist 
at the Cathedrals and Collegiate Churches of the United Kingdom 
during the past twenty years, that it now seems fully necessary to 
issue a new edition of this book, bringing the chronological record up 
to the present time. 

The issue of this new edition has also afforded an opportunity, not 
only for the correction or modification of certain details in the earlier 
matter, but also for the addition of new material of interest which 
more recent research has brought to light especially that of further 
quotations from the Chapter books and other official records. 

The names of several past organists are now included which were 
missing in the first edition ; on the other hand, the names of one or 
two previously given, also certain appointments which were supposed 
to have been held by one or two others, have now been omitted, 
evidence from the records having more recently proved either 
insufficient or too contradictory to justify their retention. 

A more thorough investigation of the Chapter books at Bristol and 
St. Asaph has necessitated some little modification of the material 
formerly given regarding these two Cathedrals. At Bristol the 
records which were supposed to have been des royed during the Riots 
of 1831 have since been discovered, thereby supplying an almost 
complete succession of organists from the Reformation until the 
present day. Some revision has also been found necessary in the 
list of earlier organists of Worcester, as a result of the exhaustive 
investigations of Sir Ivor Atkins, published a few years ago under 
the title of " Early Occupants of the Office of Organist of the 
Cathedral Chutch of Worcester." From this interesting work the 
author has generously allowed me to quote at pleasure. 

Since the publication of the first edition four new Ecclesiastical 
Sees have been established Birmingham, in 1905 ; Chelmsford, in 
1914; Coventry, in 1918; and Sheffield, in 1914. The Cathedral 
churches of these four Sees are therefore now included, with the 
names of their Organists who have held office since their attainment to 
Cathedral rank. At present, however, they possess no endowed 
musical foundation. 

To the list of Irish Cathedrals has now been added that of Limerick, 
which possessed a Choral Foundation from pre- Reformation times to 
the year of the Disestablishment of the Church of Ireland. 



PREFACE. 



For assistance in the preparation of this new edition I am much 
indebted to the following gentlemen, some of whom also rendered me 
kind help in connection with the first publication of the work : 
DR. W. G. ALCOCK, M.V.O., Organist of Salisbury Cathedral. 
ARTHUR BAYNOX, Esq., sometime Organist of St. Michael's College, 

Ten bury. 
REV. E. BRADLEY, M.A., Priest-Vicar and Sacrist of Lichfield 

Cathedral. 
PROFESSOR J.C. BRIDGB, M.A., Mus.U., F.S.A., Durham Professor 

of Music and Organist of Chester Cathedral. 
REV. C. G. BROWN, B.A., Canon Residentiary of St. David's 

Cathedral. 

DR. ERNEST BULLOCK, Organist of Exeter Cathedral. 
The Chapter Clerk of Exeter Cathedral. 
DR. E. M. CHAUNDY, M.A., Organist of Armagh Cathedral. 
R. H. P. COLEMAN, Esq., Mus.B., Organist of Peterborough 

Cathedral. 

E. T. COOK, Esq., Mus.B., F.R.C.O., Organist of Southwark 

Cathedral. 

F. J. W. CROWE, Esq., F.R.A.S., F.R.Hist.Soc., sometime Organist 

of Chichester Cathedral. 
REV. J. N. DALTON, K.C.V.O., M.A., c., Canon of St. George's 

Chapel, Windsor. 
REV. T. H. DAVIS, B.A., Mus.D., Canon Residentiary, Precentor, 

and Organist of Wells Cathedral. 
W. F. DUNNILL, Esq., F.R.C.O., Organist of Birmingham 

Cathedral. 

WILLIAM ELLIS, Esq., Mus.B., Organist of Newcastle Cathedral. 
DR. E. H. FELLOWES, M.A., Precentor of St. George's Chapel, 

Windsor. 

F. R. FRYE, Esq., Mus.B., Organist of Chelmsford Cathedral. 
The Very REV. HENRY GEE, D.D., Dean of Gloucester. 
W. H. GOSS-CUSTARD, Esq., Mus.B., Organist of the Lady Chapel, 

Liverpool Cathedral. 
DR. W. H. GRATTAN-FLOOD, K.S.G. 
DR. T. W. HANFORTH, Organist of Sheffield Cathedra!. 
DR. W. H. HARRIS, Organist of New College, Oxford. 
DR. G- H. P. HEWSON, Organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. 
WALTER HOYLE, Esq., F.R.C.O., Organist of Coventry Cathedral. 
P. C. HULL, Esq., F.R.C.O., Organist of Hereford Cathedral. 
H. W. HUNT, Esq., Organist of Bristol Cathedral. 
*DR. HAYDN KEETON, Organist of Peterborough Cathedral. 
HENRY KING, Esq., of Messrs. Novello & Co., Ltd. 

*. Since deceased. 



xvi PREFACE. 



DR. C. H. KITSON, M.A., sometime Organist of Christ Church 

Cathedral, Dublin ; now Dublin Professor of Music. 
DR. H. C. LEY, M.A., Organist of Christ Church Cathedral, 

Oxford. 

F. LOWE, Esq., Lay-Clerk of St. Michael's College, Tenbury. 
H. C. MIDDLETON, Esq., M.A., Mus.B., Organist of Truro 

Cathedral. 

DR. M. J. MONK, sometime Organist of Truro Cathedral. 
C. H. MOODY, Esq., C.B.E., F.R.C.O., Organist of Ripon 

Cathedral. 
H. C. MORRIS, Esq., M.A., F.R.C.O., Organist of St. David's 

Cathedral. 

FRANK MUSPRATT, Esq., Organist of Limerick Cathedral. 
S. H. NICHOLSON, Esq., M.A., Mus.B., Organist of Westminster 

Abbey. 

DR. C. CHARLTON PALMER, Organist of Canterbury Cathedral. 
SIR WALTER PARRATT, K.C.V.O., M.A., Mus.D., &c., Organist ot 

St. George's Chapel, Windsor. 

N. E. PONSONBY, Esq., M.A., Mus.B., Organist of Ely Cathedral. 
DR. WILLIAM PRENDERGAST, Organist of Winchester Cathedral. 
S. ROYLE SHORE, Esq., Hon. Lecturer in Ecclesiastical Music. 

Birmingham Cathedral, &c. 
F. G. SHUTTLEWORTH, Esq., Organist of the Parish Church of 

St. Mary Abbott's, Kensington. 
EDWIN STEPHENSON, Esq., sometime Organist of Birmingham 

Cathedral. 

DR. H. C. STEWART, M.A., Organist of Magdalen College, Oxford. 
H. C L. STOCKS, Esq., Organist of St. Asaph Cathedral. 
H. W. TOPPER, Esq., Organist of Southwell Cathedral. 
DR. F. W. WADELY, M.A., Organist of Carlisle Cathedral. 
T. H. WEAVING, Esq., Organist of Christ Church Cathedral, 

Dublin. 
REV. H. F. WESTLAKE, M.A., M.V.O., F.S.A., Minor Canon and 

Custodian of the Chapter Records, Westminster Abbey. 
REV. CHRISTOPHER WORDSWORTH, M.A., Canon and Chancellor of 

Salisbury Cathedral. 

My sincere thanks are particularly due to that indefatigable 
antiquary, DR. W. H. GRATTAN-FLOOD, for his kindness in suppl>ing 
me, not only with the list of Organists of Limerick Cathe iral, but 
with much interesting and valuable information concerning the earlier 
organists at many other Cathedrals, also for his generous assistance in 
reading the proofs of this edition. 

MAIDA VALE, LONDON, W. 
October, 1921. 



XV11 



ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF INFORMATION FOR 
THE REVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION. 

Chapter Records at Bristol (Minutes and Acts of Chapter), Exeter, 
Gloucester, Lichfield, Lincoln, Peterborough, St. Asaph, 
St. David's, Salisbury, Wells, Worcester, Westminster Abbey 
(Treasurer's Accounts), and St. George's Chapel, Windsor. 

"Carlisle Cathedral, its Organs and Organists," S. H. Nicholson, 
M.A., Mus.B. (1907). 

" Organists of Chester Cathedral," [Prof.] J. C. Bridge [M.A., Mus.D.] 

(1913)- 

" A Short History of the Organs, Organists, and Services of the Chapel 

of Alleyn's College of God's Gift at Dulwich," W. H. Stocks (1891). 
" Ely Cathedral, the Organs and Organists," A. W. Wilson, B.A., 

Mus.D. (1905). 
" History of the Coronation of King James II. and Queen Mary," 

Francis Sandford, Lancaster Herald of Arms (1687). 
" Chapter Acts of Lincoln Cathedral." Edited by Canon 

R. E. G. Cole, M.A. (Lincoln Record Society). 
" History of the Diocese of St. Asaph," Archdeacon Thomas. 
" Proceedings of the Musical Association (1916-17). 
" The King's Music, a Transcript of Records relating to Music and 

Musicians" (1460-1700). Edited by Henry Cart de Lafontaine, 

M.A. (1909). 

The Musical Times, various numbers. 

" Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Dean and Chapter of Wells." 

Edited by William Paley Baildon. (Historical MSS. Commission.) 
" Winchester Cathedral, its Monuments and Memorials," Canon 

John Vaughaii, M.A. (1919). 
" Early Occupants of the Office of Organist of the Cathedral Church 

of Worcester," [Sir] Ivor Atkins (Worcestershire Historical 

Society, 1918). 



CONTENTS. 



CATHEDRALS. 



i ; LLANDAFF 67 

BANGOR... ... 2 LONDON- 
BIRMINGHAM 6 ST. PAUL'S 69 

BRISTOL ... ... 7 I SOUTHWARK (ST. SAVIOUR'S) 75 

CANTERBURY 10 i MANCHESTER 75 

CARLISLE 14 j NEWCASTLE 7 8 

CHELMSFORD 16 NORWICH 79 

CHESTER 17 j OXFORD 

CHICHESTER 22 CHRIST CHURCH 83 

CORK ... ... 25 PETERBOROUGH 87 

COVENTRY ... ... 27 RIPON 9 o 

DUBLIN ROCHESTER 92 

CHRIST CHURCH 28 ST. ALBAN'S 94 

ST. PATRICK'S 33 ST. ASAPH 96 

DURHAM 36 ST. DAVID'S 98 

EDINBURGH I SALISBURY 100 

ST. MARY'S 38 SHEFFIELD 103 

ELY 39 SOUTHWELL ... 103 

EXETER 43 TRURO 106 

GLOUCESTER 47 WAKEFIELD 106 

HEREFORD 53 WELLS 107 

LICHFIELD 58 WINCHESTER in 

LIMERICK 61 WORCESTER 116 

LINCOLN 62 YORK 120 

LIVERPOOL ... ... ... 66 

COLLEGIATE CHURCHES AND CHAPELS, &c. 

PAGE 

CAMBRIDGE King's College 124 

St. John's College 126 

Trinity College 127 

ETON COLLEGE ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 130 

LONDON Chapel Royal (St. James's* 133 

Temple Church 141 

Westminster Abbey 142 

OXFORD Magdalen College 149 

New College 153 

St. John's College ... 156 

RATHFARNHAM St. Columba's College 158 

TENBURY St. Michael's College 161 

WINCHESTER COLLEGE 163 

WINDSOR St. George's Chapel (Royal) - ... 164 

INDEX OF ORGANISTS' NAMES 169 



ARMAGH. 

Year of 

Year of Kesigna- 
Appointment. tion or 

RICHARD GALWAY 1634 1642 

In his Patent he is described as " Primus et modernus Organista dicti 
coenobii." 



JOHN HAWKSHAW (PJunr.) 1661 1695 

(See under Christ Church and St. Patrick's Cathedrals, Dublin.) 

ROBERT HODGE (PJunr.) 1695 

According to the records he succeeded John Hawkshaw. He was therefore 
probably a son of Robert Hodge, of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. 



WILLIAM TOOLE ... ... ... ... ... 1711 1722 

(See under Cork.) 

SAMUEL BETTRIDGE ... ... ... ... 1722 1752 

Previously Organist of St. Werburgh's and St. John's, Dublin, 1715-1720. 

JOHN WOFFINGTON ... ... ... ... ... 1752 J 758 

Previously Organist of St. Werburgh's. Died 1758. 

ROBERT BARNES 1759 1774 

He is said to have resigned in 1774, on becoming a Vicar Choral. 

LANGRISHE DOYLE, Mus.D., Dub. 1776 

(See under Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin.) (? 1774) 



RICHARD LANGDON, Mus.B., Oxon. ... ... 1782 

(See under Ely.) 

JOHN CLARKE (afterwards CLARKE -WHITFELD), 
Mus.B., Oxon., Mus.D., Dub. ; Cantab, et 

Oxon ... 1794 J 797 

(See under Hereford.) 

JOHN JONES, Mus.D., Dub.,i*>8 ... ... 1797 1816 

Born 1767. Pupil of Dr. Arnold. Vicar Choral of Armagh Cathedral, 1796 ; 
Organist, ditto, 1797. Resigned 1816. Died 1820. 

* These blank spaces, which occur from time to time throughout the book, indicate either 
the period of the suppression of Organs during the Commonwealth or a break in the succession 
of Organists. 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



FREDERICK WILLIAM HORNCASTLE 



1816 



1823 



Born in London, 1790 (?). Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Organist 
successively of Stamford Hill Chapel, Berkeley Chapel, London, and 
Armagh Cathedral. 

Dismissed in 1823. Appointed a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 1826. 
Died 1850. 

Composer of a Mass, Glees, Songs, Pianoforte pieces, &c. In 1828 
Horncastle collaborated with T. Cooke, Stansbury, Parry, Clifton, and 
Taylor, in a work entitled " The Passions" for the Melodists' Club. 

ROBERT TURLE 1823 1872 

Younger brother of James Turle, Organist of Westminster Abbey. Born at 
Taunton, 1804. Appointed Organist of Armagh Cathedral, in succession 
to F. W. Horncastle. Retired on a pension, 1872. Died at Salisbury, 1877. 
Composer of Church Music. Two Double Chants by him are still in use. 

THOMAS OSBORNE MARKS, Mus.B., Oxon., mo; 

Mus.D., Dub., 1874 1872 1916 

Brother of Dr. J. C. Marks, Organist of Cork Cathedral. Born at Armagh, 
1845. Chorister in the Cathedral and afterwards pupil of Robert Turle 
and Assistant-Organist. Appointed Organist on Turle's resignation. Con- 
ductor of the Armagh Philharmonic Society. Died September n, 1916. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, Part-songs, Songs, &c. 

GEORGE HENRY PHILLIPS HEWSON, B.A., 

Mus.D., Dub 1917 1920 

(See under St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.) 

EDRED MARTIN CHAUNDY, M.A., Mus.D., 

Oxon., 1908 ... ... ... ... ... 1920 

Born at Oxford, 1871. Pupil of Dr. C. H. Lloyd and Dr. Plumridge at 

Oxford. 
Organist of Christ Church, Streatham Hill, 1892 ; Parish Church, 

Enniskillen, 1895; Pershore Abbey, 1898; Holy Trinity, Stroud, 1899; 

St. George's, Kidderminster, 1901 ; St. Mark's, Strandtown, 1905 ; 

St. George's, Belfast, 1913; The Abbey, Bangor (Ireland), 1919; and 

Armagh Cathedral, 1920. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, Chamber Music, &c. 



BANGOR. 

From the following it appears that there must have been an Organist at 
Bangor Cathedral as early as 1360, if not before : 

The celebrated Bard, Dafydd ab Gwilym, who wrote in the fourteenth 
century, makes particular mention of an organ and choir at Bangor in his 
time, in a commendatory Ode addressed to Hywel, Dean of Bangor. The 
Ode, which was in Welsh, has the following: " Whose organ, and harmonious 
choir, are unrivalled in performance." Hywel was made Dean of Bangor in 
1359 and Bishop in 1370. This Ode, therefore, must have been written 
between 1359 and 1370, and the allusion to an organ renders it obvious there 
must have been an Organist at that time.* 

THOMAS BOLTON ... ... ... ... ... 

Died January i, 1644. Buried in the Cathedral. 



* I am indebted for this, and for much of the information regarding the organists of Bangor 
Cathedral, to Mr. T. Westlake Morgan, Organist from 1892 to 1906. 



BANGOR. 



A VICAR CHORAL (name unknown) was Organist 1689 1691 
Chapter order, October, 1689 : That Hugh Johnson be one of the singing- 
men in the choir of the said Cathedral while a Vicar Choral is Organist 
there and no longer, and that he have a salary of eight pounds per annum 
payed him during the said time out of the tithe of Llandinam, in the County 
of Montgomery, pursuant to a late Act of Parliament in that behalf made 
and provided." ^ 

THOMAS ROBERTS ............... 1691 1705 

Born about 1658. Appointed Organist of Bangor Cathedral at a salary of 



Christian 



From his tombstone, once in the North Transept of the Cathedral, it appears 
that he was the first "Endowed" Organist since the Restoration, the 
Organists of Bangor having been paid, from that time down to the present, 
from the tithes of Llandinam, Montgomeryshire, before mentioned. The 
following was the inscription on his tombstone : " Here lies in the hope 
of a joyful Resurrection the body of Thomas Roberts, the first Endowed 
Organist of this Cathedral since the Restauration, who died on the i8th of 
May, in the year of our Lord, 1705, and the 48th year of his age." 

(NATHANIEL?) PRIEST ... ... ... 1705 1708 

Was n >minated for the post by Mr. Hall, Organist of Hereford. 
In the event of his giving satisfaction and improving the 
singing at the end of a twelvemonth he was to receive a 
gratuity of 5 " to reward and encourage his diligence." 
names ^ Probably the composer of a Service in F, in the books of 

Canterbury, Oxford, and elsewhere. 
Unknown. I (See also under Bristol.) 

- SMITH ............ 1708 1710 

- FERRER ............ 1710 1712 

JOHN RATHBONE ............... 1713 1721 

Elected in 1713, but drew his salary from August, 1712. 
THOMAS RATHBONE ............ 1721 1750 

Son of the foregoing. 

THOMAS LLOYD ............... i?5 o J 77 8 

RICHARD JARRED (or GERARD) ... ... 1778 1782 

The record of his appointment says Jarred; but in 1779 he was paid as 

R. Gerard. He was probably a relation of the Gerards at St. Asaph 

Cathedral. He is buried in the Cathedral Yard. 

WILLIAM SHRUBSOLE ...... ... i7^ 2 J 7^4 

Born at Canterbury, 1760. Chorister in Canterbury Cathedral. Organist of 
Bangor Cathedral ,1782. Dismissed in 1784 for " frequenting Conventicles." 
Appointed the same year Organist of Spa Fields Chapel, Clerkenwell, 
London. Died in London, January 18, 1806. Buried in Bunhill Fields, 
Finsbury. Composer of the tune " Miles Lane," which is generally 
associated with Perronet's Hymn " All hail the power of Jesu s Name. 
The first strain of this tune was cut upon his tombstone, in 1892, when it 
was restored, at the instigation of the late F. G. Edwards, who collected 
subscriptions for that purpose. 

* The Act of King James (1685) for the maintenance of the Bangor Choir and the repair of 
the Cathedral Church. 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



Within a month of his appointment at Bangor, he performed his duties 
in a manner so satisfactory and promising that the Chapter thought 
proper for his encouragement to allow him ^8 8s. towards the expense 
of his journey and the removal of his harps-khord and other effects from 
London to Bangor. 

EDMUND OLIVE ... 1784 1793 

Afterwards Organist of the Parish Church, Warrington. Died at Warrington, 
November 18, 1824. Compiler of" Sixteen Psalm tunes, adapted for three 
voices." 

During his appointment at Bangor, Olive was allowed 4 a year extra for 
keeping the organ in tune. 

JOSEPH PRING, Mus.D., Oxon., isos 1793 1842 

He was not formally appointed Organist until September 28, 1810, although he 
had acted since 1793 in place of his relative, Edmund Olive, who had 
resigned in his favour. 

In Dr. W. Hayes's Collection of Anthems (1795) Joseph Pring's name appears 
amongst the subscribers as " Organist of Bangor Cathedral and Beaumaris. ' 

Born at Kensington, 1776. Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral. Organist of 
Bangor Cathedral, 1793. From 1813 to 1819 engaged (together with three 
of the Vicars Choral) in litigation with the capitular body for the recovery 
of certain of the tithes belonging to the maintenance of the Cathedral 
Choir, which had become misappropriated by the Chapter. The suit 
was heard by Lord Eldon, the eminent Chancellor, whose language is said 
to have often been more forcible than polite. It was only partially 
successful, and resulted in a much smaller increase of salary to the musical 
staff than they were entitled to, under a strict interpretation of the Act.* 

Died February 13, 1842. Buried in the Cathedral Yard, Bangor. Composer 
of Church Music, Songs, &c. Compiler of " A Collection of Anthems used 
in Bangor Cathedral." Author of a booklet on the opening, construction, 
&c., of the Menai Suspension Bridge ; also of a volume of the proceedings 
connected with the lawsuit mentioned above. 

EPITAPH ON DR. JOSEPH PRING. 
Ah ! gifted man ! his death we all deplore, 

The favourite son of Nature, and of Art ; 
High was his calling, genuine his lore, 

With such a genius we felt loth to part. 

Dim are the eyes of relatives and friends, 

As on the Bangor Choir affection doats ; 
Delusive fancy from the organ swells 

Still to the sorrowing ear his requiem notes I 

His master music in the Church below 

Is hushed for ever ! Still we hope he plays 

Immortal anthems; where the sounds of woe 
Shall never damp the sweetness of his lays. 

(E. THOMAS, Clynnog.) 
[Translated from the Welsh of R. Williams.'} 

The last stanza only, in Welsh and English, is engraved on Pring's tombstone 
in the Cathedral Yard. The whole was printed in Welsh and English at 
the time of Dr. Pring's death, on a black bordered leaflet. f 

Dr. Pring was created a Welsh " Pencerdd " in Bardic circles, and he even 
became acquainted with the vernacular itself. 

* It is said that this lawsuit so impoverished Dr. Pring that he and his family were for some 
time in great need, and could only obtain their necessary sustenance on credit. 

t A copy of this, once in the possession of Mr. J. S. Bumpus, was given to Miss Hackett, in 
1842, by J. S. Pring, the Doctor's son and successor. 



BANGOR. 



JAMES SHARPE PRING ^42 1868 

Son of the foregoing. Born about 1811. Chorister in Bangor Cathedral, 
and afterwards Assistant-Organist to his father. Organist, 1842. the 
appointment, however, being made from year to year, probably owing to 
the alarm of the Dean and Chapter at Dr. Pring's spirited lawsuit. Died 
June 3, 1868, aged 57. Buried in Glanadda Cemetery, Bangor. Some 
Chants by him are to be found in Warren's Collection. 

He was musical editor of the " Bangor Collection " of Anthems, adapted from 
various composers (1848). The English words were fitted to the music 
chiefly by the Very Rev. James Henry Cotton, Dean of Bangor, and 
formerly Precentor. 

Mr. T. Westlake Morgan kindly supplied me with the two following 
anecdotes of J. S. Pring: 

(a) When the See of Manchester was founded in 1847 and Bishop Lee was 
consecrated its first Bishop, Mr. Pring, meeting his attached friend, Dean 
Cotton, in Bangor one day, alluded to the appointment, and remarked : " I 
say, Mr. Dean, they ought to have made you Bishop of Manchester." 
"Why, Mr. Pring?" inquired the Dean. " Because Cottonopolis would 
then have had a Cotton Bishop," was the Organist's reply. 

(b) Mr. J. S. Pring suffered some considerable inconvenience on account of 
his obesity. A story is told of him in connection with a Choral Festival in 
Bangor Cathedral. He was presiding at the organ (then on the screen), 
and Owain Alaw (Mr. John Owen, of Chester) was wielding the baton. 
Coming out of the Cathedral, Mr. Pring, overcome by the Conductor's 
somewhat rapid " tempi," walked slowly up the incline towards the 
iron railings which bounded the Precincts ; feeling fatigued, he seized hold 
of the bars of the gateway with both hands, and, steadying himself, rested 
awhile. Owain Alaw, on coming up, inquired what he was doing. Mr. 
Pring, with characteristic humour, replied that he was taking " a bar's rest.' ' 

ROBERT ROBERTS 1868 1871 

Born in St. Anne's Parish, Llandegai, near Bangor, May 24, 1840. Chorister 
in St. Anne's Church. Pupil of H. S. Hayden (Organist of St. Mary's, 
Carnarvon, and son of William Hayden, Deputy-Organist of St. Asaph 
Cathedral). Student of the North Wales College for Schoolmasters, 
Carnarvon, where he became successively Third Master, Third Master 
and Music Master, and Music Master only. Assistant-Organist of Bangor 
Cathedral, 1866 ; Organist, 1868 (appointed probationally by the year . 
Died of pleurisy, February 9, 1871. Buried in Glanadda Cemetery, 
Bangor. Composer of a Welsh Funeral Service, Cantata, " The Siege of 
Harlech Castle," Part-songs, &c. 

A window was erected to his memory, and that of the Principal's two 
children, in the North Wales Training College Chapel at Carnarvon (now 
removed to Bangor). He was much beloved and respected, and his death, 
at the age of thirty, was greatly deplored. At the funeral service, held in 
the Cathedral, Spohr's " Blest are the departed" was sung, when one of 
the choristers, William Jones (a great favourite of the deceased Organist), 
became so affected during the singing of one of the solo portions that he 
completely broke down, and sobbed aloud. 

ROLAND ROGERS, Mus.D., Oxon., ms 1871 1892 

Born at West Bromwich, 1847. Organist of St. Peter's, West Bromwich, 
1858 ; St. John's, Wolverhampton, 1862 ; Tettenhall Parish Church, 1867 ; 
and Bangor Cathedral, 1871. Resigned the latter post, 1892, and became 
Organist of St. James's, Bangor, and Lecturer in Music at the University 
College of North Wales. Reappointed Organist of the Cathedral, 1906. 
Composer of Cantatas, "Prayer and Praise," Florabel," and ' 
Garden," Church Music, Part-songs, Organ pieces, &c. 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



TOM WESTLAKE MORGAN 

Born at Congresbury, Somerset, 1869. 



1892 1906 



at Congresbury, Somerset, 1869. Chorister in King's College, 
Cambridge, and afterwards Pupil-Assistant to Dr. Mann and Organist of 
St. Catharine's College. Student at the Royal College of Music. Organist 
of St. George's Church, Paris, 1889 ; St. John's. Wilton Road, London, 
1890; St. David's, Merthyr Tydvil, 1891; and Bangor Cathedral, 1892. 
Appointed Examiner to the Welsh Section of the Incorporated Society 
of Musicians, 1894. Music Master of the North Wales Training College, 
Bangor, 1895-1897. Collected funds for, and superintended the building 
of, the large four-manual organ by Hill in the Cathedral, opened in 1897. 
Composer and editor of Church Music, &c. 



ROLAND ROGERS, Mus.D., Oxon. 

(Reappointed.) 



1906 



BIRMINGHAM. 

(ST. PHILIP'S CHURCH.) 

SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1905. 

ARTHUR ELMORE ... 1901 1906 

Previously a pupil of C. W. Perkins, and Organist of St. Thomas in the 
Moors and St. Edward's, Birmingham. Left Birmingham and became 
Organist of the Parish Church, Acock's Green. 



EDWIN STEPHENSON 



1906 1914 



Born at Windermere, 1871. Pupil of Dr E. Brown of Barrow-in-Furness, 
and afterwards of Sir Walter Parratt, Dr. C. H. Lloyd, and others at 
the Royal College of Music. Organist of the Priory Church, Cartmel, 
1888 ; Sunningdale Parish Church, 1891 ; St. Michael's, Brighton, 1901 ; 
Brighton Parish Church, 1905 ; Birmingham Cathedral, 1906 ; St. 
Margaret's, Westminster, 1914. 



WILLIAM FREDERICK 
A.R.C.M. 



DUNNILL, F.R.C.O., 



1914 



Born at Wakefield, March 16, 1880. Deputy-Organist of Wakefield 
Cathedral, and pupil of J. N. Hardy, 1895-1898. Organ Scholar at the 
Royal College of Music 1898-1902, studying under Sir Walter Parratt, 
Sir Frederick Bridge, Dr. Charles Wood, and Dr. Walford Davies. 
Organist of Christ Church, Surbiton, 1900 ; St. Luke's, Bromley 
Common, 1901 ; Parish Church, Nottingham, 1903 ; and Birmingham 
Cathedral, 1914. 



BRISTOL. 



BRISTOL. 

Much of the additional and amended information now given concerning 
the Bristol Organists is the result of a long and careful investigation of 
all the existing Records belonging to the Cathedral by Mr. H. W. Hunt, 
the present Organist, to whom I owe my grateful thanks. These 
Records include long-missing books recovered from the house of a 
late Chapter Clerk after his death, he himself having been unaware of 
their existence ! 



THOMAS SENNES ... ... ... ... ... 154.2 

Master of the Choristers (Organist). 

Appointed at the Reformation (according to the Statutes of Henry VIII. 's 

Foundation, dated June 4, 1542), at a Salary of 10 per annum. In these 

Statutes there is no mention of an Organist, but the Master of the 

Choristers is required to be skilful in " playing upon the organs." 

HUMPHREY WALLEY ............ 154.6 1552 

Master of the Choristers. 



WALTER GLESON ............... 1552 

Promoted from Lay Clerk to Clerk, 1547. Master of the Choristers 

(Organist), 1552. Chapter Clerk from 1556 for many years. 
In 1559, PETER BASSETT (Minor Canon) and JOHN PALMER (Lay 

Clerk) shared the duties of the position, and in 1562 Gleson and Palmer 

each received payment for the same duties. 
In 1563, 1564, and part of 1565, Palmer alone appears as the Organist, 

although for many years Gleson seems to have made himself useful, 

especially at Festivals. 
JAMES PURVAGE (Lay Clerk) completed 1565. Payment is entered for the 

office in 1566-1569, but no name is mentioned, and in 1570, just before 

Farrant's appointment, RlCHARD LlNSEY (Lay Clerk) carried out the 

duties. None of these, however, received the full salary of the Organist. 

Gleson's name appears for the last time in the Computum of 1606. 



JOHN FARRANT 

(See under Ely.) 
ANTHONY PRYNN ... ......... I 57 I 

HUMPHREY BUSSELL 

For nine months. 
GILES PAINTER ... ... 

Completed the year and continued in 1579- 
The Records for 1580-1591 are missing. 
ELWAY BEVIN ........ ...(?)i5 8 9 Ib 37 

At the usual Salary of 10, with an augmentation of 3 6s. 8d. 
Of Welsh descent. Pupii of Tallis. Vicar Choral of Wells Cathedral 
1575-1588, acting as Organist there, 1578-1588- Gentleman of the 
Chapel Royal, 1605. He las compelled to forfeit the latter 



, . 

and that at Bristol, upon its being discovered that he was a Re 
Catholic. (Extract from the Bristol Chapter Minutes) 14 Feb 1637. 
The said Dean and Chapter capitularly ordered and decreed that El way 
Bevin be removed, expelled, and dismissed from his ^y% 
and Master of the Choristers." Died 1639,. aged 85. 
Church Music, &c. His Service in the Dorian Mode is st 1 \\in use 
at many of the Cathedrals. Author of " A Bnefe and Short Introd 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



to the Art of Music," dedicated to the Bishop of Gloucester, " unto whom " 
Bevin appears to have "been much bound for many favours" (1631). 
It is a quaint and interesting book, and a useful guide to the solution of 
the ingenious forms of Canon which were largely practised by composers 
of that time. 

In 1614 the word " Organistae " appears in the Records for the first time. 

[EDWARD GIBBONS, Mus.B., is generally said to have been Organist, 
Minor Canon, and Precentor, but his name does not occur in any of 
the Chapter documents at Bristol.] 
(See also under Exeter.) 

ARTHUR PHILLIPS, Mus.B., Oxon.,i64o 1638 1639 

Born 1605. Clerk of New College, Oxford, 1622. Organist of Bristol 
Cathedral, 1638. Orgaaist of Magdalen College, Oxford, and University 
Choragus, 1639. During the Rebellion he went abroad, and was Organist 
to Queen Henrietta Maria. He subsequently returned to England, wheie 
it is supposed that he died. Composer of " The Requiem ; or, Liberty of 
an Imprisoned Royalist," " The Resurrection," &c. 

THOMAS DEANE ... ... ... ... ... 1640 1668 

He probably retained his appointmant during the period of the Common- 
wealth. 

la 1663 th.3 organ standing in Gloucester Cathedral at the Restoration 
was sold to him for 65. 

PAUL HEATH 1669 1682 

Admonished by the Dean and Chapter in 1667, 1678, and 1682. 

Chapter Minute of December 13, 1682 : 

" It appearing to the Deane and Chapter that Paule Heath, Organist and 
Master of the Choristers, hath had severall admonitions for keeping a 
Disorderly Alehouse, Debauching the Choirmen and other disorders 
there, and neglecting the service of the Church ; and beeing now Credibly 
Informed that the said Paule Heath doth still keep ill-order in his house, 
and hath suffered one Rouch, a barber, to trime in his house on the 
Lord's Day, commonly called Sunday .... the said Deane and 
Chapter .... did .... order and Decree to remove, expell and 
dissmisse the said Paul Heath from his said office and place of 
Organist and Master of the Choristers." 

In 1683 the usual salary is entered, but the Organist's name is not 
mentioned. 

In 1684 appears " de stipendio Pauli Heath Organistae et Magistro 
Choristarum ab antiqua debit 10 cum augmentatione et concessa . . . 

/22." 

The same year DAVID EDWARDS is paid 2 as Assistant-Organist. 
In 1685 and 1686 payments are mentioned, but no names. 



JOSEPH GIBSON 

STEPHEN JEFFERIES (Junr.) 



1687 



1701 



1701 1710 
Son of Stephen Jefferies, Organist of Gloucester Cathedral. Educated 

at King's School, Gloucester. Lay Clerk of Gloucester Cathedral, 1696. 

Admonished there in 1697 "for the neglect of his service in the Quire 

and his often repair to the Organ loft, and that for the future he refrain 

so to do without notice first given to Mr. Chanter." 
Resigned his appointment at Gloucester in 1700, and became Organist of 

Bristol Cathedral. 



BRISTOL. 



NATHANIEL PRIEST ............ 1711 1734 

Probably the - - Priest mentioned as Organist of Bangor Cathedral, 
1705-1708, and composer of a Service in F. 
(See also under Bangor.) 

JAMES MORLEY ........ ( ? ) I 735 J 75 6 

Probably the Morley who filled the vacancy as Organist at Worcester 
Cathedral from September, 1734, to February, 1735. (See under 
Worcester.) 
Buried in the Cathedral Precincts 

GEORGE COMBES ............... i?5 6 X 759 

Possibly the George Coombes who was Organist of Wimborne Minster in 

1743. Reappointed at Bristol in 1765. Died 1769. 

In the Burial Register he is mentioned as " the worthy Organist of this 
Church." 

EDWARD HIGGINS ....... v ... *759 *7 6 5 

Appointed a Vicar Choral of Christ Church and St. Patrick's Cainedrals, 
Dublin 1765. Buried in the North Transept of Bristol Cathedral, 1769. 
Probably the composer of a Chant in F which appears in several 
collections. 

GEORGE COMBES (Reappointed) ... ... i7 6 5 J 7 6 9 

EDWARD ROOKE ... ....... J 7 6 9 J 773 

Lay Clerk in 1759. Buried in the North Transept. 

SAMUEL MINEARD ... ...... *773 J 777 

RICHARD LANGDON, Mus.B., Oxon. ... I77 8 J 7 Sl 

(See under Ely.) 

RICE WASBROUGH ......... 1 7^ . l8 2 

Buried in the South Aisle. Near his grave is a monument to him, hi 

and eldest son, John. 
[OSEPH KEMP, Mus.D., Cantab., 1809 ... 1802 

Glees, &c. 



. 

in Warren's Collection. 

.. 1825 1876 



ub Jription, October, ,8 77 . 



10 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



GEORGE RISELEY .. 1876 1898 

Born at Bristol, August 28, 1845. Chorister in the Cathedral, 1852. After- 
wards articled pupil to J. D. Corfe. Assistant-Organist of the Cathedral 
and Organist of various churches in and around Bristol. Organist of the 
Colston Hall, Bri>tol, 1870. Organist of the Cathedral, 1876. Resigned 
1898. Conductor of the Colston Hall Concerts, and, since Sir Charles 
Halle's death, of the Bristol Musical Festival. Conductor of the Bristol 
Royal Orpheus Glee Society, 1878. Conductor of the Bristol Society ot 
Instrumentalists, 1887. Conductor of the Bri tol Choral Society. 1889. 
For some time Professor of the Organ at the Royal Academy of Music, 
Conductor of the Queen's Hall Choral Society, and Musical Director of 
the Alexandra Palace, in London ; resigning these appointments later. 

PERCY CARTER BUCK, M.A., Mus.D., Oxon. ... 1899 1901 
(See under Wells.) 

HUBERT WALTER HUNT ... ... ... ... 1901 

Born at Windsor, July 12, 1865. Son of Thomas Hunt, for many years a 
Lay Clerk of St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Chorister in St. George's 
Chapel and pupil of Sir George Elvey and Sir Walter Parratt. Organist 
of Clewer Parish Church, 1883; Christ Church, Clapham, 1886; St. 
Jude's, South Kensington, 1887 ; and Bristol Cathedral, 1901. Conductor 
of the Bristol Madrigal Society, 1915. Editor of the " Male- Voice Chant 
Book. ' ' Mr. Hunt is also an excellent violinist, and has taken a prominent 
part in many chamber music performances in Bristol and elsewhere. 
In 1907 a fine new four-manual organ, by Messrs. J. W. Walker & Sons, 
took the place of the inadequate instrument in use for some years 
previously. 



CANTERBURY. 



There is record of three early organists here : JOHN STANYS (died 1420), 
Precentor " et in suo tempore in ecclesia Christi organista " : JOHN 
CRANBROKE (died 1449), Monk for forty-one years " suisque temporibus 
organista fuit eximius " : and THOMAS CHART (died 1499), " In musicis et 
organicis bene instructus." 



WILLIAM SELBY ............... 1540 

Organist and Master of the Choristers. 

THOMAS BULL ... ... ... ... ... 1570 

Master of the Choristers. 



1570 



1580 



MATTHEW GODWIN, Mus.B., Oxon. 
(See under Exeter.) 

ARTHUR COCK (or COCKE), Mus.B., Oxon, 

(See under Exeter.) 



1580 
... 1584 1590 



CANTERBURY. 



Ir 



GEORGE JUXON 

Vicar Choral. " ' 59 X 599 

GEORGE MARSON (Minor Canon), Mus.B. 

Cantab., IGOI ...... x fi 

His burial register reads thus:-" 1631, Feb. 5 George Marsoi 

oia^^ST 9 ' lh \ Ch - che ' M -t 5 er of T Cho'Ss.^ 
urganist alsoe of this Churche." Composer of Church Music A 
Madrigal by George Marson is included in '< The Triumphs of Odana. ' 

VALENTINE ROTHER 
" Organist in ye Queere.' : 



THOMAS TUNSTALL 
" Organist in ye Queere.'' 



" In 1660, at the time of the Restoration, one pound (1) was give to 
FRANCIS PLOMER as Organist of the Sermon House" (the last four words 
have been crossed out by a pen). Mr. J. M. Cowper, the late Curator of the 
Library, and a distinguished Canterbury antiquary, to whom I am indebted for 
much of the information concerning the Organists of Canterbury Cathedral 
down to the year 1700, was of opinion that Plomer's appointment was 
Cromw llian, and that he was dismissed with a gratuity of one pound sterling. 

THOMAS GIBBES 1661 (?)i66g 

Possibly a son of Richard Gibbs, Organist of Norwich Cathedral. 
According to the registers he was still Organist in 1664. There is no record of 
his resignation or death. He probably held the office until the appointment 
of Chomley, in 1669. 

RICHARD CHOMLEY... ... ... ... ... 1669 1675 

" In 1675, on December 9, Richard Chomley, the Organist, represented to the 
Chapter of the Cathedral that ' by reason of age and other infirmities ' he 
was willing to surrender his place, and to remove to London or elsewhere. 
Thereupon it was agreed to pay him the next quarter's wages, to bestow 
upon him ten pounds towards his expense of removing, and to allow him 
a pension of twenty-five shillings a year, to be paid quarterly. The salary 
attached to the office was then forty pounds a year." * 

ROBERT WREN ... 1675 l6 9 r 

Probably a son of Charles Wren, Organist of Rochester Cathedral. 
" On the same day, December 9, 1675, the Chapter elected Robert Wren, 
4 a member of this Church,' as Chomley's successor. At the time of his 
election, Wren was one of the Lay Clerks of the Cathedral." t Died 1691 
Buried in the Cloisters. 



Article by Mr. J. M. Cowper in the Canterbury Press. t Ibid. 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



NICHOLAS WOOTTON 1692 1698 

Admitted Organist and Lay Clerk, December i, 1692. 

In April, 1698, he was summoned to appear before the Chapter "to answer 
to such matters as shall then be objected to him." Wootton seems to have 
failed to comply with this order, as on June 27 it was resolved that " forasmuch 
as Nicholas Wootton, Organist of this Church, hath left and deserted that 
place," and for other misdemeanours, " he be removed, and the place be 
void." 

Died April 16, 1700. Buried in the North Aisle of the Cathedral. 

DANIEL HENSTRIDGE 1699 1736 

(Previously Organist of Rochester Cathedral, and also, possibly, of Gloucester 
C-Jthedral. The Daniel Henstridge at the latter Cathedral was more likely, 
however, to be the father of the above.) Appointed Organist on probation, 
December, 1698, one of the conditions being that he should take upon himself 
to teach not more than ten King's Scholars to sing "Tallis his Service"; 
another, that the new Organist " shall assist Porter* as far as he is capable 
in instructing him on the organ." Sworn and admitted Organist and 
Master of the Choristers, June. 1699. Died 1736. Buried in the Cathedral. 
The Organ parts to some of his compositions (including a Service in D) are 
still extant in MS. There are some Anthems by him in Croft's " Divine 
Harmony." 

WILLIAM RAYLTON 1736 1757 

Pupil of Dr. Croft. Appointed to Canterbury, 1736. Died 1757. Composer 
of Church Music. His Service in A is still sung at Canterbury, and a 
Service in E flat and one or two Anthems are in MS. in the Cathedral 
books. A setting of the opening Burial Sentences by him is to be found in 
Vincent Novello's Collection of Purcell's Sacred Music, Vol. IV., and was 
probably intended to precede the setting by Purcell, in the same key 
(C minor), of the remaining Sentences, which is contained in the same 
volume. f 

SAMUEL PORTER 1757 1803 

Born at Norwich, 1733. Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral, and pupil of 
Dr. Greene. Organist of Canterbury Cathedral, 1757. Retired 1803. Died 
at Canterbury, December 1 1, 1810. Buried in the Cloisters of the Cathedral. 
A tablet erected there to his memory has recently been restored. A volume 
of Cathedral Music was prepared by him and published by his son, William 
James Porter. His Service in D is issued in octavo form by Messrs. 
Novello. 

HIGHMORE SKEATS (Senr.) 1803 1831 

Born 1760. Chorister in Exeter Cathedral. Vicar Choral of Salisbury 
Cathedral. Organist of Ely Cathedral, 1778-1803. Died at Canterbury, 
June 29, 1831. Buried in St. Martin's Churchyard. 

His son (Highmore Skeats, Junr.) succeeded him at Ely, and was subse- 
quently Organist of St. George's Chapel, Windsor. 

* This could not be the Samue' Po ter mentioned as Organist of Canterbury, 1757-1804. 

\ It should be remembered tnat Purcell's familiar music to " Thou knowest, Lord, the secrets 
of pur hearts," is another setting of the Burial Sentence commencing with those words, and was 
written as a Funeral Anthem for Qu en Mary. Dr. Cioft was afterwards so impressed with its 
beauty that he incorporated it into his setting of the Burial Sentences in preference to 
attempting to set the same words himself. 

No o ie can deny the deep feeling and solemn simplicity of the now familiar Croft and Purcell 
Sentences ; but there are some really beautiful and characteristic touches in Purcell's lesser 
known and more e'aborate settings in C minor (commencing at " Man that is born of a woman "), 
and they deserve, in conjunction with the opening Sentences by Raylton in the same key, a 
more frequent hearing. 



CANTERBURY. I3 

Composer of Church Music (including a Complete Morning and Evening 
' " ' h ' Glees ' Son g 8 ' &' Editor o* 



Drtenhe' th U ' ees ' on g 8 ' ' 

Dr. J. Stephens s* Cathedral Music and of a Collection of Songs. 

His Anthem, "Ihe righteous souls that take their flight," is included in a 
Collection of Short Anthems by Dr. Longhurst, and has been sung at "he 
burial of several of the Canons, &c., of Canterbury 

In 1825 (or 1826) James Longhurst, father of Dr. W. H. Longhurst, added 
German pedals' to the old organ, then standing on the Rood Screen 
and supplied the instrument with seven i6-ft. pedal pipes i These 
I 'German pedals "were supposed to have been the first examples of their 
kind introduced into Kent. Skeats, then Organist, had a great aversion 
to them, and would not use them. When anybody wished to hear the 
pedal pipes he would call his pupil, Jones, saying: " Here, Jones, come and 
show these things off, I never learned to dance." 

THOMAS EVANCE JONES ... ... ... ... 1831 1872 

Born 1805. Chorister in Canterbury Cathedral. Pupil of Skeats. Lay 
Clerk of Canterbury Cathedral, 1822; Master of the Choristers, ditto, 1830. 
Succeeded Skeats as Organist, 1831. Died at Canterbury, 1872. Buried in 
St. Martin's Churchyard. Composer of Church Music. Only one Anthem 
by him was published " Unto Him that loved us." 

WILLIAM HENRY LONGHURST, Mus.D., Cantuar , ms 

F.R.C.O. ... ...... I873 1898 

Born at Lambeth, 1819. Chorister in Canterbury Cathedral (under Skeats). 
Pupil of Stephen Elvey and T. E. Jones. Lay Clerk and Assistant- 
Organist of Canterbury Cathedral, 1836. Was offered the post of Organist 
of Carlisle Cathedral, 1842, but declined it. Succeeded Jones as Organist 
and Master of the Choristers, 1873. Created Mus.D. by the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, 1875. Retired from post of Organist of Canterbury Cathedral, 
1898, after a period of no less than seventy years of active musical service 
there. Died June 17, 1904. Buried in Harbledown Churchyard. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, Violin pieces, a Cantata 
for Female-voices, "The Village Fair," and a MS. Oratorio, "David 
and Absalom." 

Dr. Longhurst used to relate the following anecdote concerning himself and 
one of the Cathedral vergers : " Some few years ago, a certain Canon of 
the Cathedral sent one of the vergers to me while I was playing the opening 
voluntary, with a message to inform me that, as there was only one Minor 
Canon present that (Sunday) morning, he (the Canon) would chant 
the Litany. "And," said the verger, " would you give him the note?" 
" Certainly," I replied. To my surprise the verger still lingered on the 
steps. " All right, A - ," I said. He still remained stationary, and at 
length made the innocent inquiry : " Please, sir, shall I wait for it ? " 

This was the same verger who, when describing the new organ to some 
visitors, pointed upwards and told them that " the new hargin was put hup 
in the Trifolium " ; that "the connection between the console and the 
hargin was done by helectrics" ; and "the whole thing was set in motion 
by hydraulic water!" From "Reminiscences" [No. 3, by Dr. W. H. 
Longhurst], recorded in the Monthly Journal of the Incorporated Society 
of Musicians. 



* See sub voce Salisbury. 

t At the time of the completion of these large open wood pipes, Dr. Longhurst was a small 
boy, six or seven years old. Later in life he distinctly remembered being made to crawl into 
one or two of the largest of the pipes and therein sing a little song. It is not every Cathedral 
Organist who could say that he had sng a song in one of his own organ pipes! 



i 4 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

HARRY CRANE PERRIN, Mus.B., Dub., ISM; 

F.R.C.0 1898 1908 

Born at Wellingborough, 1865. Pupil of Sir Robert Stewart. Organist of 
St. Columba's College, Rathfarnham, 1886 ; St. John's, Lowestoft. 1888. 
Conductor of Lowestoft Choral Society. Organist of St. Michael's, Coventry, 
1892. Conductor of Coventry Musical Society. Choir Inspector and 
Conductor to Church Choral Association for the Archdeaconry of Coventry. 
Organist and Master of the Choristers, Canterbury Cathedral, 1898. 
Resigned 1908, on his appointment as Professor of Music to the McGill 
University, Montreal. Composer of Church Music, Songs, Pianoforte 
Music, &c. 

SYDNEY HUGO NICHOLSON, M.A., Mus.B., Oxon. 
Appointed Organist in 1908, but did not take up duty. 
(See also under Westminster Abbey.) 

CLEMENT CHARLTON PALMER, Mus.l)., Oxon.,i896 1908 

Born at Barton-under-Needwood, Staffs, April 26, 187 r. Student of the 
Derby School of Music. Organist of St. Leonard's, Wichnor, 1887, 
and St. Andrew's, Pau, France, 1888. Assistant-Organist of Lichfield 
Cathedral, 1890-1897. Organist of Holy Trinity Burton-on-Trent, 1891 ; 
Ludlow Parish Church, 1897 i Canterbury Cathedral, 1908. Conductor 
of the Canterbury Cathedral Musical Society. Composer of a Ballad, 
" Casabimca," for chorus and orchestra, Church Music, Organ 
pieces, &c. 



CARLISLE. 

THOMAS SOWTHICK ... 1587 

ROBERT JAMES 1587 

Had previously assisted Thomas Sowthick in " plaing of the orgins." 

JAMES PEARSON 

Mentioned in the records from 1610 to 1627. 

ROBERT DALTON 
Mentioned in the records at intervals from 1630 to 1644. 



JOHN HOWE (Petty Canon and Organist) ... 1665 1693 
Admonished by the Dean and Chapter in 1692 for neglect of duty. A 
certain John Howe was Mayor of Carlisle in 1683. 

TIMOTHY HOWE (Petty Canon and Organist) ... 1693 J 734 
Son of the preceding. 

ABRAHAM DOBINSON 1734 1749 

CHARLES PICK 1749 1781 



CARLISLE. 15 



THOMAS GREATOREX ............ 1781 1784 

Son of Anthony Greatorex, Riber Hall, Matlock. Born at North Wingfield, 
Derbyshire, 1758. Pupil of Dr. B. Cooke. Lived for some time with his 
patron, the Earl of Sandwich, at Hinchinbrook House, near Huntingdon. 
Organist of Carlisle Cathedral, 1781. Resigned, 1784, and lived at New- 
castle. Afterwards travelled in Italy. On his return to England was 
appointed Conductor of the Concerts of Ancient Music, in succession to 
Joah Bates; and, in 1819, Organist of Westminster Abbey. For some 
years Conductor of the Birmingham and York Festivals. He was also an 
eminent Mathematician and Astronomer. Fellow of the Royal and 
Linnaean Societies. Died 1831. Buried in the West Cloister, Westminster 
Abbey. 

At the time of his death (July, 1831), Westminster Abbey was being prepared 
for the Coronation of William IV. ; but, out of respect for Greatorex's 
memory, the Dean caused the coverings placed over the organ to be 
temporarily removed. George IV., when Prince Regent, once said to 
Greatorex : " My Father is Rex, but you are a Greater Rex." 

THOMAS HILL ............... 1785 1833 

"Mr. Thomas Hill, the Organist, was reprimanded for Tipling and 

frequenting the Cockpit." (Chapter Minutes, June. 1817.) 
There is a Chant by him in Bennett and Marshall's Collection, 1829. 

RICHARD INGHAM ............... 1833 1841 

Born 1804. Organist of St. Mary's, Gateshead, and subsequently (1833) of 
Carlisle Cathedral. Composer of Vocal Music, &c. 

JAMES STIMPSON ............... 1841 1842 

Born at Lincoln, 1820. Chorister in Durham Cathedral. Articled pupil of 
Ingham, at Carlisle. Organist of St. Andrew's, Newcastle on-Tyne, 1836 ; 
Organist of Carlisle Cathedral, 1841. Subsequently Organist of Birmingham 
Town Hall, and Organist and Chorus-master of Birmingham ^Festival. 
Trained the chorus for the production of Mendelssohn's " Elijah," in 1846. 
For many years Professor of Music at the Birmingham Blind Institution. 
Died at Birmingham, 1886. Composer of Songs, Pianoforte pieces, &c 
Author of a " Manual of the Theory of Music." Editor of Church and 
Organ Music, &c. 

HENRY EDMUND FORD, Mus.D., Cantuar.,i89i ... 1842 1909 
Born at Warlingham, Surrey, August 6, 1821. Chorister in Rochest, 
Cathedral and Assistant-Organist there, under R. Banks, a so for some 
time Organist of Gillingham Parish .Church. Organist of Carl isle 
Cathedral, 1842. Dr. Ford was Organist of Carhsle Cathedral for the 
long period of sixty-seven years. Created Mus.D by the Archb.shop of 
Carfte'rbury, 1891. On the attainment of his Jubilee as OV****; 
Cathedral/1892, he was presented with a testimonial at the County 
Hotel, Carlisle. He retired from active duty as Organist in 1902, and 
Mod Nnvpmhpr 3 iQoo. Buried in Carlisle Cemetery. 
telpfS^Qf a^wor^n for the Cathedral, by Willis was drawn 
up by Dr. Ford and his friend, W. T- Best, who was a native o 



E. G. MERCER (Acting-Organist) .- 1903 



16 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

SYDNEY HUGO NICHOLSON, M.A., Mus.B., Oxon. 

(Acting-Organist) 1904 1908 

(See also under Westminster Abbey.) 

The present four-manual organ, a reconstruction and enlargement by 
Messrs. Harrison & Harrison of the previous instrument, was designed 
and completed during Mr. Nicholson's Organistship, and under his 
direction. 

THEODORE WALROND, M.A., Oxon., F.R.C.O. 

(Acting-Organist) 1909 1910 

Born at Glasgow, December 5, 1872. Pupil of Edwin Edwards and Basil 
Johnson at Rugby School, and of Dr. Harwood, at Oxford. Music 
Master at Giggleswick School, 1899. Organist of St. Cuthbert's, 
Carlisle, and Assistant-Organist of the Cathedral, 1906. Organist of 
Carlisle Cathedral, 1909. Resigned 1910. 

FREDERICK WILLIAM WADELY, M.A., Cantab., MOT; 

Mus.D., Cantab., MIS ... ... ... ... 1910 

Born at Kidderminster, 1882, and received his early musical training from 
his father. Organist of Wolverly Parish Church, 1895. Organ Scholar 
of Selwyn College, Cambridge, and Stewart of Rannoch Scholar, 1900- 
1903. Pupil of Sir Charles Stanford, Sir Walter Parratt, and Dr. Charles 
Wood at the Royal College of Music and at Cambridge. Organist of 
St. Andrew's, Uxbridge, 1903 ; Malvern Priory Church, 1904 ; Carlisle 
Cathedral, 1910. Conductor of the Carlisle Symphony Concerts and the 
Carlisle Musical Society. Composer of two Concert Overtures, a set of 
Symphonic Variations, various pieces for Chorus and Orchestra, Songs 
with orchestral accompaniment, Church Music, Organ pieces, Part- 
songs, &c. 



CHELMSFORD, 

(ST. MARY'S PARISH CHURCH.) 

SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1914. 

FREDERICK ROBERT FRYE, Mus.B., Cantab., i887: 

F.R.C.O 1876 

Born at Brooke, Kent, in 1851. Pupil of A. Legge, Drs. E. H. Turpin, 
James Higgs, and F. E. Gladstone, and F. Davenport. Organist of New 
Romney Parish Church, 1870 ; Chelmsford Parish Church (now the 
Cathedral), 1876. Conductor of Chelmsford Association of Church 
Choirs and various Choral Societies. Composer of an Evening Service, 
Madrigal, Songs, Organ and Pianoforte pieces, &c. 



CHESTER. 1? 



CHESTER. 

JOHN BYRCHELEY I54I 

He had been Schoolmaster in the Monastery before its suppression 
There are records in the Treasurer's Accounts of payments to him for 
playing and for mending the "organs." The name of John Byrchley 
appears as one of the composers in the Baldwin MS at Buckingham 
Palace. 

THOMAS BARNEYS (or BARNES) 1551 (?)i558 

He was previously a Conduct, or Singing-man, in the Choir. 
There are entries in the Treasurer's Accounts of several payments to him 
for repairs to his house. 

RICHARD SAYWELL (or SEWELL) 1558 1567 

Previously a Conduct. On White's appointment as Organist, Say well 
reverted to his previous office of Conduct. 

ROBERT WHITE (or WHYTE), B.A., Mus.B., 

Cantab., iseo 1567 1570 

White's name appears as Organist in June, 1567, the stipend being divided 
between him and Saywell. Several interesting entries concerning his 
musical services to the Mystery Plays held at Chester may be found in 
Dr. J. C. Bridge's interesting account of the Organists of Chester 
Cathedral (Chester Archaeological Society's Journal, Vol. XIX.), to 
which I am indebted for much additional and amended information in 
the present edition. 

(See also under Ely and Westminster Abbey.) 

ROBERT STEVENSON, Mus.D., Oxon., 1596 ... 1570 1599 

Supplicated for a degree at Oxford in 1583, stating that he had been thirty- 
three years a student. Was granted the degree of Mus.B. in 1587 and of 
Mus.D. in 1596. An Anthem, "When the Lord turned again," in 
the Library of Peterhouse, Cambridge, may have been his Degree 
exercise. In the Treasurer's Accounts are several entries of payments to 
him for copying music into the singing books. 

THOMAS BATESON, Mus.B., Dub.,iei2 1599 1609 

A distinguished Madrigal writer. Subsequently Organist of Trinity (now Christ 
Church) Cathedral, Dublin, where he took the degree of Mus.B , the first 
Musical Degree granted by that University. Died in Dublin, March n, 
1630. Some of his Church Music was published by the Musical 
Antiquarian Society in its " Anthems by Composers of the Madrigalian 
Era." 

The Treasurer's Accounts at Chester Cathedral contain entries of 
payments to him for " ye new organ booke belonging to o'r Quier," and 
" for mending ye organs." 

JOHN ALLEN, Mus.B., Oxon., leiz... ... 1609 1613 

Previously a Chorister and a Conduct. He also received 6s. 8d. for 

attending to the clock. 
He was required to compose a " Song," in seven parts, for his degree. 



i 8 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



MICHAEL DONE 1613 1614 

Previously a Chorister. 

THOMAS JONES, Mus B. (?) 1614 1637 

Previously a Chorister. 

A document referring to the lease of a farm and tenements (&c.), quoted in the 
" Cheshire Sheaf," February n, 1891, commences thus : 

"This Indenture made the 7 Feb. 1625 [6] between William Trafford, of 
Bridge Trafford, co. Chester, gent., on the one part, and Thomas 
Johnes, of the city of Chester, Bachelor of Music, and Anne Johnes, 
now wife of the same Thomas Johnes on the other part (&c., &c.)." 
The locale of his degree cannot be ascertained. 

RICHARD NEWBOLD ... ... ... ... 1637 J 643 

The Accounts give several entries of payments to him for ''teaching ye 
Choristers." 

RANDALL (or RANDOLPH) JEWITT, Mus.B., Dub. 1643 (?)i644 
(See under Winchester.) 



PETER STRINGER 1661 1673 

Born at Chester, October 30, 1617. Successively Chorister and Conduct; 

afterwards simultaneously Minor Canon, Precentor, Organist, and 

Treasurer. His name occurs several times in the Accounts in connection 

with the building of a new organ. Died 1673. 

The words of some of his Anthems are included in Clifford's Collection. 
He appears to have been Organist of Manchester Collegiate Church (now the 

Cathedral) for a short time in 1666, although his salary at Chester 

continued without a break. 
The following curious extract from a letter of Dr. Henry Bridgman, Dean of 

Chester and Bishop of Sodor and Man (he was a Pluralist), illustrates 

the esteem in which Peter Stringer was held : 

" Mr. Subdeane Bispham and 
" Mr. Chanter Stringer. 

" There is an hon'ble Maid lately deceased at Mr. John Anderson's, being the 
Hope and Anchor in our Northgate St., within the City of Chester, viz. : 
The Lady Jane Montgomery, sister to the Right Hon'ble Hughe, Earle of 
Mount Alexander in the Kingdome of Ireland ; who, being a great lover of 
the ceremonyes of our Church while shee lived, desired to bee buried in our 
Church when shee dyed. And since shee had the quire so much in her heart 
living, I adjudged it fitt to bury her in the heart of our quire now shee is 
dead, her Executors paying to the Cathedrall all customarye dues and 
justifyable fees which belong unto us. Now, by reason of the late 
distraction in this Kingdome and my frequent absences from this Church, 
my memory not well serving mee in every particular thereof, and the 
R't. Reverend John, Lord Bishop of Chester, having a great kindness for 
her family, as well as a great love unto Justice, desiring that shee may not 
bee imposed upon by any kind of exaction : You two being the most 
antient stagers now resident in this Church, I doe require you, upon virtue 
of your oathes formerly taken, y't you declare unto mee in writing what 
the former fees and customes have been in the like case ; that as I may not 
impose upon such hon'ble persons, ?o neither pragjudice our Successors in 
this Church"; &c., &c. 

" June ye gth, 1673." 



CHESTER. 



notT , ? ? 51 C ? dU rl V [ ephed> givin S the ref l uired Particulars, and 
not forgetting to add that "If the corps bee sung into the church and to 

shillinT"'* Quiremen have usually had was forty 

JOHN STRINGER Z 6 73 l686 

(Son of the foregoing.) A Minor Canon. At the request of the Chapter 
he served also as Treasurer for a short time. 

WILLIAM KAY (KEY, or KEYS) !686 1699 

A Minor Canon. Died 1699. (See also under Manchester and St. Asaph.) 

JOHN MOUNTERRATTJ ... ^99 . 1705 

EDMUND WHITE ... j^ l ^ 1 e / 

' ' Organist and teacher of the boys. ' ' * 

Entries in the Chapter Books unfortunately bear record of serious irregu- 
larities of conduct on his part, and he was dismissed April 9, 1715. 

SAMUEL DAVIES ... ... ... ... ... 1715 1726 

An entry in the Bishop's Visitation Book for 1716 describes him as 
" organista et magister puerorum " 

BENJAMIN WORRALL 1726 1727 

Previously a Conduct, to which appointment he reverted in 1727, and died 

in 1730. 
He was probably a son (or some other relative) of the Rev. John Worrall, M.A., 

a Vicar Choral and Minor Canon of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, and 

afterwards successively Vicar Choral, Dean's Vicar, and Master of the 

Choristers of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin. 

EDMUND BAKER ... ... ... ... ... 1727 1764 

A Conduct. 

Pupil of Dr. Blow, and for some time Organist of St. Mary's, Shrewsbury, and 
Organist to the Corporation of that town. Died 1765. Buried in the 
South Choir Aisle of the Cathedral. One of his pupils at Chester was 
Charles Burney, afterwards Dr. Burney, the musical historian. 

On May 21, 1737, he was admonished by the Dean and Chapter for refusing 
to sing in an Anthem at Evening Service when requested to do so by the 
Senior Prebendary. 

Baker is mentioned in the following anecdote, related by Burney in his 
" Commemoration of Handel " (1785) : ' When Handel went through 
Chester, in his way to Ireland, this year 1741, I was at the Public-School 
in that city, and very well remember seeing him smoke a pipe, over a dish 
of coffee, at the Exchange-Coffee-house; for being extremely curious to 
see so extraordinary a man, I watched him narrowly as long as he 

* For this and much other interesting information concerning the Organists of Chester 
Cathedral, I am indebted to Dr. Joseph C. Bridge, M.A., the present Organst. 

t In the first edition of this book the name was given as Demonticall. This now appears to 
have been a serious and inexplicable misquotation of the woid from the Records on the part 
of a local aniiquary. (See Dr. J. C. Biidge's account of the Organists of Chester Cathedral 
already referred to.) 



ao CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

remained in Chester; which, on account of the wind being unfavour- 
able for his embarking at Parkgate, was several days. During this 
time, he applied to Mr. Baker, the organist, my first music-master, to 
know whether there were any choirmen in the cathedral who could sing 
at sight; as he wished to prove some books that had been hastily 
transcribed, by trying the choruses which he intended to perform in 
Ireland. Mr. Baker mentioned some of the most likely singers then in 
Chester, and, among the rest, a printer of the name of Janson,* who had 
a good base voice, and was one of the best musicians in the choir. At 
this time Harry Alcock, a good player, .was the first violin at Chester, 
which was then a very musical place ; for besides public performances, 
Mr. Prebendary Prescott had a weekly concert, at which he was able to 
muster eighteen or twenty performers, gentlemen, and professors. A time 
was fixed for this private rehearsal at the Golden Falcon, where Handel 
was quartered; but. alas! on trial of the chorus in the Messiah, ' And 
with His stripes we are healed, 1 poor Janson, after repeated attempts, 
failed so egregiously, that Handel let loose his great bear upon him ; 
and after swearing in four or five languages, cried out in broken English : 
' You shcauntrel ! tit not you dell me dat you could sing at soite ? ' 
' Yes, sir,' says the printer, ' and so I can ; but not a.t first sight.' " 

EDWARD ORME 1765 1776 

A Conduct. 

Originator of the Chester Musical Festivals, and promoter of several 
important concerts there. A prominent Freemason. Deputy- Herald of 
the city. He also served as Sheriff. As one of a talented family of 
painters he was often in request for painting armorial bearings. Died 
March 25, 1777, aged 61. Buried in the Cathedral. Compiler of a 
Collection of Anthems for use in the Cathedral. 



JOHN BAILEY 1776 1803 

A Conduct. Previously a Chorister and Assistant-Organist to Edward 

Orme. 
Born at Chester, 1749. Died November 26, 1823, aged 73. Buried in the 

Cathedral. 
Composer of some Anthems and Chants which were in use at the Cathedral. 

EDWARD BAILEY ... 1803 1823 

A Conduct. Previously a Chorister, and Assistant-Organist. 
Brother of the preceding. Born at Chester, 1758. Organist of 
St. Asaph Cathedral, 1785 ; Chester Cathedral, 1803. Died November 4, 
1830, aged 72. Buried in the Cathedral. Edward Orme and the Baileys 
were connected by family relationship. 

(See also under St. Asaph.) 

" A descendant acted as Assistant at the Cathedral within living memory, 
but he was a poor player, and his fingers stuck to the keys in wrong 
places so that he was known as Bird-lime Bailey." 

(The Organists of Chester Cathedral, Prof. J. C. Bridge, M.A., Mus.D.) 

GEORGE BLACK ... ... ... ... ... 1823 1824 

Composer of a Service in B flat which was in use at the Cathedral. 

* In the Chapter Books of Chester his name is given as Joynson. 



CHESTER 21 

THOMAS HAYLETT ^24 1841 

Retired in 1841. Buried October 6, 1843 (aged 49), in St. John's Cemetery, 
Chester. 

The following amusing anecdote concerning Thomas Haylett is related by 
his present successor at Chester Cathedral, Dr. J. C. Bridge : 

" One day Haylett, according to custom, had been teaching in Warrington, 
whence he duly returned in the evening to Chester. Upon opening the 
door of the coach he discovered the huge figure of a man stretched across 
two seats. As the occupant seemed disinclined to move his portly figure, 
Haylett reminded him that the coach was constructed to hold more than 
one passenger. The traveller then removed his feet, but uttered not a 
word. Haylett thereupon remarked that it was ' a fine night. 1 Silence 
greeted even this meteorological utterance. Similar observations were 
treated in like manner, with the result that Haylett held his peace, but 
only till Chester the destination of the pair was reached. Addressing 
his fellow-traveller for the last time, Haylett said to him, ' I think it right 

to inform you, sir, that you are a d d disagreeable fellow.' This 

anathema caused the silent one to remove his muffler and thus unmask his 
features. The process revealed to Haylett's astonished gaze the face of 
Canon Slade, one of the Cathedral dignitaries, who was on his way to 
take up residence. The Canon, however, treated the matter very good- 
humouredly and often reminded Haylett of the joke." 

FREDERICK GUNTON ... ... ... ... 1841 1877 

Born at Norwich, 1813. Pupil of Alfred Pettet (Organist of St. Peter Man- 
croft, Norwich). Organist of Southwell Minster, 1835. Organist of 
Chester Cathedral, 1841. Director of the King's School Concerts, &c. 
Resigned the Cathedral appointment, 1877, at which time ne was presented 
with a testimonial in the form of a handsome piece of plate. Died at 
Chester, 1888. Buried in Upton Churchyard. 

Dr. Anson, upon being appointed Dean of Chester, brought Gunton, his 
Organist, with him from Southwell. Gunton effected great improvements 
in the musical services at Chester Cathedral, and the present organ, by 
Whiteley, was erected under his superintendence. It is said that 
Mendelssohn, having on one occasion heard Gunton play upon the 
Cathedral organ, remarked to someone present that his (Gunton's) touch 
was " like velvet." 

JOSEPH Cox BRIDGE, M.A.,i878; Mus.D., Oxon.,i88s 

et Dunelm., 1908; F.S.A., F.R.C.0 1877 

Born at Rochester, 1853. Chorister in Rochester Cathedral, and afterwards 
Assistant-Organist there, and Pupil of John Hopkins. Pupil also of his 
brother, Sir Frederick Bridge, and Assistant-Organist to him at Manchester 
Cathedral. Organist of Exeter College, Oxford, 1871, where he graduated 
in Arts and Music. Assistant-Organist of Chester Cathedral, 1876 ; 
Organist, ditto, 1877. Was mainly instrumental in re-establishing the 
Chester Triennial Musical Festivals from 1879 to 1900, of which he was 
Conductor. Professor of Music to Durham University, 1908. Composer 
of an Oratorio, "Daniel"; a Cantata, "Rudel"; a Symphony for 
orchestra, Church Music, Part-songs, &c. 

Dr. Joseph Bridge has on more than one occasion acted as Conductor in tl 
place of Sir Charles Halle at Concerts in Bristol and Manchester. 

His researches in connection with the musicians and musical doings oi 
Chester have proved of great historical value. 

The choir of Chester Cathedral has always been noted both for its discipline 
and musical efficiency, and its singing evoked the highest commendatio 
from the American musicians who visited England in 1895. 



22 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



CHICHESTER. 

WILLIAM CAMPION .. 1542 1554 

He received 6s. 8d. for playing on the Organs in the Choir, and 35. 4d. 
for playing on the Organs in the Lady Chapel. 

THOMAS BRODHORNE 1554 1565 

Third Lay Vicar Choral, received in 1556 his usual stipends, " namely, for 
stalls, and also for beating the organs " in the Cathedral, his emoluments 
being 235. 4d. 

MICHAEL WOODS ("Organista") 

There is record of payments to him from 1567 to 1569. 

THOMAS WEELKES, Mus.B., Oxon., 1602 ... ... 1602 1623 

Born about 1575. Previously Organist of Winchester College, at a salary 
of 133. 4d. a quarter. Died, while on a visit to London, November 30, 
1623. Buried at St. Bride's, Fleet Street.* Better known at the present 
time by his Madrigals than by his Church Music. There is an Anthem by 
him, " O Lord, grant the king a long life," in Barnard's Collection ; two 
were also published by the Musical Antiquarian Society, and others are 
extant in MS. His Service in F is given in Benjamin Cosyn's Virginal 
Book. 

" The Organist shall remain in the Choir until the last psalm be sung and 
then go up to the organs, and there having done his duty, return into the 
Choir again to bear his part all along, under the amercement of iij. toties 
quoties. This is thought a meet matter in all double choirs, much more is 
it necessary in all half-choirs, as ours is." (" Statutes of the Dean and 
Chapter, 1616.") 



BARTHOLOMEW WEBB ... ... ... ... 1668 (?)i6y4 

JOHN READING ... 1674 1720 

Probably a native of Lincoln, and a relative of John Reading, Organist of 

Winchester Cathedral, 1675-1692. Composer of Church Music, &c. 
There were two other well-known musicians of the same name. One, 

already mentioned, was Organist of Winchester Cathedral and College ; 

the other was Organist successively of Dulwich College ; St. John at 

Hackney; St. Mary Woolnoth ; St. Dunstan in the West; and St. Mary 

Woolchurch Haw, London. 

THOMAS KELWAY (Probationer 1720) 

(Sworn 1733) 

Born at Chichester. Chorister in the Cathedral, and probably a pupil of 
Reading, whom he succeeded as Organist. Died at Chichester, May 21, 
1749. Buried in the South Aisle of the Cathedral. 

* I am indebted, for the foregoing biographical details concerning Weelkes, to the researches 
of the Rev. E. H. Fellowes, M. A., Mus.D. (See his Paper read before the Musical Association 
on May 16, 1916.)]. E. W. 



CHICHESTER. 



Kelway s gravestone having been lost sight of for many years, was found 
and replaced, and the inscription re-cut, about 1846. This circumstance 
gave rise to the following pleasing sonntt by Mr. Charles Crocker, a former 
well-known Verger of Chichester Cathedral : 

" Kelway ! thy memory, fresh as vernal day, 
In many a heart's most secret holiest cell, 
Where love of sacred song delights to dwell, 
Lives and shall live while music holds her sway 
Within these hallowed walls, where day by day, 
Year after year, he plied the wondrous art 
Which bids the spirit from its prison start, 
And soar awhile to happier realms away. 
His strains full oft still fall upon the ear 
Of those who tread yon aisle, while, at their feet, 
His name and record of his hope appear. 
Peace to his ashes be his slumbers sweet, 
Till that glad morn when he shall wake to hear 
The angel choir in nightless Heaven's bright sphere." 
(" The Organists and Composers of St. Paul's Cathedral." By J. S. Bumpus. 

Foot-note, p. 246.) 

Seven Services and nine Anthems in his own handwriting are in the 
Cathedral Library. His Evening Services in B minor, A minor, and 
G minor are still in frequent use. His brother, Joseph Kelway, was one 
of the most celebrated organists of his time. 

THOMAS CAPELL (Probationer 17441 ? 

(Sworn 1747) v 

RICHARD HALL (Deputy) ... ... ... ... 1771 

THOMAS TREMAINE (Deputy) 1771 

A Thomas Tremain composed six Concertos for Strings, Oboes, and Horns 
in 1790. 

WILLIAM WALOND .. ... ... ... ... 1794 1801 

Probably a son of William Walond, Mus.B., of Oxford. Deputy-Organist, 
1775. Organist, 1794. Resigned his post at the Cathedral in 1801 and lived 
for some time in the city in extreme poverty, his only means of subsistence 
being a small annuity raised upon the sale of some houses. Died 
February 9, 1836. Portions of his compositions are to be found in the 
Cathedral Choir books. 



JAMES TARGETT ... ...... Probationer 1801 1803 

Born near Kidderminster, October, 1778. Chorister in Chichester Cathedral, 

and afterwards Organist there. Died May 15, 1803, aged 24. 
John Marsh, a distinguished amateur of Chichester, edited " Three Anthems 

and a Hymn in four parts, composed by the late James Targett." 
There are also three Chants by him in Marsh's "Cathedral Chants.' 



~ (Probationer 

THOMAS BENNETT ... ... { Swom 1848 



Born at Fonthill, 1779. Chorister in Salisbury Cathedral. Organist of St. 
John's Chapel, Chichester, and afterwards of the Cathedral. Died 
March 21, 1848. Buried in the Cathedral Yard. Published "Sacred 
Melodies," " Cathedral Selections," and " An Introduction to the Art of 
Singing." 



24 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



H ENR v R. B ENNETT ...... 

Son of the pieceding, and elder brother of Alfred Bennett, Organist of 
New College, Oxford. Chorister in Magdalen College, Oxford. Pupil of his 
father. Succeeded him at Chichester. Resigned the post at Chichester 
and became Organist of St. Andrew's, Wells Street, London, exchanging 
appointments with Dr. Philip Armes. There are Anthems by him in the 
books of Chichester Cathedral. 

PHILIP ARMES, M.A., Dunelm. ; Mus.D., Oxon. 

et Dunelm. ; F.R.C.0 .......... 1861 1862 

(See under Durham.) 

EDWARD HENRY THORNE, Mus.D. Cantuar., 1913 ; 

F.R.C.O ............. ... 1863 1870 

Born at Cranbourne, Dorset, 1834. Pupil of Sir George Elvey, and Assistant- 
Organist at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, when only 12 years of age. 
Organist of the Parish Church, Henley-on-Thames, 1853 ; Chichester 
Cathedral, 1863 ; St. Patrick's, Hove, 1870 ; St. Peter's, Cranley Gardens, 
London. 1873; St. Michael's, Cornhill, 1875; and St. Anne's, Soho, 
London, 1891, where his performances of the " Christmas Oratorio," the 
"St. John" Passion, and other works of Bach, and his Bach Organ 
Recitals, were notable events among Church musicians and others. Died 
December 26, 1917. Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, Part- 
songs, Pianoforte pieces, &c. His Anthem, "I was glad" was written 
for the reopening Service at Chichester Cathedral in 1867, after the falling 
in of the spire. 

FRANCIS EDWARD GLADSTONE, Mus.D., Cantab.; 

F.R.C.O ................ 1870 1873 

(See under Norwich.) 

JAMES KENDRICK PYNE, F.R.C.O. ... ... 1873 

(See under Manchester.) 

CHARLES HENRY HYLTON-STEWART ... ... 1874 

Choral Scholar of St. Catherine's College, Cambridge, 1873. Afterwards took 
Holy Orders and became Curate of Pebmarsh, Essex, 1875 ; Precentor ot 
Chester Cathedral, 1877; Vicar of New Brighton (Cheshire), 1889; an< 3 
Rector of Bath wick, 1904-1916. Hon. Canon of Chester, 1916. 

DANIEL JOSEPH WOOD, Mus.B., Oxon., Mus.D., 

Cantuar. ; F.R.C.O ............. 1875 1876 

(See under Exeter.) 

THEODORE EDWARD AYLWARD ... ... ... 1876 1886 

Great grandnephew of Dr. Theodore Aylward. Born at Salisbury, 1844. 
Pupil of Dr. S. S. Wesley. Organist successively of St. Matthew's, Chel- 
tenham ; St. Columba's College, Rathfarnham, 1866 ; St. Martin's, 
Salisbury; Llandaff Cathedral, 1870 ; Chichester Cathedral, 1876; St. 
Andrew's Church and the Public Halls, Cardiff, 1886. Composer. 
Editor of the Sarum Hymnal (1870). 



CORK. 



FREDERICK JOHN READ, Mus.D., Oxon., ii ; 

F.R.C.O. ... 1887 1902 

Born at Faversham, December, 1857. Pupil of Drs. Sloman, Corfe, and 
Sir Frederick Bridge. Organist of Christ Church, Reading, 1877. Founder 
of the Reading Orpheus Society, and Conductor of the same since 1882. 
Organist of Chichester Cathedral, 1887. Professor of Harmony, Royal 
College of Music, 1886. Examiner for the Associated Board of the Royal 
Academy of Music and the Royal College of Music, 1892. Retired 
from the appointment at Chichester in 1902, and for some time resident 
in London. Examiner in Music at Oxford University, 1903-07; London 
University, 1910-14. Dean of the Faculty of Music, London University, 
1912-16. Conductor of the Chichester Musical Society since 1887. 
Reappointed Organist of Chichester Cathedral, 1921. Composer of 
Church Music, Cantatas, Madrigals, Part-songs, &c. 

FREDERICK JOSEPH WILLIAM CROWE, F.R.A.S., 

F.R.Hist.Soc 1902 1921 

Born at Weston-super-Mare, December 3, 1862. Chorister of Wells 
Cathedral and afterwards Assistant-Organist to C. W. Lavington there 
Studied singing under Carpi in Milan. For some years special corre- 
spondent to the Western Musical News. Organist of Ashburton Parish 
Church, 1882; St. Mary Magdalene, Torquay, 1890; Chichester 
Cathedral, 1902. Retired, owing to ill-health, in 1921. Founder and 
Conductor of the Chichester Cathedral Oratorio Society, the Chichester 
Orchestral Society, &c. Captain (late R.E. Vol.) in command of the 
local National Reserve. Author of a series of articles on Cathedral 
Organists in The Musical Courier, musical editor, &c. 

FREDERICK JOHN READ, Mus.D. , Oxon. ; F.R.C.O. 1921 
(Reappointed.) 



CORK. 

I am indebted to Dr. Richard Caulfield's interesting book, "Annals of 
St. Fin Barre ; s Cathedral, Cork," * for much of my information regarding the 
Organists of Cork Cathedral. 

" 1633. The Dean and Chapter unanimously decree that the sum of 
Ten Pounds shall be paid for the completion of a musical instrument, called 
in English Organs, as is the custom to have in Cathedral Churches. 
4th November." 



WILLIAM LOVE 



He is mentioned as Vicar Choral in 1669, and Organist in 1677. 
Probably the duties of Organist had, up to that time, been performed by one 
or other of the Vicars Choral in turn. ^^ 

* Kindly lent to me by Dr. J. C. Marks, formerly Cathedral Organist. 



26 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

In 1684 "The Bishop orders the Vicars Choral, Organist, and Choir, to 

attend the Cathedral daily, and perform the service ' in the best melodies 

they can, according to Cathedral use.' " * 
" 1688. The Organist monished to reside ' inter pomoeria Ecclesiae,' or at 

least in the suburbs of Cork." The same admonition had previously 

been given in 1686. 

THOMAS HOLLISTER (Assistant) 1695 I 73 

Salary, 10 per annum. Appointed Organist of St. Werburgh's, Dublin, 
1720. 

WILLIAM TOOLE ... 1703 1711 

Afterwards Organist of Armagh Cathedral, which post he resigned in 1722. 

EDWARD BROADWAY ... ... ... ... 1712 1720 

Lay Vicar, 1704. " Master of the Song," 1707. Organist, 1712. Resigned 
the post of Organist, 1720, and was recommended to the Bishop " for 
some provision for him as Organist for the time he served." 
On the 7th November, 1723, '* Mr. Broadway, and his successors, Lay 
Vicars, are ordered to sing a Solo Anthem every Sunday in the afternoon, 
and provide a variety of them, and that he instruct two boys to join him in 
singing said Anthems (&c.)." According to the records he appears to have 
failed to provide these boys, and an application was made to the Bishop to 
withhold a portion of his salary. In 1725-26 Broadway petitioned the Bishop 
for the sum of ^30 withheld from him. 

WILLIAM SMYTH 1720 (PJi^Si 

Salary, 20 per annum. At the time of his appointment application was made 
to the Bishop for funds to purchase some additional stops for the Cathedral 
organ. Various sums of money were paid from time to time to Smyth, 
for tuning and cleaning the instrument. In 1781 it was reported to the 
Chapter that he had left a legacy of 200 for the poor of the parish. 

HENRY DE LA MAINE 1781 1796 

Son of Laurence De La Maine, a French refugee who settled in Ireland 

at the time of the Revolution. Died 1796. Two Chants by him are in 

Joule's Collection, and some Psalm Tunes in Weyman's " Melodia Sacra." 
On October 28' h, 1791, he presented a memorial to the Dean and Chapter, 

alleging that he had a right to a fifth part of the emoluments of the 

Vicars Choral. 

JAMES ROCHE ... 1797 1811 

Organist and Master of the boys. Died June 6, 1811. He was, like Smyth, 
paid for keeping the organ in repair and tune. 

JAMES BREALSFORD STEPHENS 181 [ 1860 

Organist and Master of the boys. Died March 3, 1860. 

JAMES CHRISTOPHER MARKS, Mus. Doc., Oxon., 1868 1860 1903 

Born at Armagh, 1835. Chorister of Armagh Cathedral. Pupil of R. Turle. 

Assistant-Organist at Armagh Cathedral, 1852, until his appointment to 

Cork. C inductor of Cork Harmonic Society, i86o-6r, and of Cork Musical 

* In the following year, however, the Vicars were admonished "for neglect in not 
ending the daily service in the Choir of the Cathedral according to the statutes of the same, 
and for the fuller publication thereof," it was ordered " that the monition be fixed over their 
stalls in the Church (&c... isth May." The "notorious neglect of the Vicars Choral" in 
their attendance at the Cathedral was the subject of a representation to the Bishop in 1720. 



COVENTRY. 27 



Festival in 1862. Conductor of Cork (New) Harmonic Society. Died 
suddenly at Clifton, July 17, 1903. Composer of an Oratorio, " Gideon " 
(his degree exercise), Church Music, &c. 

Shortly after Dr. Marks's appointment Full Choral Service was re-established 
in the Cathedral. This had been discontinued since Bishop Wetenhall's 
time, at the end of the seventeenth century. The present Cathedral 
was also completed in 1870, and, in commemoration of its consecration, 
Dr. Marks was publicly invested, by the Dean, with a gold medal. 

WILLIAM GEORGE EVELEIGH, Mus.D., Oxon., i89s ; 

F.R.C.O., A.R.C.M 1903 

Born at Meerut, India, 1868. Pupil of G. E. Bambridge, Sir Julius 
Benedict, John Hopkins (Rochester), and Dr. J. C. Bridge (Chester). 
Organist of Holy well Parish Church, 1888 ; Holy Trinity (Episcopal), 
Ayr, 1889 ; Cork Cathedral, 1903. Conductor of the Cathedral Musical 
Society. Examiner for Degrees in Music in the University of Dublin. 

Composer of a Cantata, "In Domino Confido," an Opera, " Valkyriur," 
Church Music, pieces for Organ, Pianoforte, Violin, &c. 



COVENTRY. 

(THE PARISH CHURCH OF ST. MICHAEL AND 

ALL ANGELS.) 
SEE RE-ESTABLISHED IN 1908. 

The Monastic Church of Coventry first became a Cathedral in 1102. In 
1180 the See was united with that of Lichfield, Coventry holding the senior 
title for more than four centuries, and Lichfield from 1661 to 1836. In the 
latter year Coventry ceased to be a See until 1908. 

WALTER HOYLE, F.R.C.0 1898 

Born at Exeter, 1873. Articled pupil of Dr. D. J. Wood at Exeter 
Cathedral Sometime Organist of St. Petrock's, Exeter, and Sub- 
Organist of the Cathedral. Organist of St. Michael's, Coventry, 1898. 



28 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



DUBLIN. 

THE CATHEDRAL OF THE HOLY TRINITY, 

COMMONLY TERMED 

CHRIST CHURCH. 

AN early agreement with an Organist in the Reformation period after the 
suppression of the Priory of the Holy Trinity Dublin. 

Dated 16 March, 37 Hen. VIII. (15+6). 

Thomas Lokwod, dean, and the Chapter of the Holy Trinity, &c., in considera- 
tion of his instructing the Chorister-children, grant to ROBERT HAYWARD of 
Dublin, Singing-man for life, a yearly stipend of 6 135. 4d., twelve pecks of 
wheat, and eight pecks of malt, payable at the feasts of the Nativity, Easter, 
Nativity of St. John Baptist, and Michaelmas ; a livery coat, a cart-load of 
wood at Christmas, and the Chamber* by the east of the Churchyard ; and the 
Vicars Choral grant him four pecks of malt in equal portions, at said feasts, 
his daily finding, table and board, sitting and taking same with them. 

Grantee, who is empowered to distrain grantors' lands in Dublin County and 
City for his stipend, undertakes to play the organ, to keep Our Lady's Mass and 
Anthem daily, Jesus' Mass every Friday, according the custom of St. Patrick's, 
and Matins when the organs play on the eight principal feasts and the feasts of 
" Majus duplex " (grantors finding a blower) ; to procure, at the expense of the 
Church, suitable songs ; to behave humbly and well to grantors, and soon as he 
shall have the above Chamber, to instruct the Choristers in Piicksong and 
Descant to " four minims," and to play Our Lady's Mass, all instruments being 
ound for them during the time of their child's voice, and to present them to the 
Chauntor to be admitted ; to remain in the service of the Church during his life 
and not to absent himself without license. 



Signed by THOMAS LOKWOD, Dean. 
RICH\RD BELL Chauntor. 
WALTER WHYT, Chancellor. 
JOHN Moss, Treasurer. 
JOHN CORRAGHE] 
JOHN KERDYFF I Prebendaries 
CHRIST. RATHE J 



WM. LYNCHE. 
WM. OWEN. 
ROBT. LYDE. 
JOHN DILLON, Vicar. 
JOHN DORNIN. 



Dated 16 March, 1546. 

(From the Calendar of Christ Church Documents [1892], deposited in the 
Public Record Office, Ireland.) 

* The Scriptorium of the Monastic Buildings. 



DUBLIN. 2g 



WALTER KENNEDY... I5 g 6 

JOHN FERMER (or FARMER) I595 . 

His name is given in both forms in the Chapter Books. He was also 
Organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral. On July 18, 1597, "It is ordered 
that if Mr. John Fermer doe not return by the first of August 1507 that 
then all Excuses sett a-part :-his place to bee voyd in This Church for 
depting (sic) the land without lycence." It is probable, therefore that 
this is no less a person than John Farmer, the Madrigal writer as the 
latter was living in Broad Street, London, in 1599. In this year he 
published "The first set of English Madrigals to Foure Voyces " He 
also contributed to Thomas Este's " Whole Booke of Psalmes," 1592. 

RICHARD MYLES I 6 OO j5 o g 

THOMAS BATESON, Mus.B., Dub 1609 1630 

(See under Chester.) 

RANDALL (or RANDOLPH) JEWITT, Mus.B., Dub. 1631 1639 
(See under Winchester.) 

BENJAMIN ROGERS, Mus.B., Cantab., Mus.D., 

Oxon. ... ^39 1641 

(See under Magdalen College, Oxford.) 

RANDALL JEWITT, Mus.B., Dub. (Re- 
appointed) ... ... 1641 1642 



JOHN HAWKSHAW (Senr.) 1661 1688 

According to the Cathedral records, leases were granted to him in 1645 and 
1647, but he is not mentioned as either Vicar Choral or Organist until after 
the Restoration, when in 1661 he appears to have been elected to the 
former post, which he held until his death in 1688. His appointment as 
Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral is dated 1660, when he was also 
made Organist there " during the absence of Mr. Randall Jewet." Jewitt 
had returned to England on the breaking up of the Cathedral Establishment 
at the Rebellion (see his appointment at Chester Cathedral). He was 
evidently expected to resume his duties in Dublin after the Restoration, 
and, as he failed to do so, Hawkshaw was permanently appointed in his 
place. 

His son (John Hawkshaw, Junr.) is said to have succeeded him as 
Organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral. One John Hawkshaw, Organist of 
Armagh Cathedral, is supposed by some authorities to have been this said 
son ; but a comparison of the dates against this name at both Cathedrals 
leaves the matter doubtful. 

THOMAS GODFREY ... 1688 1689 

Also Organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1686. Fled to England, 1689. 

THOMAS FINELL was Deputy -Organist ... 1689' 1691 

He was " Keeper of the Organs " from 1682 to 1694, at a salary of 2 per 
annum. 



30 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



THOMAS MORGAN 1691 1691 

Appointed January 2, 1691, his salary commencing from Christmas before, 
but never took up duty. On March 26, 1691, the Proctor was ordered to 
" transmit five pounds into England to Thos. Morgan for his reliefe and 
encouragement to use his best to endeavour to attain the perfection of 
an Organist." 

THOMAS FINELL again Deputy-Organist ... 1691 1692 
PETER ISAAC(KE) ... ... ... ... ... 1692 1694 

A native of England. Appointed a Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's, Dublin, 
1673 ; but deprived of that office for neglect of duty, 1688, when he returned 
to England, and became Organist of Salisbury Cathedral. In 1691 he was 
invited by the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, to 
"come over" and serve as Vicar Choral and Organist of that Cathedral, 
which post he accepted, and was admitted, 1692, " on account of his extra- 
ordinary skill in music." Died 1694. 

THOMAS FINELL 1694 1698 

Previously Deputy-Organist. Also Organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 
1689-1691 ; and again in 1692. Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 
1677, and of Christ Church Cathedral, 1693. It is said that he was 
admitted on probation as Organist of Christ Church Cathedral on 
October 10, 1694. Died 1709. Some compositions by him are included 
in the Music Books of Chester Cathedral. 

DANIEL ROSINGRAVE 1698 1727 

Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Pupil of Henry Purcell and Dr. Blow. 
Organist of Gloucester Cathedral, 1679 ; Winchester Cathedral, 1682 ; 
Salisbury Cathedral, 1692 ; Organist and Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's 
Cathedral, and Organist and Stipendiary of Christ Church Cathedral, 
Dublin, 1698. Died in Dublin, 1727. Composer of Church Music. 
^- In 1699 Daniel Rosingrave and Robert Hodge (Master of the Choristers at 
Christ Church, and predecessor of Rosingrave as Organist of St. 
Patrick's), were ordered to appear before the Dean and Chapter of 
St. Patrick's for using "very scurrilous language" and for righting 
together at a tavern. Rosingrave, as "ye first and chief aggressor," 
was fined 3, and Hodge 2os., the former being required to "beg 
publick pardon " of the latter. At Christ Church, also, Rosingrave was 
ordered suspension in 1700 for assaulting Thomas Finell, and the Dean 
and Chapter further ordered " that from henceforth no Vicar or 
Stipendiary of this Church do wear a sword, under the penalty of 
expulsion." The suspension order was subsequently annulled by 
payment of a fine. 

In 1679, while Organist of Gloucester Cathedral, he had been admonished 
" for beating and wounding of John Payn, one of the singing men of this 
Church." 

RALPH ROSINGRAVE ... 1727 1747 

(See under St. Patrick's Cathedral.) 

GEORGE WALSH ... ... 1747 1765 

Appointed a Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1760 ; Organist, ditto, 1760. 
Died March 2, 1765. Composer of a Morning Service in D, which is still in 
use at Christ Church, and copies of which are said to exist in some of the 
English Cathedrals. Sir Robert Stewart thought so highly of it that he 
added a Communion Service in the same key and style. A fine score copy 
of " Walsh in D " was in the possession of Mr. J. S. Bumpus. 



DUBLIN. 3I 



RICHARD WOODWARD, Mus.D., Dublin, mi ... I7 6 5 i 777 
Son of Richard Woodward, a Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Born 
in Dublin, 1744. Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1772. Organist 
of Christ Church Cathedral, 1765. Master of the Choristers at Christ 
Church and St. Patrick's Cathedrals. Died November 22, 1777. Buried 
in Christ Church Cathedral. On his monument is inscribed his Prize 
Canon "Let the words of my mouth."* Composer of Church Music, 
Songs, &c. His Church Music, which included a Service in B flat and 
seven Anthems, was published in London in a folio volume, and dedicated 
to Archbishop Smyth. 

SAMUEL MURPHY, Mus.D., Dub. ... ... ... 1777 1780 

(See under St. Patrick's Cathedral.) 

LANGRISHE DOYLE, Mus.D., Dub., WITM ... 1780 (?)i8i3 

Chorister in Christ Church. Stipendiary, 1775. Organist of Armagh 
Cathedral, 1776. Master of the Choristers of both Christ Church and St. 
Patrick's Cathedrals in 1780, and Organist and Stipendiary of Christ Church 
Cathedral. Elected a Half Vicar of St. Patrick s Cathedral, 1781, and a 
Full Vicar, 1784. Also Organist of Trinity College Chapel, 1781. 

By an Order of November 25, 1805, Warren and Doyle were made joint 
Organists, and a Patent was made out accordingly. Doyle probably retired 
in 1813, as the books state that he was " licensed to be absent " in that year. 



WILLIAM WARREN, Mus.D., Dub. ^^'orf.',' 1814} l841 

(See under St. Patrick's Cathedral.) 

FRANCIS JAMES ROBINSON, Mus.D., Dub. ... 1816 1841 
Assistant-Organist. (See also under St. Patrick's Cathedral.) 



JOHN ROBINSON ............... J 84i 1844 

(See under St. Patrick's Cathedral.) 

SIR ROBERT PRESCOTT STEWART, Kn* Mus.D., 

Dub., issi; Hon. F.R.C.O. ... ... 1844 1894 

Born in Dublin, December 16, 1825. Chorister in Christ Church Cathedral. 
Organist of Christ Church Cathedral and Trinity College Chapel, 1844. 
OrSanist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1852. Resigned the post of Organist, 
St Patrick's Cathedral, 1861, in order to obtain a Vicar Choralship there, 
but the latter office was divided, and he only succeeded to one half. 
still, however, played the Sunday afternoon services, by arrangement with 
his successor, Mr. Murphy, who on these occasions sang for Sir Robe: 
the choir Half Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1 86 1 Professor 
of Music in Dublin University, 1862. Knighted 1872. D.ed in Dublin, 
Easter Eve, March 24, 1894- Composer of Odes Cantatas, Church Music, 
Organ pieces, Songs Glees, &c. Editor of and lecturer on music. 

* Awarded the gold medal of the Glee and Catch Club in 1764- 



3* CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

Inscription on the Brass placed to his memory in Christ Church Cathedral, 
Christmas, 1896: 

" To the Glory of God, 

and in Memory of 
ROBERT PRESCOTT STEWART, Kn* 

Doctor of Music. 

Trained as a Chorister in the Cathedral School, 
he was appointed Organist at the age of eighteen, 

and continued in that post during fifty years. 
His name stands foremost among the many who 

for seven centuries 
devoted their musical talents to the Service of God 

within this Ancient Sanctuary. 

Upright in life and modest in spirit, 

he gained the warm affection of a large circle of 

friends, and universal honour and respect. 

A brilliant Organist and Composer, he impressed 

his genius on the Use and Mode of Services 

in this Cathedral Church, 

and 
enriched its Library with many noble compositions. 

Born 1825. 

He entered into his Rest on Easter Eve, 1894. 
[Here are engraved the opening bars of the Te Deum from Stewart's Service 

for Double Choir, in E flat.] 

A statue, erected to his memory on Leinster Lawn, Dublin, was unveiled 
by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Earl Cadogan) on March 8, 1898. 

JOHN HORAN 1894 1907 

Born at Drogheda, February 26^1831. Pupil of his father. Chorister in Christ 
Church Cathedral, and frequently deputised as Organist there. Apprenticed 
to Telford and Telford, organ builders, Dublin. Organist successively of 
Booterstown Church; St. John's, Sandymount; and St. Andrew's, Dublin. 
Afterwards Solo Bass of Limerick Cathedral. Organist of Adare Parish 
Church, 1856 ; Organist of Tuam Cathedral, 1857 5 Organist of Derry 
Cathedral, 1862; Assistant-Organist and Choirmaster of Christ Church 
Cathedral, 1873 ; succeeding to the full office on the death of Sir Robert 
Stewart. Died February i, 1908. Composer of Services, Anthems, &c. 

JAMES F. FITZGERALD, B.A., Cantab 1907 1913 

Born 1873. Educated at Uppingham School, Trinity College, Cambridge, 
and the Royal College of Music. Assistant- Organist at Christ Church, 
Dublin, 1901 ; Joint-Organist, with John Horan, 1904; succeeded to the 
full office, 1907. Resigned 1913, on taking Orders in the Church of 
Ireland. 

CHARLES HERBERT KITSON, M.A., Cantab., 1903; 

Mus.D., Oxon., 1902 ; Hon. F.R.C.O. ... 1913 1920 

Born at Leyburn, Yorks, 1874. Organ Scholar at Selwyn College, 
Cambridge, 1894. Assistant Music Master at Haileybury College, 1897. 
Music Master at St. Edmund's School, Canterbury, 1899. Organist of 
St. John the Baptist, Leicester, 1902 ; Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, 
1913. Professor of Music at University College, Dublin, 1915. Resigned 
the appointment in Dublin. Now resident in London. Professor of 
Music at Dublin University, 1920. Author of several musical text-books. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, &c. Joint editor (with 
Dr. C. G. Marchant) of the revised edition of the Irish Church Hymnal. 



DUBLIN. 33 



THOMAS HENRY WEAVING 

Born at Birmingham, 1881 . Organ and Harmony Scholar at the Royal Irish 
Academy of Music, 1897-99 ; Organist of Straffan Church, 1807 ; 
Rutland Square Cnurch, 1899; Christ Church, Kingstown, 1910- 
Chapel Royal, Dublin, 1917 ; Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, 1920. 
Conductor of the ^olian, Rathmines and Bray Musical Societies. 
Composer of Church Music, secular, choral, and instrumental music. 



DUBLIN. 



ST. PATRICK'S CATHEDRAL. 

WILLIAM HERBIT ... ... ... ... ... 1509 

According to the Chapter books his annual stipend was 3 6s. 8d. 

JAMES WHITE, Vicar Choral and Organist ... 1540 1547 



WILLIAM BROWNE ... ... ... ... ... 1555 J 559 

Appointed on the restoration of the Cathedral during the reign of Philip and 
Mary. Retired in 1559. 

JOHN FERMER (or FARMER) ... ... ... 1595 1598-99 

(See under Christ Church Cathedral.) 



ANTHONY WILLIS (or WILKES) 1606 

Appointed a Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1639. 

RANDALL (or RANDOLPH) JEWITT, Mus.B., Dub. 1631 1642 

(See under Winchester.) 



JOHN HAWKSHAW (Senr.) ... 1661 1678 

(S=e under Christ Church Cathedral.) 

(?)JoHN HAWKSHAW (Junr.) 1678 1685 

Son of the foregoing. He is said to have succeeded his father at St. Patrick's 
Cathedral, and to have been suspended for neglect of duty in 1685. In 
this case, however, the John Haivkshaw mentioned under Armagh would 
scarcely be the same person. 

THOMAS GODFREY l686 l68 9 

i See under Christ Church Cathedral. ) 

THOMAS FINELL l68 9 l6 9* 

i See under Christ Church Cathedral.) 

WILLIAM ISAAC l6 9' l6 9* 

Evidently a relative of Peter Isaac, Organist of Christ Church Cathedral. 



34 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

THOMAS FINELL 1692 1694 

Reappointed. 

ROBERT HODGE 1694 I ^98 

Previously Organist of Wells Cathedral, 1688-1689. He was elected a 
Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1693, and a Vicar Choral of 
Christ Church Cathedral, 1695. The Chapter minutes under the date 
June 9, 1698, state that " Robert Hodge resigns the post of Organist, 
and Daniel Rosingrave is appointed." Hodge afterwards became Master 
of the Choristers at Christ Church Cathedral, and died 1709. 
(See also under Wells.) 

DANIEL ROSINGRAVE 1698 1727 

(See under Christ Church Cathedral.) 

RALPH ROSINGRAVE ... ... ... ... 1727 I 747 

Son of the preceding. Appointed a Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 
1719; Assistant-Organist there, 1726. Organist of Christ Church and 
St. Patrick's Cathedrals, 1727. Died 1747. Two Services, in C and F, 
and several of his Anthems are in the Dublin Cathedral books. An old 
organ book formerly in the possession ol Mr. J. S. Bumpus contains a 
Service in F by R. Rosingrave, with a setting of the Benedicite. Ralph 
Rosingrave was probably the "young Rosingrave" mentioned as being 
appointed Organist of Trinity College Chapel in 1705. 

RICHARD BROADWAY ... ... ... ... 1748 1760 

Probably son of Edward Broadway, Organist of Cork Cathedral. He was 
also a Vicar Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Died November, 1760. 
Composer of an Oratorio, " Solomon's Temple " ( 1753). 

GEORGE WALSH 1760 1765 

(See under Christ Church Cathedral.) 

HENRY WALSH 1765 1769 

Son of the preceding. 

SAMUEL MURPHY, Mus.D., Dub. ... ... 1769 1780 

Appointed a Half Vicar of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1759 ; Organist ditto, 1769 ; 
Organist of Christ Church Cathedral, 1777 ; Organist of Trinity College 
Chapel, 1775 ; also Stipendiary of Christ Church Cathedral and, in 1766, 
Master of the Choristers in both Christ Church and St. Patrick's 
Cathedrals. Died November 9, 1780. 

PHILIP COGAN, Mus.D., Dub 1780 1806 

Born at Cork, 1749. Chorister, and afterwards Lay Clerk in Cork 
Cathedral. Organist of St. John's, Dublin, 1778. Organist of St. 
Patrick's Cathedral, 1780. Died about 1834. Composer of a Concerto 
for pianoforte, Sonatas, &c. He is said to have been a clever extemporist 
on Irish Melodies. 

JOHN MATHEWS 1806 1827 

WILLIAM WARREN, Mus.D., Dub. 1827 1828 

Joint-Organist with Dr. Doyle at Christ Church Cathedral, 1805 ; sole 
Organist, ditto, 1814; Organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1827; Organist 
also of Trinity College Chapel. Died in Dublin, 1841. 



DUBLIN. 35 



FRANCIS JAMES ROBINSON, Mus.D., Dub., honoris 

causa, 1852 l828 

Born in Dublin, 1799. Chorister in Christ Church Cathedral. Assistant- 
Organist of Christ Church Cathedral, 1816; Organist of St Patrick's 
Cathedral, 1828. Vicar Choral of Christ Church Cathedral, 1833 ; Vicar 
Choral of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1843. Died October 21, 1872. Composer 
of Church Music, Songs, &c. Editor of a collection of Irish Melodies. The 
greatest tenor singer that the Dublin Cathedrals have ever possessed. 

JOHN ROBINSON ... ... ... ... ... 1829 1843 

Brother of the preceding. Born 1812 (?). Chorister in Christ Church 
Cathedral. Organist of St. Patrick's Cathedral, 1829; Trinity College 
Chapel, 1834; Christ Church Cathedral, 1841. Died 1844. 

RICHARD CHERRY ... 1843 J ^44 

WILLIAM HENRY WHITE 1844 1852 

Organist of the Chapel of Dublin Castle, 1836 to 1845. 

SIR ROBERT PRESCOTT STEWART, Mus.D., Dub. ; 

Hon. F.R.C.O. 1852 1861 

(See under Christ Church Cathedral.) 

WILLIAM MURPHY, Mus.B., Dub. 1861 1878 

CHARLES GEORGE MARCHANT, Mus.D., Dub. ... 1879 1920 

Born in Dublin, 1857. Chorister in St. Patrick's Cathedral. Organist of 
Holy Trinity Church, Rathmines ; Christ Church, Bray, 1876 ; St. 
Matthias', Dublin (for one week only), from whence he was appointed 
Organist and Choirmaster of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Organist to Dublin 
University, and Conductor of the University Choral Society. Professor of 
the Organ at the Royal Irish Academy of Music, &c. Died January 16, 
1920. Composer of a Service in A and other Church Music, &c. Joint 
Editor (with Dr. C. H. Kitson) of the revised edition of the Irish Church 
Hymnal. 

WlLLIAM E. HOPKINS was Sub-Organist, 1916-1920. 
GEORGE HENRY PHILLIPS HEWSON, B.A., 

Dub., 1905; MUS.D., Dub., 1914 ... I9 20 

Born in Dublin, 1881. Dublin University Chorister of St. Patrick's 
Cathedral, and afterwards Sub-Organist there. Organist of Chapel 
Royal, Dublin, 1907; Armagh Cathedral, 1917; St. Patrick's Cathedral, 
Dublin, 1920. Professor of the Organ at the Royal Irish Academy of 
Music. ' Composer of Church Music, Part-songs, &c. 



36 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



DURHAM. 

JOHN BRIMLEY (or BRIMLEI) 1557 1576 

" He was at his post in the Cathedral during the abortive rising in 
the North in 1569. Oliver Ashe. Curate of St. Giles's, Durham, 
deposed that whilst a priest named Holmes was saying Mass, when the 
sacring bell rang, he looked toward the priest but could not discern the 
elevation ; whereupon he looked up to Mr. Brimlei, then in the loft over 
the quire door, and smiled at him. Examined himself, John Brimlei, 
Master of the Choristers in the Cathedral Church of Durham, aged sixty- 
seven, admitted that he was twice at High Mass, but he sang not himself 
at them, but played the organs, and did divers times help to sing Salvaes 
at Mattins and Evensong, and played on the organs, and went in proces- 
sion, as others did, after the Cross. He owned also that he put forward 
the Service, and instructed the choristt-rs in such things as they did in the 
Quire pertaining to service at that time. He expressed his contrition, 
seems to have conformed, and to have been confirmed in possession of his 
post, for he was at it when death overtook him in 1576. From which it 
appears that Master John Brimlei had not in him the stuff of which 
martyrs are made." (Communicated by Mr. William Brown, of Durham, 
to Mr. Joseph Bennett. See Musical Times, June, 1895.) Buried in the 
Galilee Chapel of the Cathedral. A Kyrie and Credo by Brimley are 
included in the old Cathedral music books. 

EPITAPH TO BRIMLEY IN THE "GALILEE." 

John Brimlei's body here doth ly, 

Who praysed God with hand and voice. 

By musicke's heavenlie harmonic, 
Dull myndes he maid in God rejoice. 

His soul into the heavenes is lyft, 

To prayse Him still that gave the gyft. 

Obiit Ao. Dni. 1576, Octo. 13 

WILLIAM BROWNE (PSenr.) 1576 1587 

ROBERT MASTERMAN 1588 1594 

WILLIAM SMYTH (Minor Canon) ... ... ...(?)i594 1599 

In 1589 he petitioned the Vice-Dean and Chapter for remuneration for 

mending the organs, and received the sum of 305. 
Some Anthems and Responses by him are to be found in the Durham books. 

WILLIAM BROWNE (PJunr.) 1599 (?)i6o9 

EDWARD SMYTH ... ... ... ... ... 1609 1611 

Son of William Smyth. Died 1611. Composer also of Anthems and 
Responses in the Cathedral books. His name appears as one of the 
composers in Clifford's Words of Anthems. 

DODSON was Organist for a year and a half. 



DURHAM. 



RICHARD HUTCHINSON ...... l6 

Died June 7, 1646. 



0rl a ni t eV '? e ^ ^ n o d vf red a g d Or gat-" pra-excellens fuit 
Organista -but the Chapter Acts bear record to the fact that his 
character was not altogether exemplary, and he was reprimanded by the 
Dean for breaking the head of Toby Broking (one of the singing men) 
with a candlestick, m an alehouse, wounding him very dangerously 

I here are three Anthems by him in the Cathedral books and in the Ely and 
Peterhouse (Cambridge) Collections. 

According to the Cathedral Baptismal Registers, John Hutchinson, son of 
Richard Hutchinson, Organist, was baptized July 2, 1615. 



JOHN FOSTER ' ... J65I 1677 

" April 21, 1677. Joh'es Foster, Organista, naturae concessit vicesimo die 
mensis Aprilis, et die sequente sep t8 est." (Burial Registers.) 

ALEXANDER SHAW 1677 1681 

Composer of Services in G and E minor, and two Anthems in the Cathedral 

books. 
Extract from an Organ book at Durham: " Prick'd by Alexr Shaw, Orgt. 

Mr. Alex 1 ' Shaw was paid to pricking thus far, Oct. 30, 1678 (and again i, 

1679, by me, Thos. Smith, Treasurer." 

WILLIAM GREGGS 1681 1710 

Son of J. Greggs (Gentleman), of York. Succeeded Shaw as Organist, 1681. 
" It was agreed by the Chapter on ist December, 1686, that Mr. Greggs 
the Organist have leave for three months to goe to London to improve 
himselfe in the skill of musicke." Appointed Master of the Song School, 
1690. Died October 15, 1710. Buried in the Church of St. Mary-the 
less, Durham, where an Epitaph on him is to be found on the South Wall. 
His Anthem, " My heart is inditing," is in the Cathedral books. 

JAMES HESLETINE 1710 1763 

Pupil of Dr. Blow. Was Organist of St. Katherine's Church at the Tower, 
London, which post he retained on his appointment to Durham Cathedral, 
performing the London office by deputy. Died 1763. Buried in the 
Cathedral. Composer of many Anthems, &c. The greater part of these 
were destroyed by him in revenge for some slight by the Dean and Chapter 
of Durham. His Anthem, " Praise the Lord," is extant in the Cathedral 
books. There is a portrait of Heseltine in the Music School at Oxford. 

THOMAS EBDON i7 6 3 lSl1 

Son of Thomas Ebdon, " Cordwainer." Born at Durham, 1738. Chorister 
in Durham Cathedral. Died at Durham, September 23, 1811. Buried in 
St. Oswald's Churchyard. His name is still to be seen carved upon a 
wooden screen in the Cathedral. This screen separates the North Aisle 
from the Presbytery, and is one of those erected by Bishop Cosin after the 
Restoration. In the same place is carved the name of Ralph Banks, who 
was also a Chorister in Durham Cathedral, becoming a pupil of Ebdon and 
afterwards Organist of Rochester Cathedral. 



38 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

Ebdon published two volumes of Church Music, six Glees, Songs, Sonatas 
for the harpsichord, &c. The Evening portion of his Service in C 
attained a considerable amount of popularity some years ago, and is still a 
favourite with admirers of Church music of that time. The Communion 
Service is completed by a Gloria in Excelsis, very unusual for the period. 

CHARLES ERLIN JACKSON CLARKE ... ... 1811 1813 

Born at Worcester, December, 1795. Chorister in Worcester Cathedral. 

Appointed Organist of Durham Cathedral at the early age of sixteen. 

Resigned that post, 1813, and became Organist of Worcester Cathedral 

and Conductor of the Worcester Festivals. Died of paralysis at Worcester, 

April 28, 1844. 
Hackett's " National Psalmist " (1842) contains an Anthem, " May the grace 

of Christ our Saviour " and a Double Chant in F by him. The words of 

his Anthem, " Gather yourselves together," are given in Marshall's 

" Words of Anthems" (1840). 

WILLIAM HENSHAW, Mus.D., Dunelm 1813 1862 

Born 1791, Organist of Durham Cathedral, 1813. Died at Clapham, 

September 30, 1877. Buried in Nunhead Cemetery. 
Composer of Hymn Tunes, Chants, &c. 

PHILIP ARMES, M. A., Dunelm. ; Mus.D., Oxon.. 1864, 

et Dunelm ,1874; F.R.C.0 1862 1906 

Born at Norwich, August 15, 1836. Chorister in Norwich Cathedral, and 
afterwards in Rochester Cathedral. Assistant - Organist of Rochester 
Cathedral, under Dr. J. L. Hopkins. Organist of Holy Trinity -Church, 
Gravesend, 1854; St. Andrew's, Wells Street, London, 1857; Chichester 
Cathedral, 1861 ; and Durham Cathedral, 1.862. Appointed Resident 
Examiner in Music to Durham University, 1890, and then Professor of 
Music to the same. Retired from post of Cathedral Organist, 1906. 
Died February 10, 1908. Composer of Oratorios, Cantatas, Church Music, 
Organ pieces, Madrigals, &c. 

ARNOLD DUNCAN CULLEY, M.A., Cantab., isas; et 

Dunelm., 1906; Mtis.B., Cantab., 1894 ... 1907 

Priest in Orders. 

Born March 9, 1867. Studied at the Royal College of Music. Organist ot 
St. Peter's, Hammersmith, 1884 ; Christ Church, Surbiton, 1889. Organ 
Scholar of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 1891. Curate of Chapel 
Royal, Brighton, 1894. Deputy Priest-Vicar of Exeter Cathedral, 1897. 
Sub-Organist of Exeter Cathedral, 1900. Minor Canon and Precentor 
of Durham Cathedral, 1906. Organist and Master of the Choristers, 
1907. Conductor of the Durham Musical Society. Composer of Church 
Music, Part-songs, Songs, &c. 



EDINBURGH. 

ST. MARY'S CATHEDRAL. 

SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1879. 
THOMAS HENRY COLLINSON, Mus.B., Oxon., ISTT 1878 



Born at Alnwick, April 24, 1858. Pupil of Dr. Armes, and Assistant-Organist 
at Durham Cathedral. Organist of St. Oswald's, Durham, 1876 ; St Mary's 
Cathedral, Edinburgh, 1878 (prior to its consecration). Lecturer in Church 
Music to the Episcopal Theological College, 1880. Conductor of Edinburgh 
Choral Union, 1883. Composer of Anthems. &c. 



ELY. 



39 



ELY. 

The earliest record of an Organist here is " WM. KYNG, Organist, for 
one year, 135. 40!.," 1453 (Precentor's Roll of 1453). 

THOMAS BARCROFTE ............ _ 

He is said to have been Organist in 1535, but the Cathedral records furnish 
no proof. An early copy of his Service in G (composed in 1532) is in the 
Cathedral Library. 

CHRISTOPHER TYE, Mus.D., Cantab., IMS et 

Oxon., me ..... I54I I5 6j 

" Magister Choristarum " ami Organist. Born about 1500. Probably a 
Chorister in King's College, Cambridge. Lay Clerk there in 1536. 
obtaining his degree of Mus.B. in the same year. Took Orders in 1560, 
and held successively the Rectories of Little Wilbraham, Newton, 
and Doddington-cum-March. Is said to have been appointed Organist 
of the Chapel Royal in 1562, but this seems doubtful. Possibly he 
took occasional duty there (see the anecdote below). Died 
circa January, 1572-3. A prominent Organist and Composer of the 
Reformation period. Commenced rhythmical paraphrase of the Acts of 
the Apostles, and set it to music. It was unsuccessful, and he never 
completed the task. Early copies of his Evening Service in G minor 
and of four Anthems are in the Cathedral Library. 

According to Anthony Wood: " Dr. Tye was a peevish and humorsome man. 
especially in his later days, and sometimes playing on the organ in the 
Chapel of Queen Elizabeth, which contained much music but little to 
delight the ear, she would send the verger to tell him that he played 
out of tune, whereupon he sent word that her ears were out of tune." 

ROBERT WHITE (or WHYTE), B.A., Mus.B., 

Cantab., iseo ......... ...... 1562 1566 

Son in-law of Dr. Christopher Tye. 

Very little is known of his biography, but Morley mentions him in his 
" Introduction " as one of the famous English musicians of his time. He 
was probably the Robert White who became Organist of Chester 
Cathedral, 1567, and of Westminster Abbey in 1570 For his degree of 
Mus.B. at Cambridge, he was required to compose a Communion Service 
to be performed in St. Mary's Church on Commencement Day. He 
was buried at St. Margaret's, Westminster, November n, 1574. An 
early copy of his Anthem, "O praise God," is in the Cathedral Library, 
and there are some Latin Services and Anthems by him in MS. in the 
Library of Christ Church, Oxford. 
(See also under Chester.) 



JOHN FARRANT ............... i5 66 C 

He is supposed to have been a son of Richard Farrant. He was probably the 
John Farrant who took duty for one year at Bristol Cathedral, and subse- 
quently became Organist successively of Hereford Cathedral ; Christ Church, 
Newgate Street, London ; and Salisbury Cathedral. Hawkins assigns th< 
post at Christ Church, Newgate Street, to another John Farrant, but 
quite possible that all the above appointments were held in turn by tl 
same person. The Service Farrant in D minor which has beer 
attributed to Richard Farrant, is the composition of John Farra 

* This fact can be proved by reference to the Ely, Peterhouse (Cambridge), and other 
MSS., and to various old part-books still extant. 



40 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



WILLIAM Fox 1572 1579 

An old Chapter account of 1572, quoted by Willis (" Survey"), records 
that his yearly stipend was 13 6s. 8d. Died 1579. Composer of an 
Anthem, " Teach me Thy way," an early copy of which is in the Cathedral 
Library. It was published in "The Parish Choir" (1847), and is now 
included in Novello's 8vo Anthems. 

GEORGE BARCROFTE, B.A. ... ... ... 1579 1609 

Probably a son of Thomas Barcrofte. Styled " Informator " (Magister 
Choristarum) and " Vicar Choral" in the Cathedral books, and he may 
have been a Minor Canon. Early copies of two Anthems in the 
Cathedral Library are probably by him, and not by Thomas Bircrofte. 

JOHN AMNER, Mus.B., Oxon., iei3 ; et Cantab., mo 1610 1641 

Organist and Master of the Choristers. A " Vicar " like Barcrofte.* Died 
1641. Much of his neat handwriting, chiefly of Organ parts, is still extant 
in the Cathedral books. His compositions include three Services (one of 
them known as "Caesar's," from the fact that it was written for his 
friend Henry Caesar, D.D., Dean ot Ely, in 1614) fifteen Anthems, and 
" Sacred Hymns in 3, 4, 5, and 6 parts, for Voices and Vyols." 

ROBERT CLAXTON ... ... ... ... ... 1641 1662 

In the Cathedral books called " Lay Clerke." In another list, one of " other 
instructors in music, and on the viols occasionally." The organ was 
silenced in 1644, and Claxton's occupation as Organist must then have 
ceased for some years. He is said, however, to have been " displaced," 
1662. Died 1668. 

JOHN FERRABOSCO, Mus.D., Cantab., i67i ... 1662 1682 

Probably grandson of Alphonso Ferrabosco, an Italian musician resident in 
England during Elizabeth's reign. His degree was granted by royal letters 
patent of Charles II. Died 1682. The Ely books contain fourteen 
Services and eleven Anthems by him. 

"His salary as Organist, and that of his successor Hawkins, was 30 a 
year. This was augmented by a sum of 6, paid to them as holding the 
office of cook (!), which was doubtless a sinecure." ("Organs and 
Organists of Ely Cathedral." Dr. A. W. Wilson.) 

On his death, in 1682, " THOMAS BlJLLIS, Junr., officiated 6 mo. in ye 
vacancy." Bullis is mentioned as " Lay Clerke," and is included in the 
list of " other instructors," like Claxton. The Cathedral books contain 
three Services and six Anthems by Thomas Bullis, Junr. A Service and five 
Anthems are attributed to Thomas Bullis, who was probably his father. 

JAMES HAWKINS (Senr.), Mus.B., Cantab., ms ... 1682-3 *7 2 9 
Formerly a Chorister in St. John's College, Cambridge. The Cathedral 
is indebted to this indefatigable musician for its valuable collection of 
MS. scores and part-books, carefully preserved to this day. He also left 
behind him a large number of original compositions, those at Ely amount- 
ing to as many as seventeen Services and seventy-five Anthems ! 

* Amner was ordained Deacon on March i, 1617, at Ely Chapel (the Chapel of the Palace of 
the Bishops of Ely), Holborn, London, by Bishop Lancelot Andrews. 



4, 



" Under this marble 
(Among many of his relations) 
Lieth the body of James Hawkins, B.M., 
46 Years Organist of this Church ; 

Eminent in his Profession, 

Regular in the discharge of his Duty, 

Chearful and friendly in his Deportment. 

He died the i8th of October 1729, 

In the 6yth year of his Age. 

THOMAS KEMPTON ............... 

Born 1694. Died June 16, 1762. Buried in St. Mary's Churchyard, Ely. Some 
of his descendants have sung in the Cathedral Choir until recently 
Composer of the well-known Service, Kempton in B flat, the autograph 
score of which, together with those of four other Services and three Anthems 
is included in the Cathedral MSS. 

JOHN ELBONN ............... I7 6 2 1768 

No particulars are known concerning Elbonn, except that he died June 7, 1768, 
and lies buried near the Western end of the Lady Chapel of the Cathedral. 

DAVID WOOD ............... 1768 1774 

The Anthem, " Lord of all power and might" is attributed by Page, in his 
" Harmonia Sacra," Vol. II., to a " David Wood, Gentleman of the Chapel 
Royal, and Vicar Choral of St. Paul's Cathedral." Possibly Wood 
resigned the appointment at Ely and went to London. 

JAMES ROGERS ... ... ... ... ... 1774 J 777 

Very little is known of him except that he resigned. Most probably, however, 
he was the James Rodgers who became Organist of Peterborough Cathedral, 
1777. He composed an Evening Service in A, in continuation of Boyce 
(Verse Service). Three Anthems by him were published under the 
editorship of his pupil, Henry Burdett. 



RICHARD LANGDON, Mus.B., Oxon., rwi ... ... 1777 

Grandson of the Rev. Tobias Langdon, a Priest-Vicar of Exeter Cathedral. 
Organist and Sub-Chanter of Exeter Cathedral, 1753 ; Organist of Ely 
Cathedral, 1777 ; Organist of Bristol Cathedral, 1778 ; Organist of Armagh 
Cathedral, 1782. Died at Exeter, September 8, 1803. Buried in St. Paul's 
Church, Exeter. Composer of " Chanting Services,"* Anthems, Glees, &c. 
Chiefly known at the present day by the Double Chant in F, usually 
attributed to him, and published anonymously in his " Divine Harmony." 

HIGHMORE SKEATS (Senr.) ......... 1778 1803 

(See under Canterbury.) 

HIGHMORE SKEATS (Junr.) ... 1804 1830 

Acted as Probationary Organist for the first year. 

(See also under St. George's Chapel, Windsor.) 

* He appears to have borrowed the idea for these from his predecessors at Ely Ferrabosco, 
Hawkins, and Kempton, whose compositions in the books at Ely include Services of this kind. 



42 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

ROBERT JANES . 1831 1866 

Born, 1806. " Sol-fa Scholar " (i.e., Chorister) in Dulwich College. Pupil of 
Dr. Z. Buck at Norwich. Appointed Organist of Ely Cathedral at the age 
of eighteen. Died at Ely, 1866. Composer of the well-known "Ely 
Confession" and other Church Music. Editor of a Psalter, which was 
in use for many years at Ely. 

Janes had a very large teaching connection in Norfolk and Suffolk, and in 
later years was wont to relate how he rode long distances on horseback to 
fulfil his engagements; also how he had arranged a pair of lamps, attached 
to his saddle like pistol holsters, to light his lonely road at night through 
the Fen country. It is said that his income at this time could not have 
been expressed in less than four numerals. (See " Fifty Years of Church 
Music," by the Rev. W. E. Dickson, M.A.) He possessed some ability as 
an amateur printer, and several part-books, set up and printed at his 
own press, were in use at Ely until 1866. 

EDMUND THOMAS CHIPP, Mus.D., Cantab., iaei... 1866 1886 
Son of T. P. Chipp, the drum player. Born Christmas-day, 1823. Chorister 
in the Chapel Royal. Violinist in Her Majesty's Private Band and other 
Orchestras. Organist successively of Albany Chapel, Regent's Park; 
Percy Chapel, Tottenham Court Road; St. Olave's, Southwark; St. Mary- 
at-Hill; Royal Panopticon, Leicester Square; Holy Trinity, Paddington; 
St. George's Church and Ulster Hall, Belfast; Kinnaird Hall, Dundee, 
1866; St. Paul's, Edinburgh, 1866; and Ely Cathedral, 1866. Died at 
Nice, December 17, 1886. Buried in Highgate Cemetery. Composer of 
Church Music, Organ Music, &c. 

Dr. Chipp was not only a skilful violinist, but an Organist of considerable 
repute in his day. In an autograph letter, Mendelssohn, who heard him 
play his Sonata in A (No. 3), bears witness to his excellent rendering of 
that well-known composition. 

BASIL HARWOOD, M.A. , Mus.D., Oxon 1887 1892 

(See under Oxford.) 

THOMAS TERTIUS NOBLE... ... .. ... 1892 1898 

(See under York.) 

HUGH PERCY ALLEN, M.A., Mus.D., Oxon. ; 

F.R.C.O ... 1898 1901 

Now SIR HUGH ALLEN. (See under St. Asaph.) 

ARCHIBALD WAYET WILSON, Mus.D., Oxon.; 

F.R.C.O. 1901 1919 

(See under St. Asaph.) 

In 1907-08 the organ was rebuilt and enlarged by Messrs. Harrison & 
Harrison, of Durham. 

NOEL EDWARD PONSONBY, M.A., pxon., wie ; 

Mus.B., Oxon., 1914 1919 

Born at Cambridge, 1891. Chorister in St. George's Chapel, Windsor. 
Organist of Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, 1912. Director of Music 
at Marlborough College, 1915. Organist and Magister Choristarum, Ely 
Cathedral, 1919. 



EXETER. 



EXETER. 

MATTHEW GODWIN, Mus.B., Oxon., IMS (2)1584 1586 

Previously Organist of Canterbury Cathedral. Died January 12, 1586. 
Buried under the North Tower of Exeter Cathedral, with the following 
Inscription : 

Matthei Godwin adolescentis pii mitis ingeniosii 

musicae bacchalaurii dignissimi scientissimi 

Ecclesiarum Cathed. : Cantuar: et Exon. ; Archimusici. 

JEternx memoriae posuit G : M : Fr : vixit annos XVII : 

menses V : Hinc ad ccelos migravit XII Januarii, 1586. 

(Translation by J. S. Bumpus.) 

" G. M. Fr. placed this to the eternal memory of Matthew Godwin, a pious, 
gentle, and clever youth, Bachelor in Music and most skilful chief- 
musician of the Cathedrals of Canterbury and Exeter. He lived seventeen 
years and five months, and departed hence to heaven, 12 January, 1586." 

ARTHUR COCK (or COCKE), Mus.B., Oxon. ,1593 ... 1591 1601 
Previously Organist of Canterbury Cathedral (1584-1590). 
Supplicated for his degree in 1593, and was mentioned in this connection as 
Organist of Exeter Cathedral. In 1601 became Gentleman of the Chapel 
Royal, and Organist without pay " until an Organist's place shall become 
void. ' Died January 24, 1604. Some of his compositions are to be 
found in the Music School, Oxford. 

[EDWARD GIBBONS, Mus.B., Cantab, et Oxon., 1592 1609 1644] 

According to the Chapter books he was elected a Priest-Vicar, August 8, 
1609, but there is no particular mention of him as Organist. 

Elder brother of Dr. Orlando Gibbons. Born about 1570. Organist of 
King's College, Cambridge, 1592. [(?) Organist, Minor Canon, and 
Precentor of Bristol Cathedral, (?)i5Qg.] Priest-Vicar and Custos of 
the College of Priest-Vicars of Exeter Cathedral, 1609-1644. Matthew 
Locke was one of his pupils. An Anthem by him, " How hath the citie^ 
sate solitary," is in the Tudway Collection. 

At King's College, Cambridge, " Gibbins " (as he was more usually 
called) received 2os. a quarter as his salary, and us. 8d. for the instruction 
of the Choristers. He had to provide for the making and mending of the 
Choristers' clothes. At Exeter, in 1634, a complaint was made that he was 
in the habit of neglecting his duties, and he, with two other Vicars Choral, 
replied to the charge. 

He is said to have assisted Charles L, at the time of the Rebellion, with the 
loan of 1,000, for which service he was afterwards deprived of his estates 
and rendered homeless in his eightieth year. 

JOHN LUGG (or LUGGE) l6 9 l6 4 

There are several documents relating to John Lugg among the Domestic State 
Papers in the Record Office, London, 1617, in which he is referred to a: 
Organist of Exeter Cathedral. He was suspected of Popish inclinations 
by the Privy Council, and his Bishop (William Cotton) was requested t 
examine him upon the matter. In the Bishop s reply to 
Council he excuses Lugg on account of his youth, and appends 
documents of his examination and Lugg's protestation against Popery. 



44 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



From these it appears that Lugg's brother (probably the Robert Lugg 
mentioned under St. John's College, Oxford, p. 156) had been brought 
up at Lisbon, and was possessed of strong Romish tendencies. John 
Lugg seems to have retained his post at Exeter, for he is mentioned again 
as organist in 1630. A number of his compositions are to be found 
among the MS S. in the Library of Christ Church, Oxford. 



It has frequently been stated that HENRY LOOSEMORE, Mus.B., 
Cantab. (See under Cambridge King's College), became Organist of 
Exeter Cathedral after the Restoration ; but it can be proved by entries in 
the records of King's College, Cambridge, that he continued as Organist 
of the latter uninterruptedly from 1627 until his death in 1670. 

In the Chapter records of Exeter, moreover, there is no mention whatever of 
any Loosemore but John, the organ-builder (probably a brother of Henry), 
concerning whom there are several entries during the period 1660-1665, in 
connection with the organ which he was then building for the Cathedral. 
One such entry, dated 1663, is to the effect that his charges were to be 
paid by the Dean and Chapter in riding to Salisbury, "to see the organ 
there, the better to inform himself to make the new organ of this Cathedral." 
Loosemore's organ was completed in 1665, and was long considered to be 
one of the finest in the country. It was highly praised by the Hon. Roger 
North on his visit to Exeter with his brother, the Lord Keeper Guildford. 
Macaulay's History of England also mentions it in connection with the 
visit to the Cathedral of William Prince of Orange. After undergoing 
several alterations and additions from time to time, the instrument was 
entirely rebuilt in 1891 by Willis. 

Epitaph on John Loosemore, in the Cathedral : 

" Hie jacet spe Resurrectionis 
Johannes Loosmore (sic}, 

quondam Decano et Capitulo hujus Ecclesias Curator fidelissimus, et inter 
Artifices sui Generis facile Princeps. Sit organum hoc augustum prope 
situm perpetuum istius Artis et Ingenii Monumentum. Obiit 18 Aprilis an : 
1681 aeta: suae 68." 

(Translation by y. S. Bumpus.} 

" Here lies, in hope of the Resurrection, John Loos(e)more, formerly the most 
faithful Curator to the Dean and Chapter of this Church, and by far the 
chief among the workmen of his kind : may this noble organ, placed near, 
be a perpetual monument of his art and genius. 

" He died 18 April, 1681, in the 68th 3 ear of his age." 



THEODORE COLEBY (or COLBY) ... ... ... 1665 

Previously Organist of Magdalen College, Oxford. 

Chapter Act, March 25, 1665. " Imprimis, they appoint Mr. Colby to be 
Organist of St. Peter's Church and Quire, and did allow him a salary 
for his paynes of fifty pounds per annum, and ordered a house to bee 
provided for him." May 26, 1667. " Item, they decreed that the 
Organist's place be confirmed upon Mr. Colby for the term of his natural 
life ..... and that the said Mr. Colby shall have and receive yearly 
for his salary the sum of sixty pounds." " A.D. 1667, Sept. 20. Admitted 
and sworn in the Colledge Hall, by the Gustos, as Lay Vicar of the said 



EXETER. 45 

Colledge, Theodore Colby" (Registers of the College of Vicars, Exeter). 
In spite of these increasing emoluments Coleby appears to have 
experienced money difficulties, for in i658 two sums-/ 47 i6s. 6d. and 
30 were ordered to be lent to him for and toward the supplying of 
his present necessities." Absence from duty without leave could hardly 
be described as a fitting return to the Dean and Chapter for their interest 
in his welfare, and on Aug. 8, 1674, "Upon Mr. Colby's absenting 
himself, they pronounced the Organist's place of this Church to be void, 
and that Mr. Henry Hall should be admitted into the said Organist's 
place. At the same time " they ordered that thirtie pounds be given 
for the use of Mr. Colbie's children." Wood (Fasti) describes Coleby 
as " a German." 

HENRY HALL (Senr.) ^74 (?)i686 

Son of Captain Henry Hall, of Windsor. Born about 1655. Chorister in the 
Chapel Royal. Pupil of Dr. Blow. Organist of Exeter Cathedral, 1674; 
Organist (and Vicar Choral) of Hereford Cathedral, 1688. Took Holy 
Orders, 1698. Died 1707. Buried in the Cloister of Vicars' College, 
Hereford. Some of his Church Music is to be found in the Tudway 
Collection. He also acquired some celebrity as a poet.* His son (Henry 
Hall, Junr.) succeeded him as Organist of Hereford Cathedral. 

f PETER PASMORE. \ 
(JOHN WHITE. j 

They are mentioned together as Organists in 1686. The name of the latter, 
however, appears alone in 1693. 

RICHARD HENMAN ... ... ... ... ... 1694 1741 

Possibly the Richard Henman who was Chorister in the Chapel Royal, 
and took part in the Coronation of James II. In 1692 a warrant was 
issued for the allowance of " a livery for Richard Henman, late child of 
the Chapell Royall, whose voice is changed." (The King's Music, 
H. Cart de Lafontaine.) 
Dismissed from his appointment at Exeter on June 27, 1741, "for his long 

absence and disorderly life." 

An Anthem, " Have mercy," by Henman, in the Ely Collection, is probably 
his composition. 

JOHN SILVESTER ... I74 1 J 753 

" Silvester's note for pricking services i 75. 6d." 
(Cathedral Act Books.) 

RICHARD LANGDON ... i?53 J 777 

(See under Ely.) 

WILLIAM JACKSON ... 1777 l8 3 

Son of a grocer in Exeter. Born May 29, 1730. Pupil of Silvester and 
afterwards of John Travers in London. Returned to Exeter and established 
himself as a teacher. Appointed Organist to the Cathedral, 1777. Died 
July 5, 1803. Buried in the Vestry of St. Stephen's Church, Exeter. 
Composer of Operas, Odes, Songs, Sonatas, and a quantity of Church 
Music, including the once popular Service in F. Writer on musical and 
other subjects ; also skilled as a painter. Thomas Gainsborough, the great 

artist, was one of his intimate friends. 

* See the concluding lines of his Ode to Purcell on pege 146. 



4 6 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



Inscription on the white marble monument to Wm. Jackson, in the Vestry 
of St. Stephen's Church, Exeter: 

" In the Science of Music an eminent Professor, whose gtnius united elegant 
expression with pure and original melody and delicacy of harmonic 
combination. In painting, in literature, in every liberal study that 
enlightens the intellect, or expands the heart, his attainments were rare 
and distinguished : a writer, novel and acute in observation, a correct and 
discriminating critic : endeared to his select associates by a conversation 
and demeanour of impressive and fascinating simplicity. Born in this city 
xxix May, 1730. Died v July, 1803 " 

JAMES PADDON ... ... ... ... ... 1804 1835 

Born at Exeter about 1768. Chorister in the Cathedral. Pupil of William 
Jackson. Organist of the Cathedral, 1804. Died 1835. Buried in the 
South Aisle of the Cathedral Nave. Composer of Church Music. Editor 
of Jackson's Cathedral Music. 



SAMUEL SEBASTIAN WESLEY, Mus.D., Oxon. 
(See under Gloucester.) 



1842 



ALFRED ANGEL ............... 1842 1876 

Born 1816. Chorister in Wells Cathedral and afterwards Assistant- 
Organist there. Succeeded Dr. Wesley at Exeter Cathedral, 1842. Died 
at Exeter, May 24, 1876. Buried in the Old Cemetery. Composer ot 
Church Music, Part-songs, &c. His Anthem, " Blow ye the trumpet in 
Zion," gained the Gresham Prize in 1842. 

DANIEL JOSEPH WOOD, Mus.B., Oxon., 1874, 

Mus.D., Cantuar., isae ; F.R.C.0 ....... 1876 1919 

Born at Brompton near Chatham, August 25, 1849. Chorister in Rochester 
Cathedral, and afterwards Assistant-Organist there. Organist of Holy 
Trinity, New Brompton (Kent), 1864; Parish Church, Cranbrook, 1866; 
Parish Church, Lee, 1868; Parish Church, Boston (Lines.), 1869; 
Chichester Cathedral, 1875 ; and Exeter Cathedral, 1876. Conductor of 
the Western Counties Musical Association, 1877. Died August 27, 1919. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, &c. 

ERNEST BULLOCK, Mus.D., Dunelm., 1914 ; 

F.R.C.0 ................ 1919 

Born in 1890. Pupil of Dr. E. C. Bairstow, at Leeds Parish Church. 
Assistant-Organist there, 1906-1912 ; Sub-Organist of Manchester 
Cathedral, 1912-1915. Served in H.M. Forces as Captain and Adjutant, 
1915-1919 Organist of St. Michael's College, Tenbury, February to 
December, 1919. Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, Songs, &c. 



GLOUCESTER. 



GLOUCESTER. 

ROBERT LICHFIELD (or LEICHFIELD) 1562 1582 

Inscription on a stone in the South Transept of the Cathedral : " Here lyeth 
under this marbil ston, Robart Liechfield, Organist and Maister of the 
Choresters of this Cat(h)edral Church 20 yeres. He dyed the 6 of January, 

1582. 

ELIAS SMITH (?)i62O 

PHILIP HOSIER ^20 1638 

BERKELEY WRENCH 1638 1640 

JOHN OKER (or OKEOVER), Mus.B., Oxon. ... 1640 (?)i644 
(See under Wells.) 



ROBERT WEBB 1662 1664 

The Accounts mention that at the time of the building of the organ by 
Harris (1665), " he was a-lying sick and poverty-stricken." There are 
several payments recorded in connection with his illness, burial, and his 
orphan daughter. 

THOMAS LOWE 1665 1666 

Evidently a relative of Edward Lowe, of Oxford Cathedral. 
He came from Salisbury, the Dean and Chapter paying /io towards his 
removal. 

DANIEL HENSTRIDGE ... ... ... ... 1666 1673 

One Daniel Henstridge is also mentioned as Organist of Rochester Cathedral 
and afterwards of Canterbury Cathedral ; but he is more likely to be 
the son of this Daniel Henstridge of Gloucester. 

CHARLES WREN 1673 1679 

Previously Organist of Rochester Cathedral. 

DANIEL ROSINGRAVE ... ... 1679 1681 

(See under Dublin Christ Church Cathedral.) 

STEPHEN JEFFRIES (or JEFFERIES) 1682 1710 

Born 1662. Chorister in Salisbury Cathedral and afterwards Assistant- 
Organist there. Appointed Organist of Gloucester Cathedral at the age of 
twenty. Composer of one of the melodies played by the Gloucester 
Cathedral chimes.* Died 1712. 
Buried in the Cathedral Cloisters. 



* A set of Variations on this melody has been written for the pianoforte together with pieces 
upon the other chime melodies by a recent Organist of Gloucester Cathedral, Mr. C. Lee 
Williams, Mus.B., and published by Messrs Novello. 



4 8 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

3ist Janry, 1684. Jefferies' first monition "for manifold neglect and un- 
reasonable absence from the Church without leave desired or obtained." 

8th Feby, 1688. Jefferies' second monition for playing over upon the organ 
a common ballad, " insomuch that the young gentlewomen invited one 
another to dance."* 

5th Deer, 1699. Jefferies' first admonition for frequent absences, especially on 
Sunday mornings; but more particularly for not educating the Choristers in 
the grounds of music. 

According to Hawkins (" History of Mu,-ic," p. 770), there was a story concern- 
ing Jeffries amongst the Choirmen of Gloucester, who used to relate that : 
" To cure him of a habit of staying late at the tavern, his wife drest up a 
fellow in a winding-sheet, with directions to meet him with a lanthorn and 
candle in the cloisters through which he was to pass on his way home ; 
but that, on attempting to terrify him, Jeffries expressed his wonder 
only by saying ' I thought all you spirits had been abed before this 
time.'" Hawkins also gives the following story as a proof of Jeffries's 
eccentric character: " A singer from a distant church, with a good voice, 
had been requested and undertook to sing a solo anthem in Gloucester 
Cathedral, and for that purpose took his station at the elbow of the 
organist in the organ loft. Jeffries, who found him trip in the performance, 
instead of palliating his mistake and setting him right, immediately rose 
from his seat, and leaning over the gallery, called out aloud to the choir 
and the whole congregation ' He can't sing it ! ' ' 



WILLIAM HINE ... 1710 1730 

Born at Brightwell, 1687. Chorister in Magdalen College, Oxford. Pupil of 
Jeremiah Clark.t Succeeded Stephen Jeffries as Organist of Gloucester 
Cathedral. It is said that, in consideration of his musical skill and gentle- 
manly qualities, his salary was augmented by 20 a year. Died August 28, 
1730. Buried in the Cathedral Cloisters. Some Anthems and an Organ 
Voluntary by him were published after his death , under the title of " Harmonia 
Sacra Glocestriensis," edited by his widow. He was joint composer, with 
Hall, Junr., of the Morning Service known as Hall and Hine in E flat.J 



*' 8th Feby, 1688. Mr. Subdean pronounced against Mr. Stephen Jefferies, Organist of 
this Church, "his second monition to depart this Church, for that he, the &aid Stephen 
Jefferies, did upon I hursday last in the morning (being the Thanksgiving day), immediately 
after the sermon en'ed and the Blessing given, play over upon the organ a common 
ballad in the hearing of 1500 or 2000 people, to the great sca> dal of religion, prophanation 
of the Church, and grevious offence of all good Christians. And further, because though 
Ur. Gregory (the Senior Prebendary of this Church) did immediately express his 
great detestation of the same to Mr. Deighton, the Chaunter of this Church, and 
Mr. John Tyler, the senior singingman of the Choir, informing them of the unspeakable 
scandal that universally was taken at it, and that they immediately acquainted the said, 
Stephen Jefferies therewith, yet he, the said Stephen Jefferies, in direct despite to religion, 
and affront to the said Dr. Gregory, did after evening prayer, as soon as the last Amen was 
ended, in the presence and hearing of all the congregation, fall upon the same strain, and on the 
organ played over the same common ballad again ; insomuch that the young gentlewomen 
invited one another to dance, the strangers cryed it were better that the organs were pulled 
down than they should be so used, and all sorts declared that the Dean and Chapter could 
never remove the scandal if they did not immediate^ turn away so insolent and profane a 
person out of the Church." 

f ' From whom," says Dr. Arnold (" Succinct Account" of Hine Cath. Mus.), "he imbibed 
h's master's excellence, and became distinguished for his elegant manner of playing the Church 
Service." 

J Dr. William Hayes wrote a Communion and Evening Service in continuation of this, the 
correct title of the whole Service being Hall, Hine, and Hayes. 



GLOUCESTER. 49 



A tablet to his memoiy on the Cloister wall bears the following inscrip- 
tion : 

M. S. Gulielmi Hine, 
hujusce Ecclesias Cathedralis 
Organistae et Choristarum Magistri. 

Qui morum candore et eximia in 

arte coelesti peritia omnium amorem 

et admirationem, venerandi autem 

Decani et Capituli gratium (voluntario 

Stipendii incremento testatum) meritissimo 

affecutus est. Morte praematura ereptus 
Obiit Aug. 28vo, Anno Christi 1730, aetatis 43. 

BARNABAS GUNN 1730 1740 

Previously Organist of St. Philip's, Birmingham. Died 1743. His extempore 
playing is said to have been remarkable. A Te Deum and Jubilate by 
him are extant in MS. He published "Two Cantatas and Six Songs" 
(to which Handel was one of the subscribers), and some Sonatas for the 
harpsichord. 

MARTIN SMITH 1740 1782 

Father of John Stafford Smith, Master of the Children and Organist of the 
Chapel Royal. The words of Anthems by him are included in Marshall's 
Collection. 

WILLIAM MUTLOW 1782 1832 

Born 1761. Chorister in the Cathedral. Succeeded Martin Smith as 
Organist, 1782. First conducted the Festival of the Three Choirs, 1790, 
and continued as conductor of the Gloucester performances until his 
death in 1832. Buried in the Cloisters. His Verse Anthem, " Unto Thee, 
O Lord," was included in one of Novello's early Catalogues. A Chant by 
him is to be found in Dr. Beckwith's Collection. 

As a boy, Mutlow was very fat, and it is related of him that he once fell from 
the Triforium into the Choir, bouncing like an india-rubber ball, and was 
not in the least hurt. The truth of this story cannot be vouched for. 
The following description in Henry Phillips's " Musical and Personal Recol- 
lections during Half-a-Century " is said to apply to Mutlow: " A gentle- 
man of eccentric habits and appearance, very short and fat, an epicure of 
no ordinary stamp, the length of whose arm was as near as possible the 
measure of his baton." The anecdotes which Phillips relates concerning 
this "conductor" of a "celebrated triennial festival" should, like many 
others to be found in his book, be taken cum grano salis. After describing 
a scarcely credible practical joke which he alleges that Malibran, 
Braham, and Loder played upon Mutlow at a morning performance 
of the Festival, by arranging with the band that not a note should be 
sounded upon his giving the signal to start a certain piece, he (Phillips i 
goes on to say: "When this little conductor gave a lesson on the piano- 
forte it was always in a room next to the kitchen : in the middle of the 
lesson he would say, ' There, go on ; I can hear ye, I'm only going to 
baste the air' (hare); so he walked into the kitchen, did what he proposed, 
came back, and finished the lesson. The Queen's English was a matter 
sadly disregarded by this gentleman : . . . when going out he would 
call to the servant, ' Hann, where 's my at ? ' He was, however, a kind, 
good-tempered soul, took all that happened in the best part, and when 
the Festival had terminated said' Some very droll things have occurred 
this week ; but never mind, come and dine with me, and we'll enjoy the 
haunch of venison, and drink success to the next Festival in some of the 
finest port in England.'" 



50 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

JOHN AMOTT 1832 1865 

Born at Monmouth, 1798. Pupil of W. Mutlow. Appointed Organist of the 
Abbey Church, Shrewsbury, 1820. Succeeded Mutlow at Gloucester. 
Died February 3, 1865. Buried in Gloucester Cemetery. Composer of 
Services and Anthems. Compiler of "A selection of Chants, Kyrie 
Eleison, &c., arranged in Score." A Sanctus and Kyrie in G, by him, 
were printed in Bunnett's "Sacred Harmony" (1865). One of the com- 
pilers of "Annals of the Three Choirs." 

SAMUEL SEBASTIAN WESLEY, Mus.D., Oxon., IKB 1865 1876 

Son of Samuel Wesley and grandson of the Rev. Charles Wesley, 
the hymn writer. Born in London, August 14, 1810. Chorister 
in the Chapel Royal. Organist of St. James's Chapel, Hampstead 
Road, 1826; St. Giles's, Camberwell, January 12,1829; St. John's, 
Waterloo Road, 1829; Parish Church, Hampton-on-Thatnes, 1830; 
Hereford Cathedral, 1832 ; Exeter Cathedral, 1835 ; Leeds Parish 
Church, 1842 ; Winchester Cathedral, 1849 ; Winchester College, 1850 ; 
and Gloucester Cathedral, 1865. Died at Gloucester, April 19, 1876. 
Buried in the Old Cemetery, Exeter. There is a tablet to his memory 
in the North Aisle of the Nave at Exeter Cathedral, one also in the North 
Choir Aisle of Winchester Cathedral, and a stained glass window in the 
South Chantry of the Lady Chapel at Gloucester Cathedral. Distinguished 
Church composer and Organist. Composer of Church Music, Odes, 
Madrigals, Organ pieces, Pianoforte pieces, Songs, &c. Author of 
pamphlets on Cathedral Music. Editor of a " Selec ion of Psalms and 
Hymns " and "The European Psalmist " (1872). There is an interesting 
Organ bpok at Hereford Cathedral containing the organ part of Wesley's 
Anthem, " The Wilderness,'' in the composer's own handwriting. The 
same book also contains his " Blessed be the God and Father," and 
" O God, Whose nature and property." 

Dr. Wesley was a prominent advocate of reform in mfisical matters at our 
Cathedrals, and wrote and lectured with considerable insight and ability on 
the subject. But his efforts to obtain from the Cathedral authorities a 
larger amount of interest, and to place the musical service on a higher and 
more satisfactory footing, were only partly successful during his lifetime; 
and being a man of unusually sensitive temperament, it is more than 
probable that the many troubles and disappointments which he experienced 
in his Cathedral duties, helped in a great measure to shorten his days. 

There can be no doubt that these troubles largely accounted for the 
migratory character of his career as a Cathedral Organist. 

The following extracts from a pamphlet by him, entitled " A few words on 
Cathedral Music and the Musical System of the Church, with a plan of 
Reform" (London: Rivingtons, 1849), Will serve to illustrate one or two 
of his views : 

" Painful and dangerous is the position of a young musician who, after 
acquiring great knowledge of his art in the Metropolis, joins a country 
Cathedral. At first he can scarcely believe that the mass of error and 
inferiority in which he has to participate is habitual and irremediable. He 
thinks he will reform matters, gently, and without giving offence ; but he 
soon discovers that it is his approbation and not his advice that is needed. 
The choir is ' the best in England ' (such being the belief at most 
Cathedrals), and, if he give trouble in his attempts at improvement, he 
would be, by some Chapters, at once voted a person with whom they 
' cannot go on smoothly,' and ' a bore.' 

" He must learn to tolerate error, to sacrifice principle, and yet to indicate, by 
his outward demeanour, the most perfect satisfaction in his office, in which, 



GLOUCESTER. 



if he fail, he will assuredly be worried and made miserable. If he resign 
h.s situation a hundred less scrupulous candidates soon appear, not one of 
whom feels it a shame to accept office on the terms, and his motives being 
either misunderstood, or misrepresented wilfully, or both, no practical good 
results from the step." 

Referring to the careless performances and to the inferior quality of the 
music often performed, he says : 

"The illusive and fascinating effect of musical sound in a Cathedral 
unfortunately serves to blunt criticism, and casts a veil over defects other- 
wise unbearable. No coat of varnish can do for a picture what the 
exquisitely reverberating qualities of a Cathedral do for music. And then, 
the organ ! what a multitude of sins does that cover ! " 

His argument with those who would have nothing but Plain-song in the 
musical service is thoroughly characteristic and convincing: 

" Some would reject all music but the unisonous Chants of a period of 
absolute barbarism which they term 'Gregorian.' All is 'Gregorian' 
that is in the black, diamond note ! These men would look a Michael 
Angelo in the face and tell him Stonehenge was the perfection of 
architecture." 

Here is another characteristic passage referring to the want of support many 
composers of eminence have experienced, and their pecuniary embarrass- 
ments resulting therefrom : 

"Why should we not have monuments to perpetuate the fame of those who 
neglect their duty, as well as of those who perform it ? " 

As a part of his " Plan of Reform " he suggests that the minimum number of 
lay singers at one Cathedral should be fixed at twelve, with the addition of 
a few competent volunteer members. He considers it absolutely necessary 
that there should be a Musical College for the efficient training of 
Cathedral Organists and Singers, every Cathedral being required to 
contribute to its support. 

The Cathedral Organist " should in every instance be a professor of the 
highest ability a master in the most elevated departments of composition 
and efficient in the conducting and superintendence of a choral body." 

One of the concluding sentences of the pamphlet runs thus: 
" Amongst the dignitaries of the Church are several distinguished persons 
who are fully alive to the high interests of music, and who do not forget 
that whatever is offered to God should be as faultless as man can make 
it. Music should not be compelled to bring her worst gift to the altar ! Is 
it too much to ask of them some public effort in support of Cathedral 
Music ? From whom could it so well come ? " 

On the recommendation of Mr. Gladstone, Wesley was offered the honour of 
knighthood, with the alternative of a Civil List pension of 100 per annum, 
for his distinguished services to Church Music. He chose the latter, 
remarking that " it was a nice little nest egg." This pension was 
continued to his widow. The last time Dr. Wesley played the organ in 
Gloucester Cathedral was on the afternoon of Christmas Day, 1875. 
Before the Service was over he asked his assistant, Mr. C. E. Clarke, for 
an old full score of "The Messiah," which he kept in the organ-loft, and 
y, ., 1 i j __ ^i __ A i., ji* .n-j 11 t o t-i* fVi*> i( Hctllcluicih " chorus^ 



one 



from it he played, as the concluding voluntary, the " Hallelujah 
an unusual thing for him to do, as he generally extemporized or played 
of Bach's Fugues from memory. He never touched the Cathedral orgar 
again, and in April of the following year the gifted brain and clever fingers 
were at rest. His last words were, " Let me see the sky," a fitting reque 
from a man of such high ideals and noble inspirations. 



52 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

CHARLES HARFORD LLOYD, M.A., Oxon., MS-, 

Mus.D., Oxon., 1892; F.R.C.0 1876 1882 

Born at Thornbury, Gloucester, October 16, 1849. Graduated in Arts and 
Music at Magdalen Hall, Oxford Succeeded Dr. Wesley at Gloucester. 
Conductor of the Gloucester Festivals, 1877 and 1880. Resigned the post 
at Gloucester on his appointment as Organist of Christ Church Cathedral, 
Oxford, 1882. First President of Oxford University Musical Club. 
Succeeded Sir Joseph Barnby as Organist and Precentor of Eton College, 
1892. President of the Royal College of Organists, 1902-1903. Retired 
from the appointment at Eton College, 1914. Organist and Composer to 
the Chapel Royal, 1916. Died October 16, 1919. Composer of Cantatas, 
Church Music, Organ pieces, Madrigals, Part-songs, Songs, &c. Editor, 
with Sir George Martin and others, of the New Cathedral Psalter, also of 
the New Cathedral Psalter Chant Book (Parish Choir Edition). 

CHARLES LEE WILLIAMS, Mus.B., Oxon., me; 

F.R.C.O ... 1882 1897 

Born at Winchester, May i, 1852. Chorister in New College, Oxford. 
Pupil of Dr. G. B. Arnold, and Assistant-Organist of Winchester 
Cathedral. Organist of Upton Church, Torquay, 1870. Music Master of 
St. Columba's College, Rathfarnhatn, 1872. Organist of Llandaff Cathedral, 
1876; Gloucester Cathedral, 1882. Conductor of the Gloucester Festivals, 
1883-1895. Resigned at Gloucester owing to ill-health, 1897. Now an 
Examiner for the Associated Board of the Royal Academy of Music and 
Royal College of Music. Composer of Cantatas, Church Music, Part- 
songs, Organ pieces, The Gloucester Chimes arranged for the pianoforte, 
Songs, &c. Joint compiler, with H. Godwin Chance, M.A., of the latest 
edition of "Annals of the Three Choirs." Author of a pamphlet entitled 
11 Among the Isles of Greece." 

ALFRED HERBERT BREWER, Mus.B., Dub., mi; 

Mus.D., Cantuar., 1905; F.R.C.O., 1397 ... 1897 

Born at Gloucester, June 21, 1865. Chorister in the Cathedral, and after- 
wards pupil of Dr. Harford Lloyd. First Organ Scholar of the Royal 
College of Music. Organist of St. Catherine's Church, Gloucester, April, 
1881 ; St. Mary-de- Crypt, November, 1881. Organ Scholar of Exeter 
College, Oxford, 1883. Organist of St. Michael's, Coventry, 1886. Organist 
and Music Master of Tonbridge School, 1892. Succeeded C. Lee Williams 
as Organist of Gloucester Cathedral and Conductor of the Gloucester 
Festivals, 1897. Composer of a setting of Psalm xcviii , Cantatas, 
Church Music, Part-songs, Organ pieces, an Operetta, Orchestral pieces, 
Songs, &c. 

The organ has recently (1920) been rebuilt and enlarged by Messrs. 
Harrison & Harrison, of Durham* to a specification by Dr. Brewer. 
This rebuild was the gift of Sir James and Lady Horlick, in memory of 
their son, who was killed on Active Service. 



HEREFORD. 



HEREFORD. 

THOMAS MASON ... ... 

Organist in 1581. 

Probably a son or other relative of John Mason, Mus.B., Oxon., who was 
Treasurer of the Cathedral, and died in 1547. 



JOHN HODGE 



JOHN BULL, Mus.D., Cantab. pS?) et Oxon., 1592 ... 1582 (7)1585 
Born c. 1563. Chorister in the Chapel Royal, under Blitheman. Organist of 
Hereford Cathedral, 1582. Admitted a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 
1 5^5- Joint-Organist, with Blitheman, of the Chapel Royal. 1588. 
Organist, 1591. First Gresham Professor of Music, 1596,* but 
compelled to resign his Professorship on his marriage in 1607. 
"Went beyond the seas without license" (Chapel Royal Cheque 
Book), 1613, and became Organist of the Chapel Royal at Brussels. 
Organist of the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Antwerp, 1617. Died 
March 13, 1628. Buried in Notre Dame, Antwerp. Distinguished 
Organist and Composer of Church Music, Madrigals, Pieces for the 
Virginals, Organ, &c. To John Bull has been attributed the authorship of 
the music of our National Anthem, "God save the King," but the 
authority for this seems doubtful. 

In 1601 Bull went abroad for the benefit of his health, having obtained 
permission to appoint Thomas Bird (son of William Bird, Organist of 
Lincoln Cathedral and afterwards of the Chapel Royal) as his deputy 
Gresham lecturer. While travelling through France incognito a famous 
musician showed him a song in forty parts, challenging anybody 
to add another part to it. Bull asked to be left alone with the score, which 
request being granted, he added forty more parts to it. On seeing these 
additions the famous musician burst into an ecstasy, declaring that the 
writer must be either the Devil or John Bull! 

THOMAS WARROCK (or WARWICK) 1586 1589 

(See under Chapel Royal.) 

THOMAS MASON (Reappointed) ... ... ... 1589 (7)1592 

" To be Organist for one whole year." t 

JOHN FARRANT]: 1592 1593 

(See also under Ely. 

December 24, 1598, he " was sconced for railing and contumelious speeches 
to Mr. Chotas in the hall at supper time." 



*. He was unable to deliver his lectures in Latin, according to the custom of his colleagues. 
An ordinance was therefore made in 1597, permitting him to read them in English, 
permission has been extended to all subsequent Gresham Professors of Music.' 

t The appointment was probably made year by year. 

j This Organist was a member of the College of Vicars Choral, and consequently in Holy 



Orders 



54 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



JOHN FIDO (or FIDOW) ... ... ... ... 1593 J 594 

Chapter Act Book, December 24, 1593. 

"Item tune et ibidem admiserunt Johannem Fydo, laicum, in musicis 
peritum, ad officium pulsator organi. Qui in organistam in dicta ecclesia 
Cathedralis cum omnibus feodis, juribus, et proficuis eidem officio 
spectantibus fuit admissus, prestitio prius per eundem juramento de 
renuntiando " (&c.). 

Dismissed by the Vicars, February 22, 1594. 

"Item y e said day and place y e Gustos and Vicars aforesaid and y e greater 
number of y m concluded and agreed not to allow Jo Fidow not (stc) to be 
y e Organist, neither to pay him any wage, therefore neither to admitt 
him nor to allow him to come to there house and Comons. This Act was 
made ag l him for y l he gave out most slanderous words ag* y e Gustos and 
company." 

Appointed Organist of Worcester Cathedral, 1595-1596. Reappointed at 
Hereford for a short time (notwithstanding his previous dismissal) in 
1597. Eventually returned to Worcester, and was appointed Miror 
Canon and Assistant-Organist to Thomas Tomkins. After various 
admonitions he was suspended there in 1633, but he reappears in the 
Records there in 1639. Died about 1640. His Anthem, " Hear me, 
O Lord," is to be found in the Peterhouse (Cambridge), and Barnard 
Collections. 

- GIBBS 1595 1597 



JOHN FIDO (or FIDOW). 

Reappointed for a short time in 1597. 

WILLIAM JUGLOTT (or INGLOTT ?) 1597 

Inglott may possibly have taken duty here for a time. (See under Norwich.) 

HUGH DAVIES (or DAVIS), Mus.B., Oxon.,i623 :c ... 1630 (?)i644 
Vicar Choral, and afterwards Gustos (or Warden) of the Vicars Choral. 
Wood (Fasti., Oxon.) mentions that he was famous for his Church 

compositions. 
An Act in the College bo3ks relating to him orders " that he be spared from 

the Choir so that he be ready in y e Organ loft to play before y e reading of 

y e first Lesson." 



JOHN BADHAM* 1661 (?)i688 

Vicar Choral. 

" 1678. On April 27 John Badham took to his assistance Mr. Rbt. Griffiths 
one of y e Vicars Choral." 

HENRY HALL (Senr.)* ... ... ... ... 1688 

(See under Exeter.) 



* These Organists were members of the College of Vicais Choral, and consequently in 
Holy Orders. 



HEREFORD. 55 



HENRY HALL (Junr.) ............ I?O7 

Son of the foregoing. Succeeded his father in the appointment. Died 

January 22, 1713. 
None of his compositions are extant, but it appears th it as a poet he was 

even more gifted than his father. 

EDMUND TOMSON (or THOMPSON) ...... i 7I3 (?)iy2i 

HENRY SWARBRICK (or SCHWARBROOK) ...... 1721 1754 

Supposed to have been a relative of Th >mas Schwarbrook, the organ-builder 

Died 1754. 
A Morning Service by him in MS. is at Hereford. In a curious old oblong 

MS. volume of Single Chants written on parchment, formerly in the 

possession of the late J. S. Bumpus, there is a Chant by "Mr. Henry 

Swarbrick, Organist of Hereford, in E lami." 



RICHARD CLACK* ............... 

Vicar Choral. Died 1779. Buried in the Cathedral. According to " Annals 

of the Three Choirs " he was Conductor of the Hereford Festivals of lyjq 

and 1765. 
The performance of Handel's " Messiah," conducted by him in the Cathedral, 

at the Festival of 1759, was probably the first instance of the rendering, in 

a Cathedral, of a complete Oratorio at these Festivals. 

WILLIAM PERRY ... ... ... ... ... 1779 (?)i78g 

The Cathedral records give this name and date; but "Annals of the Three 
Choirs" states that the music at the Hereford Festival of 1780 "was 
conducted by Mr. Coyle, Organist of Hereford Cathedral. He succeeded 
Richard Clack." 

MILES COYLE ............ 1789 (?)i8o5 

Previously Organist of Ludlow Parish Church. Conductor of the Hereford 

Festivals, 1780-1804. Composer of "Six Lessons for the Harpsichord," 

&c. 
The following appeal from him to the Dean and Chapter appears in the 

Act Books : 
" The Organist in consideration of his time being much occupied with 

Pupils, requests the Dean and Chapter to dispense with his playing a 

voluntary before the Communion Service on Holidays, except on C hristmas 

Day, the State Holidays and when the Bishop visits or confirms. Miles 

Coyle." 

CHARLES JAMES DARE ............ 1805 1818 

Conductor of the Hereford Festivals, 1807-1816. Resigned 1818. Died 1820. 
Composer of a Service in G, which always used to be sung at Hereford on 
Audit Days. There is an Anthem by him, "I will call upon the Lord," 
in the Music Books at Gloucester Cathedral. 

AARON UPJOHN HAYTER ...... ... 1818 1820 

Born at Gillingham, December 16, 1799. Chorister in Salisbury Cathedral, 
and afterwards pupil of and assistant to A. T. Corfe. Succeeded C. J. 
Dare as Organist of Hereford. Conductor of the Hereford Festival of 1819. 
Resigned the post at Hereford, and became Organist of the Collegiate 

See footnote, p. 54. 



56 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

Church, Brecon. Went to America, 1835. Organist of Grace Church, 
New York. Organist of Trinity Church, Boston, 1837. Organist (and 
Musical Adviser) to the Handel and Haydn Society, 1838. Died in 
Boston, 1873. There is a MS. Evening Service in E flat by him, at 
Hereford, and an Anthem, "Withdraw not Thou," is included in the Rev. 
W. Cooke's Words of Anthems, printed for the use of Hereford Cathedral 
(1825). 

His name is mentioned in " Musical and Personal Recollections during 
Half-a-Century," by Henry Phillips ; and the valuable services which he 
rendered to the Handel and Haydn Society, in Boston, are recorded in 
the published " History" of that Society, compiled by Charles C. Perkins, 
and issued in Boston, 1886. 

JOHN CLARKE - WHITFELD, Mus.B., Oxon., 1793; 

Mus.D., Dub. ,1795; Cantab. ,1799; et Oxon., isio... 1820 1832 

Originally John Clarke, but on the death of his maternal uncle, H. Fotherley 
Whitfeld, 1814, he adopted his name. Born at Gloucester, December 
T 3 1770. Pupil of Dr. P. Hayes, at Oxford. Organist of the Parish 
Church, Ludlow, 1789 ; Master of the Choristers of Christ Church and 
St. Patrick's Cathedrals, Dublin, 1793 ; Organist of Armagh Cathedral, 
1794 ; Trinity and St. John's Colleges, Cambridge, 1799 ; Hereford 
Cathedral, 1820 ; University Professor of Music, Cambridge, 1821. 
Retired from the post at Hereford, 1832. Died at Holmer, near Hereford, 
February 22, 1836. Buried in the East Walk of the Bishop's Cloister, 
Hereford Cathedral. Composer of an Oratorio, " The Crucifixion and 
Resurrection," Church Music, Glees, Songs, &c. 

SAMUEL SEBASTIAN WESLEY, Mus.D., Oxon. ... 1832 1835 
(See under Gloucester.) 

JOHN HUNT ... ... ... ... ... ... 1835 1842 

Born at Marnhull, Dorset, December 30, 1806. Chorister in Salisbury 
Cathedral, and afterwards pupil of A. T. Corfe. Lay Vicar of Lichfield 
Cathedral, 1827, and Organist of the Church attached to St. John's 
Almshouses in that city. Succeeded Dr. S. S. Wesley at Hereford, 1835. 
Conductor of the Hereford Musical Festivals. Died November 17, 1842, 
from the results of a fall over a dinner wagon, laden with plates and glasses, 
which had carelessly been left in a dark part of the Cloisters after an Audit 
dinner. His adopted nephew, a Chorister in the Cathedral, died three 
days afterwards from the effects of the shock of his uncle's death, and 
both bodies were buried in the same grave. There is a window to his 
memory and that of his nephew in the North Aisle of the Choir of the 
Cathedral. 

A volume of his Glees and Songs, with a memoir prefixed, was published 
by subscription in 1843. His Tune, " Hereford " and a Double Chant are 
included in Hackett's "National Psalmody." 

GEORGE TOWNSHEND SMITH ... ... ... 1843 1877 

Son of Edward Smith, a Lay Clerk of St. George's Chapel, Windsor. 
Born at Windsor, November 14, 1813. Chorister in St. George's Chapel, 
Windsor, under Skeats. Pupil of Dr. S. S. Wesley. Organist of the Old 
Parish Church, Eastbourne; St. Margaret's, Lynn. Succeeded J. Hunt, at 
Hereford, 1843. Conductor and Hon. Secretary of the Hereford Festivals. 
Died suddenly, August 3, 1877. There is a stained glass window to his 



HEREFORD. 



memory in the Cathedral. Composer of Church Music. A Jubilate by 
him was written expressly for and performed at the Hereford Festival 
of 1855; and an Anthem, " O how amiable," was composed for and pro- 
duced at the re-opening Service at Hereford Cathedral, after its restoration 
in 1863.* 

LANGDON COLBORNE, Mus.B., Cantab,, in*; 

Mus.D., Cantuar.,1883 !8 77 lg g 9 

Born at Hackney, September 15, 1835. Pupil of George Cooper. Organist 
of St. Michael's College, Tenbury, 1860; Beverley Minster, 1874; Wigan 
Parish Church, 1875 ; Dorking Parish Church, 1877, succeeding J. 
Townshend Smith at Hereford the same year. Conductor of the Here- 
ford Festivals. Died September 16, 1889. There is a stained glass window 
to his memory in the Cathedral. Composer of an Oratorio, " Samuel," 
Church Music, Part-songs, Songs, &c. 

GEORGE ROBERTSON SINCLAIR, Mus. D., 

Cantuar., 1899 1889 1917 

Born at Croydon, October 28, 1862. Student at the Royal Irish Academy ot 
Music. Chorister in, and afterwards Assistant-Organist at, St. Michael's 
College, Tenbury. Pupil of Dr. C. Harford Lloyd, and Assistant- 
Organist of Gloucester Cathedral. Organist of St. Mary-le-Crypt, Glou- 
cester, 1879; Truro Cathedral, 1881 ; Hereford Cathedral, 1889. Conductor 
of the Hereford Festivals, Hereford Choral Society, Hereford Orchestral 
Society, Birmingham Festival Choral Society, &c. Died suddenly at 
Birmingham, February 7, 1917. Composer of Church Music, &c. 

The new organ in Truro Cathedral, by Willis, was built under Dr. Sinclair's 
direction ; and during his appointment at Hereford the sum of 2,300 was 
raised through his energy, and the Cathedral organ rebuilt (also by Wil'is) 
from his specification. 

PERCY CLARKE HULL, F.R.C.0 1918 

Born at Hereford, October 27, 1878. Chorister in Hereford Cathedral 
under Drs. Colborne and Sinclair. Pupil of Dr. Sinclair and afterwards 
Assistant-Organist of the Cathedral, 1896-1914. Interned as a prisoner 
in Germany, 1914-1918. Returned to England and was appointed 
Organist of Hereford Cathedral on Armistice Day, 1918. Conductor of 
the Hereford Festivals from 1921, Hereford Choral Society, Herefordshire 
Orchestral Society, Lecturer in Music at Hereford Training College. 




June 30, 1863, the Cathedral was re-opened in its entirety 



58 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



LICHFIELD. 

It is much to be regretted that so little information is available regarding 
the pre-Restoration Organists of Lichfield Cathedral. None of the Chapter 
Books survived the siege of the city and Cathedral during the period of 
the Civil Wars, and only scanty evidence can be gathered from other sources. 
Even the earlier post-Restoration Organists are so insufficiently distinguished 
in the Books from the Vicars Choral as to make a complete record of them 
impossible. I am, however, much indebted to the Rev. E. Bradley, M.A., 
Priest-Vicar, Sacrist, and Deputy-Librarian, for the few additional items 
of information which appear in the present edition. 

According to Bishop Hacket's Statutes, "the Organist is reckoned as one 
of the Lay Vicars, whose salary as an Organist is to be 4 for himself, and 
6s. 8d. for an Organ blower." These Statutes are still in force at the present 
day, in regard to the Organist, his salary being 4 per annum, largely 
augmented by that of a Vicar Choral and by other perquisites. 

MICHAEL ESTE, Mus.B., Cantab., leoe (?)i6i8 (?)i6s8 

(His name is variously given as ESIK, EST, 

EASTE, and EAST.) 

Supposed to be son of the famous printer and music publisher, Thomas Este. 
Appointed Vicar Choral and Master of the Choristers of Lichfield Cathedral 
about 1618. Probably also took duty as Organist. Composer of Church 
Music, Madrigals, " Duos and Fancies for Viols," &c. Contributor to 
' The Triumphs of Oriana." A work by him, entitled " The Sixt Set of 
Bookes, wherein are Anthemes for Versus, and Chorus of 5 and 6 parts ; 
apt for Violls and Voices," is dedicated to Dr. John Williams, Bishop of 
Lincoln. This worthy prelate, who was a perfect stranger to Este, had 
settled upon him an annuity for life, in return for the pleasure he had 
experienced in hearing some of the composer's Motets. A number of 
Este's Anthems, with accompaniment for viols, were published by the 
Musical Antiquarian Society in 1845, under the editorship of Dr. E. F. 
Rimbault. 

HENRY HINDE (?)i637 1641 

In a book entitled "The LifeofElias Ashmole, Esq.," occurs the following 

entry in his diary : 
" Mr. Henry Hinde, Organist of the Cathedral [Lichfield], who died the 6th 

of August, 1641, taught me the virginels and organ." 
There is an Anthem by him, " Sing Praises," in Barnard's Collection. 

WILLIAM LAMB (Senr.) (?)i662 1688 

Probably the first Organist appointed after the Restoration. He was 
Organist in 1683. "Mr. Lamb, Senior, died March 2, 1688." This 
information occurs on the fly-leaf of the Primus Contra-Tenor part of 
Barnard, at Lichfield. 

(?) WILLIAM LAMB (Junr.) (?)i688 

He was Organist in 1690 and in 1694. 

(According to the fly-leaf above mentioned.) 
A MS. Book at Lichfield contains an Anthem, " Lord, who shall dwell," by 

Mr. William Lamb, Junr. 

From a note in another of the Barnard Part-books, it would appear that 
Lamb, Junr., unlawfully claimed the authorship of a Service by a composer 
named Berchinshaw. 



LICHFIELD. 5g 



GEORGE LAMB ... 

Buried December 23, 1749, according to the Cathedral registers. 
In the Muniment Room of the Cathedral there is a deposition of Thomas 
Cotterell, organ-builder, as to peculations of George Lamb, Vicar Choral 
and Organist. Ment.on is therein made of "a little organ in the Lady 
This organ is still in the possession of the Dean and Chapter 
The following lines appear on the front of the organ in blue and gold :- 
' Hinc venti dociles resono se carcere solvunt ; 
Et Cantum accepta pro Libertate rependunt." 

f? i_5 n S!! sh renderin g of these lines, by Anna Seward (the " swan" of 
Lichfield), is given on a sheet of paper pasted to one of the 
panels : 

" The docile gales, that here imprisoned dwell, 
Do thou release from every hollow cell. 
They for their freedom shall the gift repay 
With sounds respondent to thy dulcet lay." 

ANNA SEWARD, Oct. 15, 1781. 

There is also a letter from George Lamb to the Dean and Chapter 
complaining of Cotterell's dishonesty. 

JOHN ALCOCK, Mus.D., Oxon., mi 1750 1760 

Born in London, 1715. Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral. Pupil of the 

'"*!,. blind Organist, John Stanley. Organist of St. Andrew's, Plymouth, 173^; 

-St. Lawrence's, Reading, 1741; Lichfield Cathedral, 1750; Sutton Cold- 

< v =*TRld Bferish Church, 1761-1786; St. Editha's, Tamworth, 1766-1790; also 

Private Organist to the Earl of Donegal. He suffered in health through 

attending to his duties in the damp, neglected Cathedral, and resigned 
the appointment of Organist ; but continued to be a Vicar Choral until his 
death in 1806. Buried in the Cathedral. Composer of Church Music, 
Songs, and Instrumental pieces. Author of a novel, "The Life of Miss 
Fanny Brown." 

Alcock had in contemplation the issue of a collection of Church Music by 
various composers. But upon hearing of Dr. Greene's intention, not only to 
make a similar compilation, but to supply the principal choirs with copies of 
,the same at his own expense, he generously handed over to Greene all the 
material which he had then collected for his own work, probably feeling 
that his own chances of success were small under the circumstances.! 

In the Preface to a volume of his own Anthems, published in 1771, occurs the 
following foot-note, which may be taken as an illustration of the somewhat 
peculiar and over-sensitive nature of its writer, rather than of any real 
injustice to him on the part of the Cathedral authorities : 

" 'Tis incredible what a number of bafe Artifices have been practiced by fome 
People belonging to this Cathedral, in Order to prejudice me, in my 
Profeffion, and diftrefs my Family, for no caufe whatever: Nay. even my 
Son,J as foon as ever he began to play for me, was turned out from being 
a chorifter, tho' he had been in the choir but two Years, and his Voice, 
(which was a very ufeful one,) not the leaft fallen; when many of the Lads 

There must have been two organs in the Cathedral in earlier times, for on a Visitation 
of Archbishop Laud it was suggestrd by him that the two pairs of organs should be mad? 
into a single pair (1635) / His suggestion was not acted upon. 

f The late J. S. Bumpus had in his possession a copy of Alcock's " Divine Harmony; or a 
Collection of Fifty-five Double and Single Chants for Four Voices, as they are sung at the 
Cathedral of Lichfield" (1752), perhaps the only copy now in existence, at the end of which is 
sewn up, between some blank pages, an interesting prospective " Advertisement," by Alcock, 
of his intended compilation of Services and Anthems. 

J This must have been John Alcock, Mus.B., Oxon., who became Organist of St. Mary 
Magdalen, Newark-on-Trent in 1758, and of the Parish Church, Walsall, in 1773, and died 
1791. 



60 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

are continued in their Places, for ten, twelve, or fourteen Years, and long 
after their Voices are broke : Alfo, tho' he always officiated for me, yet I 
forfeited the fame Money, when I went out of Town, as if the Duty had 
been totally neglected ; Albeit the Salary then was only four Pounds per 
annum, besides the Vicar's Place ; and there was much more Duty when I 
was Organift, than now, being obliged always to play a Voluntary after 
Morning, and Evening Prayers, even in the fevereft cold Weather, when, 
very often, there was only one Vicar, who read the Service, and an Old 
Woman at Church, befides the Chorifters ; which not only brought, but 
fix'd the Rheumatifm fo ftrongly upon me, that I am seldom free from 
Pain, and fometimes confin'd to my Bed, for eight or ten Days together, 
tho' I never had the leaft Complaint of that Kind, till then ; and no Body 
can live more regular than I have always done, as every one of my 
Acquaintance, can testify: I likewife play'd the Organ all Pafj "ion-Week, 
(except Good-Friday,) both which Cuftoms, have ever fince, been dij "con- 
tinued. All the Time I was Organift, which was upwards of Ten Years, 
there was not a Book in the Organ-loft fit for Ufe, but what I bought, or 
wrote myfelf, ^for which I never was paid one Halfpenny,) and yet there 
have been as many Books purchafed, within thefe few Years, as have coft, 
at leaft, Thirty Guineas." 

" Oh, 'tis excellent 

To have a Giant's strength ; but it is tyrannous 
To use it like a Giant." Shakespeare. 

WILLIAM BROWN 1766 '1807 

A native of Worcester. Died March 3, 1807, aged 70. Buried (on March n, 
1807) in the North Transept of the Cathedral. 

SAMUEL SPOFFORTH 1807 ^64 

Younger brother of Reginald Spofforth, the Glee writer. Born 1780. Pupil 
of his uncle, Thomas Spofforth, of Southwell. Chorister in Southwell 
Minster. Organist of Peterborough Cathedral, 1799 ; of Lichfield Cathedral, 
1807. Died 1864. Buried in the Cathedral Close, Lichfield. His Double 
Chant in G was once a favourite. 

THOMAS BEDSMORE ... ... .. ... 1864 1881 

Born at Lichfield, 1833. Chorister in the Cathedral. Pupil of S. Spofforth, 
and Assistant-Organist at the Cathedral. Organist, 1864. Held several 
other appointments in and around Lichfield, in addition to that at the 
Cathedral. Died 1881. Buried in the Cathedral Close. Composer of 
Church Music, Songs, Pianoforte pieces, &c. The Cathedral Library 
contains six Anthems by him. 

There is a handsome memorial brass to him on the wall of the North Choir 

Aisle. 
JOHN BROWNING LOTT, Mus.B., Oxon., me; 

F.R.C.0 1881 

Born at Faversham, 1849. Chorister in Canterbury Cathedral. Pupil of 
T. E. Jones and Dr. Longhurst, and Organist successively of St. Dunstan's 
and St. Paul's Churches, Canterbury. Assistant-Organist of Canterbury 
Cathedral, 1873. Organist of the Parish Church, Margate, 1875. Organist 
of Lichfield Cathedral, 1881. Conductor of the Lichfield Musical Society. 
On December u, 1905, Mr. Lott was presented with a testimonial in 
recognition of his twenty-five years' services as Conductor of this Society. 
Composer of Church Music, Part-songs, &c. Joint editor, with Mr. (now 
Dr.) C. Charlton Palmer, of a series of Arrangements for the Organ. 

In 1908 the organ was removed to its present position in the Triforium, at 
the suggestion of Sir George Martin, the work of reconstruction and 
enlargement being entrusted to Messrs. Hill & Son. It was reopened 
with special thanksgiving Services on June 30 of that year. 



LIMERICK. 6 , 



LIMERICK. 

There was a pre- Reformation Foundation for the Vicars Choral, but the 
post of Organist as a separate office was not provided for until the time of 
Bishop Adams (1604-1625). 

RICHARD FULLER l6oi l6 ^ 2 

Possibly the Richard Fuller who was Organist of Salisbury Cathedral from 

1595 to 1598. 
In 1642 Fuller declared himself a Roman Catholic, and resigned. 

RICHARD BURGH was Organist in 1665. 

ANTHONY Moss 1680 1693 

JOHN HUSBANDS ... 1693 J 7 2 o 

Probably a relative of William and Charles Husbands, Organists of Christ 
Church, Oxford. 

ROBERT CORFE (Vicar Choral) . 1721 1725 

ANTHONY SAMPSON 1725 1748 

CHARLES OSBORNE ... ... ... ... 1748 ^84 

CHARLES GRADY OSBORNE (Vicar Choral) ... 1784 1799 

GEORGE WILLIAM OSBORNE .. 1799 1834 

Father of G. A. Osborne, a well-known musician for many years resident 
in London. The latter took duty at Limerick for his father for about 
one year, 1834-1835. 

GEORGE FREDERICK HANDEL ROGERS ... ... 1835 1885 

Born 1806. Appointed Vicar Choral, 1861. Resigned, 1885. Died, 1892. 
The Choral Foundation ceased, after the Disestablishment of the Church 
of Ireland, in 1871. 

FRANK MUSPRATT ... 1885 

Born in London, 1860. Pupil of Frederick Gunton, Organist of Chester 
Cathedral. Afterwards Pupil- Assistant to Sir Frederick Bridge at 
Westminster Abbey. Organist of St. Mary's, Baling, 1882; Limerick 
Cathedral, 1885. 



62 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



LINCOLN. 

I am greatly indebted to the following sources for much of the information 
given below concerning the Lincoln Organists : 

"A short account of the Vicars Choral, Poor Clerks, Organists, and Choristers 
of Lincoln Cathedral" (Canon A. R. Maddison), together with a series of 
papers by the same author, read before the Lincoln Archaeological Society, 
and various extracts from " The Chapter Acts of Lincoln Cathedral " (Canon 
R. E. G. Coles), kindly supplied to me by Dr. W. H. Grattan-Flood. 

JOHN INGLETON ... 1439 

"Organista." Admitted Junior Vicar Choral, 1439. 

JOHN DAVY ... ... ... ... ... -- I 49 

Organist, appointed Song-Master, 1490. 

JOHN WARCUP (Junior Vicar Choral) 1490 

Appointed " ad ofncium lusus et custodiam organorum in alto choro." 

LEONARD PEPIR (Vicar Choral) 1506 1508 

Appointed " ad lusus organorum in alto choro." Vice- Chancellor and Clerk 
of the Revestry, 1508. Died 1511. 

THOMAS ASHWELL 1508 1518 

Was Master of the Choristers. 



JOHN WATKINS, Mus.B., Cantab., M, Vicar Choral, was probably 
Organist, 1518-1524. He was required to compose a Mass and an 
Antiphon for his Degree. Clerk of the Revestry, 1527. Died 1542. 

JOHN GILBERT, Mus.B., Oxon., isn 1524 (?)i528 

Appointed Organist for Life. Previously Song-Master. Appointed Lay 
Sacrist, 1523. 

ROBERT DOVE ... i5 28 T 537 

Was Vicar Choral, 1520. Song-Master, 1528. Received 2 per annum 
for playing the Organ at the Mass of the Blessed Virgin, and i 6s. 8d. 
for performing the same office at the Mass of Jesus. Died 1537. 

THOMAS APPILBY ... i53 8 J 539 

Song-Master and Organist. Organist of Magdalen College, Oxford, 
i539- I 54 I - 

JAMES CRAWE (or CROWE) ... 1539 I54 1 

Song-Master and Organist. 

THOMAS APPILBY (Reappointed) ... 1541 1562 

On August 18, 1559, Appilby was appointed Seneschal of the Choristers as 
a mark of appreciation of his services as Song-Master and Organist. 



LINCOLN. 63 



WILLIAM BYRD (or BIRD) ............ '1563 1572 

One of the most eminent musicians of the sixteenth century. Born in 1542 or 
1543. Probably a native of Lincoln. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Pupil 
of Tallis. Organist of Lincoln Cathedral, 1563-1572. Gentleman of the 
Chapel Royal, 1569, and afterwards Organist there (?) 1572. It is said 
that, upon his appointment as Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, the Dean 
and Chapter of Lincoln allowed him to continue his office at the latter 
place by means of his deputy, Thomas Butler, who afterwards, upon 
Byrd's recommendation, succeeded him as Organist. Died July 4, 1623. 
Composer of Church Music, Madrigals, pieces for the Virginals, &c. 

Byrd took out a Patent, with Tallis, for the sole right of publishing music in 
England. 

From certain documents, still extant, he appears to have retained his 
convictions as a Roman Catholic ; but through the influence of powerful 
friends he was enabled to continue in his appointments. 

By an Act of Chapter passed on September 29, 1570, the Organist was 
directed to set the tune before the commencement of the Te Deum and 
the " Canticle of Zachary " at Morning Prayer, and before the Mag- 
nificat and Nunc dimittis at Evening Prayer, and to accompany the 
Anthem. 

THOMAS BuiLERf ............... 1572 1595 

Previously Deputy-Organist (for William Byrd). Appointed Organist and 
Master of the Choristers on Byrd's recommendation. Salary, 10 per 
annum. Admonished for negligence, 1595, and shortly afterwards resigned, 
when WlLLIAM BOYS was appointed temporarily. 

JOHN HlLTON is mentioned as Organist (in 1593 and 1594), but he was 
probably only deputy to Butler. Afterwards appointed Organist of 
Trinity College, Cambridge. He was a counter-tenor, and in 1593 the 
Chapter gave him 305. for his services in arranging for the acting of two 
Comedies by the choristers. Some Church Music by him is extant in MS. 



THOMAS KINGSTON ............... 1599 

On the 3oth of March, 1611, he was arraigned before the Chapter "for 
beating the boys and calling Mr. Dye, the Master of the Choristers, an 
ass (!). He confessed all the misdemeanours charged against him, and 
submitted to the censure of the Chapter. Whereupon they gave him an 
admonition, and gave him order to amend upon pain of being turned out 
and deprived." In 1612, however, he "is ordered never hereafter to 
meddle with teaching the Quiristers." In 1615 again admonished: "He 
ys verye often drunke and by means therof he hathe by unorderlye 
playing on the organs putt the quire out of time and disordered them." 
Replaced in 1616 by John Wanless(e). 

JOHN WANLESS(E) ......... ... 1616 

Admitted Organist by the Chancellor after Evening Prayers. Salary, 20 per 

annum. 
In 1625 the Gate House Chambers in Vicars' Court were assigned t 

at a rent of los. per annum. 
THOMAS WANLESS, Mus.B., Organist of York Minster, 1691, was probably 

a son. 

* Byrd was elected Organist of Lincoln Cathedral on February 27, 1563- l am indebted to 
Dr Grattan Flood for the actual date of Byrd's appointment. 

t A Thomas Butler was Fellow of New College, Oxford, but was ejected in 1568 for being a 
Roman Catholic. 



64 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

THOMAS (?) MUDD ............... 1662 (?)i66s 

Possibly the Thomas Mudde given as one of the composers in Clifford's 
Words of Anthems. 

Great complaints were made to Dean Honywood of his drunkenness, as will 
be seen from the following extracts from letters, written by the Precentor 
to the Dean : 

" 14 March, i66. 

" Mr. Mudd hath been so debauched these assizes, and hath so abused Mr. 
Derby that he will hardly bee persuaded to stay to finish his worke unlesse 
Mudd bee removed.* And I have stuck in the same Mudd too; f for he 
hath abused mee above hope of Pardon. I wish you would be pleased to 
send us downe an able and more civill organist." 
" 16 March, i66. 

" Yesterday Mr. Mudd shewed the effects of his last weeke's tipling, for when 
Mr. Joynes was in the midst of his sermon Mudd fell a-singing aloud, 
insomuch as Mr. Joynes was compelled to stopp ; all the auditorie gazed 
and wondered what was the matter, and at length some neere him, stopping 
his mouth, silenced him, and then Mr. Joynes proceeded: but this con- 
tinued for the space of neere halfe a quarter of an houre. So that now wee 
dare trust him no more with our organ, but request you (if you can) to 
helpe us to another; and with what speed may be." 



ANDREW HECHT (or HIGHT) ...... (?)i66^ 1693 

A Dutchman, was therefore appointed in the place of Mudd. Buried in the 
Cathedral, March 31, 1693. Two of his Anthems in MS., " God is our 
hope " and " Out of the deep," are included in the Cathedral Library. 

A writ appears to have been taken out against him in 1670 by John Jameson, 
Clericus Rivestriae (Vestry Clerk), for striking him in the Church ; but the 
suit was afterwards withdrawn. 

THOMAS HECHT ............... 1693 

Son of the foregoing. Admitted Organist in 1693, at a salary of 30 per 
annum, but did not take duty, being afterwards (1695) appointed Organist 
of Magdalen College, Oxford (see Magdalen College, Oxford), and 

THOMAS ALLINSON (or ALLANSON) ... ... 1693 1704-5 

was admitted in his place, salary 40 per annum, on condition that he taught 
a Chorister to play the organ from time to time " Cautionem autem 
ut unum Choristarum ad Organum pulsandum de tempore in tempus 
doceat ei imposuerunt." D.ed February, 1704-5. Buried in the Cathedral. 
Composer of several Anthems in MS. in the Cathedral Library. 

GEORGE HOLMES ... ......... 1705 1721 

Probably son of Thomas Holmes (a Lay Vicar of Winchester Cathedral), 
and grandson of John Holmes (Organist of Winchester Cathedral, and 
afterwards of Salisbury Cathedral). 

Previously Organist to the Bishop of Durham. Succeeded Allinson at 
Lincoln Cathedral. Appointed a Junior Vicar, 1707. Died 1721. 



* Derby was an organ-builder, and at the time was evidently repairing the organ, or building 
a new one. 

+ By this little joke the Precentor meant to imply, not that he had indulged in the same 
dissipated habits as his Organist, but that he had been subjected to the same annoyance from 
him as had Mr. Derby. 



LINCOLN. 65 



Buried in the Cathedral Cloisters. Composer of several Anthems, two 
of which, "Arise, shine, O daughter of Zion" (composed on the 
Union with Scotland. 1706), and "I will love Thee, O Lord," 
are included in the Tudway and Ely Collections, and an Ode for 
St. Cecilia's Day. His setting of the Burial Sentences is still sung in 
Lincoln Cathedral at funerals. It has recently been published under the 
editorship of Dr. G. J. Bennett. 

There is a MS. volume in the British Museum containing Organ Pieces 
by Purcell, Blow, and Holmes, transcribed by the last-named in 1698. 
in the Bishop of Durham's Palace. 

CHARLES MURGATROYD (or MURGETROYD) ... 1721 1741 

Appointed, " cum approbatione Chori,"* Organist and Junior Vicar,t having 

previously been Organist of York Minster. 
On June 26, 1731, it was ordered that "the Organist should play a short 

Voluntary before the Second Lesson." J 
On March 24, 1733, Murgatroyd was suspended from his post for negligence, 

and SAMEUL WlSE was ordered to play " for the present in his stead." 

Died September 4, 1741. 



WILLIAM MIDDLEBROOK ... ... ... ... 1741 

" Son of Robert Middlebrook of the city of Lincoln." Burghersh Chanter in 
the Cathedral, 1717, and a Chorister, 1719. Died 1756. 

LLOYD RAYNOR ............... 1756 1784 

Previously a Chorister in the Cathedral, 1746, and Master of the Song 
School, Newark-on-Trent. 

On September 10, 1771, he was "arraigned and reproved for playing one 
Anthem while Mr. Binns was singing another " ; and, " for insolence," was 
suspended from his office till he apologized. Dismissed from the post 
September 17, 1784 ; but afterwards " submitted," and was allowed a 
pension of 10 a year, which, however, was discontinued after the first 
year. 

JOHN HASTED .............. 1784 1794 

Resigned the office, 1794. 

REGINALD SPOFFORTH, the glee writer, is said to have been Organist, and 
to have resigned in 1789 (see his " Life "), but this is obviously wrong. He 
acted for a short time, however, as Deputy -Organist. 

GEORGE SKELTON ......... ... i?94 l8 5 

Son of George Skelton, a blacksmith of Lincoln. Admitted a Burghersh 

Chanter in the Cathedral, 1782 ; Chorister, 1785. Succeeded Hasted as 

Organist, 1794. Resigned 1850. 
His son, G. J. Skelton (with whom he resided after his retirement), was 

Organist of Holy Trinity Church, Hull, and composer of the once well- 

known Chant Service Skelton in D. 



* The Choir were evidently allowed a voice in the matter of selection of their Organist. 

t The title of Junior Vicar is now superseded by that of" Lay Clerk. 

t This curious and unnecessary interpolation was only abolished during the orjgamstship oi 

I ' M Cha / ntIb U y n ill of these three Organists are contained in Warren's "Chanters Hand 
Guide," 1850. 



66 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



JOHN MATTHEW WILSON YOUNG ... ... 1850 1895 

Organist and Master of the Choristers.* 

Born at Durham, December 17, 1822. Chorister in Durham Cathedral, and 
afterwards pupil of Henshaw and Assistant-Organist there. For some time 
Professor of Music at the Training School, York. Succeeded Skelton as 
Organist of Lincoln Cathedral. Resigned 1895. Died at West Nor- 
wood, March 4, 1897. Buried in the Cemetery, East Gate, Lincoln. Com- 
poser of a Sacred Cantata, "The Return of Israel to Palestine," Church 
Music, &c. Compiler of the Lincoln Psalter. 

Under Young's regime the musical services at Lincoln Cathedral greatly 
improved. The organ was considerably enlarged, and pedals were for the 
first time used. 

GEORGE JOHN BENNETT, Mus.D., Cantab., isaa; 

F.R.C.O. ... 1895 

Born at Andover, May 5, 1863. Chorister in Winchester College. Student 
ofthe Royal Academy of Music under Macfarren, Steggall, and others. After- 
wards studied abroad (through the kindness of Messrs. Novello) under Kiel 
and Rheinberger. On his return to England he was appointed a Professor 
of Harmony at the Royal Academy of Music. Organist of St. John's, 
Wilton Road, 1890; Lincoln Cathedral, 1895. Fellow and Member of 
the Council of the Royal College of Organists. Conductor of the orchestra 
at the London Organ School, and for some time Conductor of the Church 
Orchestral Society. Composer of Church Music, Orchestral Music, Organ 
pieces, Songs, Chamber Music, Pianoforte pieces, &c. 

Under Dr. Bennett's direction a new and unusually complete four-manual 
organ has been erected by Willis, from a specification drawn up by 
J. M. W. Young, with large additions. It was opened on Thursday, 
November 17 (St. Hugh's Day), 1898, with a Special Service, followed by 
two Recitals by Sir Walter Parratt. 



LIVERPOOL. 

SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1880. 

From 1880 until 1910 St. Peter's Church served as the Cathedral. On 
June 29, 1910, the Lady Chapel of the new Cathedral was consecrated, and 
the Services were transferred there. An exceptionally large organ is now 
in course of construction by Messrs. Willis. 

FREDERICK HAMPTON BURSTALL, F.R.C.O. 1880 1916 

Born at Liverpool, January 29, 1851. Pupil of Dr. Rohner at Liverpool. 
Organist of Childwall Parish Church, 1870; Wallasey Church, 1876. 
Elected Organist of Liverpool Cathedral by the Chapter on the formation 
ofthe See. Organised a large special choir for Oratorio Services, 1883. 
Died 1916. Composer of Church Music, an Anniversary Ode for the 
Liverpool Pageant of 1907, Songs, Pianoforte pieces, &c. 

WALTER HENRY GOSS-CUSTARD, Mus.B., Oxon.. iras 1917 

Born at St. Leon ards-on- Sea, February 7, 1871. Pupil of E. H. Lemare, 
and others. Organist of Christ Church, Brooklands, Hastings, 1887; 
Holy Trinity, Hastings, 1887 ; St. John's, Lewisham, 1902 ; St. Saviour's, 
Ealing, 1904 ; Liverpool Cathedral, 1917. Hon. Organist to the Royal 
Philharmonic Society, London, 1914-1917. Organist and Choirmaster 
to St. Mary's Church of the Blind, 1917. Composer of a Setting of 
Psalm 68, Church Music, &c. 



* It appears that the two offices must have been separate from the time of Butler's 
resignation, 1595, until 1850; that of Master ofthe Choristers being sub-divided for a short 
time, after the Restoration, between two of the Lay Clerks, the one teaching vocal and the 
other instrumental music. 



LLANDAFF. 67 



LLANDAFF. 

Very scanty records exist of the earlier Organists of LlandafT Cathedral. 
For some considerable period both the fabric and the establishment had been 
in a declining state, and in 1691 the Choir was suppressed and the organ 
destroyed. As a substitute, the National Schoolmaster was appointed to lead 
the singing, for which he received 4 per annum. At Bishop Ollivant's 
enthronement, on March 13, 1850, these crippled musical arrangements appear 
to have been still in force, for we read that "On the opening of the door to 
the bishop's summons .... the National Schoolmaster, heading the 
procession, gave out a Psalm, which was sung by about a dozen of his scholars, 
a bass viol being the only instrument then in the possession of the Cathedral. 
In this way the bishop was conducted to his throne," &c. (Bishop's Charge, 
1869). Under the rule of this worthy prelate Choral Service was re-established 
in 1861.* 

- RESE (REES) was Organist in 1608. 

In that year j was granted to him "as his wage to be paid unto him 
quarterly by even quantities." A marginal note in the records states that 
" The Chapter did disagree and not consent to this Act." 

GEORGE CARR ... ... ... ... ... 1629 



At a stipend o 

Possibly the composer of two Anthems " I have Lifted up," and " Let 

Thy loving mercy" by George Carr, mentioned in Clifford's Words 

of Anthems. 



- NIXON was Organist in 1672. 

Ordered that Mr. Nixon shall have 4 quarterly." 



[Choral Service discontinued from 1691 until 1861.] 

A new organ, erected by Gray & Davison at the restoration of the 
Cathedral, was opened by Sir Frederick Ouseley on September 18, 1861. 
The present instrument, by Norman & Beard, dates from 1900. 

JOHN BERNARD WILKES ... ... 1861 1865 

Student of the Royal Academy of Music, 1842-1846. Organist successively 
of Monkland Church, near Leominster ; St. David's, Merthyr Tydvil ; 
LlandafT Cathedral. Composer of the tune ' 
heavenly home," in " Hymns Ancient and Modern." 



eighteenth century. 



63 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



JAMES HAMILTON SIREE CLARKE, Mus.B., 

Oxon., iseT (took temporary duty)* ... ... 1865 1866 

Born at Birmingham, January 25, 1840. Organist of Parsonstown Parish 
Church, 1862; Zion Church, Rathgar, Dublin, 1863; Carnmony Church, 
1864 ; Queen's College, Oxford, 1866 ; Kensington Parish Church, 1871 ; 
St. Peter's, South Kensington, 1872. Appointed Conductor of the 
Victorian National Orchestra, Australia, 1889-1891. For some time 
Director of the music at several of the London Theatres. Died 
July 9, 1912. Composer of Church Music, Cantatas, Operettas, Incidental 
Music to various Plays, two Symphonies, and other music for Orchestra, 
Chamber Music, Organ pieces, Pianoforte pieces, Part-songs, Songs, &c. 
Author of" A Manual of Orchestration." 



FRANCIS EDWARD GLADSTONE, Mus.D., Cantab. ; 
F.R.C.O 

(See under Norwich.) 



1866 



1870 



THEODORE E. AYLWARD 1870 1876 

(See under Chichester.) 



CHARLES LEE WILLIAMS, Mus.B., Oxon., F.R.C.O. 1876 
(See under Gloucester.) 



1882 



HUGH BROOKSBANK, Mus.B., Oxon. ,m4; F.R.C.O, 1882 1894 
Born at Peterborough, September 13, 1854. Chorister in St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor. Pupil of Dr. Keeton at Peterborough. Organ Scholar 
at Exeter College, Oxford. Organist of St. Alban's, Birmingham, 1881 ; 
Llandaff Cathedral, 1882. Died at Cardiff, April 28, 1894. Composer of 
Church Music, Songs, &c. 

GEORGE GALLOWAY BEALE, Mus.B., Dunelm., ISBI; 

F.RC.O. ... 1894 

Born in London, 1868. Educated at Marlborough College, and for some time 
a Chorister there. Pupil of Sir Frederick Bridge. Organist, successively, 
of St. John's School, Leatherhead, and St. John's Church, Paddington. 
Succeeded Hugh Brooksbank as Organist of Llandaff Cathedral. 



* This should have been mentioned in the First Edition. Clarke was never appointed 
Organist ; in fact, he was an unsuccessful candidate for the appointment in 1866. 



LONDON. 69 



LONDON. 

ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL. 

JOHN REDFORD (?) 1525 dm? 1540 

Born about 1486. Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral, afterwards Vicar 
Choral there, and subsequently Organist and Almoner, the latter appoint- 
ment including the duties of Master of the Boys. His Anthem, " Rejoice 
in the Lord alway," is still sung at St. Paul's and elsewhere. An edition 
in 8vo size, by Sir George Martin, was issued some years ago by Messrs. 
Novello. Redford composed some pieces for the organ, one or two of 
which have been published in recent years. He was also author of the 
Interlude of " Wyt and Science," performed in 1538-39. 
His name appears among the Vicars Choral in the "Declaration by the 
Sub- Dean and Canons of St. Paul's, of allegiance to Henry VIII. and 
Queen Anne Boleyn," June 20, 1534.* He is mentioned among the 
distinguished musicians of his time in Morley's " Plaine and Easie 
Introduction to Practicall Musicke " (1597). 

Tusser, in his " Five Hundred Points of Husbandry," gives the following 
eulogy of him : 

By friendship's lot to Paul's I got, 
So found I grace a certain fpace 

Still to remaine 

With Redford there, the like no where 
For cunning fuch and vertue much, 
By whom fome part of mufic's art 

So did I gaine. 

SEBASTIAN WESTCOTT ... ... ... ... 1551 1582 

In the second year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth (1559) a Visitation was 
held at St. Paul's in order to carry out the Act of Uniformity. Among the 
names of those who refused to subscribe is Sebastian Westcott, Master of 
the Choristers. Although many of the members of the Chapter were 
deprived, Westcott, as a favourite of Elizabeth, was retained, and in the 
following Report is named as Organist .-Report presented to Cardinal 
Moroni by the Rev. Nicholas Sander, May, 1561. (Catholic Record 
Society: Vol. i, p. 21, from Vat. Archiv. Arm. Ixiv. 28, ff. 252-74.) 
" Sebastianus, qui organa pulsabat apud D. Paulum Londoni, cum vellit 
ejici, tamen turn ita charus Elizabethse fuit ut nihil schismatice agens 
locum suum in ea ecclesia retineat." * In a Royal Commission granted 
by Elizabeth in 1585 for the impressing of boys for the Choir of 
St. Paul's, he is again described as " Maister of the Children," and his 
name frequently appears in the records of Elizabethan Court Plays as 
being responsible for the production of Plays by the " Children of Polls." 
He died on April 5, 1582. 

THOMAS GILES (or GYLES) i5 82 I 59 

Father of Dr. Nathaniel Giles (Organist of St. George's Chapel, Windsor*. 
On April 26, 1585, he received a commission from Queen Elizabeth to 
impress choristers. 

* I am indebted to Dr. W. H. Grattan Flood for this information. 



70 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

THOMAS MORLEY, Mus.B., Oxon., IMS ... (?) I 59 I 

Born about 1557. Chorister in St. Paul's. Pupil of Bird. Probably for 
some time Organist of St. Giles', Cripplegate. Resigned the post of 
Organist of St. Paul's on his appointment as a Gentleman of the Chapel 
Royal in 1592, which he held until 1602. Died in 1604. Composer of 
Church Music (including a Service for the Burial of the Dead), Madrigals, 
Canzonets, Lessons for the Virginals. Author of " A Plaine and Easie 
Introduction to Practical! Musicke, set down in the forme of a dialogue. 
Divided into three partes. The first teacheth to sing with all things 
necessary for the knowledge of prickt song. The second treateth of des- 
cante and to sing two parts in one upon a plain song or ground, with 
other things necessary for a descanter. The third and last part entreateth 
of composition of three, foure, five, or more parts, with many profitable 
rules to that effect, with new songs of 2, 3, 4, and 5 parts (London, 1597)." 
This work was dedicated to " the most excellent musician Maister 
William Birde." In 1598 Morley was granted a patent for the exclusive 
right of printing music. 

(?)EDWARD PEARCE .. ... ... ... ... 1600 

In 1588 he was made a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, and resigned on 
his appointment to St. Paul's as Master of the Boys. There seems 
to be no special mention of him as Organist. He contributed to 
Ravenscroft's "Brief Discourse." 



JOHN TOMKINS, Mus.B., Cantab., leo? 1622 (?)i638 

Brother of Thomas Tomkins (see Worcester). Previously Organist of King's 
College, Cambridge (1606). Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 1626. Died 
1638. Buried in St. Paul's Cathedra'. Some Anthems by him are to be 
found in Barnard's Collection. 

An inscription to him in the North Aisle of the Old Cathedral, where he was 
buried, read as follows: 

Johannes Tomkins, Musicae 

Baccalaureus, organista sui 

temporis celeberrimus, post-quam 

Capellae regali, per annos 

duodecim, huic autem Ecclesiae 

per novem decem sedulo inser- 

viisset, ad ccelestem chorum 
migravit Septembris 27, Anno 

Domini 1638. ^Etatis suae 52. 
Cujus desiderium mcerens uxor 

hoc testatur marmore. 
(See also under Cambridge King's College.) 

ADRIAN BATTEN (?)i624 1637 

Tomkins and Batten appear to have been Joint Organists during the greater 
part of their period of office. 

Chorister in Winchester Cathedral, and pupil of John Holmes. Lay Vicar 
of Westminster Abbey, 1614. Organist and Vicar Choral of St. Paul's 
Cathedral, 1624. Died 1637. Voluminous composer of Church Music, 
much of it being in MS. Batten's music appears to have been among the 
earliest that was measured out by means of bar-lines. 



LONDON. 



ALBERTUS BRYAN (BRIAN or BRYNE) T 6 3 8 (?) 

B CathedTal 'tarf J UP ? ?h J hn T * M ' ApP imed ^ anist of St ' Pau1 ' 8 
during the C- "I W ^ * g * f seventeen - Deprived of his post 

Great 2 F^ r fi^fl "!? rea PPi<>ted at the Restoration. After the 
7fi? K * v, ( - n 6) he became Or ganist f Westminster Abbey until 

in the st - Paurs b ks 



th - 

unknown r 6 m J 6 e 9 and until l ^' The y ear of h 
Tn - T v- C . om P ser <> f Services, Anthems, and Organ pieces. 

' "" 11 '' * " de " Cribed ** " ^ ?am U 



until l ' The y ear of his death is 



fingred OrlanL"" 11 ' " de " Cribed ** " am US ^ velvet 



PETITION OF ALBERTUS BRYAN TO CHARLES II. FOR HIS ADMISSION AS 
IT u w r RGANIST OF T HE CHAPEL ROYAL: 

To the King's Most Excellent Majesty. 

The humble petition of Albertus Bryne 
Sheweth, 

That your Majesty's late Royal father, of blessed memory, was pleased in 
his lifetime to make Choice of your petitioner to be Organist of the Cathedral 
Church of St. Paul's, London, in which said place he was by your said late 
<oyal father confirmed when your petitioner was about the age of seventeen 

Ccirs. 



And since then he hath so industriously practised that Science that he 
hath very much augmented his skill and knowledge therein. 

And therefore most humbly presents himself to serve your Majesty as 
Organist in your Majestie's Chapel at Whitehall, if your Majesty would be 
graciously pleased to admit of him accordingly. 

And he shall ever pray. 
1660." 

(Musical Petition to Charles II., from the State Paper Office: never before 

published. Musical Standard, April u, 1868.) 
Bryan's petition appears to have been of no avail, for his name does not 

occur in the Cheque Book of the Chapel Royal as Organist. 
The "young man, one Albertus Bryan," recommended by Archbishop 

Sheldon as Organist of Dulwich College, 1671, and who afterwards 

became Organist of All Hallows', Barking (near the Tower of London), 

1676, was evidently a son. He died in 1713. 

The Cathedral was destroyed in the Great Fire, 1666. 

ISAAC BLACKWELL 

Admitted Vicar Choral on February 21, 1687, and signed as Organist 
November 23, 1687, holding the office of Organist at the Services which 
took place while the present Cathedral was being built. He contributed 
two Anthems, " Behold, how good and joyful " and " Let my 
complaint," to the second set of Bering's " Cantica Sacra," and seven 
Songs to Playford's " Choice Ayres, Songs and Dialogues." An Anthem 
by him, " O Lord our GDvernour," is included in the Ely MSS. 

JEREMIAH CLARK ...... ......... 1695 1707 

The first Organist of the present Cathedral. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. 
Organist of Winchester College, 1692. Almoner and Master of the Choristers 
of St. Paul's,* 1693; Organist of St. Paul's, 1695; Vicar Choral of St. Paul's, 
1705, having previously (1699) been admitted on probation. Gentleman of 
the Chapel Ro> al, 1700 ; one of the Organists of the same, 1704. Committed 

* It is said that Dr. Blow resigned this post in favour of Clark. 



72 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



suicide, in consequence of an unsuccessful love affair, by shooting himself, 
December i, 1707, at his house in St. Paul's Churchyard. Buried in St 
Gregory's Vault in the New Crypt of St. Paul's, December 3, 1707. 
Composer of Church Music, Lessons for the Harpsichord, Incidental Music 
to various pla> s, &c. 

His sister married Charles King, Mus.B., Almoner and Master of the 
Choristers, 1707-1748, alluded to by Dr. Greene as the "serviceable" 
composer. 

RICHARD BRIND ............... 1707 1718 

Chorister in St. Paul's, and eventually Organist. Died 1718. Composer 
of two thanksgiving Anthems. The words of five of his Anthems are 
in a Collection by Dr. Croft, entitled " Divine Harmony." 

MAURICE GREENE, Mus.D., Cantab., nao ... 1718 1755 

Born in London, 1696. Son of the Rev. Thomas Greene, Rector of St. Olave's 
Jewry, Chorister in St. Paul's, and pupil of Brind. Organist of 
St. Dunstan in the West, 1716 ; St. Andrew's, Holborn, 1717- Organist of 
St. Paul's, 1718, and afterwards Vicar Choral of the same. Organist and 
Composer to the Chapel Royal, 1727. Professor of Music in the 
University of Cambridge, 1730. Master of the King's Band, 1735 . 
Associated with Michael Festing in the foundation of the Royal Society of 
Musicians. For some time a friend of Handel, the latter frequently playing 
on the organ in St. Paul's, which instrument, it is said, greatly pleased him. 
Greene is supposed to have acted as blower on some of these occasions.* 
Died December i, 1755. Buried in St. Olave's, Old Jewry, London, of which 
his father was formerly Rector. On the demolition of St. Olave's, Greene's 
remains were removed to St. Paul's and placed in the grave of Boyce, May 
18, 1888. Composer of Oratorios, Cantatas, an Opera, Odes, Songs, Catches, 
Organ and Harpsichord Music, a Service in C, and " Forty Select 
Anthems," 2 vols. (1743). Commenced a collection of Church Music by 
various composers, which he gave to Dr. Boyce for completion just 
before his death. 

Greene seems to have been a man of attractive and courteous manners, and 
a great favourite in society, notwithstanding the fact that he was physically 
deformed. Upon the dtath of an uncle Sergeant Greene he became 
possessed of a large estate in Essex, called Bois Hall, where it is said that 
he spent the greater part of his later years. 



JOHN JONES ... (Appointed Christmas Day) 1755 

Also Vicar Choral of St. Paul's. Organist of the Temple Church, 1749 ; 
Charterhouse, 1753. He held the three appointments Temple, Charter- 
house, and St. Paul's until his death, February 17, 1796. Buried in the 
Charterhouse Chapel Cloisters. Composer of "60 Chants, Single and 
Double, respectfully dedicated to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's," 
Lessons for the Harpsichord, Songs, &c. There are two MS. Services by 
him in the St. Paul's books. His well-known Double Chant in D was 
admired by Haydn, who heard it at a Festival of the Charity Children 
in St. Paul's, 1791, and noted it, in an improved form, in his Diary. 
" Jones . . . appears not to have been worthy of the situation, for he was 
not capable of doing the duty for a length of time after the appointment: 
and as he could not play from score, he employed himself in arranging the 
Anthems in two lines. The same book is now in use at the Cathedral." t 
(From "A description of the Organ at St. Paul's Cathedral," in The 
English Musical Gazette, January i, 1819.) 

* We read that on one occasion "their Royal Highnesses the Princess Anne and Princess 
Caroline came to St. Paul's Cathedral and heard the famous Mr. Handel (their musick-master) 
perform upon the organ "; . . . A pplebee's Weekly Journal, August 29, 1724. 

t This was in 1819. 



LONDON. 73 

THOMAS ATTWOOD ... ... ... 1706 1838 

Born in London, November 23, 1765. Chorister in the Chapel Royal and pupil 
of Nares and Ayrton, and afterwards studied at Naples and Vienna (in the 
latter city under Mozart). Some time after his return to England was 
appointed Assistant-Organist to Reinhold at St. George the Martyr, Queen's 
Square, Holborn, and one of the Chamber Musicians, and Page, to the Prince 
of Wales. Succeeded Jones at St. Paul's, 1796, and was appointed 
Composer to the Chapel Royal the same year, in succession to Dr. Dupuis. 
Organist of the King's Private Chapel, Brighton, 1821, and Organist of the 
Chapel Royal, 1836. Died at 17, Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, March 24, 1838, 
and is buried in the Crypt at St. Paul's. Composer of Church Music 
Musical Dramas, Glees, Songs, &c. 

Attwood used to say with reference to the Dignitaries of St. Paul's and his 
appointment there: " It is all very well that they agree to pay me for playing, 
for if they did not, I should be happy to pay them for letting me play." 

Mendelssohn, when in England, frequently accompanied his friend Attwood 
to St. Paul's, and played on the Organ. It is said that on one occasion, when 
he was playing at the end of the afternoon service, the vergers experienced 
such difficulty in dispersing the congregation, that they caused the bellows to 
be stopped in the midst of his performance, much to his disgust and that of his 
hearers. 

SIR JOHN Goss, Kn*-. (Hon.) Mus.D., Cantab., me 1838 1872 
Born at Fareham, December 27, 1800. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Pupil 
of Attwood. Was an unsuccessful candidate for the Organistship of Old 
Chelsea Church, 1819. Organist of Stockwell Chapel, 1821 ; St. Luke's, 
Chelsea, 1824 ; St. Paul's Cathedral, 1838. Appointed composer to the 
Chapel Royal, 1856. Knighted soon after the Thanksgiving for the 
recovery of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, 1872, and retired from St. Paul's 
the same year. Died at Clarewood Terrace, Brixton Rise, May 10, 1880. 
Buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, May 15. Composer of Church Music, 
Glees, Madrigals, Overtures for Orchestra, Songs, &c. Compiler of 
Organ Arrangements, Chant and Hymn Books. Author of a Treatise on 
Harmony and a Catechism of the Rudiments of Music. 
Inscription on the Monument to Sir John Goss in the Crypt of St. Paul's 

Cathedral : 

" In remembrance of Sir John Goss, Kn*- Mus.D., Cantab. ; Composer to 
H.M. Chapels Royal, and for 34 years Organist and Vicar Choral of this 
Cathedral. Born 27th December, 1800. Died loth May, 1880. His 
genius and skill are shewn in the various compositions with which he has 
enriched the music of the Church. His virtues and kindness of heart 
endeared him to his pupils and friends, who have erected this monument in 
token of their admiration and esteem." 

GEORGE COOPER (Junr.) was Sub-Organist from 1843 to 1876. He 
succeeded his father in this office. 
(See also under Chapel Royal.) 

SIR JOHN STAINER, Kn'-> M.A.,1866, and Mus.D., 
Oxon.,i865; D.C.L., and Mus.D., Dunelm., IK*; 

F.R.C.0 1872 1888 

Born in London, June 6, 1840. Chorister in St. Paul's. Pupil of W. Bayley, 
Dr. Steggall, and George Cpoper. Organist of St. Benet and St. Peter, 
Paul's Wharf, 1855; St. Michael's College. Tenbury, 1857; Magdalen 
College, Oxford. 1859. Organist to the University of Oxford, 1860. 
Organist of St. Paul's Cathedral, 1872. Organist to the (Royal) Albert 



74 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

Hall Choral Society, 1873-1888. Musical Juror at the Paris Exhibition, 
1878. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour of France, 1878. Principal of 
National Training School for Music, 1881-82. Appointed H.M. Inspector 
of Music in Schools, 1882. Resigned his post at St. Paul's in consequence 
of failing eyesight, 1888. Knighted 1888. Honorary Fellow of Magdalen 
College. Professor of Music in the University of Oxford, 1889. Resigned 
the latter post May, 1899. President of the Musical Association, 1899. 
Master of the Musicians' Company, 1900. Died at Verona, March 31, 
1901. Buried in Holywell Cemetery, Oxford. Composer of an Oratorio, 
"Gideon," Cantatas, Services, Anthems, and other Church Music, Organ 
Music, Songs, Part-songs, &c. Author of " The Music of the Bible " and of 
works on Harmony, Composition, the Organ, Vocalization, &c. Joint 
author, with Dr. W. A. Barrett, of a " Dictionary of Musical Terms." 
Editor and arranger. Lecturer on various musical subjects. 

SIR GEORGE CLEMENT MARTIN, Kn^ M.V.O., 
Mus.B., Oxon.,i8S8; Mus.D., Cantuar., issa; 
F.R.C.0 1888 1916 

Born at Lambourne, Berkshire, September n, 1844. Pupil of J. Pearson and 
Sir John Stainer. Organist of Lambourne Parish Church. Organist to 
Duke of Buccleuch at Dalkeith, 1871, and St. Peter's Episcopal Church, 
Edinburgh, holding the two appointments simultaneously. Master of the 
Choristers at St. Paul's Cathedral, 1874. Sub-Organist of St. Paul's, 1876. 
Prof, of the Organ, Royal College of Music, 1883. Created Mus.D. 
by the Archbishop of Canterbury, 1883. Organist, 1888. Knighted 
in 1897, wnen ne directed the musical arrangements at the great 
Thanksgiving Service, held June 22, on the West steps of St. Paul's 
Cathedral, in celebration of the sixtieth year of the reign of H.M. Queen 
Victoria. Died February 23, 1916. Buried in the Crypt of St. Paul's 
Cathedral. Composer of Services, Anthems, Hymns, Carols, Part-songs, 
Songs, &c. Editor and arranger of Church and Organ Music. Author 
of "The Art of Training Choir Boys." Editor, with Dr. C. H. Lloyd 
and others, of the New Cathedral Psalter, also of the New Cathedral 
Psalter Chant Book (St. Paul's Edition). 


CHARLES MACPHERSON, (Hon.) Mus. D., 

Dunelm., 1919 ; F.R.A.M. ; (Hon.) F.R.C.O. 1916 

Born in Edinburgh, May 10, 1870. Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral. 
Student of the Royal Academy of Music. Organist of St. David's, 
Weem, Aberfeldy, 1887; Private Chapel, Luton Hoo, Beds, 1889. 
Sub-Organist of St. Paul's Cathedral, 1895 ; Organist, 1916. Composer 
of an Orchestral Overture and two Suites, I37th Psalm for soli, chorus, 
and orchestra, Church Music, Part-songs, a Fantasy Prelude for the 
Organ. Arranger of Scottish Music. Editor of "The New Cathedral 
Psalter Chant Book" (Village Church Edition). Lecturer on musical 
subjects, &c. 

The present Sub-Organist is ROBERT STANLEY MARCHANT, 
Mus.D., Oxon., 1914 - F.R.C.O. 

For a more detailed account of the Organists of St. Paul's the reader is 
referred to that interesting and valuable contribution to the history of Church 
Music by the late John S. Bumpus, entitled: " The Organists and Composers 
of St. Paul's Cathedral." 



LONDON MA NC HESTER. 75 



LONDON. 

SOUTHWARK (ST. SAVIOUR'S CATHEDRAL). 

SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1897. 

ALFRED MADELEY RICHARDSON, M.A., Oxon., ix> 

Mus.D., Oxon., isse; F.R.C.O. 1897 

Born at Southend, 1868. Pupil of W. Haynes at Malvern, and afterwards of 
Sir Walter Parratt, Sir Hubert Parry, and others. Organ Scholar at Keble 
College, Oxford, 1885; Organist of Hindlip Church, Worcester, 1889; Holy 
Trinity, Sloane Street ; St. Jude's, Gray's Inn Road ; Holy Trinity, 
Scarborough, 1892 ; resigning the latter appointment upon being offered 
that at Southwark Cathedral. Resigned 1909, and went to America. 
Composer of Church Music, Part-songs, &c. 

EDGAR TOM COOK, Mus.B., Oxon., MOT ; F.R.C.O. 1909 

Born at Worcester, March 18, 1880. Pupil of Dr. Hugh Blair and 
Sir Ivor Atkins. Organist St. Oswald's, Worcester, 1893 : St. Leonards, 
Newland, 1897; Assistant-Organist of Worcester Cathedral, 1902. 
Conductor of Malvern Madrigal Society, 1903. Organist of Southwark 
Cathedral, 1909. Musical Director of the Southwark Plainsong 
Association. President of the London Society of Organists, 1921. 
Composer of Church Music. Lecturer on musical subjects, &c. 
The Special Musical Services organized from time to time by Mr. Cook, at 
which can be heard some of the finest examples of English Sacred 
Music, are an interesting feature to musical people both south and north 
of the Thames. 



MANCHESTER. 

The Collegiate Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Manchester, was made a 
Cathedral in 1847. 

As a Collegiate Church it held three separate Charters. The first was 
granted by King Henry V. on May 22nd, 1421, with the following foundation : 
A Warden, Four Fellows, Four Singing Priests, and Six Choristers. This was 
dissolved by Edward VI., and was afterwards re-established by Queen Mary. 
In 1578 Queen Elizabeth granted a new Charter, with a foundation of A 
Warden, Four Fellows, Two Chaplains (Singing Priests), Four Lay Singers, 
Four Children. The third Charter was that of King Charles I., granted on 
September 3oth, 1635, and provided for A Warden, Four Ft Hows, Two 
Chaplains, Two Clerks, Four Singers (Lay or Clerical), Four Boys, a Sub- 
Warden, Treasurer, Collector, Registrar, Master of the Choristers, Instructor, 
and Organist. 

The following is a complete succession of Organists from the date of the 
last-named Charter down to the present time, all the earlier registers of 
the Church having perished, it is said, in the great Fire of London.* 

* I am indebted to Dr. James Kendrick Pyne, a recent Organist of the Cathedral, for much 
ot my information concerning the Organists of Manchester. 



76 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



JOHN LEIGH 1635 1637 

WILLIAM CARTER 1637 (?)i644 



WILLIAM CARTER (Reappointed) ......... 1662 1666 

PETER STRINGER ... ... ... ... ... 1666 (?)i666 

Probably Organist for only a short time. 
(See under Chester.) 

WILLIAM TURNER ............... 1666 1670 

WILLIAM KEY ... ........... 1670 1679 

(See under St. Asaph.) 

RICHARD BOOTH ... ... ... ... ... 1679 (?)i682 

- (?)SMITH ............ (?)i682 1696 

EDWARD TETLOW ... ... ... ... ... 1696 1702 

JAMES HOLLAND ... ... ... ... ... 1702 J 7O4 

Dismissed in 1704. 

EDWARD EDGE ............... 1704 1714 

EDWARD BETTS ... ... ... ... ... 1714 



Appointed Master of the Choristers in 1732. 

Compiler of "An Introduction to the Skill of Musick, Anthems, Hymns, and 

Psalm Tunes, in several parts." London, 1724. 
The Cheetham College Grace is said to have been composed by Belts. 

JOHN WAINWRIGHT ............... 1767 1768 

Previously Deputy-Organist. 

Born at Stockport, 1723. Baptized April 14, 1723. Buried at Stockport, 
January 28, 1768. Composer of Anthems, Hymns, Chants, &c. His well- 
known tune to " Christians, awake, salute the happy morn," was first 
published in his " Collection of Psalm Tunes, Anthems, Hymns, and Chants, 
for One, Two, Three, and Four voices," in 1766. 

ROBERT WAINWRIGHT, Mus.D., Oxon., m4 ... 1768 1775 

Son of the preceding. Born 1748. Organist of the Collegiate Church, 
Manchester, 1768; St. Peter's, Liverpool, 1775. Died July 15, 1782. 
Buried in St. Peter's, Liverpool. Composer of an Oratorio, " The Fall of 
Egypt," a Te Deum, Psalm Tunes, &c. 

In 1766 Robert Wainwright competed for the post of Organist at Halifax 
Parish Church. Dr. Miller, in his " History of Doncaster," relates the 
following story in connection with that occasion : 

" A new organ by Snetzler had been erected in the Parish Church, and was 
opened with an Oratorio by Mr. Joah Bates. There were seven candidates 
for the situation of Organist: among them were Robert Wainwright and 
F. W. Herschel, then leader of the concerts at Halifax, and an intimate 



MANCHESTER. 77 



friend of Dr. Miller. Concerning the others we have no information. On 
the day of trial, August 30, they attended at the church, and the order in 
which they were to play was decided by lo'. The second was drawn by 
Wainwnght and the thiid by Herschel. Wainvvngnt's execution was so 
rapid that old Snetzler ran about exclaiming, ' Te tevil, te tev-l, he run 
over tr keys like von cat; he vill not giv^- my piphe* room f -r to shpeak.' 
During this performance M'ller sa d to Her ciel, ' What chance have you 
to follow this man ? ' He replied, ' I don't know, but I am sure finger* 
will not do.' In due time he ascende 1 the gallery and drew from the 
organ such a full vohrne of slow solemn harmony as M'ller could by no 
me ms account for. After a short extempore effusion of this character, he 
finished with the Old looth tune, which hepla ed better than his opponent 
had done. ' Ay*-, aye,' cried Snetzler, ' tish is very goot, very goot 
inteet ; I will luff tish man, for he gives my piphes room f>r to shpeak.' 
Herschel being af'erwards asked by Miller by what me ms he had produced 
so uncommon an effect, answered, * I told you finders would not do,' and, 
taking two pieces of lead from nis wais coat pocket, he said. 'One of 
these I placed on the lowest ke* of the org m a >d the other on the octave 
above; thus, hy accommodating the harmony, I gained the p-vver of four 
hands instead of two.' Herschtl ws th-reup >n appointed, but soon after 
entered upon other pursuits, and the M'iS'cia > has been long forgotten 
in the Astronomer." (See Parr's " Church of Englmd Psalmody.") 

RICHARD WAINWRIGHT 1775 1782 

Brother of the preceding. Born 1758. Organist of the Collegia'e Church 
and St. Anne's, Manchester. Succeeded his brother at St. Petrr's, Liver- 
pool, 1782. Organist for some time at St. James's, Toxteth Park. Re- 
appointed Organist of St. Pe.er's, 1813. Died August 20, 1825. Composer 
of Church Music, Glees, &c. 

GRIFFITH JAMES CHEESE 1783 1804 

Born May 2, 1751. Organist at Leominster in 1771. On r-sSgning the 
appointment a' Manchester he becamr a teacher of music in London. 
Died November 10, 1804. He was blmd. Composer of Church Music, 
Songs, &c. Author of a treatise on plt>ing the Or^an and Pianoforte, 
containing useful infoimation to teachers and people born blind. 

WILLIAM SUDLOW ... 1804 1848 

Son of a music dealer in Hanging Ditch, Maichesur. Born 1772. Died 
1848. Composer of Anthems, Songs, &c. He was also a Violoncellist. 

(Joint-Organist 1831) 
(with W. SUDLOW) Y 1869 

Sole Organist 1848) 

3orn in London, 1799. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Organist of St. 
Olave's, Southwark, 1823; Buckburn Parish Church, 1828; Manchester 
Cathedral 1840 (having previously been Choirmaster, and Join -Org mist 
wiih SudJow). D.ed February 10, 1869. Buned in Harpurhey Cemetery. 
C )mposer of Anthems, Giees. a sele. tion ot Ps il.u Tune>, " 1 he Cathedral 
Dail Service," consisting of the Ve. sides, Litany, &c., wUB.muHc, &c. 
For the o.cas on of the laying or the found ,tion stone ot the new to er 
of the Ca hedral, in 1864, Harris composed an Anthem, " 
my strength." 



78 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



JOHN FREDERICK BRIDGE, Mus.D., Oxon.; 

F.R.C.0 1869 1875 

Now SIR FREDERICK BRIDGE, Kn*- (See under Westminster Abbey.) 

JAMES KENDRICK PYNE, Mus.D., Cantuar., 1900 ; 

F.S.A., F.R.C.0 1875 1908 

Son of James Kendrick Pyne, for fifty-three years Organist of Bath Abbey 
Church. Born 1852. Appointed Organist of All Saints', Bath, at the age of 
eleven. Pupil of Dr. S. S. Wesley. Assistant-Organist of Winchester Cathe- 
dral, and afterwards of Gloucester Cathedral. Organist, successively, of 
Christ Church, St. Mark's, and St. Mary -de-Crypt, Gloucester; St. James's, 
Cheltenham; Aylesbury Parish Church ; Christ Church, Clifton; Chichester 
Cathedral; St. Mark's, Philadelphia, U.S.A. Returned to England and 
was appointed Organist to Manchester Cathedral, and afterwards Organist 
to Corporation of Manchester. Organist of the Royal Jubilee Exhibition, 
Manchester. Professor of the Organ at the Royal Manchester College of 
Music. President of the Guild of Organists, 1907. Dean of the Faculty 
of Music, Victoria University. Manchester, 1907. Retired from the 
Organistship of the Cathedral, 1908. Composer of Church Music, Songs, 
&c. Lecturer, &c. 

SYDNEY HUGO NICHOLSON, M.A., Oxon., 

Mus.B., Oxon. ... ... ... ... 1909 1919 

(See under Westminster Abbey.) 

ARCHIBALD WAYETT WILSON, Mus.D., Oxon., 

F.R.C.0 1919 

(See under St. Asaph ) 



NEWCASTLE. 

(FORMERLY THE PARISH CHURCH OF ST. NICHOLAS ) 
SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1884. 

WILLIAM JAMSON IONS 1857 1894 

Born at Newcastle-on-Tyne, November 3, 1833. Chorister in St. Nicholas' 
Church. Pupil of his brother, Thomas Ions, the then Organist of St. 
Nicholas', and Assistant-Organist to him in 1850. Studied in Germany, 
1852 1854 Returning to England, he was appointed Organist at St. 
Nicholas' on the death of his brother. Organised several Choral Festivals 
(with orchestra) at St. Nicholas' and elsewhere. Designed the new organ 
in St. Nicholas', which was opened in 1891. Presented with a testimonial, 
1893. Retired 1894 upon becoming afflicted with deafness. Died 
March 30, 1906. Composer of Church Music. 



NORWICH. 



GEORGE FREDERICK HUNTLEY, Mus.D., Cantab., IBB*; 

F.R.C.O. ... I894 1895 

Born at Datchet, May 31, 1859. Pupil of Sir George Elvey and Drs Keeton 
and Hancock. Organist of St. George's. Kensington, 1880; St. Andrew's, 
Westminster, 1890; Newcastle Cathedral, 1894; St. Peter's, Eaton Square, 
1895. Revived the Orchestral Services at Newcastle Cathedral during his 
organistship there, and was afterwards Conductor of the Church Orchestral 
Society in London. Died at Hemel Hempstead, August 4, 1913. 
Composer of an Oratorio, " Dies Domini," Cantatas, Church Music, 
Operettas, &c. 

JOHN EDWARD JEFFRIES, F.R.C.O 1895 1918 

Born at Walsall, October 18, 1863. Chorister, and afterwards Assistant- 
Organist at St. Paul's, Walsall, under his father. Student at the Royal 
College of Music, under Dr. (afterwards Sir George) Martin, Dr (now 
Sir F.) Bridge, Dr. Gladstone, and Mr. Franklin Ta>lor. Appointed 
Organist of Walsall Parish Church, 1881, where he frequently introduced 
Oratorio Services with orchestral accompaniment. Organist of Newcastle 
Cathedral, 1895. Conductor of Jarrow Philharmonic Society and 
Newcastle Amateur Vocal Society. Died at Walsall, May n, 1918. 
Composer of an Oratorio and other Church Music, Songs, &c. 

WILLIAM ELLIS, Mus.B., Dunelm., 1893 ; F.R.C.O. 1918 

Born at Tow Law, Co. Durham, October 13, 1868. Pupil of Dr. Philip 
Armes at Durham Cathedral. Organist (at thirteen years of age) at 
Elvet Wesleyan Church, Durham; St. Nicholas, Durham, 1887. 
Organist and Choirmaster of the Parish Church, and to the Grammar 
School, Richmond, Yorks, and private Organist to the Marquis of 
Zetland at Aske Hall, near Richmond, 1894. Sub-Organist (appointed 
by the Chapter) of Durham Cathedral, 1903. Hon. Member of University 
College, Durham, 1917. Organist and Choirmaster of Newcastle 
Cathedral, 1918. Composer of Church Music, &c. 



NORWICH. 

" ADAM the Organist " is mentioned as early as 1333. 
In this year xiiis. iiijd. was paid for a ro.be for him. 

HENRY BAKER 1585 *597 

WILLIAM COBBOLD ... ... 159$ *6o8 

Born at Norwich, January 5, 15%$. In 1599 he appears in the Cathedral 
records as William Cobbald, Organist, his salary being "as in previous 
years." In 1600-3 the name is spelt Cobold ; in 1604-5, Cobhold ; and in 
1606-8, Cobbold. From 1608 he became a Singing-man in the Cathedral, 
the post of Organist being tran>ferred to William Inglott. Died at Beccles, 
November 7, 1639, and was buried in the Parish Church there. Composer of 
Anthems, Madrigals, &c. Contributor to Este's "Whole Booke of 
Psalms," also to " Triumphs of Oriana." A Madrigal by him in the latter, 
entitled " With Wreaths of Rose and Laurel," is eulogised by Burney 
("History of Music"). It has been published in 8vo form by 
Messrs. Novello. 



8o CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



Inscription to Cobbold, upon a stone at the East end of the South Aisle of the 
Parish Church, Beccles : 

Here lyeth the body of William Cobbold, 
sometimes Organist of Christ Church, 
in Norwich, who died the yth November, 1639. 
The body rest below 
But the soule above 
Sing heavenly anthems 
Made of peace and love. 

In his Will occurs the following bequest " to the Canons, Singing-men and 
Queristers of the Cathedral of Christ Church within the quere, 2os." He 
also leaves money to the poor in the parishes of the Close, St. Andrew, 
St. John de Timberhill, and St. George's, Tombland. 

WILLIAM INGLOTT 1608 1621 

Born 1554. First a "Singing-child" in the Cathedral, then "Singing- 
man." In 1579 he was appointed " Master over the Singing-Children " 
in succession to his father. His name first occurs in the records as 
Organist in 1608. Died 1621. Buried in the Cathedral Nave. 
Composer of pieces for Virginals, &c. Two pieces by him, "A Galliard 
Ground" and "The Leaves bee greene," are included in the 
Fitzwilliam Virginal Book. His monument, on the southern pillar of 
the Organ screen, was repaired at the expense of Dr. Croft, and bears 
the following inscription: 

Here William Inglott, Organist, doth rest, 
Whose art in Music this Cathedral blest; 
For Descant most, for Voluntary all, 
He passed on Organ, Song, and Virginall. 
He left this life at age of sixty-seven, 
And now 'mongst Angels all sings first in Heaven 
His Fame flies Jar, his Name shall never die, 
See, Art and Age here crown his memorie. 
Non digitis, Inglotti, tuis terrestia tangis ; 
Tangis nunc digitis Organa celsa poli. 

Anno Dom. 1621. 

Buried the last day This erected on the i5th day 

of December, 1621. of June, 1662. 

Ne forma hujusce monumenti injuria 
Temporum pene deleti, dispereat, exculpi 
Curavit Gul. Cr-ft, Reg. Capellae in 
Arte Musica Discipul. praefectus. 

Dr. Croft evidently held this musician in high estimation. 
A William Juglott (or Inglott) is mentioned as Organist of Hereford 
Cathedral in 1597 (page 54). It cannot be ascertained if this is the same 
person or a relative. 

RICHARD GIBBS (?)i622 (?)i63O 

Composer of Anthems, &c. (See Clifford's Collection.) There is an Anthem, 
" Have mercy upon me. O God," by Richard Gibbs, in a Collection of " Easy 
Anthems for Parish Church Choirs," edited by Sir W. H. Cope. From its 
style of writing it is probably the work of this same composer. 



NORWICH. 8 1 



RICHARD AYLEWARD 1660 1669 

Born at Winchester, 1626. Chorister in Winchester Cathedral, where his 
father was a Minor Canon. Died October 15, 1699. Buried October 18, 
in the North Aisle of the Cathedral Nave. Dr. Mann, of Cambridge, has 
in his possession an oblong quarto volume, in the autograph of Dr. Philip 
Hayes, containing a Service in D, with Responses and Litany, and thirteen 
Anthems by Ayleward ; also a folio Organ book, in Ayleward's autograph, 
containing two Evening Services, one complete Service in D, and twenty 
Anthems. Inscription on his tombstone: 

" Here lyeth interred the body of Richard Ayleward, Organist of this 
place, who was born at Winchester, and died here the isth of October, 
An. Dom. 1669. 

Here lies a perfect Harmonic 

Of Faith, of Truth, and Loyaltie ; 

And whatsoever Virtues can 

Be reckon'd up, was in this Man. 

His sacred Ashes here abide, 

Who in God's service liv'd and dy'd ; 

But now by Death advanced higher, 

To serve in the Celestial Quire. 

God Save the King." 

One of his Anthems, "The King shall Rejoice," was composed for the 
Restoration Thanksgiving Service held in the Cathedral on May 20, 
1660. Some pieces for the harpsichord by him are also extant in MS. 

According to the Chapter accounts a THOMAS GlBBS (probably son of 
Richard Gibbs) was also Organist about this time see entries against his 
name in the years 1664 and 1665. He died of the plague, and was buried 
on July 16, 1666. 

THOMAS PLEASANTS 1670 1689 

Died November 20, 1689. Buried November 23, in the North Transept of the 
Cathedral. Composer of Church and other music. 

JAMES COOPER ... (?) J 7 21 

Died January 26, 1721. Buried January 29, in the Cathedral Nave (at the 
foot of Inglott's monument). 

HUMPHRY COTTON i? 21 T 749 

Son of Edward Cotton. Organist of St. Peter Mancroft, Norwich, 1717-1720. 
Elected a Freemason of the City of Norwich, August 25, 1722. 
September 19, 1749. Buried September 22, in the South Transept of the 
Cathedral. 

THOMAS GARLAND ... '749 l8 8 

Probably born in the Cathedral Precincts. Baptized July 5, 1731- Pu PJJ.] 
Dr. Greene. Organist of the Cathedral for fifty-nine years. 
March i 1808. Buried under the Organ Screen in the Cathedral. 
Composer of the Ordination Hymn, " Come, Holy Ghost, our souh 
inspire," printed in Bunnett's "Sacred Harmony," 1865, and several 
Anthems. A new Anthem by him was sung at the reopening of the 
Organ after repairs by John Byfield, on November 30, 1759. 



82 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



JOHN CHRISTMAS BECKWITH, Mus.D., Oxon., IOB 1808 1809 
Born at Norwich, Dece nber 25, 1750. Articled pupil of Drs. William and 
Philip Hayes at Oxford. Organist of St. Peter Mancroft, Norwich, 1794. 
For some years Master of the Choristers at the Cathedral before his 
appointment as Organist. His powers as an extempore player (especially 
of fugues) are said to have been exceptional. He was also considered a 
good painter. Died of paralysis, June 3, 1809. Buried in St. Peter Mancroft 
Church. Composer of Anthems, Organ pieces, Glees, a Sonata for the 
harpsichord, Songs, " The First Verse of every Psalm of David, with an 
Ancient or Modern Chant in score, adapted as much as possible to the 
sentiment of each Psalm " (1808), &c. 

His name, Christmas, is, of course, accounted for by the fact that his birthday 
fell upon December 25. It is said that Bi>hop Home, when President ot 
Magdalen College, Oxford, '' usually joined in the singing with a very loud 
voice, but always came in at the wrong places. Having once complained 
to a Deputy-Organist, Mr. Beckwith, that he played so loud that he could 
not hear himself sing: ' Can you not ? ' said the musician, ' I can hear >ou 
very plain indeed, sir.' The President smiled, and said no more." (Reg. 
Magdalen College. Bloxam.i 

JOHN CHARLES BECKWITH ......... 1809 1819 

Son of the preceding. Born 1788. Died October n, 1819. Buried in 
St. Peter Mancroft Church. Was considered an Organist of great ability. 



ZECHARIAH BUCK, Mus.D., Cantuar., issa ... 1819 

Born at Norwich, September 10, 1798. Chorister in Norwich Cathedral, and 
afterwards articled pupil of J. Chailes Beckwith. Was a very successful 
trainer of boys' voices, also teacher of several well-known organists. 
Resigned 1877. Died at Newport (Essex), August 5, 1879, and was buried 
in the Churchyard there. Composer of Anthems, Chants, &c., most of 
which were published in Dr. Bunnett's " Sacred Harmony" (1865). 
Very amusing anecdotes have been related by Dr. Buck's pupils con- 
cerning the eccentric but apparently successful methods of voice produc- 
tion which he practised during their period of choristership at Norwich. At 
first nuts, marbles, and beans were amongst the various articles placed 
between the teeth to keep the mouth properly open whilst singing. 
After a little while, however, the boys began to find it difficult to 
avoid cracking the nuts, and the worthy Doctor, suspecting that this 
was less the result of accident than design, found it expedient to invent 
a substitute for them. A kind of mouthpiece was therefore introduced, 
made of boxwood, to fit in with the teeth, and in the exact shape 
of the mouth. Each boy was provided with one of these and a small 
looking-glass (the latter for the purpose of checking all contortions or 
unnatural expressions of the face), and both these articles were rut into 
regular use at the morning practices, when the actual voice training was 
gone through. Certain exercises for the proper control of the tongue 
during singing were practised daily before anything else was attempted. 
The vocal shake, being an ornament much in use at that period, was 
assiduously cultivated, and a prize of half-a-crown was awarded from time 
to time to successful " shakers." 



FRANCIS EDWARD GLADSTONE, Mus.D., Cantab., ma 1877 1881 

Born at Summertown, near Oxford, March 2, 1845. Pupil of Dr. S. S. 

We>ley at Winchester Cathedral. Organist of Holy Trinity, Weston- 

super-Mare, 1864; Llandaff Cathedral, 1866 ; Chichester Cathedral, 1870; 

St. Patrick's, Hove, 1873 ; St. Peter's, Brighton, 1875 ; St. Mark's, 



OXFORD. 83 



Lewisham, 1876 ; Norwich Cathedral, 1877. Resigned at Norwich and 
was appointed Organist of Christ Church, Lancaster Gate, London, W., 
1881. Joined the Roman Catholic Church, and was Director of the 
Musical St. Mary of the Angels, Bayswater, until 1894. For some time 
Professor of Harmony and Counterpoint at the Royal College of Music. 
Examiner, &c. Now resident in Hereford. Composer of Cantatas, 
Church Music, Organ pieces, Part-songs, Songs, &c. 

FREDERICK COOK ATKINSON, Mus.B., Cantab., mi 1881 1885 
Born at Norwich, August 21, 1841. Pupil of Dr. Z. Buck and Assistant- 
Organist of the Cathedral. Organist of Manningham Church, Bradford ; 
Norwich Cathedral, 1881 ; St. Mary's Parish Church, Lewisham, 1886. 
Died at East Dereham, 1897. Composer of Church Music, Part-songs, 
Songs, Pianoforte pieces, &c. 

FRANK BATES, Mus.D., Dub. ,1884 1886 

Born at March, January 13, 1856. For some time Assistant Organist of 
Leamington Parish Church. Organist of St. Baldred's Episcopal Church, 
North Berwick, 1874; St. John's, Edinburgh, 1882 ; Norwich Cathedral, 
1886. In 1888 he organised a special choir for the Cathedral, and 
commenced a series of Musical Services for the people. Conductor of 
Norwich Diocesan Church Choral Association, Norwich Philharmonic 
Society, and Norwich Choral Society. Lecturer. Composer of an Oratorio, 
" Samuel," Church Music, &c. 

Owing largely to the efforts of Dr. Bates, a large five-manual Organ, by 
Messrs. Norman & Beard, was erected in the Cathedral, and opened 
on December 12, 1899. 



OXFORD. 

CHRIST CHURCH CATHEDRAL. 

Originally built as the Church of the MONASTERY OF ST. FRIDESWIDE ; 
afterwards adopted by Wolsey as the Chapel of his then recently founded 
CARDINAL COLLEGE, and eventually created both a Cathedral and College 
Chapel by Henry VIII., the title of the College being altered to CHRIST 

CHURCH. 

JOHN TAVERNER 1526 i53<> 

Born at Boston. Lines, about 1490. Master of the Choir and Stipendiary 
of Tattershall Collegiate Church, 1525. Appointed, by Card ma 
Wolsey Informator of the Children and Organist at Cardinal Col ege 
(now Christ Church Cathedral), Oxford. November, 1526, at a salary 
of /io a year, with livery and commons. It is said that, while 
Oxford he narrowly escaped martyrdom for being concerned 
heretics. Resigned this appointment, April, 1530- In August, 1538, 
he and another courtier, named Jones, were appointed by Crormvel 
arrange matters for the suppression of the four Friaries at B 
Died at Boston, the exact year of his death being unknown Composer 
of Masses. Motets, In Nomines, &c. (Dr. W. H. Grattan Flood, Mustcal 
Times, September, 1921). 



8 4 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



JOHN BENBOW 1530 1564 

From Manchester, succeeded John Taverner. 

A Mr. Benbow was one of the Gentlemen of the Chapel Royal until 1592. 



BARTHOLOMEW LANT 

Wood (Fasti., i, 175) mentions him as living in 1569. 

LEONARD MAJOR ... 



1605 



1605 

1608 



WILLIAM STONARD, Mus.B., Oxon., was 1608 1630 

Composed a Choral Hymn in eight parts for his degree. Composer also of 
Church Music, &c. Died 1630. His name is given 
composers in Clifford's Words of Anthems. 



as one of the 



EDWARD LOWE 



1682 



........ ..... 1630 

Born at Salisbury about 1610. Chorister in Salisbury Cathedral. Organist 
of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, 1630. Probably deprived of 
this post during the period of the Commonwealth, and reappointed 
at the Restoration. Appointed Organist of the Chapel Royal, 1660. 
University Professor of Music at Oxf>rd, 1661. Died July n, 1682. 
Buried in the Divinity Chapel of Christ Church Cathedral. Com- 
poser of Church Music. Author of " Some short d'rections for the 
performance of Cathedral Service," published at Oxford, 1661. Three 
years later he published a " Review" of his " Short Directions," in which 
he adapted his original instructions to the Prayer Book of 1662. 

WILLIAM HUSBANDS ...... ...... 1682 1690 

Probably a son of Charles Husbands, a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, who 
died 1678. Appointed Chaplain, 1690. 

CHARLES HUSBANDS ... ... ... ... 1690 1691 

Probably the Charles Husbands who was a Chorister in the Chapel Royal, 

and took part in the Coronation of James II. 
(?) Son of the preceding. 

RICHARD GOODSON (Senr.), Mus.B., Oxon., circa issa 1691 1718 

Born 1655. Chorister in St Paul's Cathedral. Organist of New College, 
Oxford, 1682. Appointed University Professor of Music, 1682. Died 
January 13, 1718. Buried in Somh Aisle of Christ Church. A few of his 
MS. Compositions are included in the Library of Christ Church and the 
Music School. 

RICHARD GOODSON (Junr.), Mus.B., Oxon., me ... 1718 I 74 I 

Son of the preceding. Previously Organist at Newbury Succeeded his father 

as Organist of the Cathedral and University Professor of Music, 1718. 

Died 1741. Buried in Christ Church. MS. Compositions at Christ 

Church and the Music School. 



RICHARD CHURCH ... ... ... ... ... 1741 

Pupil of William Hine. Organist of St. Peter's-in-the-East, Oxford. 
Clerk of Magdalen College, 1732-1736. Organist of New College, 
1732-1776. Matriculated at Christ Church, 1735. Resigned the 
Organistship at Christ Church, (?) March, 1776. Ditd July, 1776. 
Buried, July 23, in the Churchyard of St. Peter's-in-the-East, Oxford. 



OXFORD. 85 



" A.D. 1732, Ap. 2. On Thursday last, Mr. Church was chosen Organist of 
New College. He is also Organist of St. P^rVin-the-East, Oxford, in 
which parish he lives, and hath been Organist of the said St. Peter's ever 
since the organ was placed there from the theatre." (" Hearne's Diary." . 

[PHILIP HAYES, Mus.D., Oxon. 

(See also under Magdalen College, Oxford.) 

He is said (Magdalen Register, Bloxam) to have been Organist, 1763-1765, and 
to have been " ousted by a man named Norris " ; but there is no evidence 
in the Cathedral records to show that he ever held the office. Moreover, 
it would appear from the following Chapter Order that Norris succeeded 
Church in the appointment : " 17 April, 1776. Mr. Norris the Organist, 
having agreed that 30 a year shall be paid out of his salary to Mr. Church 
the late Organist, ordered that the Treasurer do pay the same to Mr. 
Church accordingly." Amongst the subscribers to Dr. Alcock's " Six and 
twenty select Anthems," published in 1771, is " M r. Church, Organist of 
Christ Church and New College, Oxford."] 

THOMAS NORRIS, Mus.B., Oxon., ms 1776 1790 

Born at Mere, Wilts, 1741. Chorister in Salisbury Cathedral. Organist of St. 
John's College, Oxford, 1765. Lay Clerk of Christ Church, 1767; Lay Clerk 
of Magdalen College, 1771.* He possessed a fine tenor voice, and sang at 
several of the leading Musical Festivals. Died at Himley Hall, Stafford- 
shire, September 3, 1790, it is said, through over-exertion at the Birming- 
ham Festival. Buried at Himley. Composer of Anthems, Instrumental 
Symphonies, Glees, &c. 

As a chorister "Master Norris" sang at the Worcester Festival of 1761. 
He afterwards became, as a tenor, one of the chief supports of the 
Festivals of the Three Choirs. Unfortunately, however, an early love 
disappointment caused him to give way to intemperate habits, and it is 
said that at the Musical Festival of 1789 in Westminster Abbey he was 
quite unable to hold the book from which he was singing. 
The following is his inscription in Himley Churchyard : 
" In memory of Mr. Thomas Norris, Bachelor of Music, who came to Himley 
Hall for the benefit of his health, and breathed his last there on the 3rd 
of Sept., 1790, aged 50. 

" Though human efforts were too weak to save, 
The tear of friendship has bedewed his grave ; 
That tear, by nature to his memory shed, 
Honours alike the living and the dead." 

WILLIAM CROTCH, Mus.D., Oxon. ,1799 1790 (?)i8o7 

Son of a carpenter. Born in Green Lane, Parish of St. George's, Colegate, 
Norwich, July 5, 1775. Showed unusual musical capabilities at a very early 
age. Pupil of Dr. Randall at Cambridge. Succeeded Norris at Christ 
Church, Oxford, 1790. Succeeded P. Hayes as Organist of St. John's 
College, St. Mary's Church, and University Professor of Music, 1797. 
Afterwards settled in London as a teacher, and became the first Principal of 
the Royal Academy of Music, 1823. Resigned 1831. Died December 29, 
1847. Buried at Bishop's Hull, near Taunton. Composer of Oratorios, 
"Palestine" and "Captivity of Judah " (two with the latter title), an 
Ode, Church music, Glees, Organ pieces, &c. Author of " Elements ot 
Musical Composition," Lecturer, &c. Was also skilled in drawing. 

* " Unfortunately the Quire of Magdalen College had not often the opportunity of admiring 
his excellence. When admitted as a Clerk, he was mildly desired by the President, Dr. Home, 
to attend at the chapel occasionally. This he understood so literally, as to make his appearance 
only once a quarter, on the days that the Clerks received their salary On these rare occasions 
a servant in livery preceded him with his surplice and \\ooA." (Magdalen Registers, Bloxam.) 



86 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

Crotch possessed an unusual facility in the use of his hands, and was able to 
write as easily with his left as with his right. It is also said that, in order 
to save time, he would often write down the notes of two separate staves 
of music simultaneously. 

WILLIAM CROSS (PJiSoy 1825 

Born at Oxford, 1777. Organist of St. Martin's, Oxford ; Organist of 
St. John's College, 1807 ; succeeded Dr. Crotch as Organist of the Cathedral 
and of the University Church, (?) 1807. Died June 20, 1825. Composer 
of Church Music. His familiar Chant in C minor was composed for 
the funeral of the Rev. Dr. White, Canon of Christ Church. 
The Rev. W. H. Havergal remarked of Cross that he was " a good organist, 
but no musician," a criticism which is jus ified on reference to the (undated) 
Collection of Chants compiled by him during his organistship, and also to 
his edition of Dr. W. Hayes's " Psalms." 

WILLIAM MARSHALL, Mus.D., Oxon.,i84o ... 1825 1846 

Born at Oxford, 1806. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Pupil of Braham, Neate, 
and Horsley. Organist of Christ Church Cathedral and St. John's College, 
Oxford, 1825 ; Organist of All Saints', Oxford, 1839 ; Organist of St. Mary's, 
Kidderminster, 1846. Died at Handsworth, August 17, 1875. Composer 
of Church Music, &c. Editor, with A. Bennett, of a Collection of Chants, 
and a book of Words of Anthems. Author of " The Art of reading Church 
Music." 

During the vacancy, lasting some months, between the resignation of Marshall 
and the appointment of Corfe, SlR FREDERICK OuSELEY officiated as 
Organist gratuitously. He was then an undergraduate of Christ Church. 

CHARLES WILLIAM CORFE, Mus.D., Oxon. ,1852... 1846 1882 
Son of A. T. Corfe, Organist of Salisbury. Born at Salisbury, July 13, 1814. 
Pupil of his father. Organist of Christ Church, 1846. Conductor of the 
University Motet and Madrigal Society, 1848. University Choragus, 1800. 
Died at Oxford, December 16, 1883. Composer of Church Music, Glees, &c. 
A stained glass window, designed by Sir Edward Burne-Jones, was pre- 
sented to the Cathedral by Dr. C. W. Corfe. 

Sir John Stainer used to tell the following story concerning Dr. C. W. Corfe. 
It formed one of his reminiscences of Sir Frederick Ouseley while the 
latter was an undergraduate at Christ Church : 

"Being a musician of the old type, Dr. Corfe rarely changed his stops 
during the Psalms ; Ouseley and his young friends got so accustomed to 
one particular quality of tone that they named it the Corfe-mixture. 
Ouseley knew that Dr. Corfe always, at the close of one Service, prepared 
his stops for the giving out of the chant at the next ; moreover, Dr. Corfe 
was fond of long walks, and made a point of rushing into the organ loft 
just in time to place his hands on the keys. This offered a temptation to 
the undergraduates which was irresistible. Watching Corfe safely out of 
the Cathedral one morning, Ouseley put in all the pre-arranged stops, 
and then drew on each manual the most horrible and startling com- 
bination he could think of. When evening service commenced, Ouseley 
and his friends stood behind a pillar to hear the effect. Sure enough, 
just as the Psalms approached, Dr. Corfe hurried in and placed his hands 
on the keys. Everybody in t^je church gave a start, except Dr. Corfe 
himself, who placidly held down the chord while he, one by one, put in 
the objectionable registers, and gradually drawing his usual stops, once 
more reverted to the inevitable 'Corfe-mixture'." (Musical Times, 
August, 1902.) 



PETERBOROUGH. 87 



CHARLES HARFORD LLOYD, M.A., Mus.D., Oxon.; 

F.R.C.O. ... !88 2 1892 

(See under Gloucester.) 

BASIL HARWOOD, M.A., Oxon., IBM, Mus.D., 

Oxon., 18%; F.R.C.O 1892 1909 

Son of Edward Harwood, J.P. Born at Woodhouse, Olveston, Gloucester- 
shire, April ir, 1859. Educated at Charterhouse, and Trinity College, 
Oxford. Pupil of J. L. Roeckel, Mrs. Roeckel, George Riselev, and Dr. 
C. W. Corfe. Also studied at the Leipzig Conservatorium. Organist oi 
Trinity College, Oxford, 1878 ; Organist of St. Barnabas', Pimlico, 1883 ; 
Organist of Ely Cathedral, 1887, resigning the latter post on his appoint- 
ment to" Christ Church, Oxford. Conductor of Oxford Orchestral Asso- 
ciation, 1892-8, and Oxford Bach Choir, 1896. President of the University 
Musical Club, 1881 and 1895. Precentor of Keble College, 1892. Choragus 
of Oxford University, 1900. Retired from the Organistshtp at Oxford, 
1909. Composer of Settings of Psalms 86 and 137, a Motet, Church 
Music, a Concerto for Organ and Orchestra, Organ pieces, Pianoforte 
pieces, Songs, &c. 

HENRY GEORGE LEY, M.A., Oxon. ,1913; Mus.D., 

Oxon., i9i9; F.RfC.O., A.R.C.M 1909 

Born at Chagford, Devon, December 30, 1887. Chorister in St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor. Exhibitioner of the Royal College of Music and 
pupil of Sir Walter Parratt at St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Music 
Scholar, Uppingham School. Organist of St. Mary's, Farnham Royal. 
1905-1906. Organ Scholar of Keble College, Oxford, 1906. Conductor 
of Keble College Musical Society, 1906-1909. President of the University 
Musical Club, 1908. Organist of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, 1909. 
Precentor of Radley College, 1915-1917. Professor of the Organ, Royal 
College of Music, 1919. Composer of Church Music, Orchestral 
Variations, a String Quartet, a Violin Sonata, Songs, &c. 

(For Magdalen, New, and St. John's Colleges, Oxford, see pages 
149-158.) 



PETERBOROUGH. 

RICHARD STOREY 1541 

He was Organist in the time of the Monastery, and continued to hold the 
office at the Reformation, at a salary of 10 per annum. 

RICHARD TILLER 1592 

In 1583 Richard Tiller and John Mudd were Organists in turn every half 
year until 1592. 

(Joint-Organist with Richard) 
JOHN MUDD ... Tiller, 1583;, 

( sole Organist) 1592 1639 

Organist, Vicar Choral, and Epistoler. Probably grandfather or some early 
relative of the Mudd who was Organist of Lincoln Cathedral. In 1629 
he was awarded 4 as "benevolence money." Buried in St. Giles', 
Cripplegate, London, July 26, 1639. A Complete Service and four 
Anthems by him are included in the Ely MS. Collection. An 8vo edition 
of his Anthem, "O God, Who hast prepared," has recently been issued 
by Messrs. Novello. 



88 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



DAVID STANDISH .., ... ... ... ... 1661 1676 

His salary was 20 per annum. Died 1676. Buried in the Cathedral. His 

epitaph runs thus: 
"David Standish, Deo in Ecclefia Petriburgh. Annos 50. Serviens, & 

plufquam 80 Annorum tasdio laffatus, atintas Mortalitatis exuvias depo- 

fuit." Dec. 6, 1676. (Willis's ' Survey.") 

WILLIAM STANDISH ... ... ... ... 1677 1690 

Salary, 20 per annum. 

In 1680 Thomas Thamer, of London, contracted with the Dean and Chapter 

to make a new organ for ^115, towards which the Dean contributed 15, 

and each Prebendary j 155. 

ROGER STANDISH ....... '. ....... 1690 1713 

Salary, 20 per annum. In 1601 he was allowed 8 for pricking eight new 
books and filling up eight old ones. Died 1713. Buried in the Cathedral 

JAMES HAWKINS (Junr.) ... ... ... ... 1714 J 759 

Son of James Hawkins, Mus.B., Organist of Ely Cathedral. In 1728 he 

received notice of dismissal from the Dean and Chapter for insolent and 

rude behaviour to them, unless he made amends. This he appears to 

have done. 
His Anthem, " O praise the Lord," is to be found in the Ely and Tudway 

Collections. 

GEORGE WRIGHT .......... ..... 1759 1774 

Organist and Master of the Choristers. 

CARTER SHARPE ........ , ...... 1774 1777 

Dismissed in 1777 for negligence in the duties of his office. 

JAMES RODGERS ... ... ... ... ... 1777 ^84 

Presumably the James Rogers who was Organist of Ely Cathedral, 
1774-1777. 

(See under Ely.) 

RICHARD LANGDON... ... ... ... ... 1784 1785 

Resigned in 1785. 

It cannot be ascertained whether this is the Richard Langdon of Exeter, 
Ely, Bristol, and Armagh Cathedrals (who may have taken duty here for 
a time) or some relative to him. 



JOHN CALAH ... ... ... ... ... 1785 

Born 1758. Organist of St. Mary's Church and Master of the Song School, 
Newaik-on-Trent, 1782. Organist of Peterborough Cathedral, 1785. 
Died 1798 Buried in the "New Building" of the Cathedral. Composer 
of Church Music, Songs, a Sonata for pianoforte, violin, and 'cello, &c. 
A Double Chant by him was formerly very popular. 

In his entertaining book " Music and Friends" (Vol. III.), William Gardiner 
of Leicester relates that, during one of his visits to Peterborough, about 
1786, he made the acquaintance of John Calah, who presented him with 
a new Song that he had just published. "I touched the organ," says 
Gardiner, " which was some hundred years old ; the keys were so worn 
that it was like putting your fingers into a row of ivory spoons. As to 
execution upon such an instrument, it was impossible." 



PETERBOROUGH. 89 



SAMUEL SPOFFORTH ............ 1799 1807 

(See under Lichfield.) 

THOMAS KNIGHT ............... 1808 1811 

Born 1789. Died November 21, 1811. 

EDMUND LARKIN ............... 1812 1837 

Appointed at a salary of 45 per annum, afterwards increased to 63, with 

an .dditional sum of ^6 for tuning the Cathedral Organ and the Harpsichord 

in the Music Room. 
Born 1785. Was also Organist of St. John's Church, Peterborough ; 

afterwards Organist of Stamford Parish Church. Died at Stamford, 

December 9, 1839. 



JOHN SPEECHLY ... . ........ 1837 

Born at Peterborough, i8ri. Also held appointment of Organist of St. 
John's Church, Peterborough. Diel August 7, 1869. He is buried in the 
South Choir Aisle of the Cathedral, where theie is a tablet to his memory. 

HAYDN KEETON, Mus.D., Oxon., 1377 F.R.C.O. 1870 1921 

Born at Mo-borough, Derbyshir", October 26, 1847. Chorister in St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor. Pupil of Sir Ge rgr Elvey. Org mist of D itchrt Parish 
Church, 1867, and afterwards at H-iwtiey's School at Slouch, which he 
res gned on his appointmen t > Peterborough. Conducto' of Peterborough 
Choral and Orchestral Societies. Conductor and organist of Pe erborough 
and L'ncoln Festivals. Died May 27, 1921. Composer of Chu-ch Music, 
a Symphony for orchest-a, Pianoforte oiec<-s, Part-Songs, Songs, &c. 
Author of "Church and Cathedral Choristers' Singing Method." 

The year after Dr. Keeion wa^ app >in'ed Dean Sounders, with the idea of 
shortening the services during Holy Week, suggested that Single Chants 
should be sung, instead of Double Chants, f >r the Psalms! It is 
needless to add th*t the sug^esti >n was not acted upon. On March 
24, 19^0, Dr. Keeton completed the fi-tieth year <>f his Organistship at 
Peterborough. During ihis long period he had effected many improve- 
ments in the Cathedral Services th-Me. The present f -ur manual Organ, 
by Messrs. W. Hill & S n. was built under his direction, and opened 
in 1894 

RICHARD HENRY PINWILL COLEMAN, Mus.B., 
Dub.; F.R.C.O.... ......... 1921 

Born at Dartmouth. April 3. 1888 Chorister in St. Gorge's Church, 
Ramsgate, and in Densto ie College, wiere he was educated. Articled 
pupil of Sydney H Nich .ls.n, M. A.., Mus.B., at Carlisle and Manchester 
Cathedral". Succe sively Orgmist of St. Stephen's, Carlisle; Sub- 
Organist of M mchester Ci'h-dal; Organist of B'ackburn Parish 
Church Londonderry Cathe.lral and ihe Heritage Sch -ols of Arts and 
Crafts, Chailey, Sussex. Organist of Peterb orougn Cathedral, 1921. 
Compositi >ns include an Eve -in^ Service in D, pianoforte pieces, and 
Folk-Song arrangements. 



go CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



RIPON. 

This was a See for a short period (681-686) in Saxon times. Its first 
and only Bishop, for some centuries, was Eadhead. 

SEE RE-ESTABLISHED IN 1836. 
(PREVIOUSLY A COLLEGIATE CHURCH.) 

The first mention of " Organs " in the Fabric Rolls of Ripon Cathedral is in 
1399, and the first payment to an Organist in 1447, when THOMAS LlTSTER 
received the annual fee of IDS. for playing on the organs. 

In 1478 LAURENCE LANCASTER was Organist, and received a like sum, 
but out of this only 35. 6d. was for playing on the organs, and the remainder 
was for singing Mass in the Lady Chapel. 

In 1546 occurs "a rent of 13/4 payd yerlie to the organ player, comynge 
furthe of the comon of the saide Church." (" Memorials of Ripon," edited 
or the Surtees Society, by J. T. Fowler.) 

WANLASS 



Probably a relative of Thomas Wankss, Organist of York. 
WILSON 1670 (?)i677 

" Singing-man," appointed to play instead of Wanlass, who had become 
deaf. 

WILLIAM SORRELL... ... ... ... ... 1677 

" May 31, 1679. Ordered that Mr. Sorrell have five shillings out of y e 
fabrick per ann. for wire and his paines for repairing ye Organ, and that 
Mr. Deane pay him soe much for y e last yeare and charge it in his next 
audit's accounts " 

SHAW (?)i682 



JOHN HAWKINS 1682 (?)i6go 

THOMAS PRESTON (Senr.) ... 1690 1730 

Born 1662. Died 1730. Buried in South Transept of the Cathedral. A 

Chant by him is to be found in one or two Collections. 

" May 29, 1708. Whereas the organ of this church hath been much 
damaged, occasioned by the fall of the Trumpett stop amongst the other 
small pipes, which hath been repaired by Mr. Thomas Preston, the 
Organist, for which the Chapter is well satisfyed that he deserves the 
sume of Tenne pounds which sume is therefore ordered to be paid to him 
as followeth, viz., five pounds part thereof at Martainemasse next, and five 
pounds the remainder so soone as the same can be spaired out of the 
fabrick money." There are also entries in the Chapter books of 
payments to Preston for copying music into the "song books." 

THOMAS PRESTON (Junr.) 1731 1748 

Son of the foregoing. 



RIPON. 



WILLIAM AYRTON ... 1748 1799 

Born 1726. Died February 2, 1799. The Cathedral records state that he 
was son of Edward Ayrton, Chirurgeon (who in 1760-61 was Mayor of 
Ripon), and that he was baptized in the Cathedral on November 18, 1726. 
Dr. Edmund Ayrton (see under Southwell) was his brother. 

WILLIAM FRANCIS MORRALL AYRTON 1799 1802 

THOMAS AYRTON .. .. 1802 1822 

Born 178^. Died October 24, 1822, having been Organibt for twenty years. 

JOHN HENRY BOND 1823 (?)i829 

Previously Organist of Portsmouth Dockyard Chapel. 

GEORGE BATES ... ... ... ... ... 1829 1873 

Born at Halifax, July 6, 1802. Organist of Ripon Cathedral, 1829. Retired 
1873. Died January 24, 1881. Buried in Holy Trinity Churchyard. 
Composer of a Volume of Sacred Music, Hymns, &c. There is a brass to 
Bates in the North Nave Aisle of the Cathedral on which is engraved his 
Veni Creator. 

EDWIN JOHN CROW, Mus.D., Cantab. ,i883;F.R.C.O. 1873 1902 
Born at Sittingbourne, September 17, 1841. Chorister in Rochester Cathedral, 
and pupil of Dr. J. L. and Mr. John Hopkins. Afterwards studied under 
G. A. Lohr, at Leicester. Organist successively of Trinity, St. Andrew's, 
and St. John's Churches, Leicester. Organist of Ripon Cathedral, 1873, com- 
mencing duty January i, 1874. Conductor of the Cathedral Festival Choir 
and of Ripon Orchestral Society. Music Master of Ripon Grammar School. 
Retired from the Organistship at Ripon, 1902. Died at Harrogate, 
December 6, 1908. Composer of a Harvest Cantata, Services, Anthems, 
Organ pieces, Pianoforte pieces, Songs, &c. 

CHARLES HARRY MOODY, C.B.E.,* 1920; F.R.C.O., 

honoris causa ... ... ... ... ... 1902 

Born at Dennis Park, Stourbridge, March 22, 1874. Articled pupil of 
T. Westlake Morgan at Bangor Cathedral. Successively Acting-Organist 
of St. Michael's College, Tenbury ; Deputy-Organist, afterwards 
Acting-Organist of Wells Cathedral. Organist of Wigan Parish 
Church, 1895; Holy Trinity Church, Coventry, 1899; Ripon Cathedral, 
1902. Lecturer in Music at Ripon and Wakefield Diocesan Training 
College since 1902. Conductor of the Cathedral Oratorio Choir, the 
Huddersfield Glee and Madrigal Society, and the Halifax Choral Society. 
Composer of Church and other Music. 



* Awarded for his successful organization of numerous Military Serv ces Organ Recitals, 
and Cohens for the Troops, and for raising various funds in connect.on with the War. 



CATHEDRAL ORGAMSTS. 



ROCHESTER. 

Through the kindness of Mr. Thomas Shindler, M.A., LL.B., Registrar of 
the Royal College of Organists, I have been enabled to quote much valuable 
information regarding the earlier Organists of Rochester Cathedral from 
his interesting and researchfulbook, " Registers of the Cathedral of Rochester." 

The particulars concerning the first five Organists below-mentioned are 
taken literally from that work. 

JAMES PLOMLEY was Organist in 1559. 

" He is mentioned in a Patent of this date, as ' Organist and Teacher of 
the Children.' The Patent is to Peter Rowle, to feed, lodge, and clothe 
the choristers after the death of Plomley." 

ROPER BLUNDELL was Organist in 1588. 

" He was appointed by Patent of this date to the office of 4 Master of the 
Coristers or Singinge Children and player upon the Organs in the said 
Cathedral." He was described as ' one of the ministers or companye of 
the Quire,' and was granted the ' Chambers being at the east side of 
the long gallery called the Cannon Place lately in the tenure of 
John Bartlett or Kinge deceased.' John Bartlett or Kinge was Curate 
of Chatham and Vicar of Dartford." (Denne's Repertorium.) 

JOHN WILLIAMS (the elder) was Organist in 1599. 

"He was appointed Petty Canon by Patent of this date, and also 'teacher 
of the Children.' He is described as ' one of the ministers or company of 
the Quire,' and had the house of Roper Blundell deceased. In 1609 a 
Patent was granted to ' John Williams the elder, one of the ministers or 
company of the Quyer, and John Robinson the younger, one of the clerks 
or company of the Quyer,' to be ' Master of the Choristers' for the life 
of the longest liver." 

JOHN HEATH was Organist in 1614. 

" In the Treasurer's book of this date he appears as Organist, but I cannot 
find this Patent. In the Survey of the Parsonage of Chatham (Parlia- 
mentary Surveys, 1649, Lambeth Library) is the following: In 1608, the 
Dean 'granted unto Phillipp Heath and John Heath sonne of the sayd 
Phillipp Heath the office of Clerke and Organiste dureing the tearme of 
their naturall lives and the longest liver of either of them, with the annuall 
ffee or stipend of Twelve pounds of lawfull English Money, issueing and 
payeable out of the foresaide parsonage of Chatham. . . . Phillipp 
Heath is deceased. John Heath aged about sixty years.' John Heath 
appears as Organist of the Cathedral so late as 1668." 

[Heath is probably the composer of Anthems mentioned under this name 
in Clifford's Collection, and an Evening Service in the Peterhouse 
Collection at Cambridge.] 

CHARLES WREN was Organist in 1672. 

" He appears as Organist in the Treasurer's book of this date In the ' Red ' 
Book of 1661 it was ' Ordered that Mr. William Rothwell for the reversion 
of the Organist's place at Mr. John Heath's death should have a Patent.' 
William Wrothwell had a Patent for a Petty Canon's place in 1662 ; I do 
not find him mentioned as Organist." 
[Wren was afterwards Organist of Gloucester Cathedral.] 
(See also under Gloucester.) 



ROCHESTER. 



DANIEL HENSTRIDGE X 6 74 

(See under Canterbury.) 

ROBERT BOWERS !6gg 

Died 1704. Buried in the Cathedral Yard. 

JOHN SPAIN I?O4 1?2I 

The Baptismal Registers of the Cathedral include the names of four of his 
children. Died 1721. Buried in the Cathedral. 

CHARLES PEACH ... ... ... ... ... ij2i 1753 

Died 1753. Buried in the Cathedral. 

JOSEPH HOWE 1753 (?)i78i 

There are Baptismal entries of four of his children in the Cathedral Registers. 

RICHARD HOWE 1781 (?)i7go 

Son of the preceding. 

RALPH BANKS ... ... ... ... ... 1790 1841 

Born at Durham, 1762. Chorister in Durham Cathedral, and afterwards 
Assistant-Organist there, under Ebdon ; also Organist of Houghton-le- 
Spring Parish Church. Organist of Rochester Cathedral, 1790. During a 
part of the period of his appointment at Rochester he was also Voluntary 
Organist at the Evening Services at St. John's, Chatham. Died September 
20, 1841, aged 79. Buried in the Nave of the Cathedral. 

He published a Selection of Hymn Tunes from Purcell, Croft. &c. 
A volume of his Cathedral Music was published posthumously by Messrs. 
Chappell. It includes an Anthem, "O Sing unto the Lord," com- 
posed for the re-opening of the organ at Rochester Cathedral, after 
additions to it by Hill, on November 22nd (St. Cecilia's Day), 1840. 

At the time of Banks's appointment the prayers at Rochester Cathedral were 
read, not chanted, by the Minor Canons. Through Banks's exertions this 
abuse was rectified. (See Dr. Jebb on the "Choral Service.") The fol- 
lowing entry, made by Banks in an Organ Book belonging to the Cathedral, 
has been kindly supplied to me by a past Organist, John Hopkins, 
and throws an additional light upon the limited scope of the musical 
services there at this time : " When I came from Durham to this Cathedral 
in 1790, only one Lay Clerk attended during each week. The daily service 
was chanted. Two Services (Aldrich in G and Rogers in D) and seven 
Anthems had been in rotation on Sundays for twelve years ! ! ! R. B." 
This entry appears in one of four Organ Books in the handwriting of 
Banks, who grouped their contents as follows : i, Full Services ; 2, Full 
Anthems ; 3, Verse Services ; 4, Verse Anthems. 

JOHN LARKIN HOPKINS, Mus.D., Cantab., IBS? ... 1841 1856 
Cousin to Dr. E. J. Hopkins. Born at Westminster, 1820. Chorister in 
Westminster Abbey. First President of the Abbey Glee Club, 1841. 
Organist of Rochester Cathedral, 1841. Left Rochester on his appointment 
as Organist of Trinity College. Cambridge, 1856 ; Organist to Cambridge 
University, 1856. Died at Ventnor, April 25, 1873. Buried in Ventnor 
Cemetery. Composer of Church Music, Glees, Songs, &c. 



94 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



JOHN HOPKINS, F.R.C.0 1856 1900 

Cousin to the foregoing, and brother to Dr. E. J. Hopkins. Born at West- 
minster, April 30, 1822. Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral. Organist ot 
Mitcham Parish Church, 1838; St. Stephen's, Islington, 1839; Holy 
Trinity, Islington, 1843 ; St. Mark's, Jersey, 1845 ; St. Michael's, Chester 
Square, London, 1846 ; and the Parish Church, Epsom, which he res-igned 
on his appointment to Rochester Cathedral in 1856. Died August 27, 
igoo. There is a mural tablet to his memory in the South Aisle of the 
Choir. Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, Pianoforte pieces, &c. 



BERTRAM LUARD-SELBY 
(See under Salisbury.) 



IQOO 1916 



CHARLES HYLTON-STEWART (Junr.), M.A., mo; 

Mus.B., Cantab., 1907 1916 

Son of the Rev. C. Hylton-Stewart (a former Organist of Chichester 
Cathedral, nd afterwards Precentor of Chester Cathedral). 

Born at Chester, March 22, 1884. Pupil of Dr. J. C. Bridge, at Chester. 
Stewart of Rannoch Scholar in Sacred Music, Cambridge. Organ 
Scholar of Peterhouse, Cambridge, 1903. Assistant-Organist of King's 
College, Cambridge, 1906. Organist and Music Master of Sedburgh 
School, 1907. Organist of St. Martin's, Scarborough, 1908 ; Blackburn 
Parish Church, 1914; Rochester Cathedral, 1916. Conductor ot 
Rochester Choral Society, 1918. Composer of Church Music, &c. 



ST. ALB AN 'S. 

SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1877. 



ROBERT FAYRFAX, Mus.D., 
Oxon., i5ii 



Cantab., 1501-02, et 



: 49 8 



He is worthy of mention as one of the Organists of St. Alban's before its 
suppression as an Abbey. In his day he was ' ' in great renowne and 
accounted the prime musitian of the nation " (Anthony a Wood). It is 
said that the organ then in use, presented to the Church in 1462 by John 
of Wheathampsted, was the finest in England. 

Born (probably) at Bayford (Herts), circa 1465. Gentleman of the Chapel 
Royal in 1496. On March 28, 1502, he received, at St. Alban's, the sum of 
2 s. from Queen Elizabeth of York " for setting an Anthem of Oure Lady 
and Saint Elizabeth." On September 10, 1514, he was appointed " one 
of the Poor Knights of Windsor," with i2d. a day. In the list of 
the King's Chapel at the Field of Cloth of Gold, in June, 1520, the name 
of Fayrfax stands at the head of the Singing-men. Died October 24, 1521. 
Buried in the Presbytery of St. Alban's Abbey. Composer of both sacred 
and secular music.* Some of his compositions are to be found in the 
music libraries at Oxford, Cambridge, the British Museum, and elsewhere. 



* Praiseworthy efforts have been made in recent years, by Dr. R. R. Terry and others, to 
revive an interest in the compositions of Fayrfax, and on March 23, 1920, a lecture was given 
on the subject in St. Alban's Cathedral by Mr. S. Royle Shore, with musical illustrations 
under the direction of the present Organist, Mr. W. L. Luttman. 



ST. ALBAN'S. 95 



The Organist at the establishment of the See in 1877 was 
JOHN STOCKS BOOTH 1858 1880 

Born at Sheffield, 1828. Pupil of Gauntlett, Thalberg, Sterndale Bennett, 
and Molique. Organist, successively, of Queen Street Chapel, Sheffield, 
and Wortley Church and St. Philip's, Sheffield (double appointment). 
Removed to Watford (Herts), and was shortly afterwards appointed 
Organist at St. Alban's Abbey. Died of cerebral paralysis, December 7, 
1879. Buried in the Cathedral Yard. 

At the time of his appointment the Abbey organ was a small instrument by 
Father Smith and the Services were of a very primitive character. 
The Tate and Brady versions of the Psalms were the only hymns in use. 
These were announced by the organ blower, who emerged from his corner 
in a surplice yellow with age, and performed his task in broad Hertford- 
shire brogue. The character of the Services was, however, gradually 
improved, and a new organ was erected from Mr. Booth's specification 
(with the valuable help of Dr. E. J. Hopkins) by Messrs. Hill & Son, 
at a cost of ^"1,300, and opened with a special Musical Festival. 
Mr. Booth directed the musical arrangements at the Service of the 
enthronement of the first Bishop (Dr. Claughton, previously Bishop of 
Rochester), on June 12, 1877. 

GEORGE GAFFE, F.R.C.0 1880 1907 

Born at Cawston, Norfolk, July 27, 1849. Chorister in Norwich Cathedral, 
and pupil of and assistant to Dr. Z. Buck. Organist of Oswestry Parish 
Church, 1874, and afterwards appointed to St. Alban's. Founder and 
Principal of the St. Alban's School of Music ; Fellow and Member of the 
Council of the Royal College of Organists. Died 1907. Composer of 
an Evening Service; a set of Offertory Sentences, &c. 

WILLIAM LEWIS LUTTMAN, M.A., 1397; Mus.B., 

Cantab., 1903; F.R.C.0 1907 

Born February 20, 1874, at High Wycombe, Bucks. Pupil of and Assistant- 
Organist to J. G. Wrigley, Mus.B., at High Wycombe Parish Church. 
Student of the Royal College of Music. Organist of Tyler's Green 
Church, 1888 ; Organ Scholar of St. Peter's College, Cambridge, 1893 ; 
Organist of Hughenden Parish Church, 1894 ' Banbury Parish Church, 
1898; St. Alban's Cathedral, 1907. Principal of the St. Alban's School 
of Music. 

In 1907 the Hill Organ was rebuilt and enlarged to a four-manual instrument 
by Messrs. Abbott & Smith, of Leeds. 



9 6 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



ST. ASAPH. 

JOHN DAY ... ... ... ... ... ... 1630 

" M r - of the Quire." Buried April 26, 1630. 

ABEDNEGO G. PERKINS 1630 1631 

" M r - of the Quire." " Choristu, mg'r sepultus fuit in eccl'ia Cathedrali 
Asaphen 13 die Octobris, 1631." 

JOHN WILSON ... 1641 

Buried November 30, 1641. 



THOMAS OTTEY 1669 

"Vicar, Precentor, and Organist of this Cathedral." Died March 19, 
1670. A Mr. Ottey, Senior Minor Canon and Master of the Choristers at 
Chester Cathedral in 1690, was possibly a son or some other relative. 

WILLIAM KEY (Vicar Choral) 1680 1686 

Previously Organist of Manchester Collegiate Church (now the Cathedral). 
William Kay, afterwards Organist of Chester Cathedral, may have been 
the same person, or a son. 

THOMAS HUGHES ... ... ... ... ... 1686 1693 

" Organist of y e Cathedral Church of St. Asaph." Buried September 6, 
1693. 

ALEXANDER GERARD ... ... ... ... 1694 1738 

Died March, 1738. An Alexander Gerrard was a Chorister in the Chapel 
Royal until about 1694. There is some Church Music by him in the 
MS. Books of the Cathedral. 

JOHN GERARD 1738 (?)i779 

Son of Alexander Gerard. Singing-boy, retired, 1737. Supernumerary 
Singing-man, 1737. Organist, May, 1738. Appointed Organist of 
Wrexham Parish Church, 1779. Died 1788. There is a Song by 
J Gerrard in " Clio and Euterpe " (1758-1762). (See also Richard Jarred 
or Gerard, Organist of Bangor Cathedral, 1778-1782.) 

JOHN JONES 1782 1785 

The Organ had been taken down, so he was paid only 20. 

EDWARD BAILEY 1785 1791 

" Organist and Singing-man." 

Afterwards Organist of Chester Cathedral. (See under Chester.) 

CHARLES SPENCE 1791 1794 

Probably a relative of Thomas Spence, who was for seventy-nine years a 
member of the Choir of Chester Cathedral, and lies buried in the North 
Transept there. 



ST. AS A PH. 97 



HENRY HAYDEN I794 

Chorister of Norwich Cathedral, and pupil of Dr. Beckwith there. 
Appointed Organist and Singing-man at St. Asaph Cathedral at the age 
of twenty. Buried at Llanbeblig, 1848. There is some Church Music 
by him in the MS. Books of the Cathedral. 

[WILLIAM ROBERT HAYDEN] 1829 1833 

On his tombstone in the Cathedral Churchyard he is described as Organist, 
but he must have been D*?/>w(y-Organist for his father. Died 1833. 

ROBERT AUGUSTUS ATKINS 1834 1889 

Son of Robert Atkins, Lay Vicar of Chichester Cathedral. Born at 
Chichester, October 2, 1811. Chorister in Chichester Cathedral, and 
afterwards Assistant-Organist there. Organist of St. Asaph Cathedial 
for fifty-five years. Died at St. Asaph, August 3, 1889. Composer ot 
Church Music, including MS. Services in A and G, and several Chants. 

LLEWELYN LLOYD ... ... ... ... ... 1889 1897 

Chorister in St. Asaph Cathedral. Pupil of R. A. Atkins, and afterwards 
Assistant-Organist. Organist, 1889. Retired 1897. 

HUGH PERCY ALLEN, M.A., Mus.D., Oxon., iras; 

F.R.C.0 1897 1898 

Now SIR HUGH ALLEN, Kn l . 

Born at Reading, 1870. Pupil of Dr. F. J. Read. Organist (when only eleven 
years of age) of St. Saviour's, Reading. Organist of Tilehurst Church, 1884 ; 
Eversley Parish Church, 1886; Assistant Organist at Chichester Cathedral, 
1887 > Organist to the Merchant Taylors' Schools, Bognor, 1890 ; Christ's 
College, Cambridge, 1892; St. Asaph Cathedral, 1897; E1 y Cathedral, 
1898 ; New College, Oxford, 1901. Professor of Music in the Univers-ity 
of Oxford, 1918. Director of Royal College of Music, London, 1919. 
For some years Director of Music at University College, Reading, 
and Conductor of the Oxford Bach Choir and Oxford Philharmonic 
Society. Conductor of the Bach Choir, London. Knighted in 1920. 
Composer of an Ode to the Passions, Church Music, &c. Lecturer on 
music, &c. 

ARCHIBALD WAYET WILSON, Mus.D., Oxon., VBT. 

F.R.C.O. 1898 1901 

Born at Pinchbeck, Lincolnshire, 1869. Student at the Royal College of 
Music under Sir Walter Parratt, Sir F. Bridge, &c. Organist of St. Paul's, 
East Moulsey, 1888. Organ Scholar at Keble College, Oxford, 1890. Music 
Master, Temple Grove, 1894. Organist of St. John's, St. Leonard's, 1896; 
St. Asaph Cathedral, 1898 ; Ely Cathedral, 1901 ; Manchester Cathedral, 
1919. Composer of Church Music, a Choral Ballad, Part-songs, &c. 

CYRIL BRADLEY ROOTHAM, M.A., Mus.D., Cantab. 1901 1901 

(6 months only). 
(See under St. John's College, Cambridge.) 



9 8 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



WILLIAM EDWARD BELCHER, M.A., Cantab., 

F.R.C.O., A.R.C M 1901 1917 

Born at Handsworth, 1864. Student of the Royal College of Music. 
Choral Scholar in King's College, Cambridge. Organist of the Parish 
Church, Kingston-on-Thames, 1891 ; St. Michael's, Headingley, Leeds, 
1893. Deputy-Organist to the Leeds Corporation, 1895. Organist of 
St. Asaph, 1901. Resigned 1917. Composer of Church Music. 

HAROLD CARPENTER LAMB STOCKS 1917 

Born at Essendon, Herts, 1884. Pupil of Dr. A. W. Wilson and others. 
Organist of Littleport Parish Church, 1902; St. Mary's, Ely, 1906. 
Assistant-Organist of Ely Cathedral, 1906. Organist of Yeovil Parish 
Church, 1909; Ludlow Parish Church, 1911. Invalided from Army 
after active service in Egypt and Salonika, 1916. Organist of St. 
Asaph Cathedral, 1917. Composer of Church Music, Songs, &c. 



ST. DAVID'S. 

WALTER WARRYN 

Was Organist, 1490. 

Archdeacon Yardley, in his MSS. entitled " Memoria Sacra," mentions that 
in Bishop Vaughan's time (1509-1522) " Mr. JOHN NORMAN, a Skillful 
and Learned Musician, was Organist and Master of y e Choristers." * 

LEWIS MORRIES was Organist, 1551. 
THOMAS ELLIOT was Organist, 1563. 

THOMAS TOMKINS (Senr.) 

Father of the Thomas Tomkins who became Organist of Worcester 
Cathedral. Was Vicar Choral in 1571, when on July 12 he was 
admonished by the Precentor. On April 29, 1577, he is described as 
"Master of the Choristers and Organ Player," when, upon his 
declaration that he was unable to live upon the "wages and commodity " 
then offered to him, his son Thomas Tomkins, Junr.f was granted a 
Vicar's Stall which had become vacant, "to the end that his poor 
father, at whose finding he is, may thereby the rather be relieved." 
This, however, he forfeited in 1586, for misbehaviour. 

Thomas Tomkins, Senr., afterwards became Precentor of Gloucester 
Cathedral. He is probably the composer of the Madrigal "The fauns 
and satyrs tripping," included in "The Triumphs of Oriana," 1601. 

The Records give no names of Organists from 1577 until 1713. 



* Probably the John Norman mentioned in Hawkins's " History "as one of the famous 
musicians who flourished before the Reformation. 

t This must have been another Thomas Tomkins, Junr., an elder brother of the Organist 
of Worcester Cathedral. 



ST. DA F/D'S. 99 



The following incident concerning the Organist of St. David's, at the time of 
the attack upon the Cathedral by the Parliamentary troops during the Civil 
Wars, is worth quoting: "The rebels were consulting in the Choir about 
what other sacrilegious mischiefs they should perform ; it was at length 
agreed to destroy the organ. The Organist, who had secreted himself 
within the organ loft, heard the same, and knowing that, if they perpetrated 
their intended mischief, he should lose his bread, he threw a large stone 
into the Choir; which falling on the head of one of Cromwell's aides-de- 
camp killed him. Dreading the consequence of his being discovered 
and taken by the rebels, he fled ; they perceived, and pursued him, 
when he had the presence of mind to get into one of the bells which hung 
low, and there supported himself by the clapper, until they had given up 
the search." (" History and Antiquities of the Parish of St. David's," by 
Captain Geo. W. Manby, R.N.) 

R. MORDANT ... 1713 1714 

Lay Vicar Choral. 

HENRY MORDANT ... ... ... ... ... 1714 1 7 I 9 

Son of the preceding. Lay Vicar Choral. 

RICHARD TOMKINS 1719 17*9 

Lay Vicar Choral. He was dismissed for neglect of duty. 

WILLIAM BISHOP 17*9 r 7 2 

Lay Vicar Choral. Dismissed for inebriety, afterwards restored, and finally 
dismissed in 1725. 

MATTHEW MADDOX ... ... i7 2 5 *733 

Lay Vicar Choral. 

MATTHEW PHILPOTT ... 1733 J 739 

Lay Vicar Choral. 

MATTHEW PHILLIPS ^739 J? 82 

Possibly the Matthew Phillips who had officiated as Organist of Magdalen 
College, Oxford, for three months in 1734. 

JOHN DAY J 7 82 1787 

ARTHUR RICHARDSON ... !7 8 7 l826 

Lay Vicar Choral. Formerly Assistant-Organist of Armagh Cathedral. He 
appears, from entries in the St. David's books, to have also been tuner o 
the organ. Died 1826. 

JOHN BARRETT ... l82 7 l8 5 l 

Lay Vicar Choral. Died 1851. 

WILLIAM PEREGRINE PROPERT, LL.D. and M.A., 

Cantab.; Mus.B., Oxon., MM, et Cantab. (?) ... 1851 
Successively Chorister, Lay Vicar Choral and Organist, retaining his post as 
Lay Vicar Choral, 1883 1906. Died at St. David's, November i, 1906, 
aged 75. Composer of Church Music. 

During the restoration of the Cathedral, 1864-1883, the organ was 
in use. 



IOO 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



FREDERICK S. GARTON 1883 1894 

Pupil of Dr. Done, and Assistant-Organist of Worcester Cathedral. Organist 
of Dudley Parish Church ; St. David's Cathedral, 1883. Organist of 
St. Martin's, Haverfordwest. 1894. 

D. JOHN D. CODNER 1894 1896 

Born 1851. Organist of St. Bride's, Fleet Street, E.C. Organist of St. 
David's Cathedral, 1894. Retired through ill-health, 1896. Composer of 
Church Music. 



HERBERT C. MORRIS, M.A., F.R.C.O. 



1896 



Born at Coventry, June 18, 1873. Pupil of Frank Spinney, at Leamington; 
A. H. Brewer, at Coventry ; and Sir Walter Parratt and others, at the Royal 
College of Music. Organist successively at the Parish Church, Kenilworth, 
various Churches in London, and Boscombe Pavilion. Assistant-Organist 
of Manchester Cathedral ; Organist of St. Andrew's, Bath, 1896 ; Organist 
of St. David's Cathedral, 1896. Composer of Anthems, Services, &c. 



SALISBURY. 

There is record of an early Organist, THOMAS, described as "Organista," 
in 1454 ; also THOMAS KNYGHT, " lusor ad organa," circa 1531-1543. SIR 
BECKWYTH is paid " for playing on the organs for the whole year, 26s. 8d., 
l 558-*559'" MR. CHAMBERLAYNE, Organist, paid for the whole year, 
26s. 8d., 1561-1562. 



RICHARD FULLER 



1598 



1598 
1602 



1602 



1610 



JOHN FARRANT ............ 

(See under Ely.) 

JOHN HOLMES ... ... ... ... 

Previously Organist of Winchester Cathedral. Adrian Batten (Organist of 
St. Paul's) and Edward Lowe (Organist of Christ Church, Oxford) were 
among his pupils. Composer of Church Music, Madrigals, &c. Con- 
tributor to " The Triumphs of Oriana." 

ELLIS GIBBONS ............... - 

Brother of Orlando and Edward Gibbons. Born at Cambridge. Composer. 
Contributor to " The Triumphs of Oriana." 

EDWARD TUCKER ............... (?)i626 (?)i638 

Composer of Church Music. The Anthem, " This is the day," generally 
attributed to the Rev. Wm. Tucker (Minor Canon of Westminster, 1660), 
is more probably the composition of Edward Tucker, from the fact that it 
appears in an old MS. Bass part-book, formerly in the possession of the late 
J. S. Bumpus, bearing evidences of belonging to a pre-Restoration period. 
It is there attributed to " Mr. Tucker." 



SALISBURY. ioi 



GILES TOMKINS (Senr.) 1631 1668 

According to the records at Salisbury his appointment there was made 
" Salvo Jure Ed. Tucker, Organiste." He had previously (1629) been 
appointed Altarist. 

Brother of Thomas and John Tomkins. Organist of King's College, Cam- 
bridge, 1624-1626; Salisbury Cathedral, 1631. Reappointed to the latter 
post at the Restoration. Appointed a " Musician for the Virginalls with 
the voices in ordinary" to Charles I., April 2, 1630. Joint-Organist with 
his brother John to the King on his journey to Scotland, 1633. Re- 
appointed a " virginal player " in 1660. Died 1668. 
(See also under Cambridge King's College.) 

MICHAEL WISE 1668 1687 

Born at Salisbury, 1638. Chorister in the Chapel Royal, and afterwards a 
Gentleman of the same, 1675. Organist of Salisbury Cathedral, 1668. 
According to the Cathedral Records there appears to have been some 
trouble between Wise and the authorities there in connection with his 
.duties, and on April 20, 1679, one MlTTERNACHT was appointed to play 
as his deputy, his salary being deducted from that of Wise. Fines are 
recorded against the latter, on several occasions for irregular attendance. 
Appointed Almoner and Master of the Choristers at St. Paul's Cathedral, 
1687. He was a man of very quick temper, and was killed in a quarrel 
with the midnight watch, August 24, 1687.* Composer of Church Music. 
" He is said to have been in great favour with Charles 1 1., and being appointed 
to attend him in progress, claimed, as King's Organist for the time, the 
privilege of playing to his Majesty on the organ, at whatever church he 
went." (Burney's " History of Music.") On one occasion, however, he 
incurred the King's displeasure by interrupting a sermon with a voluntary of 
his own. Notwithstanding his hasty temper, he seems to have exhibited a 
character of some pleasantry, for we are told that when in Charles II. 's 
reign he was asked to set his hand to a petition of which he did not approve 
(it was for the sitting of the Parliament), he wittily answered, " No, gentle- 
men, that is not my business ; but I'll set a tune to it an you please." 
The particulars of his death are said to have been these: " He had quarrelled 
with his wife on some trivial matter, and rushed out of his house. The 
watchman met him while he was boiling with rage, and commanding him 
to stand and give an account of himself, he struck the guardian of the peace 
to the ground, who in return aimed a blow at his assailant with his bill, 
which broke his skull, of the consequence whereof he died." (Hawkins's 
" History of Music.") 

PETER ISAAC(KE) 1688 1692 

(See under Dublin Christ Church Cathedral.) 

DANIEL ROSINGRAVE! 1692 1698 

(See under Dublin Christ Church Cathedral.) 

* No entry of his burial is to be found at Salisbury, and the tradition that his grave was 
once to be found near the West door of the Cathedral is now supposed to have been derived 
from the fact that his wife was buried at that spot. Possibly he died and was buried in 
London, but whether his death was caused by the circumstances mentioned in Hawkir 
" History" there is no substantial evidence to prove. 



t When Rosinerave was appointed, Stephen, Jeffries (of Gloucester Cathedral), Vaughan 
ichardson, and John Freeman were also candidates for the office. Richardson was successful, 
owever, in obtaining the post at Winchester Cathedral vacated by Rosmgrave. 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



ANTHONY WALKELEY ... ... ... (?)i6g8 1717 

Born 1672. Chorister in Wells Cathedral, and afterwards Vicar Choral there. 
Organist of Salisbury Cathedral, (?) 1698. Died at Salisbury, 1717. 
Buried in the Cathedral Nave. A Morning Service by him in E flat is 
included in Tudway's Collection, and some of his Anthems are extant in MS. 
His Morning Service in A was for a long time a favourite at Salisbury. 

EDWARD THOMPSON . ........... 1718 1746 

Was previously a Chorister in Magdalen College, Oxford, and probably an 
articled pupil to his cousin, Thomas Hecht, the Organist there. 

JOHN STEPHENS, Mus.D., Cantab. ,1763 ...... 1746 (7)1780 

Previously a Chorister in Gloucester Cathedral. He conducted the 
Gloucester Festival of 1766. Died at Salisbury, December 15, 1780. 
Buried in the Cathedral, North Aisle of Nave. A volume of his Church 
Music was issued in 1805, edited by Highmore Skeats, Senr. He composed 
one of the four melodies still to be heard on the Gloucester Cathedral 
chimes. 

ROBERT PARRY ............... 1781 1792 

Previously Organist of Wells Cathedral. Two very florid Double Chants by 
him, in E flat and F, are in a Collection edited by George Cleland, 
Organist of St. Mary's (Episcopal) Chapel, Bath, 1823. 

JOSEPH CORFE ............... 1792 1804 

Born at Salisbury, 1740. Chorister in Salisbury Cathedral. Gentleman of 
the Chapel Royal, 1783. Succeeded R. Parry at Salisbury, 1792. Resigned 
in favour of his son, A. T. Corfe, 1804. Died July 29, 1820. Buried 
in the North-West Transept of Cathedral. Composer of Church Music, 
Glees, &c. Author of a treatise on Singing, &c. 

ARTHUR THOMAS CORFE ............ 1804 1863 

Son of the preceding. Born at Salisbury, April 9, 1773. Chorister in 
Westminster Abbey. Pupil of Dr. Cooke and Clementi. Succeeded his 
father at Salisbury. Died suddenly whilst kneeling in prayer at his 
bedside, January 28, 1863. Buried in the Cathedral Cloisters. Composer of 
Church Music, Pianoforte pieces, &c. Author of a book on Harmony and 
Thorough Bass. 

JOHN ELLIOTT RICHARDSON ... . . ... 1863 1881 

Born at Salisbury. Pupil of A. T. Corfe, and Assistant-Organist at 
Salisbury for eighteen years. Succeeded his master, 1863. Resigned the 
appointment owing to ill-health, 1881. Afterwards became Organist of a 
Roman Catholic Church at Bognor. Composer of Church Music. Editor 
of the Salisbury Chant Book, a Collection of Sanctuses and Kyries, and a 
book of Voluntaries for the Organ. 

BERTRAM LUARD-SELBY ............ 1881 1883 

Born at Ightham, Kent, February 12, 1853. Studied at the Leipzig Conser- 
vatorium under Reinecke and Jadassohn. Organist of St. Barnabas, 
Maryleboi<e, and of Highgate School, 1876; Salisbury Cathedral, 1881 ; St. 
John's, Torquay, 1884; St - Barnabas, Pimlico, 1887; St. Andrew's, 
Willesden Green ; All Saints', Norfolk Square ; Rochester Cathedral, 
1900. Director of Music at Bradfield College, Berks, 1916. Died 
December 26, 1918. Composer of Operas, Church Music, Orchestral 
Music, Chamber Music, Organ pieces, Part-songs, Pianoforte pieces, 
Songs, Chamber Music, &c. 



SHEFFIELD SOUTH WELL. 103 



CHARLES FREDERICK SOUTH ......... iSS^ 1916 

Born in London, February 6, 1850. Pupil of his brother, H. J. South, and 
George Cooper, occasional^ deputising for the latter at St. Paul's 
Cathedral. Organist of Aske's Hospital, Hoxton, 1866; St. Augustine 
and St. Faith, E.G., 1868, resigning the latter post on his appointment to 
bahsbury. Conductor for a few years of the Sarum Choral Society. Died 
August 12, 1916. Composer of Church Music. 

WALTER GALPIN ALCOCK, M.V.O., Mus.D., 

Dunelm., F.R.C.0 ............. 1916 

(See under Chapel Royal.) 



SHEFFIELD. 

(PARISH CHURCH OF ST. PETER AND ST. PAUL.) 
SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1914. 

THOMAS WILLIAM HANFORTH, Mus.D., Dunelm., 1892 1 892 

Born at Hunslet, Leeds, March 6, 1867. Chorister in York Minster. 
Pupil of W. H. Garland and Dr. J. Naylor. Organist to Archbishop 
Thomson, 1885. Deputy-Organist of York Minster, 1891. Organist of 
Sheffield Parish Church, 1892. Bandmaster 4th W.R.Y. Vol. Artillery, 
1900-1903. Conductor of various choirs in the district. Composer of 
Church Music, Pianoforte pieces, Organ Music, &c. 



SOUTHWELL. 

(PREVIOUSLY A COLLEGIATE CHURCH.) 
SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1884. 

Before the Reformation the post of Organist at Southwell was held by one of the 
fifteen Vicars. This is confirmed by the mention of one GEORGE VlNCENT, 
who was admitted Vicar Choral in 1505 and was Organist in 1519, the entry in 
records stating that in that year he was " presented " for frequent absence 
from the Choir, " so that the organs are not played." The new statutes, 
ordained by Queen Elizabeth in 1585, which are in force at the present day, 
required the appointment of a " Magister Puerorum " and " Rector Chori," one 
of whose duties was " Organa pulsanda." 

It is to be regretted that, owing to the incomplete and illegible state of 
the record books at Southwell, so little information can be furnished between 
that given above and the eighteenth century. 

JOHN HuTCHINSON was Organist some time before 1633. 
(See under York.) 



104 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



WILLIAM POPELY ... 
Possibly he had been 



1718 
the 
the 



Chorister in Rochester Cathedral, as 

Treasurer's books there contain an entrjF in 1679, ordering that 
sum of ten shillings be given to Popeley to encourage him in his learning 
to play upon the organ." 

Died 1718. Buried in the South Transept of the Cathedral. 

Two Anthems, "Not unto us" and "O be joyful," and a Psalm tune by 
him are included in an old book formerly in the possession of the late 
J. S. Bumpus. 



WILLIAM LEE 



Died 1754. Buried in the South Transept, 
be found in various Collections. 



... 1718 1754 

His Single Chant in G is still to 



SAMUEL WISE, Auditor, officiated as Organist for a short time. This is 
possibly the Samuel Wise who took temporary duty as Organist some 
years earlier at Lincoln Cathedral (see page 65). One of this name 
published a collection of Anthems when Organist of St. Mary's Church, 
Nottingham. 

EDMUND AYRTON, Mus.B., Cantab., nw; (?)Mus.D., 

Oxon., nss 1755 1^64 

Born at Ripon, 1734. Son of Edward Ayrton, Barber Chirnrgeon, of Ripon. 
Pupil of Nares. Succeeded William Lee as Organist at Southwell. Was 
also Auditor of the Cathedral. Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 1764. 
Vicar Choral of St. Paul's Cathedral, 1767. Lay Vicar of Westminster 
Abbey, 1780. Master of the Choristers of the Chapel Royal, 1780-1805. 
Died at 24, James Street, Buckingham Gate, May 22, 1808. Buried in 
the North Cloister of Westminster Abbey. Composer of Church Music, 
Glees, &c. His degree exercise, the Anthem " Begin unto my God with 
timbrels," was sung at St. Paul's Cathedral at the Service of Thanks- 
giving for the close of the American Revolution, 1784. 

"1756. Ap : 22. Mr. Ayrton to have leave to go to London for three 
months further instruction bv Mr. Nares the Organist." 



THOMAS SPOFFORTH .... 1764 1818 

Born 1742. Uncle and Musical Instructor of Reginald Spofforth and of Samuel 
Spofforth. Retired on a pension, 1818. Died May 16, 1826. Buried in the 
South Transept of the Cathedral, to which he was a considerable benefactor. 
A Double Chant in F by him was inserted in Cleland's Bath Collection 
in 1823. 

EDWARD HEATHCOTE ... 1818 1835 

Previously Organist of Bakewell Church, Derbyshire, for the use of which 
he compiled a book of Words of Anthems. Died 1835. Buried in the South- 
East portion of the Cathedral Yard. Set to music the Ordination Hymn, 
" Come, Holy Ghost, Eternal God." Some of his Church Music in MS' is at 
Southwell, including a once popular Service in B flat. 

1818. July 23. Mr. Spofforth allowed 25 per ann : for his long services. 
Ed. Heathcote Organist vice Mr. Spofforth, " to receive the ancient salary 
as Organist, as Rector Chori, and as one of the singing men, making 
together the annual sum of ^"30." 



FREDERICK GUNTON 

(See under Chester.) 



1835 1841 



SOUTHWELL. 



105 



CHAPPELL BATCHELOR 1841 1857 

Born at Southwell, 1822. Chorister in Southwell Cathedral, 1830. King's 
Scholar of the Royal Academy of Music, 1838, under Potter, Goss, and 
others. Organist of Southwell Cathedral, 1841. Resigned 1857, and 
removed to Belper, afterwards to Derby. 

HERBERT STEPHEN IRONS 1857 1872 

Born at Canterbury, January 19, 1834, and Chorister in the Cathedral there, 
of which his father was a Lay Vicar. Pupil of Dr. Stephen Elvey at 
Oxford. Organist and Precentor of St. Columba's College, Rathfarnham, 
1856. Organist of Southwell Cathedral, 1857. Assistant-Organist of 
Chester Cathedral, 1873. Organist of St. Andrew's, Nottingham, 1876. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, &c. His Tunes " Columba " 
(" The sun is sinking fast ") and " Southwell " (" Jerusalem, my happy 
home ") are well-known to most choirs and congregations. 

CEDRIC BUCKNALL, Mus.B., Oxon., isro ... ... 1872 1876 

Some jears Assistant-Organist to Professor W. H. Monk at King's College, 
London, and St. Matthias', Stoke Newington ; Organist of St. Thomas's, 
Clapton, 1870; Organist of Southwell Cathedral, 1872. Resigned 1876, and 
since then Organist of All Saints', Clifton, and of the Clifton Victoria 
Rooms ; also Lecturer on Music at the University. Composer of Church 
Music, Part-songs, &c. 

WILLIAM WEAVER RINGROSE, Mus.B., Oxon., IBTO 1876 1879 
Previously Organist of All Saints', Clifton, where he was succeeded by 
Cedric Bucknall. Shortly after leaving Southwell his mind gave way, and 
he died.* 

ARTHUR MARRIOTT 1879 1888 

Son of Frederick Marriott, Lay Clerk, St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Pupil 
of Sir George Elvey. Resigned the post at Southwell, 1888, and went to 
Denver, America. 

ROBERT WILLIAM LIDDLE 1888 1917 

Born at Durham, March 14, 1864. Chorister in the Cathedral, and afterwards 
pupil of Dr. Armes. Organist of North Berwick Parish Church, 1886; 
Organist of Southwell Cathedral, 1888. Died at Southwell, December 23, 
1917. Buried in the south-east portion of the Churchyard. Like Mr. 
Hubert Hunt (Organist of Bristol Cathedral), Mr. Liddle was also an 
excellent Violinist. .Composer of Church Music. 

HARRY WILLIAM TUPPER, Mus.B., Oxon., is*, 

F.R.C.O ... 19*8 

Born at Dartford, Kent. Pupil of Drs. C. W. Pearce and E. H. Turpin 
and Sir John Stainer. Organist of St. Peter's, Staines, 1889 ; Parish 
Church, Bishop's Stortford, 1891 ; Parish Church, Burton-on-Trent, 
1898. Acting-Organist and Master of the Choristers at Lichfield 
Cathedral for a time during 1904. Organist of Hexham Abbey, 1917 ; 
Southwell Cathedral, 1918. 



These are all the particulars I have been able to gather concerning him. 



106 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

TRURO. 

SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1876. 
NEW CATHEDRAL CONSECRATED IN 1887. 

GEORGE ROBERTSON SINCLAIR ... ... ... 1881 1889 

(See under Hereford.) 

MARK JAMES MONK, Mus.D., Oxon., less; F.R.C.O. 1890 1920 

Born at Hunmanby, March 16, 1858. Chorister in York Cathedral, and after- 
wards pupil of his namesake, Dr. E. G. Monk. Organist of several churches 
in York ; St. John's, Ladywood, Birmingham, 1879 ; Ashby-de-la-Zouch 
Parish Church, 1880 ; Banbury Parish Church, 1883, leaving the latter on 
his appointment to Truro. Conductor of the Diocesan Festivals and of 
various choral bodies. Retired 1920. Composer of Church Music, an 
Elegiac Ode, a Madrigal, pieces for Pianoforte and Organ, &c. 

HUBERT STANLEY MIDDLETON, M.A., Mus.B., 

Cantab., Mao; F.R.C.O. 1920 

Born at Windsor, May n, 1890. Student of the Royal Academy of Music. 
Scholar at Peterhouse, Cambridge. Organist of Truro Cathedral, 1920. 
Conductor of Truro and District Choral and Orchestral Society. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, &c. 



WAKEFIELD. 

(FORMERLY THE PARISH CHURCH OF 
ALL SAINTS.) 

SEE ESTABLISHED IN 1888. 

JOSEPH NAYLOR HARDY, Mus.B., Dunelm., ms- 

F.R.C.O. ... 1886 






Pupil of J. Emmerson (his predecessor at Wakefield), Dr. Spark, Dr. Creser, 
and Dr. Corbett. Organist of the Roman Catholic Chapel, Wakefield, 
1875 ; West Parade Chapel, Wakefield, 1878 ; Parish Church, Wakefield 
now the Cathedral 1886. The Choirmaster of the Cathedral is Matthew 
Henry Peacock, M.A., Mus.D., Oxon. 



WELLS. 



107 



WELLS. 

Much interesting information regarding the early Organists has now been 
made available by means of a recent publication entitled " Calendar of the 
Manuscripts of the Dean and Chapter of Wells" (Hist. MSS. Com.), 
edited by William Paley Baildon, for extracts from which, supplied to 
me privately or contributed to the Musical Times, I owe my best obligations 
to Dr. W. H. Grattan Flood. 

The accounts of Nicholas Taunton, the Communar, for 1428-1430, include 
payment of 135. 4d. per annum to JOHN MARSHALL for keeping and playing 
the Organs. 

RICHARD HYGONS (?) X 4^7 I 57 

Studied under Abyngdon (Succentor of Wells). Died 1509. Composer of 

Church Music. A " Salva Regina " by him is to be found in the Eton 

College MS. 
The Dean and Chapter awarded him, " for his diligent labour and good 

service to the honour of God and St. Andrew, 26s. 8d. annually in 

augmentation of his annual pension from the proceeds of a vacant stall, 

for the term of his life." 

RICHARD BRAMSTON (Temporary Organist) (July 23) 1507 (May) 1508 

Chorister in Wells Cathedral. On January 23, 1507, he was admitted, on 

probation, a Vicar Choral. Appointed permanent Vicar Choral January 

25, 1508, which office he held for some years. Died a short time after the 

Reformation. Composer of Church Music. 

" Master Hygons, with the consent of the Chapter, promised to pay Richard 
Bramston, Vicar Choral, 405. per annum to teach the Choristers to sing 
well and faithfully as Richard Hygons had done in times past, and that 
Richard Bramston would take care of and play at the Organs in the Great 
Choir, and also in the Lady Chapel." 

JOHN CLAUSY, Mus.B., Oxon., 1509 1508 1509 

Died (?) 1509. 

The Sub-Dean and Chapter ordered that John Clausy should have the 
Office of instructing and teaching the Choristers, " et Tabellarios ad 
cantandam et discantandam et singula alia facienda quae ad hujus modi 
officium pertinent." He was also to play the Organ in the Great Choir as 
well as in the Lady Chapel behind the High Altar " temporibus congruis," 
as Richard Hygons had done. 

His payment : 

(a) Four marcs from two vacant stalls. 

(b) All the annual fines and perquisites which would belong to a vicar, 

not perpetuated, during the lifetime of Richard Hygons. 

(c) A house of the annual value of 26/8. 

(d) The payment of a deputy for Richard Hygons as before, 40, - ann., 

with power to appoint a fit deputy, should he become ill or 
too old. 

JOHN GYE (?)i59 J 546 

Vicar Choral. In the Chapter Acts he appears as Organist and Master of 
the Choristers in 1511. In 1512 he was rewarded for "his praiseworthy 
organ-playing and diligent instruction of the boys and choristers." (Dr. 
Grattan Flood, Musical Times, March, 1921.) 



io8 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

WILLIAM LYDE 1559 1561 

Was paid 133. 4d. for keeping the organs, but is mentioned later 
as Organist. At this early period the Keeper of the organs at 
Wells was probably Organist also. There is record of payments of " i3^d. 
for a good song, viz., Te Deum in Englishe which he broughte from 
Harforde" (Hereford?), and " as. 8d. for viii quairs off paper to make 
bokes for to pricke the same songes and others." 

THOMAS TANNER ... ... ... ... ... 1562 I 5^>7 

Was paid 133. 4d. per annum for keeping the organs, 1562-1564. 

MATTHEW NAILER 1568 1578 

Was paid 135. 4d. per annum for keeping the organs. 

ELWAY BEVIN (Vicar Choral) acted as Organist 1578-1588. 
(See under Bristol.) 

JOHN CLERK (Senr.) 1588 

Vicar and Organist. Was suspended for six months, in 1592, for refusing 

the Office ot Escheator. 
John Clerk, Junr., was a Vicar Choral, 1617-1636. 

JAMES WEARE 1608 1613 

Admitted as Vicar Choral and Organist for a year o f probation. In 1609 
he was admitted a perpetual Vicar Choral. 

RICHARD BROWN . 1614 1619 

Admitted Organist and Vicar Choral, March 26, 1614. 

The name of Richard Brown occurs as one of the composers in Barnard's 

MS. Collection at the Royal College ot Music, and also in Clifford's 

Words of Anthems. 

JOHN OKER (or OKEOVER), Mus.B., Oxon.,i633 ... 1619-20 1640 
He was Vicar, Organist, and Master of the Choristers. Organist of 

Gloucester Cathedral, 1640. Reappointed at Wells, 1660. The MS. 

Bass part-book formerly belonging to the late J. S. Bumpus, before 

referred to, contains an Anthem bv John Oker "God shall send forth His 

mercy and truth." His name al-o occurs as a composer in Barnard's MS. 

Collection mentioned above. Some pieces for Viols by him are included 

in the Add MSS., British Museum. 
During this period (in 1620) Dean Meredith gave ;ioo for a new organ, and 

promised a further sum of 100. 

[Between 1644 and the Restoration the Chapter Records are blank 

per Bella Civiha."] 
Reappointed at Wells, 1660. 
In 1662 (after the Restoration) an agreement was drawn up between the 

Dean and Chapter and Kobert Taunton, of Bristol, Organ-Maker, to 

build "a fair, well-tuned, useful double-organ" in the Cathedral, for 

the sum of 800. 

JOHN OKKR (or OKEOVER) 1660 1663 

Reappointed. 



WELLS. 10 g 



JOHN BROWN ]66 (?)]6 

Keeper of the organs. 

Buried May 7, 1674. 

In.ie77 5 was paid to Mr. Hall for two months as Organist, not allowed 
in the accounts for 1674. This was probably Henry Hall (Senr ) who 
was appointed Organist of Exeter Cathedral in the last-mentioned 'year. 

JOHN JACKSON l6?4 l68g 

Admitted Organist and Vicar, his payment being 50 "for this year only " 
He was prev.ously " Instructor in Music to the Chcmsters " at Ely Cathedral. 
An Anthem by him, " The Lord said unto my Lord," is included in the 
Tudway Collection, one in the Ely Collection, and two are to be found in 
Playford's " Cantica Sacra." There is also a Service in C in MS. at 
Wclis, and Organ parts to eight Anthems, &c., in a MS. in the Library of 
the Royal College of Music. 

ROBERT HODGE j688 1689 

Vicar and Organist. Corrected and admonished for breaking windows, July 
5, 1688.* On August 7 of the same year 5 a quarter and the stall of 
Henstridge were appropriated to him, but only during the pleasure of the 
Dean and Chapter. 

He was evidently the Robert Hodge who afterwards became Organist of 
St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, as in 1690 it was " ordered that the stall 
of Henstridge shall be and is hereby given to John Pope, one of the 
Priest-Vicars, being now vacant by the going off of Mr. Robert Hodge, 
late Vicar and Organist." 

(See also under St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.) 
JOHN GEORGE 1690 1712 

Organist, at a salary of 5 a quarter, during the pleasure of the Dean and 
Chapter, and no longer. There is an entry in the Chapter books, "John 
George pro modulandis organis 20." On July i, 1709, " John George, 
the Organist and one of the Vicars, was warned not to leave the Church 
before prayers were ended." 

WILLIAM BRODERIP ... ... ... ... 1713 1726 

Burn 1683. Appointed a Vicar Choral in 1701, and Organist in 1713. 
Pav meats were made to him for "entering Antiphons " and for " tuning 
the organs." Died 1726. A Service in D and an Anthem "God is 
our hope and strength" (written in commemoration of the Peace of 
Utrecht) by him are contained in the Tudway Co'lection. 

WILLIAM EVANS : 1727 1740 

Appointed February 27, 1726-7. 

He was paid $ gs. 6d. for a new Service composed by him and approved 

by Dr. Crey^ton. which was entered in the Choir books. 
An Antnem by him, " Unto Thee, O Lord," is also in the Choir books. 
Died September 22, 1740. Buiied in the South Aisle of Cathedral Nave. 



* In the matter of wind >w-breaking, history appears to have repeated itself among the 
musical staff at Wells. Some years ago the vergers there, when showing visitors round the 
Cathcd al, we e a customed to point out a hole in one of the windows (through St. Ai.drcw's 
nose !) *s tne work of "the Organist of Westminster Abbey " (James Turle) when a Chorister 
of Wells. 



no CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

JOHN BRODERIP 1741 1774 

Son (?) of William Broderip. Vicar Choral (on probation) in 1740, and 
Organist and Master of the Choristers in 1741. In his later years he was 
Organist of Shepton Mallet. Died 1785. Composer of Songs, Psalms, 
Glees, &c. 

ROBERT PARRY ... ... ... ... ... 1774 1781 

(See under Salisbury.) 

DODD PERKINS ... ... ... ... ... 1781 1819 

Died April 9, 1820. Buried in the " Palm Churchyard," Wells. Composer 
of Songs, Glees, &c. Two Chants by him are contained in Dr. Beckvvith's 
Collection. 

WILLIAM PERKINS 1819 1860 

Son of the foregoing. He wrote a Double Chant in E, traditionally 
known at Wells as " Malibran's Chant," from the circumstance of that 
great singer joining in it at Wells Cathedral, August 22, 1830. Died 
November n, 1860. Buried by the side of his father. Two Anthems by 
him, " I cried unto the Lord " and " O Lord, our Governour," are in the 
Cathedral books. 

CHARLES WILLIAMS LAVINGTON 1860 1895 

Born at Wells, February, 1819. Chorister in the Cathedral. Pupil of William 
Perkins, and afterwards of James Turle at Westminster Abbey. Assistant- 
Organist of Wells Cathedral, and, in 1842, Acting-Organist. Appointed to 
the full office on the death of William Perkins; also Organist of the 
Theological College. Died at Wells, October 27, 1895. Buried in the 
Cloister Churchyard. Composer of Anthems, Chants, &c. 

PERCY CARTER BUCK, M.A., Mus.D., Oxon., lesi; 

F.R.C.0 1895 1899 

Born at West Ham, 1871. Chorister in West Ham Parish Church. 
Student of the Guildhall School of Music. Afterwards won an Organ 
Scholarship at the Royal College of Music. Organist successively at 
Kingston-on-Thames and Worcester College, Oxford. Music Master at 
Rugby School. Organist of Wells Cathedral, 1895. Organist of Bristol 
Cathedral, 1899. Director of Music at Harrow School since 1901. 
Professor of Music in Dublin University, 1910-1920. Composer of 
Church Music, Organ Sonatas, Vocal Trios, Songs, &c. Composer and 
Editor of music for School use. Author of a Primer on the Organ. 
Lecturer on Music, &c. 

THOMAS HENRY DAVIS, B.A., Mus.D., Lond.,i9oo 1899 

Priest in Orders. 

Born at Birmingham, September 25, 1867. Educated at King Edward 
School, Birmingham, and afterwards Mathematical Master there. 
Studied music under Dr. Belcher, and was Organist of St. Matthew's, 
Birmingham. Curate of St. Mary's, Warwick, 1892. Priest-Vicar of 
Wells, 1895. Organist, 1899. Prebendary of Combe VIII., 1912. 
Precentor and Canon Residentiary, 1920. Conductor of the Wells 
Musical Association, Wells Orchestral Society, and Street Choral Society. 



WINCHESTER. , ! , 



WINCHESTER. 

The earlier Chapter books of Winchester are incomplete, and do not 
distinguish by name the Organists from among the Lay Clerks, previous to 
the appointment of Christopher Gibbons in 1638. Hence the meagre 
information concerning the Organists before that year. 

At the Restoration it appears that the Organist of Winchester Cathedral, 
although technically a Lay Clerk* (see Preface, p. vi.i, was an important officer 
of the Cathedral staff, being amply rewarded for his services. His salary was 
57 5 s " while that of the Precentor was only 34, a Minor Canon 30, and a 
Lay Clerk 13 IDS. 

JOHN LANGTON ... ... ... ... ... 

Buried in the Cathedral. His stone, formerly in the South Aisle, has now 
disappeared. 



JOHN HOLMES 

(See under Salisbury. > 

(?)JoHN LANT (or LANTE) (?)i6o2 1615 

Buried in the Cathedral. July 28, 1615. (Registers.) 

Thomas Oliphant, in his " Musica Madrigalesca," p. 232, says: " I have a 
MS. book, about 70 years old, containing a number of Catches stated to 
have been collected by John Lant, Org. of Winchester Cathedral, 
d. 1615." 

GEORGE BATH (?)i6i5 1630 

Buried in the Cathedral. 

In the register he is described as Master of the Choristers and Organist. 
His wife was also buried beside him in the Cathedral, " beneath a stone 
which bears, in large characters, a curious Latin inscription, which may 
be rendered as follows : 

' I, George Bath, son of Thomas Bath, 
Also play the organ and teach the Choristers, 
Lament a good wife, Mary, 
Buried here 1625, February 8.'" 
(" Winchester Cathedral, its Monuments and Memorials " Canon 

Vaughan.) 

It now appears that there is no record of GEORGE KING as Organist of the 
Cathedral, although he held that office at the College. 

* It has been pointed out by Dr. Prendergast (the present Organ!.- 1 of Winchester Cathedral) 
that this statement (and that bearing on the same matter in the P.eface) is not strictly correct. 
The Statutes of Henry VIII. specifically required that the Master of the Choristers should 
play the organ "skilfully." The Statutes of Charles I. allowed th- appointment of Mas'er of 
the Ch risters to be made from either the Minor Canons or the Lay Clerks, but the office, 
with denned duties, is entirely distinct and ranks with that of the Minor Canons. At a General 
Chapter Meeting, where the whole cf the Body attend, the official is described as " Organi t 
and Master of the Choristers." 



H2 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

CHRISTOPHER GIBBONS, Mus.D., Oxon 1638 1661 

Organist, not Master of the Choristers. 
(See under Westminster Abbey.) 



The new Chapter met on September 6, 1660, when the name of C. Gibbons 
was still given as Organist, and he appears to have retained the 
appointment, nominally, until June 23, 1661. 

JOHN SILVER ... 1661 (?)i666 

Previously Organist of King's College, Cambridge, 

He had been Master of the Choristers of Winchester Cathedral since 1638, 

and was appointed Organist at the Restoration. From this time the offices 

of Master of the Choristers and Organist were combined. 
The MS. parts of a Service in F and two Anthems by him were in the 

possession of the late J. S. Bumpus. 
The Survey of Houses in the Cathedral Close, July, 1649, includes the 

following : 
" A Howse in the possession of one Mr. Silver, formerly Organist of the 

Cathedrall Church, and did hold the same in right of his place. The said 

Howse consistinge of three chambers and three small roomes, all above 

staires, valued at Forty Shillings p. ann. (&c.) " 
From this it would appear that John Silver had also been Organist before the 

period of the RebeJlion. Probably he undertook the duties of this, office 

from the time Gibbons joined the Royalist Army uniil the Cathedral 

Services were suspended in the Autumn of 1645. 
The name of John Silver also occurs in the records of Dulwich College 

(1627-1631), and Wimborne Minster (in 1663). as Organist. It Cr-nnot 

be ascertained, however, whether all the appointments above-mentioned 

were held by the same person. 

(See also under Cambridge King's College.) 

RANDALL (or RANDOLPH) JEWITT, Mus.B., Dub. 1666 1675 

Son of Randall Jewitt, a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, and one of a 
distinguished family of Chester citizens. 

Chorister in Chester Cathedral. Pupil of Dr. Orlando Gibbons. Organist of 
Christ Church and St. Patrick's Cathedrals, Dublin 1631. Returned to 
England for a short time and became Organist of Chester Cathedral, 
1643. After the siege of Chester he again went to Ireland, and became 
Vicar Choral of Christ Church and St. Patrick's Cathedrals, Dublin. 
Returning a second time to England, he was appointed Alnnner of 
St. Paul's Cathedral, 1660, and Minor Canon and Junior C<udinal 
there, 1661. Organist of Winchester Cathedral, 1666. Died July 3, 
1675. Buried in the North Transept of Winchester Cathedral. 
Composer of Church Music. 

JOHN READING 1675 1681 

Lay Vicar of Lincoln Cathedral, 1667, and Master of the Choristers 

there, 1670. 
Organist of Winchester Cathedral, 1675; Organist of Winchester Cole^e, 

1681. Died at Winchester, 1692. Probably buried in the Cl-isurs of 

Winchester College. Composer of Church Music, and of the Winchester 

College "Graces." * 

(See also under Winchester College.) 

* The words of the Grace " Dulce Domum" are said to have been written by a boy named 
Turner, whilst confined to the College during the holidays for some offence. vSee Kiiby's 
" Annals of Winchesttr College.") 



WINCHESTER. 



From the following letter it would seem that, at this time, the Organist's 
duty as a singer in the choir was taken by another Lay Clerk, who 
objected, apparently, to sing gratuitously: 
" Reverend Sir, 

" Exc^e I pray my presumption in writeing to you, but it is oppression 
causes itt, in way of Appeall to you ; I have faithfully performed my owne 
duty in the Church Service, and because I am unwilling to doe anothers 
I am suspended, and my pay withheld from mee. I humbly appeal to 
your worship, whither it is equitable that I should reade for the Organist 
his Corse, without consideration for the same ; or why I should be imposed 
upon in the performance of this his duty ; this is the true state of my 
condition ; I submitt wholey to your decision in the case, and shall 
willingly obay your order heiein; I confesse whilest Mr. Jewett lived and 
was organist, by your worshipp's Command and order I did willingly 
perform the service for him ; but I humbly conceive now he is dead, that I 
am not bound to doe the same for his successor. If it please your wor? to 
take this into your serious consideration and releive mee herein, I shall (as 
in bounden duty) approve myselfe 

" Your most humble and dutifull Servant 

"THO. WEBB. 
" 2 July, 1676 " These 

Winton To the Reverend Deane 

of Winchester at his house 
in New King Street neere 
Kingsgat in Holborne 

London 
post payed." 
["Cathedral Documents." edited by the Very Rev. R. W. Stephens 

(Dean) and the Rev. F. T. Madge (Minor Canon).] 

There is no record as to how this curious point was settled at that time, but 
it is certain that the duties of the Organist as a singer in the choir have 
now long ceased to be recognised. 

DANIEL ROSINGRAVE 1682 1692 

(See under Dublin Christ Church Cathedral.) 

VAUGHAN RICHARDSON 1692 1729 

Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Pupil of Blow. Temporary Organist 
for a short time at Worcester Cathedral, before his appointment to 
Winchester., Died 1729. Composer of Church Music, Odes, Cantatas, 
Songs, &c. His Anthem, " O how amiable," is still in frequent use in 
all ' choirs and places where they sing." 

The late J. S. Bumpus possessed a volume of music, entirely in Richardson's 
autograph, containing a Service in C, fourteen Anthems, a Song for the 
King (1697), a Song for St. Cecilia's Day, and six Sonatas for Strings. 

JOHN BISHOP 1729 1737 

Born 1665. Pupil of Daniel Rosingrave. Lay Vicar of King's College, 
Cambridge, 1687; also Organist of the same from Michaelmas to Christmas 
of the same year. Organist of Winchester College, 1695; La Y clerk of 
the Cathedral, 1696; afterwards succeeding Vaughan Richardson as 
Organist of the Cathedral.* Died at Winchester, December 19, 1737. 
Buried in the Cloisters of the College Chapel. 

Bishop's lival for the post of Organist at Winchester Cathedral was James Kent, who was 
esteemed a bet er player, but the "age and amiable disposition " of the former, coupled with the 
sympathy felt for some family misfortune he had suffer sd, induced the Dean and Chapter to 
give him the appointment. 



H4 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



Bishop's epitaph in Cloisters of Winchester College : 

H. S. E. 

Johannes Bishop 

Hujus Collegii 

Nee non Ecclesiae Cathedralis Winton, Organista. 

Vir 

Singulari Probitate, 

Integerrima Vit-i, 

Moribus innocuis, 

Musicaeque Scientiae bene peritus; 

Qui 

Postquam huic Collegio 

Per XLII. annos sedulo inserviisset, 

Ad ccelestem chorum placide migravit, 

Decimo Nono Die Decembris, 



Composer of Church Music, a Collection of Airs for two Flutes, daily Grace 
for Winchester College, Hymn, " Te de profundis, summe Rex," &c. Some 
MS. compositions by him are in the British Museum. His fine Service in 
D (with Benedictus) is unpublished. Some of his Anthems were edited by 
Rev. Sir W. H. Cope. 

JAMES KENT .................. 1737 1774 

Son of a glazier. Born at Winchester, March 13, 1700. Chorister in Win- 
chester Cathedral, and afterwards in the Chapel Royal. Organist of Finedon 
Parish Church,* 1717; Trinity College, Cambridge, 1731; Winchester 
Cathedral and College, 1737. Resigned these last two appointments, 1774. 
Died at Winchester, May 6, 1776. Buried in the North Transept of the 
Cathedral. Composer of a number of Services and Anthems, Organ 
pieces, &c. 

"A few years before his death he presented some of his compositions to 
Trinity College, Cambridge, for which he received the thanks of that body, 
from the Master, informing him at the same time that the College had 
voted him a piece of plate, value ten pounds, and desiring to know in what 
form it should be presented. Mr. Kent chose a tankard." (From the 
" Succinct Account " in Arnold's " Cathedral Music ") 

The following paragraph occurs in Bishop Huntingford's (of Hereford) 
account of James Kent, written for Joseph Corfe's edition of the second 
volume of Kent's Anthems, published in 1796. (The autograph of this 
account was in the possession of the late J. S. Bumpus) : 

"As an Organist he was conscientiously diligent, not only in punctual 
attendance at times of Choral Prayers, but also in the more laborious and 
indispensably requisite part of an Organist's duty, the teaching of the boys. 
His manner of playing was neither indecorously rapid, nor heavily slow ; 
but such as became the sanctity of the Church and the solemnity of the 
Service. He was reputed to be one of the best players of Dr. Croft's music 
in the kingdom." 

PETER FUSSELL ... ... ... ... ... 1774 1802 

Pupil of James Kent, eventually succeeding him in the two appointments 
at Winchester. Taught Charles Dibdin (Senr.) his notes at Winchester 
College. Died July, 1802. Buried in the North Transept of the Cathedral. 
Composer of Church Music. His Cantate Service in A was once popular. 

* An organ stool preserved at Finedon Church has the initials " J. K." and the date "1717 " 
carved upon it. 



WINCHESTER. 115 



GEORGE WILLIAM CHARD, Mus.D., Cantab. ,1812 1802 1849 

Born at Winchester, 1765. Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral. Lay Clerk 
and Assistant-Organist of Winchester Cathedral, 1787. Organist of the 
Cathedral and of the College, 1802. Also for some years Organist of 
St. Maurice with St. Mary Kalendar Church, Winchester. Died at 
Winchester, May 23, 1849. Buried in the Cloisters of Winchester College 
Chapel. Composer of Church Music, Glees, &c.* 

An "Offertorio" by him was performed at the Hereford Festival of 1825. 
Dr. Chard (like Dr. Buck, of Norwich) gained some considerable reputa- 
tion as a trainer of boys' voices. 

There is a story extant that he was very fond of hunting, and frequently 
neglected his pupils for this pastime, when his wife used to have to invent 
all sorts of excuses for his non-appearance at lessons. 

BENJAMIN LONG, Mus.B., Oxon., was Deputy-Organist from 
1834 to 1849. 

(See under Winchester College.) 

SAMUEL SEBASTIAN WESLEY, Mus.D., Oxon. ... 1849 1865 
(See under Gloucester.) 

GEORGE BENJAMIN ARNOLD, Mus.D., Oxon., isei; 

F.R.C.0 1865 1902 

Born at Petworth, December 22, 1832. Pupil of Dr. S. S. Wesley. Organist 
of St. Columba's College, Rathfarnham, 1853 ; St. Mary's, Torquay, 1856 ; 
New College, Oxford, 1860; succeeding his master at Winchester 
Cathedral, 1865. Conductor of Dr. Arnold's Choir. Died January 31, 1902. 
There is a mural tablet to his memory in the North Transept of the 
Cathedral. Composer of Oratorios, Cantatas, Church Music, Part-songs, 
Songs, Pianoforte pieces, &c. His Cantata, " Sennacherib," was 
produced at the Gloucester Festival, 1883. 

WILLIAM PRENDERGAST, Mus.D., Oxon., 1904 ... 1902 

Born at Burneston, Yorks, November 4, 1868. Pupil of Dr. Arnold. 
Assistant-Organist of Winchester Cathedral, and Organistof St. Laurence, 
Winchester ; St. Baldred's, North Berwick, 1888 ; St. Paul's, York Place 
Edinburgh, 1891 ; Winchester Cathedral, 1902. General Choirmaster . 
the Winchester Diocesan Choral Association. Conductor of the Cathedral 
Oratorio Choir and Orchestra. President of the Hampshire Association 
of Organists. Composer of Church Music, Part-songs, &c. 



- A number of Services and Anthems by Dr. Chard, in bis autograph, were in the pos, 
of the late J. S. Bumpus. 



n6 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 






WORCESTER. 

For information regarding the earlier Organists of Worcester Cathedral my 
grateful acknowledgments are due to Sir Ivor Atkins, and his valuable 
contribution to the records of the Worcestershire Historical Society, entitled 
" The Early Occupants of the Office of Organist and Master of the Choristers 
of Worcester Cathedral," a work which deals with this subject in a very able 
and exhaustive manner. 

" The earliest mention of an Organist is in the reign of Henry III., when 
the name of THOMAS the Organist occurs as a witness in three Deeds of 
Bedwardine. In 1415 the name of T. HULET is given, and no further 
reference is at present known until 1468." 



RICHARD GRENE ... ... ... ... ... 1468 

" In stipendio Ricardi Grene, Organiste, xl*." 

JOHN HAMPTON 1484 1522 

Probably a son of John Hampton, a Mercer and one of the Bailiffs of 

Worcester in 1477. 
In the Deed of Appointment it is stated that for services past and future he 

is to receive an annual payment of fourteen white loaves (" Menken 

lovus "), fourteen gists of a'e, and the sum of ^3 133. 4d. in equal portions 

each quarter. 
In 1495 ne was rewarded with i " for making of Balades," in connection 

with the King's visit to Worcester. 
A five-part setting of Salve Regina by him is included in the Eton MS. 

DANIEL BOYSE 1522 1540 

He probably held the appointment until the dissolution of the Monastery. 
According to the St. Michael's Accounts he was Churchwarden there 
in 1543- 

RICHARD FISHER 1541 1569 

The first Master of the Choristers, " per cartam Regie Majestatis," under 

the New Foundation. 
Churchwarden of St. Michael's in 1543; "Keeper of the Church Stock," 

and one of the Overseers in 1551. 
Buried January 23, 1568-9. 

JOHN GOLDEN 1569 1581 

Previously a Lay Clerk. His Will was proved in 1581, and may be found 
in extenso in Sir Ivor Atkins's book. 

NATHANIEL GILES 1581 1585 

(See under St. George's Chapel, Windsor.) 

ROBERT COTTERELL 1585 1590 

Previously a Lay Clerk. 

(?) JOHN ToMKINS (probably uncle of the Thomas Tomkins who was 

Organist subsequently), is said to have been Organist in 1590. 
Possibly he officiated for only a short time. 



WORCESTER. ll? 



NATHANIEL PATRICK 

Member of an old Worcester family, and possibly a son of Giles Patrick, a 

Worcester doctor. Buried March 23, 1595. 
His Will is given in Sir Ivor Atkins's book. Composer of Church Music 

and " Songs of Sundrie Natures." Entered at Stationers' Hall as printed 

by Este in 1597. 
His Service in G minor, for many years attributed, in a much altered 

form, to Richard Patrick, has in recent years been revised and published 

in 8vo size by Messrs. Novello. 

JOHN FIDO (OR FIDOW) 1595 1596 

(See under Hereford.) 

THOMAS TOMKINS, Mus.B. Oxon., iw 1596 ^1656 

Son of Thomas Tomkins, Senr., a Vicar-Choral and Organist of 

St. David's Cathedral. Born at St. David's about 1575. 
Possibly a Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Pupil of Bird. Gentleman 

and Organist of the Chapel Royal, 1621 ; afterwards Organist of Worcester 

Cithedral. Died 1656. Buried at Martin Hussingtree, near Worcester. 

Composer of " Musica Deo Sacra et Ecclesiae Anglicanse ; or, Musick 

dedicated to the Honor and Service of God," f and other Church Music, 

Madrigals, pieces for Virginals, &c. 
In 1613-14, and again in 1639-40, Tomkins appears to have been actively 

concerned in the erection of new organs in the Cathedral. 
In 1625, 40 shillings was paid to him " for composing of many songes 

against the Coronation of Kinge Charles." 

From the Treasurer's Accounts, 1643 : 

" To the Mason for tyles, lyme and 

worke, done in repacion of 
Mr. Organist's house, ruined by a canon shott 

When Waller attempted the taking of the city. May 29, 1643 . . . 45. 4d." 



GILES TOMKINS (Junr.) 1661 1662 

Nephew of Thomas Tomkins and son ot Giles Tomkins of Salisbury. 
Born at Salisbury, 1633. Dismissed for absence, April 26, 1662. 

RICHARD BROWNE (Minor Canon) ... ... 1662 1664 

Previously Chorister (1639), Sub-Deacon (1642), and Minor Canon (1644). 
Died 1664. Buried in the South Aisle of the Cathedral Nave. 

RICHARD DAVIS 1664 1688 

He was allowed 408. " for his paines in setting the lesser organs in order 
in the body of the Church." Died 1688. Buried in the North Cloister 
of the Cathedral. 

VAUGHAN RICHARDSON. 

(Temporary Organist, 1686-1688.) Afterwards Organist of Winchester 
Cathedral. 

* His duties, however, must have ceased with the suppression of Choral Service, more 
than ten years bcibie his death. 

t 1 his interesting work consists of five Services and ninety-eight Anthems. In the Preface 
are included directions for counting time and tor the pitch to which organs should be tuned 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



R. CHERINGTON 1688 1724 

In October, 1697, ^ e was ordered to do penance in the Cathedral for 
quarrelling and righting with a Lay Clerk. 

JOHN HODDINOTT ... ... ... ... ... 1724 1731 

Born 1688. Chorister, 1700. Died August 23, 1731. Buried in the North 
Cloister of the Cathedral 

WILLIAM HAYES, Mus.D., Oxon., 1749 ... ... 1731 J 734 

Born at Hanbury, Worcestershire, December, 1706. Chorister in Gloucester 
Cathedral, and afterwards pupil of William Hine. Organist of St. Mary's, 
Shrewsbury, 1729; Worcester Cathedral, 1731; Magdalen College, Oxford, 
1734. Conductor of the Worcester Festival of 1734. University Professor 
of Music, Oxford, 1742. Conductor of the Gloucester Festival of 1763. 
Died at Oxford, July 27, 1777. Buried in the Churchyard of St. Peter-in- 
the-East, Oxford. Composer of Church Music, Cantatas, Odes, &c. 
Author of " Remarks on Mr. Avison's Essay on Musical Expression." 
" After a paralytic stroke, which he bore with Christian resignation for 
nearly three years, in a tottering state, more deranged in health than 
in his faculties, he resigned his breath to Him who had bestowed it, 
in July, 1777, in his 7oth year ; being called from hence by the Lord 
and Giver of Life, to join the Heavenly Choir above, amid the noble 
army of Martyrs, Saints, and Angels, with good men made perfect. "- 
(From a short account of the Author attached to a volume of his Cathedral 
Music, edited by his son, Dr. Philip Hayes.) 

During the period between the resignation of William Hayes and the 
appointment of John Merifield, the duty was filled by one MORLEY 
probably James Morley, Organist of Bristol Cathedral, 1734-1756. 

JOHN MERIFIELD 1734 1747 

Elected November 25, 1734. Commenced duty in March, 1735. 
Died 1748. Buried in the North Cloister of the Cathedral. 

ELIAS ISAAC 1747 1793 

Born 1725. Pupil of Dr. Greene. Conductor for some years of the Worcester 
Festivals. Died July 14, 1793. Buried in the North Cloister of the 
Cathedral. At his funeral the choir sang as an Anthem, Greene's " Lord, 
let me know mine end." Composer of a Cantata, "The Blackbirds." 
There is an Anthem by him in the Books of Durham Cathedral. 

THOMAS PITT 1793 1806 

Chorister in Worcester Cathedral, and afterwards Pupil-Assistant to Isaac, 
succeeding him as Organist of the Cathedral and Conductor of the 
Worcester Festivals. Resigned April 19, 1806. Died April 21, 1806. 
Buried in the North Cloister. Composer of Church Music. Author 
of " A selection of Sacred Music, principally from the Works of Handel, 
inscribed by permission to the Hon. and Rev. The Dean and Chapter 
of the Cathedral Church of Worcester." 

It is related that on one occasion a Lay Clerk of the Cathedral, named 
Griffiths, took offence at Pitt's accompaniment to one of his solos, and 
being a man of rather eccentric manners, he surprised the choir and 
congregation by slamming his book and shouting " Pitt's wrong, Pitt's 
wrong ! " 



WORCESTER. ng 



JEREMIAH CLARKE, Mus.B., Oxon., 1799 1806 1807 

Chorister in Worcester Cathedral. Violinist at the Three Choirs and other 
Festivals. Succeeded Pitt as Cathedral Organist and Conductor of the 
Worcester Festivals. Resigned, 1807. Died at Bromsgrove, May, 1809. 
Composer of Glees, Songs, Harpsichord Sonatas, &c. 

WILLIAM KENGE .. ... ... ... ... 1807 1813 

Conductor of the Worcester Festivals of 1809 and 1812. 
Resigned in 1813. 

CHARLES ERLIN JACKSON CLARKE 1813 1844 

(See under Durham.) 

WILLIAM DONE, Mus.D., Cantuar., ISM 1844 1895 

Born at Worcester, October 4, 1815. Pupil-Assistant to C. E. J. Clarke, 
whom he eventually succeeded as Cathedral Organist. The degree of 
Mus.D. was conferred on him by the Archbishop of Canterbury upon the 
celebration of his Jubilee as Cathedral Organist, in 1894. Conductor of 
the Worcester Festivals from 1845 to 1887, an< ^ f tne Worcester 
Philharmonic Society. Died August 17, 1895. Composer of Church 
Music. 

During Dr. Done's Organistship great improvements were effected in the 
Cathedral Services. A large voluntary choir was formed, and Oratorios 
were performed on special occasions. 

HUGH BLAIR, M.A., ISM ; Mus.D., Cantab., woe... 1895 l8 97 

Born at Worcester, May 26, 1864. Pupil of Dr. Done, and afterwards of 
Professor Macfarren and Dr. Garrett. Organ Scholar at Christ's College, 
Cambridge, 1883. Assistant-Organist of Worcester Cathedral, 1886; 
Acting-Organist, 1889 ; succeeding to the full office on the death of 
Dr. Done, 1895. Conductor of the Worcester Festivals, 1893 and 1896. 
Resigned 1897. Now Organist of Holy Trinity, Marylebone, London. 
Composer of Cantatas, Anthems, Services, Orchestral Music, Organ 
pieces, Part-songs, Violin pieces, &c. 

SIR IVOR ALGERNON ATKINS, Kn l> Mus.D., 

Oxon. ,1920; F.S.A., F.R.C.O.... ... 1897 

Son of Frederick Atkins, Mus.B. Born at Cardiff, November 29, 1869. 
Chorister in Cardiff Parish Church. Pupil of G. R. Sinclair and Assistant- 
Organist to him at Truro and Hereford Cathedrals. Organist of Ludlow 
Parish Church, 1893 ; Worcester Cathedral, 1897. Conductor of the 
Worcester Festivals Knighted, 1921. Composer of a Cantata, " Hymn 
of Faith," Church Music, Part-songs, Songs, &c. Co-Editor, with 
Sir Edward Elgar, of Bach's "St. Matthew" Passion. Editor of 
Bach's " Orgelbiichlein," and other music. 



120 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



YORK, 



LEONARD MASON 

Vicar Choral. 



1520 



JOHN THORNE ... (?)i55o 1573 

He was probably Organist. According to Drake's " Eboracum " he lies 
" buried in the middle aisle, from the West Door." His inscription has 
been quoted by Drake (" Eboracum "), Hawkins (" History of Music "), and 
others, and runs thus: 

Here lyeth Thome, mufician moft perfect in his art, 

In Logick's Lore who did excell ; all vice who fet apart : 

Whose Lief and converfation did all men's Love allure, 

And now doth reign above the Skies in jo>s moft firm and pure. 

Who dyed Decemb. 7, 1573. 

There is a Motet, " Stella coeli extirpavit," by him in Hawkins's " History 
of Music," and other music in Add. MSS., British Museum. His name 
is included in the Catalogue of Great Musicians in Morley's " Introduction 
to Practicall Musicke " (1597). 

JOHN WYRNAL 

Buried under the Window of the Clock (rose window), in the South Transept. 
The following is the inscription on his tomb : 

Muficus et logicus Wyrnal hie jacet ecce Johannes 
Organa namque quafi fecerat ille loqui. 
Translated thus in Hawkins's " History": 

Musician and Logician both, 
John Wyrnal lieth here ; 
Who made the organs erst to speak 
As if, or as it were. 
And in Drake's " Eboracum " : 

Here lies John W>rnal, so well skilled in theArt of Music and speech, that 
he made even the Organ speak. 



KIRBY (or KIRKBY) 



(?)i6 33 



Also buried under the Window of the Clock (Drake) : 

Hie jacet egregius cantor Kirkbius in urna, 

Organa qui fcite tangeret unus erat. 
Edidit infignes cantus modulamine dulci, 

Hujus erat templi g'oria, fplendor, honor. 
Magna hujus fuerat probitas, sapientia, virtus, 

Confilio enituit, moribus, ingenio. 

Translation : " Here lie the ashes of Kirby, an excellent Chanter and incom- 
parable Organist. He sang extraordinary songs to charming tunes. He 
was the boast, glory, and honour of this Church. Great were his probity, 
wisdom, and virtue; and his understanding, morality, and genius remark- 
able." 

JOHN HUTCHINSON ... ... ... ... ... 1633 

Doubtless a relative of Richard Hutchinson, of Durham. John Hutchinson 
was previously Organist of Southwell Minster. There are three Anthems 
by him in the Durham Cathedral Library. Three Anthems by him are 
also included in the Ely Collection, one being entitled the Southwell 
Anthem. The Very Rev. A. P. Purey-Cust, late Dean of York, had in his 



YORK. I2I 



possession some MS. notes by Dr. Naylor upon former Organists of York 
Minster, from which he very kindly favoured me with extracts. Speaking 
of John Hutchinson, Dr. Naylor says: "Canon Raine once shewed me 
a copy of Morley's 'Introduction' (1597), and in it was the name 
J. Hutchinson written in a bold hand, and the Canon said that Hutchinson 
was a former Organist of York Minster." 



J. CHARLES ... 1662 (?)i6gi 

Vol. III. of '-The Cathedral Magazine of Divine Harmony" (York Minster 
Library Collection) contains an Anthem for four voices, " Out of the 
deep, ' composed by " Mr. Charles, late Organist at York." According to 
Dr. Naylor's notes up >n this Anthem, " There are several serious errors in 
the print, and if rectified the Anthem might be considered a fair com- 
position." Also, " From a note beneath the Table of Contents of the above 
volume the date of its publication was probably about 1777-8." Is it not 
poss ble, therefore, 'hat this Anthem is by Charles Quarles, Organist from 
1722-1727? (See below.) 

THOMAS WANLESS, Mus.B., Cantab., IBM ... 1691 

Probably son of John Wanless(e), of Lincoln. In the Chapter books he is 
described as " in musicis expenium." He published at York a collection 
of Words of Anthems sung in the Cathedral. Composer of the " York 
Litany," of which there are different versions extant. An Anthem by him 
is in the Tudway Collection. 



CHARLES MURGATROYD (or MURGETROYD) was Organist in 1715. 
(See under Lincoln.) 

CHARLES QUARLES, Mus.B., Cantab., IBM ... 1722 

Probably s >n of Charles Quarles, the builder of the Organs at Pembroke and 

Christ Colleges, Cambiidgf , in 1707. 
Organist of Trinity College, Cambridge, 1688. Composer of Church Music, 

&c. A " Lesson for the Harpsichord " by him was published by 

Goodison in 1788. 

EDWARD SALISBURY 1727 1734 

Resigned his post at York. Afterwards (1737) Organist of Trinity College, 
Cambridge. 

JAMES NARES, Mus.D., Cantab., ns? 1734 1756 

Brother of Sir George Nares, Justice of Common Pleas. 
Born at Stanwell, 1715. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Pupil of Dr. 
Pepusch. A-si>tant-Organistof St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Organist of 
York Minster in succession to Edward Salisbury. Resigned at York and 
was appointed Organi-t. Master of the Children, and Composer of 
the Chapel Royal. Died in London, February 10, 1783. Buried in 
St. Margaret's, Westminster. Composer of an Ode, Church Music, 
Organ pieces, Harpsichord Lesions, Glees, &c. Author of two treatises 
on Singing and one on the Harpsichord or Organ. Arranger of Six 
Choruses of Handel for the Organ or Harpsichord. 

He was an excel-ent trainer of boys' voices, and some of his Anthems are 
said to have been written to display the fine voices of his young pupils. 



122 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



I am indebted to the late J. S. Bumpus for the following interesting anecdote 
concerning Nares: 

On the resignation of Salisbury in 1734, Nares was chosen to succeed 
him as Organist of York Minster, being then only nineteen. It is 
related, on undoubted authority, that when the old musician first 
saw his intended successor, he said rather angrily: "What! is that 
child to succeed me ? " which being mentioned to the organist-elect, 
he took an early opportunity, on a difficult service being appointed, 
to play it throughout half a note below the pitch, which brought it into 
a very remote key, and went through it without the slightest error. 
Being asked why he did so, he said that he " only wished to show Mr. 
Salisbury what a child could do." 

JOHN CAMIDGE ' 1756 1803 

Born about 1734. Chorister in York Cathedral. Pupil of Dr. Greene and 
Handel. Organist of Doncaster Parish Church, 1755. Succeeded Nares 
at York. Died at York, April 25, 1803. Buried in St. Olave's Churchyard, 
York. Composer of Church Music, " Six Easy Lessons for the Harpsi- 
chord," Glees, Songs, " The Duke of York's March," &c. 

MATTHEW CAMIDGE ... ... ... ... 1803 1842 

Son of the preceding. Born at York, 1764. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. 
Pupil of Nares. Assistant-Organist to his father at York, and afterwards 
Organist. Resigned in 1842. Died October 23, 1844. Buried in 
St. Olave's Churchyard. Composer of Church Music, Sonatas, Marches 
for the Pianoforte, &c. Compiler of a Collection of Tunes, set to Sandy's 
Version of the Psalms, and Author of a " Method of Instruction in Music 
by Questions and Answers," &c. 

JOHN CAMIDGE, Mus.D., Cantab., ms et Can- 

tuar.,i855 ... ... ... ... ... 1842 *859 

Son of the preceding and grandson of the John Camidge before mentioned. 
Born at York, 1790. Pupil of his father. Was Acting-Organist for his 
father some > ears before being appointed his successor. Died September 
21, 1859, having latterly been afflicted with paralysis. Composer of Church 
Music, Glees, &c. 

The large organ, by Hill, was built under his direction, the previous instru- 
ment having perished when the Choir of the Minster was destroyed by fire 
at the hands of a maniac, named Jonathan Martin, in 1829. 

Dr. Camidge was first seized with paralysis on November 28, 1848, whilst 
playing the Evening Service, and never afterwards touched the organ. 
His duties, from that time until his death, were performed by his son, 
Thomas Simpson Camidge. 

At the farewell Service for the Right Rev. Canon Charles E. Camidge, D.D., 
after his consecration as Bishop of Bathurst, at York Minster, on October 
19, 1887, the music included compositions from five generations of the 
Camidge family, relatives of the Bishop. Such a circumstance is probably 
unique in history. The processional hymn was to a tune adapted from a 
short Anthem by John Camidge, Organist of York Minster, 1756-1803. 
The Psalms and Canticles were sung to Chants composed by Matthew 
Camidge, the son of the latter. The Anthem, " Sing unto the Lord," was 
by Dr. Camidge, son of Matthew Camidge. The Kyrie, Creed, Sanctus, 
and Gloria were by John Camidge, grandson of Dr. Camidge, and the 
present Organist of Beverley Minster ; and during the Offertory was sung 
" Be merciful after Thy power," by Thomas S. Camidge, son of Dr. 
Camidge, his Deputy at the Minster, and father of Mr. J. Camidge, of 
Beverley. (See Musical Times, November, 1887.) 



YORK. 



EDWIN GEORGE MONK, Mus.D.,Oxon. ,1856; F.R. A. S. 1859 1883 
Born at Frome, December 13, 1819. Pupil of Henry and George Field, John 
Hullah, Henry Phillips, and afterwards of Professor Macfarren. Organist 
successively of Midsomer-Norton Parish Church, and Christ Church, Frome. 
Organist and Precentor of St. Columba's College, Navan, Ireland, 1844. 
Organist and Music Master of St. Peter's College, Radley, 1848. Organist 
of York Minster, 1859. Retired from the latter post, 1883, and removed 
to Radley. Died January 3, 1900. Composer of two Odes, Church 
Music, Part-songs, &c. Editor of the " Anglican Chant Book," &c. 
Compiler of the libretti of two Oratorios set to music by his friend 
Professor Macfarren. Author of " A Descriptive Account of the York 
Minster Organ " (Novello, 1863). 

Dr. Monk also devoted considerable attention to the study of Astronomy, 
and was a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society. 

JOHN NAYLOR, Mus.D., Oxon., wra 1883 1897 

Born at Stanningley, June 8, 1838. Chorister in Leeds Parish Church, and 
afterwards Assistant-Organist there. Organist of St. Mary's, Scarborough, 
1856 ; All Saints', Scarborough, 1873 ; York Cathedral, 1883. Resigned at 
York, owing to ill-health, 1897. Died May 15, 1897, during a voyage to 
Australia. Composer of Church Cantatas, Services. Anthems, Part-songs, 
&c. 

THOMAS TERTIUS NOBLE 1898 1913 

Born at Bath, May 5, 1867. Organist, at the age of fourteen, of All Saints', 
Colchester, 1881. Pupil of Ed^in Nunn, and afterwards student of the 
Royal College of Music, 1885. Organist of St. John's, Wilton Road, 
London, 1889, and afterwards Assistant-Organist of Trinity College, 
Cambridge. Organist of Ely Cathedral, 1892 ; York Minster, 1898. 
Resigned the appointment at York, and went to America, 1913. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, Songs, Comic Operas, 
Incidental Music to Cambridge " Plays," &c. 

EDWARD CUTHBERT BAIRSTOW, Mus.D., Dunelm., 

MM ; F.K.C.O ... 1913 

Born at Huddersneld, 1874. Pupil of H. Parratt, at Huddersfield, Arthur 
Page, John Farmer, and Sir Frederick Bridge. Organist of All Saints', 
Norfolk Square, London, 1894; Wigan Parish Church, 1899; Leeds 
Parish Church, 1906 ; York Minster, 1913. Conductor of various 
Choral Societies in the North of England. Composer of Church Music, 
Part-songs, Organ pieces, &c. 



124 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



COLLEGIATE CHURCHES AND 
CHAPELS, &c. 

CAMBRIDGE KING'S COLLEGE. 

EDWARD GIBBONS, Mus.B., Cantab, et Oxon. ... 1592 (?)i599 
(See under Bristol.) 



JOHN TOMKINS, Mus.B., Cantab. 



1606 



1619 
or 1621 

His stipend on appointment was 505. a quarter as Organist and us. 8d. for 
instructing the Choristers. The stipend as Organist was afterwards 
augmented to 585. 4d. 

According to the records his payment as Organist ceased in 1619; but his 
name appears from time to time in the list of resident men<bers of the 
College who were entitled to allowances for Commons, until 1621. 
(See also under St. Paul's Cathedral.) 



MATTHEW BARTON .. 1622 



1624 



His stipend on appointment was 505. a quarter ; afterwards augmented to 
58s. 4d. 



GILES TOMKINS 



1626 



(Serir.) ... 1624 

His stipend on appointment was 508. a quarter; afterwards augmented to 
585. 4d. At Christmas, 1626, he received 305. as " nuper Oi ganistae," his 
successor, George Marshall, at the time receiving los. "pro pu^andis 
organis." 

(See also under Salisbury.) 

GEORGE MARSHALL 1626 1627 

He was appointed on the recommendation of the Earl of Sheffield, as 
appears from a letter dated September 29, 1626. Soon afterward:*, how- 
ever, he was granted permission to travel abroad, and was turn shtd with a 
protection, under the College Charter, against a press for the wars. 



JOHN SILVER 



27 



At Michaelmas, 1627, Mr. Silver, Organist, received 305. " pro expensis in 
itinere de Winton." 

(See also under Winchester.) 

HENRY LOOSEMORE, Mus.B., Cantab., I&H) ... 1627 1670 

His stipend on appointment was 2 IDS. a quarter ; at Christmas, 1628, it 

was 3 ; at Lady Day, 1629, 3 6s. 8d. ; and at Lady Day, 1634, 5. At 

Chnsimas, 1627, he received 5 in payment for a new ogan ' ouk. 

He was not appointed Organist of Exeter Cathedral after the Restoration, as 

has frequently been stated, but continued as Organist ot Kings College, 

Cambridge, during the whole of the period from 1627 until his death at 

Cambridge in 16/0, his services and those of the Lay Clerks being retained 

by the College throughout the time of the Commonwealth. Further evidence 

bearing upon this point has been supplied by the following extract from a 



CAMBRIDGE KING'S COLLEGE. 125 

valuable paper on Organs and Organ building at Cambridge in 1606, by 
T. Brocklebank (sometime Bursar and Vice-Provost of King's College t 
Cambridge), which appeared in the Ecclesiologist for 1859 : 

" The year after the Restoration the College set about reviving the Choral 
Service, which had been grievously interrupted by the troubles of the times, 
and we find Mr. Henry Loosemore, the Organist, lending his Chamber 
Organ for use in the Chapel, 355. being charged for its removal thither 
from his room by Lancelot Pease. It did not, however, remain there 
long." 

Compositions by him are included in the Tudway, Ely, and other Collections. 
His pathetic Litany in D minor, first published in Dr. Jebb's " Choral 
Responses and Litanies" (1847), an d afterwards edited by Mr. J. B. Lott, 
Mus.B. (Novello), is still in frequent use in Lichfield Cathedral. 

THOMAS TUDWAY, Mus.D., Cantab. ,no6 1670 1726 

Born about 1650. Is said to have been a Chorister in the Chapel Royal and 
afterwards a Lay Vicar of St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Organist of 
King's College, Cambridge, 1670 ; also Organist to the University and 
of Pembroke Hall. University Professor of Music, 1705. Composer and 
Organist Extraordinary to Queen Anne, 1705. Deprived of his appoint- 
ments owing to some remarks which he made being considered disloyal to 
the Queen, 1706, but re-instated in all these posts the following year.* 
Eventually resigned them in 1726, and spent the latter portion of his life in 
forming, at the instigation of Lord Harley, the valuable collection of 
English Music known as the " Tudway " Collection (British Museum, 
Harleian MSS-, 7337-7342). Died 1730. Composer of Church Music, 
Songs, &c. 

Tudway was an inveterate punster, and part of the offence which deprived 
him of his appointments was a remark complaining of the paucity of the 
patronage of the Chancellor, the Duke of Somerset: "The Chancellor 
rides us all, without a bit in our mouths." 

ROBERT FULLER, Mus.B., Cantab. ,1724 1727 1742 

Also Organist to the University, 1731. Died 1743. Buried in All Saints 

Church. 
There are seven Anthems by him in the Ely Collection. 

JOHN RANDALL, Mus.D., Cantab. ,1756 1743 1799 

Born 1715. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Organist of King's College, 
Cambridge, 1743 ; Trinity College, 1777 ; also Organist to the University 
and Pembroke Hall. University Professor of Music, 1755. Died March 18, 
1799. Buried in St. Benet's Churchyard, Cambridge. Com poser of Church 
Music, Songs, &c. One or two of his Chants are well known at the 
present day. 

JOHN PRATT i?99 l8 55 

Son of Jonas Pratt, a music-dealer. Born at Cambridge, 1772. Chorister in 
King's College, and afterwards pupil of Dr. Randall. Succeeded Randall as 
Organist of King's College and to the University, 1799. Organist ot 
St. Peter's College, 1813. Died at Cambridge, March 9, 1855- Buried in 
the Cambridge Cemetery, Mill Road. Composer of Church Music. 
Compiler of a Collection of Anthems in Score, selected from the works 
of Handel, Haydn, Mozart, and others. 
A Service by Pratt, in E flat, in triple time throughout, was in use some 

years ago at Ely. 

* John Bishop (see under Winchester) officiated as Organist during the vacancy. 






126 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



WILLIAM AMPS, M.A., Cantab 1855 

Organist also of Peterhouse and Christ's College, Cambridge. Conductor 
of the University Musical Society. Resigned the appointment at King's 
College, 1876. Died May 20, 1910. Composer of Pianoforte Sonatas, 
Part-songs, &c. 

ARTHUR HENRY MANN, M.A., Cantab. ; propter 
menta, Mus.D., Oxon., 1882; Hon. R.A.M., 

F.R.C.0 1876 

Born at Norwich, May 16, 1850. Chorister in Norwich Cathedral, and 
Assistant-Organist there to Dr. Z. Buck. Organist of St. Peter's, 
Wolverhampton, 1870; Tettenhall Parish Church, 1871 ; Beverley Minster, 
1875 ; King's College, Cambridge, 1876. Organist to the University, 1897. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ Music, Part-songs, &c. Editor of 
Tallis's Motet for forty voices, and other music. One of the Compilers of 
the Music Catalogue of the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Musical 
Editor of Church of England Hymnal, &c. 



CAMBRIDGE ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE. 

JOHN BRIMBLE was Organist before 1670. 

The inscription on his tomb, in the New Building, Peterborough Cathedral, 
gives the date of his death as July 25, 1670. 

THOMAS WILLIAMS 

was Organist in 1680. There is an Anthem by him, " Arise, arise," in the 
Ely Collection, and two others in the books of King's College, 
Cambridge. 

WILLIAM TIREMAN, Mus.B., Cantab. Feb., 1777, March, 1777 
(See under Trinity College.) 

JONATHAN SHARPE April, 1777 1799 

Probably a relative of Carter Sharpe, Organist of Peterborough Cathedral. 

JOHN CLARKE-WHITFELD, Mus.D., Dub., Cantab., 

et Oxon. 1799 

(See under Hereford.) 

WILLIAM BEALE ... 1820 1821 

(See under Trinity College.) 

SAMUEL MATTHEWS, Mus.B., Cantab 1821 1832 

(See under Trinity College.) 

THOMAS ATTWOOD WALMISLEY, M.A., Mus.D., 

Cantab. 1833 1856 

(See under Trinity College.) 



1820 



CAMBRIDGE TRINITY COLLEGE. 127 

ALFRED BENNETT (Junr.) June, 1856, Dec., 1856 

Only son of Alfred Bennett, Mus.B., Oxon., Organist of New College, 
Oxford. Alfred Bennett, Junr., afterwards became Organist of St. John's 
Church, Calcutta. 

GEORGE MURSELL GARRETT, M.A., Cantab., im ; 

Mus.D., Cantab. ,1867; F.R.C.0 1857 1897 

Born at Winchester, June 8. 1834. Chorister in New College, Oxford. Pupil 
of Dr. S. S. Wesley. Organist of St. Thomas's, Winchester, 1848 ; Holy 
Trinity, Winchester, 1852; Madras Cathedral, 1854; St. John's College, 
Cambridge, 1857. Organist to the University, 1873. M.A., propter 
merita, 1878. University Lecturer in Harmony and Counterpoint, 1883. 
Conductor of St. John's College Musical Society. Died April 8, 1897. 
Buried in the Cambridge Cemetery, Mill Road. Composer of Cantatas, 
Church Music, Organ pieces, Pianoforte pieces, Part-songs, Songs. &c. 
Lecturer on Musical subjects, Editor of a Collection of Chants, &c. 

EDWARD THOMAS SWEETING, Mus.D., Oxon., ISM ; 

F.R.C.0 ... 1897 '901 

Born at Alsager, Cheshire, September 16, 1863. Scholar of the Nationa 
Training School for Music. Organist of St. Mary's, West Kensington, 1874. 
Music Master of Rossall School, 1882. Organist of St. John's College, 
Cambridge, 1897. Organist and Music Master of Winchester College, 
1901. Composer of a Choral Ballad for men's voices, " The Burial of 
Dundee"; a Festal March for Orchestra, Madrigals, Part-songs, Songs, 
pieces for Violin and Pianoforte, &c. 

CYRIL BRADLEY ROOTHAM, M.A., 1901; Mus.D., 

Cantab., 1910 ... ... ... ... ... 1901 

Son of D. W. Rootham, the Conductor for many years of the Bristol 
Madrigal Society. Born at Bristol, October 5, 1875. Pupil of W. F. 
Trimnell and Cedric Bucknall, at Clifton College, and afterwards 
student of the Royal College of Music under Sir Charles Stanford and 
Sir Walter Parratt. Organist successively of Christ Church, Hampstead, 
1898; St. Asaph Cathedral, 1901 ; and St. John's College, Cambridge, 
1901. Composer of an Ode, a Ballad for baritone, a Cantata, 
" Andromeda," Church Music, Part-songs, Organ pieces, Songs, &c. 



CAMBRIDGE TRINITY COLLEGE. 

JOHN HILTON ... ... ... ... ... 1594 

(See under Lincoln.) 

GEORGE MASON 1612 (01629 

Composed, with John Earsden, " The Ayres that were sung and played at 
Brougham Castle in Westmoreland, in the King's Entertainment, given by 
the right honourable the Earl of Cumberland, and his right noble sonnethe 
Lord Clifford." His name is given as one of the composers in Clifford's 
Words of Anthems. 



128 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



ROBERT RAMSEY, Mus.B., Cantab., leie ... ... 1628 (?) 1644 

Was required to compose for his degree a " Canticum " to be performed at 
St. Mary's Church. A Service in F by him is in the Tudway Collection. 
There are also Services, Anthems, &c., at the British Museum, Ely, and 
Peterhouse, Cambridge. Dr. Jebb has included settings of the Litany 
(to English and Latin words), by Ramsey, in his "Choral Responses 
and Litanies." He is also one of the composers mentioned in Clifford's 
Words of Anthems. 



GEORGE LOOSEMORE, Mus.D., Cantab., lees ... 1660 1682 

Probably a son of Henry Loosemore, Organist of King's College, and a 

Chorister there under his father. Anthems by him are to be found in the 

Tudway and Ely Collections. There is a MS. collection of Graces by 

him in the Library of Trinity College. 



ROBERT WILDBORE 



1682 



1688 



Composer of an Anthem, "Almighty and Everlasting God," in the Tudway 
Collection. 

CHARLES QUARLES, Mus.B., Cantab 1688 1709 

(See under York.) 

JOHN BOWMAN 1709 (?) 1730 

THOMAS EBLYN 1730 1731 



J 737 



1737 



1741 



JAMES KENT 

(See 'under Winchester.) 

EDWARD SALISBURY 

(See under York.) 

WILLIAM TIREMAN, Mus.B., Cantab. ,1757 ... 1741 1777 

Organist of Doncaster Parish Church, 1739; Trinity College, Cambridge, 

1741. Also Organist to the University ; of St John's College, Cambridge, 

from February to March, 1777. Died March 16, 1777. Buried in All Saints' 

Church, Cambridge. 

JOHN RANDALL, Mus.D., Cantab. 1777 *799 

(See under King's College ) 

JOHN CLARKE-WHITFELD, Mus.D., Dub., Cantab., 

et Oxon. ... 1799 1820 

(See under Hereford.) 

WILLIAM BEALE 1820 1821 

Born at Landrake, Cornwall, January i, 1784. Chorister in Westminster 
Abbey. Pupil of Drs. Arnold and Cooke. Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 
1816. Organist, successively, of Wandsworth Parish Church and St. John's, 
Clapham Rise. Organist of Trinity and St. John's Colleges, Cambridge, 
1820. Afterwards returned to London, where he died, May 3, 1854, 
Composer of Glees, Madrigals, and one or two pieces of Church Music. 
His Anthem, " Bow down Thine ear," has been edited by Dr. A. H. Mann. 



CAMBRIDGE TRINITY COLLEGE. 129 

SAMUEL MATTHEWS, Mus.B., Cantab., isza ... 1821 1832 

Born 1769. Chorister in Westminster Abbey. Lay Clerk of Winchester 
Cathedral. Organist of Trinity and St. John's Colleges, Cambridge, 1821. 
Died December 9, 1832. Buried in St. Botolph's Churchyard, Cambridge. 
Composer of a Service in D. Arranged and published four Anthems from 
the works of Haydn, Mozart, and others. 

THOMAS ATTWOOD WALMISLEY, M.A.. Cantab., mi-, 

Mus.D., Cantab., 1848 1833 1856 

Born at Westminster, January 21, 1814. Pupil of his father, Thomas Forbes 
Walmisley, and of his godfather, Thomas Attwood. Organist of Croydon 
Church, 1830; Trinity and St. John's Colleges, Cambridge, 1833. University 
Professor of Music, 1836, while he was still in residence for his B. A. degree. 
It is said that about this time he was playing the organ at as many as 
eight services every Sunday twice at each of the following places : King's 
College, Trinity College, St. John's College, and the University Church. 
Died at Caroline Place, Hastings, January 17, 1856. Buried in Fairlight 
Churchyard. Composer of Odes, Church Music, Organ pieces, Songs. 
Duets for Pianoforte and Oboe, &c. His Cathedral music was edited by 
his father, T. Forbes Walmisley. 

It is said that his death was hastened by an unwise indulgence in lethal 
remedies, taken as a sedative to an active brain and over-sensitive mind. 
Inscription on the gravestone of Walmisley : 

" Here lies the body of 
Thomas Attwood Walmisley, 

M.A. and Mus.D., 

Professor of Music 

in the University of Cambridge, 

Born Jan. 2ist, 1814. Died Jan. i7th, 1856. 

He fell asleep in the humble hope that when Christ, Who is our Life, shall 

appear, then shall we also appear with Him in glory." 
There is a memorial brass to him in the Ante-Chapel of Trinity College. 

JOHN LARKIN HOPKINS, Mus.D., Cantab. ... 1856 1873 
(See under Rochester.) 

CHARLES VILLIERS STANFORD, D.C.L., Durham; 
M.A., Cantab., un, (Hon.) Mus.D., Oxon., 
1883; et Cantab., isss ... 1873 1892 

Now SIR CHARLES STANFORD, Kn l . 

Born in Dublin, September 30, 1852. Pupil of Arthur O'Leary and . 
Robert Stewart, and afterwards of Reinecke and F. Kiel. Matriculated at 
Cambridge University, and, in 1873, succeeded Dr. J. L. Hopkins as 
Organist of Trinity College, Cambridge. For some years Conductor of 
the Cambridge Amateur Vocal Guild and Cambridge University Musical 
Society. Professor of Composition and Conductor of the Orchestra at the 
Royal College of Music since its opening in 1883. Conductor of the t 
Choir 1885. University Professor of Music at Cambridge, 1887. Resigne 
the post of Organist of Trinity College, Cambridge, 1892, and removed 
to London. Elected Corresponding Member of the SocietedesCompoMteurs 
de Musique, Paris, 1892. Conductor of Leeds Philharmonic Society , 1897 
Knighted, 1901. Composer of Oratorios, Operas, Cantatas Odes, Incidental 
Music to Plays, Church Music, Orchestral Music Chamber Music, Organ 
pieces, Songs, Pianoforte pieces, &c. Editor of Irish Melodies. Writer 
and Lecturer on Music, &c. 



130 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



ALAN GRAY, LL.M., Cantab., issa Mus.D., 

Cantab., i 1892 

Born at York, December 23, 1855. Studied for the legal profession. Pupil 
(for music) of Dr. E. G. Monk. Organist and Music Master of Wellington 
College, 1883. Organist of Trinity College, Cambridge, 1892. Conductor 
of Cambridge University Musical Society. Composer of Cantatas, Odes, 
Church Music, Orchestral Music, Chamber Music, Sonatas for Organ, 
Songs, &c. Lecturer on Music, &c. 



ETON COLLEGE. 

It is impossible to give a complete and reliable succession of the Organists 
of Eton College, owing to the fact that for two hundred years or more previous 
to 1867 the choir was supplied by that of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and 
the post of Organist was often held by either the Organist or one of the Lay 
Clerks of the latter. In 1867 a separate Choral Establishment and Organist 
were instituted at Eton, the holder of the latter office being designated 
Precentor. 

Much of the information given below is the result of a long and laborious 
search through the College account books, for which I am greatly indebted to 
Mr. Richard Cope, Clerk to the College. 



circa 1575 



JOHN MUNDY (MuNDAY, or MUNDIE), Mus.D., 
Oxon. ... ............ 

(See under St. George's Chapel, Windsor.) 

WILLIAM ELLIS, Mus.B., Oxon .......... 

(See under St. John's College, Oxford.) 

LEONARD WOODSON ............ 1615 1641 

(or later.) 

Lay Clerk of St. George's Chape!, Windsor. 

According to the Chapter Acts of St. George's Chapel (April 5, 1605), 
" It is decreed, at the request of Nathanaell Giles, esquier, Master of the 
Choristers of this free Chapel, that Leonard Woodeson, one of the 
singing-men of the same, shall have the teaching, keeping, dieting, 
ordering, and lodging of the said choristers for so long time as it shall 
be thought meet by the Dean and Chapter. And whensoever the said 
Dean and Chapter shall mislike (sic) therewith then upon one quarter's 
warning from them to be given to the said Nathanatll he shall take 
them again to his own ordering and government as before." 

There is a Te Deum in D minor by him in Barnard's Collection, and two 
Anthems " Arise, O Lord God " and " Hear, O Lord, hear my prayer" 
are included in a MS. collection of Church Music in the Library of the 
Royal College of Music. 

Tne words of the first-named Anthem are given in Clifford's " Divine Service 
and Anthems," 1664 edition. 

A Leonard Wooditeson, probably a son or other descendant, was sworn in 
as a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal on August 15, 1681. 

The accounts for 1642-1646 are missing. 



ETON COLLEGE. 



CHARLES PEARSE I ^ ,5^ 

From 1654 till 1660 an Organist's salary was paid but no name is given. 

BENJAMIN ROGERS, Mus.D., Oxon (?,i66i ^1664 

His name appears in the accounts, but he is not mentioned as Organist. In 
fact, from this time until 1701, the word Organist is not to be found in the 
books. 

(See also under Magdalen College, Oxford.) 

BENJAMIN LAMB circa 1687 

He also held the office of Verger of St. George's Chapel, Windsor. 
Composer of Church Music. Organ pieces, Songs, &c. An Evening Service 
and four Anthems by him are included in the Tudway Collection. His 
Single Chant in F is included in most of the Collections of the present day. 

JOHN WALTER circa 1690 

He may have been Organist, but probably he was merely a Lay Clerk. One 
of the musical instructors of John Weldon. Composer of Church Music. 

FRANCIS PIGOTT (Junr.) (?) I 733 I 75^ 

His name first appears as Organist in 1733. 

(See also under St. George's Chapel, Windsor.) 

EDWARD WEBB ... .. ... ... ... 1756 1788 

(See under St. George's Chapel, Windsor.) 

STEPHEN HEATHER 1788 1831 

Born 1748. Lay Clerk of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and Organist of 
Eton College. Died at Windsor, November 14, 1831. 

JOHN MITCHELL 1831 1867 

Born at Eton, 1809. Chorister, and afterwards Lay Clerk in St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor, and Organist of Eton Collrge. Resigned the latter post 
on the establishment of a separate Choir and Organist, 1867. Died at 
Windsor, January 6, 1892. 

Mitchell sang at the Coronations of George IV., William IV., and Queen 
Victoria, and also at the Jubilee Service in Westminster Abbey, June 21, 
1887. After the latter event Her Majesty the Queen presented him with 
an engraved portrait of herself as a recognition of his long musical services. 

LEIGHTON GEORGE HAYNE, Mus.D., Oxon.,i8eo 1867 1871 

Born at Exeter, February 28, 1836. Organist of Queen's College, Oxford, 

1857; Precentor ditto, 1860. Took Holy Orders, 1861. Coryphaeus of 

Oxford University, 1863. Vicar of Helston, 1866. Precentor of Eton, 1867. 

Rector of Mistley (Essex), 1871. Died at Bradfield (Essex), March 3, 1883. 

Composer of Psalm Tunes, &c. Editor (with the Rev. H. W. Sargeant) of 

"The Merton Tune Book." 
The organ was his special hobby. He had a large instrument of five manuals 

built in the music room of Eton College. This was eventually divided 

between the churches of Mistley and Bradfield. 



132 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



CHARLES DONALD MACLEAN, M.A., Oxon.,i875; 

Mus.D., Oxon., ises 1872 1875 

Born at Cambridge, March 27, 1843. Pupil of Ferdinand Hiller at Cologne. 
Organist of Exeter College, Oxford, 1862. Organist and Director of the 
Music at Eton College, 1872. Resigned the post at Eton and was 
for some years resident in India. Eventually settled in London. Died 
June 23, 1916. Composer of an Oratorio, " Noah," a Cantata, " Sulmala," 
a Requiem Mass, Church Music, Orchestral Music, Chamber Music, Songs, 
Pianoforte pieces, &c. 

SIR JOSEPH BARNEY, Knt., F.R.C.0 1875 1892 

Born at York, August 12, 1838. Chorister in York Minster. Student of the 
Royal Academy of Music. Organist of Mitcham Parish Church for a 
short period, after which he returned to York for four years. Then 
Organist successively of St. Michael's, Queenhithe ; St. James the Less, 
Westminster; and (in 1863) St. Andrew's, Wells Street, London. Musical 
Adviser to Messrs. Novello & Co. Conducted a performance of Bach's 
Passion Music ("St. Matthew") at Westminster Abbey, April 6 (Maundy 
Thursday), 1871. Director of the music at St. Anne's, Soho, 1871. 
Founded " Mr. Joseph Barnby's Choir" in 1867, which afterwards gave its 
performances under the title of "The Oratorio Concerts," and eventually 
amalgamated with M. Gounod's Choir as The (Royal) Albert Hall Choral 
Society. Precentor of Eton College, 1875-1892. Conductor of the Con- 
certs of the Royal Academy of Music, 1886-1888. Principal of the Guildhall 
School of Music, 1892. Conductor of the Cardiff Musical Festivals, 1892 
and 1895. Knighted in 1892. Died suddenly in London, January 28, 1896. 
Composer of a Sacred Idyll, " Rebekah," a setting of Psalm 97, Church 
Music, Part-songs, Trios, Songs, Carols, Organ pieces, &c. Musical Editor 
of the Hymnary, &c. 



CHARLES HARFORD LLOYD, M.A.; Mus.D., Oxon. 1892 
(See under Gloucester.) 



1914 



BASIL JOHNSON, B.A., Oxon., isss; (Hon.) F.R.C.O. 1914 

Son of the Very Rev. G. H. S. Johnson, Dean of Wells. Born at Oxford, 
1861. Educated at Malvern College and Magdalen College, Oxford : 
Organist of the former, Academical Clerk of the latter. Student of the 
Royal College of Music. Organist for a short time at St. James's, 
Norlands, and St. Gabriel's, Pimlico. Organist and Musical Director at 
Rugby School, 1886. Conductor of the Rugby Philharmonic Society for 
twenty-seven years. Examiner for the Associated Board of R.A.M. and 
. R.C.M. Precentor of Eton College, 1914. 



LONDON CHAPEL ROYAL. 133 

LONDON CHAPEL ROYAL (FIRST AT WHITEHALL; 

AFTERWARDS AT ST. JAMES'S) . 

"The old Chapel Royal, Whitehall, was consumed by fire January 5, 
1698; and the new Chapel opened December 9, in the same year. The 
Lhapel Royal, St. James's, was occasionally used in the i6th and lyth 
centuries, but the service was not regularly instituted there until the beginning 
of the i8th century." ("The Old Cheque Book of the Chapel Royal." 
Edited by E. F. Rimbault.) 

The Chapel Royal has generally possessed, until comparatively recently, two 
or more organists at a time, the duties of the office being divided according to 
certain arrangements. 

In the " Orders for the Attendance of the Gentlemen of his Majestes Chapell," 
about the year 1604, occur the following paragraphs concerning the attend- 
ance of the organists: 

" (8.) If ther be above two Organistes at once, two shall allwaies attend : 
if ther be but two in all, then they shall wayte by course, one after another, 
weekly or monethly, as they shall agree betwixt them selves, givinge notice 
to the Subdeane and the Clark of the Check how they do dispose of their 
waytinge, that therby it may be knowne who is at all tymes to be expected 
for the service, and they shalbe subject to such orders, and to such checks, 
in the same manner as the other gentlemen are. 

" (g.) The check for absence from morning prayers, holy dayes, festivall tymes, 
and sermon dayes, shalbe ^d., from evening prayer uppon such dayes and 
their festivall eves 3d., from eveninge prayer ad. 

" (10.) The check for late cominge, viz., after the first Gloria Patri id., after 
the first lesson ad., after the second as for absent from the whole service. " 
(" The Old Cheque Book of the Chapel Royal.") 

The office of Composer to the Chapel Royal was created in 1699, Dr. Blow 
being its first holder.* It has generally, though not always, been held by 
one of the Organists of the Chapel. The holder of the office is expected 
to compose music for the Services on State or other occasions when required 
by the Sovereign. A second Composer's post was established in 1715. 
John Weld in was the first appointed second Composer, his initial 
undertaking being a setting of the Sanctus and Gloria in E flat. 

(?) CHRISTOPHER TYE, Mus.D., Cantab, et Oxon. 1562 

(See under Ely.! 

THOMAS TALLIS (or TALLYS) circa 1545 1585 

Often called the Father of English Church Music. Born about 1520. Is 
supposed to have been a Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Organist of Waltham 
Abbey for some years, until its dissolution, 1540. Gentleman of the Chapel 
Royal, and afterwards Organist of the same. Held letters patent, jointly 
with Bird, for the exclusive right to print music. Died, November 23, 1585. 

* His salary as Composer was 40 per annum. 



134 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



Buried in Greenwich Parish Church. Composer of a large number of works 
for the Church, some with Latin and others with English words. Known at 
the present day chiefly by his harmonies to the old Plain-song Responses, 
called " Tallis's Responses." 

It is said that Tallis was in attendance upon Queen Elizabeth at Greenwich 
Palace at the time when he died. There was an epitaph to him engraved 
upon a brass plate in the chancel of the old church of Greenwich, where he 
was buried. The church was pulled down during the last century, when 
all trace of the brass plate was lost. 

The epitaph occurs, however, in Strype's continuation of Stow's " Survey of 
London/' and is as follows:- - 

Enterred here doth ly a worthy wyght, 

Who for long tyme in musick bore the bell ; 
His name to shew was Thomas Tallis hyght, 

In honest vertuous lyff he dyd excell. 
He served long tyme in Chappel with grete prayse, 

Power sovereygnes reignes (a thing not often seene), 
I mean King Henry and Prince Edward's dayes, 

Quene Marie, and Elizabeth our Quene. 
He maryed was, though children he had none, 
And lyv'd in love full three and thirty yeres 
With loyal sp rwse, whos name yclept was Jone, 
Who here entom'b, him company now bears. 
As he dyd lyve, so also dyd he dy, 

In myld and quyet sort, O happy man, 
To God ful oft for mercy did he cry, 

Wherefore he lyves, let Deth do what he can. 

WILLIAM BYRD (or BIRD) .. ... ... ...(?) 157 2 1623 

(See under Lincoln.) 

WILLIAM BLITHEMVN, Mus.B., Cantab., isse ... 1585 1591 
Master of the Choristers, Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, 1564. Organist of 
the Chapel Royal, 1585. Died 1591. Buried in St. Nicholas Olave Church, 
Queenhithe. Composer of Church Music and pieces for the Organ, 
Virginals, &c. The following Epitaph to him was to be found in 
St. Nicholas Olive Church before the Great Fire : 

Here Blitheman lies, a worthy wight, 

Who feared God above, 

A friend to all, a foe to none, 

Whom rich and poor did love ; 

Of princes chappell gentleman 

Unto his dying day, 

Whom all tooke great delight to heare 

Him on the organs play ; 

Whose passing skill in musicke's art 

A scholar left behind, 

John Bull by name, his master's veine 

Expressing in each kinde ; 

But nothing here continues long, 

Nor resting-place can have, 

His soule departed hence to heaven, 

His body here in grave. 

JOHN BULL, Mus.D., Cantab, et Oxon 1591 (?)i6i3 

Was Joint-Organist with Blitheman, 1588-1591. 
(See under Hereford.) 



LONDON CHAPEL ROYAL. 135 

WILLIAM RANDALL (or RANDOLL) ... circa 1592 (?)i6o3 

Previously a Chorister in Exeter Cathedral. His name first appears as 
Organist in 1592 (Chapel Royal Cheque Book). Composer of Church 
Music. 

ARTHUR COCK (or COCKE), Mus.B., Oxon. ... 1601 1604 
(See under Exeter.) 

ORLANDO GIBBONS, Mus.B., Cantab. ,ieo6; Mus.D., 

Oxon., 1622 ... ... ... ... ... 1604 1625 

Son of William Gibbons, one of the " Wayts " of Cambridge. 

Born at Cambridge, 1583. Chorister in King's College, Cambridge, under 
his brother, Edward Gibbons. Organist of the Chapel Royal, 1604. Organist 
of Westminster Abbey, 1623. Died at Canterbury, June 5, 1625, whilst 
undertaking the commission of Charles I. to direct the music for the 
reception of Henrietta Maria. Buried in the Nave of Canterbury Cathedral. 
Celebrated composer of Church Music, Madrigals, pieces for Virginals, 
Fantasias for Viols, &c. 

Inscription to Orlando Gibbons on the wall of the North Aisle at Canterbury : 

Orlando Gibbons, Cantabridgiae inter Musas et Musicam 

nato, sacrae R. Capellae Organistae, Sphasrarum 

Harmomae digitorum ; pulsu aemulo camionum 

complurium quaeque eum non canunt minus quam 

Canuntor Canditori ; viro integerrimo et cujus 

vita cum arte suavissimus moribus concordissime 

certavit ad nupt : C. R. cum M. P. Doroberii 

accito ictuque heu sanguinis crudo et crudeli 

fato extincto, choroque caelesti transcripto 
die Pentecostes A. D. N. MDCXXV. Elizabetha 

conjux semptemque ex eo liberorum parens, 
tanti vix doloris superstes merentissimo maerentissima posuit. 

Dart's translation : 

To Orlando Gibbons of Cambridge, born among 

the muses and music ; Organist of the Royal Chapel ; 

emulating by the touch of his fingers the harmony 

of the spheres; composer of many hymns which 

sound his praise no less than that of his Maker ; 

a man of integrity whose manner of life and 

sweetness of temper vy'd with that of his art : 

being sent for to Dover to attend the nuptials of 

King Charles and Mary ; he died of the small pox,* and 

was conveyed to the Heavenly choir on Whitsun 
Day, anno 1625. Elizabeth his wife, who bore 
him seven children, little able to survive such a 
loss, to her most deserving Husband hath, with 

tears, erected this monument. 
This inscription is surmounted by a bust of the eminent musician. 

EDMUND HOOPER ...(?)i6o3 1621 

Is said to have succeeded Randall as Organist. 

(See under Westminster Abbey.) 

* Dart's translation is rather free. He renders ictu sanguinis crudo "small-pox" (! !), and 
other writers have copied him. 






136 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

THOMAS TOMKINS, Mus.B., Oxon. ... ... 1621 1656 

(See under Worcester.) 



THOMAS WARROCK (or WARWICK) 1625 

Descendant of an old Cumberland family, and father of Sir Philip Warwick, 
Secretary to the Treasury in the reign of Charles II. Organist of 
Hereford Cathedral, 1586-1589. Gentleman and Organist of the Chapel 
Royal, 1625. In 1641 he appears in the list of the King's musicians as "For 
the Virginall." The year of his death is unknown. Composer of Church 
Music, and a Song in forty parts, which is said to have betn performed 
before Charles I. There are two pieces by him in the Fitzwilliam 
Virginal Book. 

His name appears among the benefactors to the Library of the Vicars 
Choral at Hereford. 

During his appointment as Organist of the Chapel Royal, he had (on March 
29, 1630) to forfeit a month's salary " because he presumed to play 
verses on the organ at service tyme, being formerly inhibited by the Deane 
from doinge the same, by reason of his insufficiency for that solemn 
service." 



WILLIAM CHILD, Mus.D., Oxon., ices 1632 1697 

Born at Bristol, 1606. Pupil of Elway Bevin. Appointed Lay Clerk and 
Organist of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, 16.32 ; Organist of the 
Chapel Royal, 1632. During the Civil Wars be devoted himself to 
composition, and at the Restoration he was reappointed Organist ot 
St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and made Private Musician to Charles II., 
" Chanter of the King's Chapel at Whitehall," retaining his post as one 
of the Organists. As Senior Gentleman, or "Father" of the Chapel 
Royal, he walked first in the procession at the Coronation of 
James II. The Choir of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, was re-paved at 
his expense.* Died March 23, 1697, aged ninety. Buried in the North 
Choir Aisle of St. George's Chapel. Composer of Church Music, Catches, 
Airs, &c. 

His Service in D was a favourite of Charles I. It is more than usually 
intricate for music of that period, and was supposed to have been written 
as a- "teaser" for his choir, who had previously ridiculed the simplicity 
of his music. 

In the Registers of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, occurs the following entry: 
Wm. Child, buried in woollen, March 26th, 1697. 

EPITAPH ON DR. CHILD, at St. George's Chapel, Windsor: 
Heare lyes y bodye of Will. Childe, Doctor of Musick, one of y organists of 
y Chappie Royale at Whitehall, & of His Majestie's Free Chapel at 
Windsor 65 years. He was born in Bristol, and dyed heare y 23rd of 
March, 169^, in y gist yeare of his age. He paved y body of y Quire. 

* ' While he was at St. George's, the salaries of the officers were very much in arrear, and 
Child, not expecting ever to see his, which amounted to some 500, said to one of the Canons 
that he would be glad to take 5 and some bottles of wine for his arrears. The Canons accepted 
this offer, and had sealed articles drawn up confirming the bargain. When James II. came to 
the throne, the arrears in the official salaries were paid off; but Dr. Child had lost all claim, 
owing to his bargain. The Canons, however, released him, on condition of his promising to 
pave the Choir of the Chapel, which he accordingly did, and it is recorded on his tombstone." 
(" Dictionary of National Biography.") 



LONDON CHAPEL ROYAL. 137 



Go, happy soul, and in the seats above, 
Sing endless hymns of thy great Maker's love. 
How fit, in Heavenlie Choirs to bear thy part, 
Before well practised in y sacred art. 
Whilst hearing us sometimes y Choir divine 
Will sure descend, and in our concert join. 
So much y musick thou to us hast given, 
Has made our earth to represent their Heaven." 



CHRISTOPHER GIBBONS, Mus.D., Oxon 1660 1676 

Chief Organist at the Restoration. 

(See also under Westminster Abbey.) 

EDWARD LOWE 1660 1682 

(See under Oxford.) 

JOHN BLOW, Mus.D., Cantuar 1676 1708 

Master of the Children, 1674. Organist, 1676. Composer, 1699. Blow 
was the first Composer to the Chapel Royal, on the creation of that office. 
(See also under Westminster Abbey.) 

HENRY PURCELL 1682 1695 

(See under Westminster Abbey.) 

FRANCIS PIGOTT, Mus.B., Cantab. 1697 J 74 

(See under Magdalen College, Oxford.) 

WILLIAM CROFT, Mus.D., Oxon.... \ 1704 1727 

Organist, 1704. Composer and Master of the Joint-Organists. Croft was 
Children, I 7 o8.f appointed full Organist on 

(See also under Westminster Abbey.) \ Jeremiah Clark's death 

(1707). 



JEREMIAH CLARK 

Joint-Organist with Croft. 

(See also under St. Paul's.) 



1704 1707 



JOHN WELDON 1708 1736 

Organist, 1708. Composer, 1715. (A second Composer's appointment was 

created and Weldon was the first to hold it.) 

Born at Chichester, January 19, 1676. Pupil of John Walter at Eton College, 
and of Henry Purcell. Organist of New College, Oxford, 1694. Gentleman 
Extraordinary of the Chapel Royal, 1701 ; Organist, ditto, 1708. Organist 
of St. Bride's, Fleet Street. Composer (in the second place) to the Chapel 
Royal, 1715. Organist of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, 1726. Died May 7, 
1736. Buried in the Churchyard of St. Paul's, Covent Garden. Composer of 
Church Music, Operas, Songs, Airs for two Flutes and a Bass, &c. 

MAURICE GREENE, Mus.D., Cantab 1727 1755 

Organist and Composer. 

(See under St. Paul's.) 

* These lines were set as a Glee by Robert Hudson, Mus.B., Almoner of St. Paul's, i773-*793- 
t At a salary ot 80 more per anuum " to teacr^them to read, write, and to cast accompts, 
and to play upon the organs, and to compose music." 



138 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

JONATHAN MARTIN ... ... ... ... ... 1736 J737 

Organist. 

Born 1715. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Pupil of Thomas Rosingrave. 
Sometime Deputy-Organist of St. George's, Hanover Square. Organist of 
the Chapel Royal, 1736. Died in London (of consumption), April 4, 
1737. Buried in the Cloisters of Westminster Abbey. 

JOHN TRAVERS 1737 1758 

Organist. 

Born about 1703. Chorister in St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Pupil of 
Dr. Greene and Dr. Pepusch. Organist of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, 
1726, and afterwards of Fulham Parish Church. Organist of the Chapel 
Royal, 1737. Died 1758. Composer of Church Music, Songs, Organ 
pieces, &c. 

JAMES NARES, Mus.D., Cantab 1756 1783 

Organist and Composer, 1756. Master of the Children, 1757-1780. 
(See also under York.) 

WILLIAM BOYCE, Mus.D., Cantab., ma 1758 1779 

Composer, 1736. Organist, 1758. 

Born in London, 1710. Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral. Pupil of Dr. 
Greene and Dr. Pepusch. Organist of Oxford Chapel, 1734; St. Michael's, 
Cornhill, 1736. Composer to the Chapel Royal, 1736. Organist of All 
Hallows' the Great and Less, Thames Street, 1749. Master of the Royal 
Band of Music, 1755. Organist of the Chapel Royal, 1758. Died at 
Kensington, February 7, 1779. Buried in St. Paul's Cathedral. Com- 
poser of Church Music, Masques, Odes, Sonatas, Concertos, and other 
Instrumental Music, Songs, Duets, &c. 

Compiler of Boyce's well-known Collection of Cathedral Music, which was 
commenced by Dr. Greene, but upon the failure of the latter's health the 
collected material was handed over by him to Dr. Boyce, with the request 
that he (Dr. Boyce) would complete it. 

THOMAS SANDERS DUPUIS, Mus.D., Oxon., 1790 1779 1796 

Organist and Composer. 

Born, in London, of an old Huguenot family, November 5, 1733. Chorister 
in the Chapel Royal. Pupil of Gates and Travers. Organist of Charlotte 
Street Chapel, 1773. Organist and Composer to the Chapel Royal, 1779. 
Died, through an overdose of opium, at King's Row, Park Lane, London. 
July 17, 1796. Buried in the West Cloister, Westminster Abbey. Com- 
poser of Church Music, Organ pieces, Pianoforte pieces, Songs, &c. 

SAMUEL ARNOLD, Mus.D., Oxon. 1783 1802 

Organist and Composer. 

(See under Westminster Abbey.) 

CHARLES KNYVETT 1796 1822 

Organist. 

Born February 22, 1752. Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 1786. Organized, 
with S. Harrison, the Vocal Concerts, 1791. Organist of the Chapel Royal, 
1796. Died in London, January 19,1822. Compcser of Glees, Catches, 
Rounds, &c. 



LONDON CHAPEL ROYAL. 139 

JOHN STAFFORD SMITH ... 1802 1836 

Organist, 1802. Master of the Children, 1805-1817. 

Son of Martin Smith, Organist of Gloucester Cathedral. Born at Gloucester, 
1750. Pupil of his father, and afterwards of Dr. Boyce. Gentleman 
of the Chapel Royal, 1784. Organist at the Gloucester Festival of 

1790. Lay Clerk of Westminster Abbey, 1794. Organist of the Chapel 
Royal, 1802; Master of the Children and " Lutenist," ditto, 1805 until 
1817. Died September 21, 1836. Composer of Church Music, Glees, &c. 
Editor of" Musica Antiqua," Songs, &c. 

Smith greatly assisted Hawkins in the compilation of his " History of Music," 
by lending him old and rare MSS., of which he possessed a large and 
interesting collection. His extensive and valuable Musical Library was 
sold by auction in 1844. 

SIR GEORGE THOMAS SMART, Kn 1 ... ... 1822 1867 

Organist, 1822. Composer, 1838. 

Born in London, May 10, 1776. Chorister in the Ch.-ipel Royal. Pupil of 
Dupuis and Ayrton. Organist of St. James's Chapel, Hampstead Road, 

1791. Knighted at Dublin, 181 1. Conductor of the Philharmonic Society, 
1813-1844. Organist of the Chapel Royal, 1822; Composer to the same, 
1838. Conductor of the principal Musical Festivals of the time. Died 
at 12, Bedford Square, London, February 23, 1867. Buried in the cata- 
combs, Kensal Green Cemetery. Composer of Church Music, Glees, 
Sonatinas for the Pianoforte. Editor of a Collection of Madrigals, &c. 

THOMAS ATTWOOD ... ... ... ... .-. 1836 1838 

Composer, 1796. Organist, 1836. 
(See under St. Paul's.) 

JOHN BERNARD SALE ... 1838 1856 

Organist. 

Born at Windsor, 1779. Chorister in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and in 
Eton College. Lay Vicar of Westminster Abbey, 1800. Gentleman of the 
Chapel Royal, 1803. Organist of St. Margaret's, Westminster, 1809. 
Instructor in Music to H.M. the Queen. Organist of the Chapel Ro\al, 
1838. Died in London, September 16, 1856. Editor of " Psalms and 
Hymns for the Service of the Church," Glees, Songs, &c. 

GEORGE COOPER (Junr.) ... ... 1856 1876 

Organist. 

Son of George Cooper (Senr.), Assistant-Organist of St. Paul's and Organist 
of St. Sepulchre's, Holborn. Born in London, July 7, 1820. Organist of 
St. Benets, Paul's Wharf, 1833; St. Anne and St. Agnes', 1836; St. 
Sepulchre's, Holborn, 1843; Christ's Hospital, 1845; Chapel Royal, 1856. 
Assistant Organist for a time at St. Paul's Cathedral. Died in London, 
October 2, 1876. Buried in Kensal Green Cemetery. Composer of Part- 
songs, Songs, Psalm Tunes, Chants, &c. Compiler of "The Organist's 
Assistant " and " The Organist's Manual." 

CHARLES SHERWOOD JEKYLL ... 1876 1891 

Organist and Composer. 

Born at Westminster, November 29, 1842. Chorister in Westminster Abbey. 
Pupil of James Coward and Sir G. A. Macfarren. Organist of St. Pauls, 
Kensington, 1857; Assistant-Organist of Westminster Abbey, 1860-1875; 
Organist of Acton Parish Church, 1860; St. George's, Hanover Square, 
1861 Organist and Composer to the Chapel Royal, 1876. Retired 1891. 
Died'in London, November 7, 1914- Composer of Church Music, Part- 
songs, Songs, Organ pieces, Pianoforte pieces, &c. 



140 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

WILLIAM CRESER, Mus.D., Oxon., isso; F.R.C.O. 1891 1901 

Organist and Composer. 

Born at York, 1844. Chorister in York Cathedral. Pupil of Sir G. A. 
Macfarren. Organist successively of Holy Trinity, Micklegate, York; 
St. Paul's, York; St. Andrew's, Grinton ; St. Martin's, Scarborough, 1875; 
Leeds Parish Church, 1881. Organist and Composer to the Chapel Royal, 
1891. Retired, 1902. Conductor of the Western Madrigal Society, 1896. 
Composer of an Oratorio " Micaiah," an Operetta " Naxine," Cantatas, 
Church Music, Orchestral Music, Organ pieces, Chamber Music, &c. 

WALTER GALPIN ALCOCK, M.V.O., Mus.D., 

Dunelm., IMS; F.R.C.O. ... ... ... 1902 1916 

Born at Edenbridge, Kent, 1861. Society of Arts Scholar of the National 
Training School for Music, 1876. Organist of Twickenham Parish 
Church, 1880 ; Quebec Chapel, W., 1887 ; Holy Trinity, Sloane Square, 
1895. Assistant-Organist of Westminster Abbey, 1896-1916. Organist 
of the Chapel Royal, 1902 ; Salisbury Cathedral, 1916. Organist at the 
Coronations of King Edward VII. and King George V. Professor of 
the Organ at the Royal College of Music, 1893. Composer of Church 
Music, including a setting of the Sanctus for the Coronation of King 
George V., Part-songs, Songs, Organ pieces, &c. Author of a Primer on 
the Organ. 



CHARLES HARFORD LLOYD, M.A., Mus.D., Oxon. 1916 1919 
(See under Gloucester.) 

EDGAR STANLEY ROPER, B.A., Cantab., 1902 ; 

Mus.B., Cantab., is3 ; F.R.C.O 1919 

Born at Croydon, December 23, 1878. Chorister in Westminster Abbey, 
1887-1893. Pupilof Sir Frederick Bridge, 1896-1899. Organ-Scholar 
of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 1899-1903. Studied at Cambridge 
under Sir Charles Stanford, Dr. Sweeting, and Dr. E. W. Naylor. 
Stewart of Rannoch Scholar, 1900-1903. Organist of St. Paul's, 
Hammersmith, 1903-1912. Assistant-Organist of the Chapel Royal, 
.1905-1916. Organist to the Danish Service, Marlborough House, 
1909-1919; St. Stephen's, Walbrook, 1912-1919. Musical Director of 
Bishopsgate Institute, 1913. Assistant-Organist of Westminster Abbey, 
1917. Professor at Trinity College of Music. Conductor of Lothbury 
and Stock Exchange Male Choirs. Organist and Composer to the 
Chapel Royal, 1919. 



____^^ LONDON TEMPLE CHURCH. 14, 

LONDON TEMPLE CHURCH. 

Cathedral Service was first established here on the Restoration of the Cl.urcb 
and removal of the organ from the West Gallery to its present position, in- 
1842. For the sake of completeness, however, a record is given of the 
Organists from 1688, when Father Smith's organ was finally accepted by the 
Benchers.* This record is based upon a list of the Organists given in Mr. 
Edmund Macrory's interesting little book, entitled "A Few Notes on the 
Temple Organ," where may also be found a long Agreement between the 
Hon. Societies of the Inner and Middle Temple and the first mentioned 
Organist, Francis Pigott. 

FRANCIS PIGOTT, Mus.B., Cantab. 1688 1704 

(See under Magdalen College, Oxford.) 

J. PIGOTT .. 1704 

Son of the preceding. 

According to Hawkins's History of Music he came into a large fortune upon 
the death of a relative Dr. John Felling, Rector of St. Anne, Westminster 
(Soho) and either retired or performed his duties by deputy. Died 1726. 

CHARLES JOHN STANLEY, Mus.B., Oxon., 1729 ... 1734 1786 

The famous blind Organist. 

Born in London, January 17, 1713. Became blind from an accident when 
about two years old. Pupil of John Reading and Dr. Greene. Organist of 
All Hallows', Bread Street, 1724; St. Andrew's, Holborn. 1726; and 
Temple Church, 1734. Succeeded Dr. Boyce as Master of the Ro>al Band 
of Music, 1779. Died in London, May 19, 1786. Composer of three 
Oratorios, Church Music, Cantatas, Songs, Concertos, &c., for Strings, 
Organ Voluntaries, Concertos for Harpsichord or Organ, &c. 

JAMES VINCENT! 1737 1749 

Died October 6, 1749. 

JOHN JONES! ... ... ... ... ... 1749 !?96 

(See under St. Paul's.) 

RICHARD JOHN SAMUEL STEVENS 1786 1810 

(The well known Glee Composer.) 

Born in London, March 27, 1757- Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral. 
Organist of the Temple Church, 1786; Charterhouse, 1796. Grrsham 
Professor of Music, 1801. Resigned the Organistship of the Temple 
Church, March 25, 1810. Died at Peckham, September 23, 1837. 
Composer of Glees, Songs, &c. Compiler of a selection of Sacred Music. 

Miss EMILY DOWDING ... 1796 1814 

GEORGE PRICE 1814 1826 



Died 1826. 



ircumstances of the competition between the two organ builders, " Father Smith' 
tus Harris, for supplying the Temple Organ at this period are too well known t. 



* The c 
and Renatus 
need a description here. 

t Colleagues of John Stanley. 



142 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

GEORGE WARNE 1826 1843 

Born 1792. He was blind. Retired from the post, 1843. Di ed at Bath, 
October 29, 1868. Composer of a " Set of Psalm Tunes, as sung at the 
Temple Church, London" (1838), several Songs, and Pianoforte pieces. 

EDWARD JOHN HOPKINS, Mus.D., Cantuar., i882: 

F.R.C.0 1843 1898 

Brother of John Hopkins, of Rochester Cathedral, and cousin of Dr. J. L. 
Hopkins, of Rochester and Trinity College, Cambridge. Born at 
Westminster, June 30, 1818. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Pupil of 
Thomas Forbes Walmisley (the father of Dr. T. A. Walmisley). Organist 
of Mitcham Parish Church, 1834; St. Peter's, Islington, 1838; St. Luke's, 
Berwick Street, 1841 ; Temple Church, 1843. Retired from the latter post, 
1898. One of the Founders of the (Royal) College of Organists. Granted 
the honorary degree of Mus.D. by the Archbishop of Canterbury, 1882. A 
testimonial was presented to him on attaining his Jubilee as an Organist 
in 1884, and also on his completion of fifty years office as Organist to the 
Temple Church in 1893. He was for many years Professor of the 
Organ at the Royal Normal College for the Blind, Norwood. 
Died February 4, 1901. Buried in Hampstead Cemetery. Composer of 
Church Music, Organ pieces, Madrigals, Songs, Part-songs, &c. Arranger 
of Organ Music. Editor of Madrigals, Organ pieces, Hymnals, Chant 
Books, &c. Joint-Author, with Dr. E. F. Rimbault, of " The Organ: its 
History and Construction "; and Author of a similar work to be issued by 
Messrs. Novello. Lecturer on various musical subjects. 

HENRY WALFORD DAVIES, Mus.D., Cantab., IKW 1898 

Born at Oswestry, September 6, 1869. Chorister in St. George's Chapel, 
Windsor. Pupil of Sir Walter Parratt. Student of the Royal College of 
Music. Assistant-Organist of St. George's Chapel, Windsor; also Organist 
of Park Chapel, Windsor. Organist of St. Anne's, Soho, 1890; Christ 
Church, Hampstead, 1891 ; Temple Church, 1898. Associate and sometime 
Professor of the Royal College of Music. Conductor for some years of 
the Bach Choir, London. During the Great War he undertook the 
organization of musical work among the Forces, and in 1918 was granted 
the military rank of Major. Appointed Professor of Music in the 
University of Wales, 1919. Composer of Cantatas, Church Music, Organ 
pieces, Orchestral and Chamber Music, Songs, &c. 



LONDON WESTMINSTER ABBEY. 

The names of John Howe, 1549, and Master Whitt (or White ?) 1560, were 
given as Organists in the first edition ; but they were probably makers or 
repairers of the organs. 

JOHN TAYLOR 1562 1569 

Also Master of the Choristers. 

ROBERT WHITE (or WHYTE), B.A., Mus.B., 

Cantab. ... ... ... ... ... 1570 *574 

(See under Ely.) 



LONDON WESTMINSTER ABBEY. 143 



HENRY LEEVE I575 

Also Master of the Choristers. 

EDMUND HOOPER . (Master of the Choristers 1588} 
(Organist ... 1606) 

Supposed to be the first regular appointment of Organist at the Abbey. 

Born at North Halberton, Devon, and said to have been a Chorister in 
Exeter Cathedral. Died July 14, 1621. Buried in the Abbey Cloisters. 
Also Gentleman and Organist of the Chapel Royal. Composer of Church 
Music. Contributor to Este's " Whole Booke of Psalms." 

His Patent (for life) from the Dean and Chapter as Organist of Westminster 
Abbey bears the date May g, 1606, one having previously been taken out 
by him as Master of the Choristers on December 3, 1588. 

According to the Abbey records he was occasionally employed in " mending 
the organs" and " pricking new song-books." 

JOHN PARSONS 1621 1623 

Previously one of the Parish Clerks and Organist of St. Margaret's, 

Westminster. 

His salary at Westminster Abbey was 16 per annum as Organist, and 
36 135. 4d. for " teaching and finding the children." Died July, 1623. 
Buried in the Abbey Cloisters. A Burial Service by him is included 
in Ed. Lowe's "Review" of his "Short Directions for the performance 
of the Cathedral Service." 

Camden's " Remaines concerning Britain" (16571 contains the following 
epitaph upon Parsons* : 

Death passing by and hearing Parsons play 
Stood much amazed at his depth of skill, 
And said, " This artist must with me away," 
For death bereaves us of the better still ; 
But let the quire, while he keeps time, sing on, 
For Parsons rests, his service being done. 

ORLANDO GIBBONS, Mus.B., Cantab. ; Mus.D., 

Oxon ... 1623 1625 

(See under Chapel Royal.) 

THOMAS DAY 1625 1632 

Also Master of the Choristers. 

In 1612 he was one of the musicians to Prince Henry, and when Charles I. 
came to the throne he served him in a similar capacity. Master of the 
Children of the Chapel Royal, 1637. Died about l6 54- 

RICHARD PORTMAN . 1633 (?)i 6 4 8 

Pupil of Orlando Gibbons, and succeeded Thomas Day as Organist. 
Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 1638. According to the Abbey records 
his salary as Organist continued until 164.8. Died November, 1659. He 
is said to have lived some time in France with the then Dean of 
Westminster, The Very Rev. Dr. Williams, who was a patron of music 
and musicians. Composer of Church Music. One of the composers 
of Services in Clifford's Collection. There is a complete Service by him 
in the Tudway Collection. 



Hawkins assigns this epitaph to Robert Parsons, but it more probably refcn to John. 



i 4 4 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



CHRISTOPHER GIBBONS, Mus.D., Oxon. { KsS } 1660 i666f 

Son of Orlando Gibbons. Born 1615. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. 
Pupil of his uncle, Edward Gibbons, at Exeter. Organist of Winchester 
Cathedral from 1638 until the Rebellion, when he joined the Royalist Army. 
His appointment at Winchester appears to have been retained (nominally 
at all events) until June 23, 1661. (See under Winchester.) At the 
Restoration he became Organist of Westminster Abbey and the Chapel 
Royal, and was appointed one of the Musicians of the Virginals to 
Charles II., in the place of Thomas Warwick. Died October 20, 1676. 
Buried in the Abbey Cloisters. Composer of Church Music, an Act Song 
(performed for his Degree), Music to a Masque, &c. 

According to Wood, he was " a grand debauchee. He would often sleep at 
Morning Prayer when he was to play the organ." 

It is said that he carried the 1,000 lent to the King by his urcle Edward. 
(See also under Exeter.) 

The Royal Letter to the University of Oxford, directing them to confer the 
degree of Doctor of Music on Christopher Gibbons, is as follows: 

" Whereas the bearer, Christopher Gibbons, one of the Organists of our 
Royal Chapel, hath from his youth, served our royal Father and ourselves, 
and hath so well improved himself in musick as well in our judgement 
as the judgement of all men well skilled in the science, as that he may 
worthily receive the honor and degree of Doctor therein. We in con- 
sideration of his merit and fitness thereunto, have thought fit by these our 
Letters to recommend him unto you, and to signify our gracious pleasure 
to you that he' be forthwith admitted and created Doctor in Music." 

On the occasion of his being created Doctor of Music the Dean and 
Chapter of Westminster made him a present of 5. 

ALBERTUS BRYAN (BRIAN or BRYNE) ... ... 1666 i668f 

(See under St. Paul's.) 

JOHN BLOW, Mus.D., Cantuar., 1577 ... ... i668t 1679! 

'Born at North Collingham, or Newark-on-Trent, 1648 or 1649.} Probably 
educated in the Song-School, Newark-on-Trent. Chorister in the Chapel 
Royal at the Restoration. Pupil of Captain Cooke and Dr. Christopher 
Gibbons. Organist of Westminster Abbey, 1668. Gentleman of the Chapel 
Royal, 1673. Master of the Children of the Chapel Royal, 1674. Organist 
of the Chapel Royal, 1676. Resigned the organistship of West- 
minster Abbey in favour of his pupil, Henry Purcell, 1679. Member 
of the Royal Band of James II., 1685. Almoner and Master of the 
Choristers of St. Paul's Cathedral, 1687-1693. Re-appointed Organist ot 
Westminster Abbey on the death of Purcell, 1695. (See page 145.) Tuner 
of the Regals, &c., to the King, in succession to Henry Purcell, 1695. 

* The name of Thomas Warwick (Warrock) was given here as Organist in the first edition. 
He was Organist of the Chapel Royal at this period, but the statement of Anthony a Wood 
that he was Organist of Westminster A bbey now appears to be unsupported by evidence in the 
Abbey Records. 

j- For these amended figures, which are now correctly printed for the first time, I am 
indebted to Rev. Minor Canon Westlake, Custodian of the Abbey Records. That they were 
wrongly given in the first edition of this book and elsewhere is undoubtedly owing to the fact 
thit the Treasurer's accounts ran from Michaelmas to Michaelmas in each year, and are 
incorrectly labelled outside. 

t No record is known of his birth. He was baptized in the Parish Church of Newark-on- 
Trent, February 23, 1649. (Dr. W. H. Gumming*, "Proceedings of the Mus. Assoc.," 
March 16, 1909.) 



LONDON WESTMINSTER ABBEY. 145 

Composer of the Chapel Royal (the first appointed to that office), 1600. 
Died October i, 1708. Buried in North Aisle of the Choir of the Abbey, 
where a tablet is erected to his memory. On his tombstone is engraved an 
open book, showing the "Gloria Patri " from his Service in Gamut. 
Composer of Church Music (much of which unfortunately has never been 
published), an "Ode for St. Cecilia's Day," an "Elegy on Queen Mary " 
Lessons for the Harpsichord, &c. 

When the late Emperor of Brazil visited Westminster Abbey some years 
ago, the first thing he asked Dean Stanley to show him was Dr. Blow's 
monument. 

In the epistle dedicatory to his " Amphion Anglicus" (a collection of songs) 
to the Princess Ann of Denmark, the author (Blow) informs her Royal 
Highness that he was preparing to publish his Church Services and Divine 
Compositions. It seems, however, that he did not live to carry out this 
design. From some verses prefixed to this Collection, it appears that a 
Canon composed by Blow had been much admired at Rome : 

His Gloria Patri long ago reach 'd Rome ; 

Sung and rever'd too in S. Peter's dome; 

A Canon will outlive her jubilees to come. 

This is the Canon in his Service in Gamut already referred to. That it 
should be sung at Rome may seem strange, yet it is true; as some com- 
positions of Blow and Purcell had been sent to Cardinal Howard, at his 
particular request, from Dr. Ralph Battell, Sub-dean of the Chapel Royal. 
The Canon also was printed separately in the editions of Playford's 
" Introduction " subsequent to the year 1700. 



HENRY PURCELL 1679* 1695 

Son of Henry Purcell, a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal. Chorister in 
the Chapel Royal. Pupil of his predecessor at Westminster Abbey, 
Dr. Blow, 'who retired from the post in his favour. Previously held the 
appointments of Tuner of the Regals, &c., to the King (1673-1677) and 
Copyist to the Abbey (1676-1678). Organist of the Chapel Royal, 
1682. Appointed one of the Composers to the King, 1683. Appointed 
with Dr. Blow to play on Father Smith's organ at the Temple Church, 
during the latter's competition with Harris for supplying an organ there, 
1684. Again Copyist to the Abbey, 1688. In 1689, engaged in a dispute 
with the Dean and Chapter of Westminster concerning certain monies that 
he had received for admission to the organ loft of spectators of the Coronation 
of William and Mary, and which he considered as a perquisite arising 
from his office as Organist. Died November 21, 1695. Buried in the 
North Aisle of the Choir of the Abbey. Composer of Church Music, a 
number of Operas and other Dramatic pieces, Odes, Sonatas for Strings, 
Lessons for the Harpsichord, Organ pieces, Songs, &c. 

The following is the inscription on PurcelPs gravestone : 

Plaudite, felices superi, tanto hospite ; nostris 
Praefuerat, vestris additur ille choris : 
Invida nee vobis Purcellum terra reposcat, 
Questa decus sedi deliciasque breves. 
Tarn cito decessisse, modos cui singula debet 
Musa, prophana suos, religiosa suos, 
Vivit, lo et vivat, dum vicina organa spirant, 
Dumque colet numeris turba canora Deum." 

* See foot-note marked ) on page 144. 



i 4 6 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



Translated thus : 

Applaud so great a guest, celestial pow'rs, 
Who now resides with you, but once was ours ; 
Yet let invidious earth no more reclaim 
Her short-lived fav'rite and her chiefest fame ; 
Complaining that so prematurely died 
Good-nature's pleasure and devotion's pride. 
Died ? No, he lives, while yonder organs sound 
And sacred echoes to the choir rebound. 

On a pillar near to the grave is a tablet with this inscription : 
" Here lyes | HENRY PURCELL, Esq. | Who left this Life | And is gone to that 
Blessed Place | Where only his Harmony | can be exceeded. Obijt 21 mo 
die Novembris | Anno ^Etatis suae 371110. | Annoq. Domini 1695." 
The following are the concluding lines of an Ode, written by Henry Hall (Senr ) , 
a fellow pupil of Purcell under Dr. Blow, and afterwards Organist succes- 
sively of Exeter and Hereford Cathedrals, " To the memory of my Dear 
Friend, Mr. Henry Purcell : 

Hail ! And for ever hail, Harmonious shade, 
I lov'd thee living, and admire thee Dead. 
Apollo's harp at once our souls did strike ; 
We learnt together, but not learnt alike : 
Though equal care our Master might bestow, 
Yet only Purcell e're shall equal Blow : 
For thou by Heaven for wondrous things design'd 
Left'st thy companion lagging far behind. 
Sometimes a Hero in an age appears, 
But once a Purcell in a Thousand Years."- 
See " Purcell " (" The Great Musicians" Series), by W. H. Cummings. 



1695 1708 



JOHN BLOW, Mus.D., Cantuar. (Reappointed) 
(See above.) 

WILLIAM CROFT, Mus.D., Oxon., ma ... ... 1708 

Born at Nether Eatington, 1677. Chorister in the Chapel Royal and pupil 
of Dr. Blow. Organist of St. Anne's, Westminster (Soho), 1700-1711. 
Joint-Organist of the Chapel Royal with Jeremiah Clark, 1704. Sole 
Organist (on the death of Clark), 1707. Master of the Chapel Royal 
Children and Composer to the Chapel Royal (in succession to Blow), 1708. 
Tuner of the Regals, &c., 1716. Died at Bath, August 14, 1727. Buried in 
the North Aisle of the Choir of Westminster Abbey. Composer of Church 
Music, Songs, Sonatas, Instrumental Act Music, &c. 
His monument bears a Latin inscription, of which the following is a trans- 

lation, taken from Dr. W. A. Barrett's "English Church Composers": 
" Near to this place lies interred William Croft, Doctor in Music, Organist of 
the Royal Chapel and of this Collegiate Church. His harmony he derived 
from that excellent artist in modulation, who lies on the other side of him.* 
In his celebrated works, which for the most part he consecrated to God, 
he made a diligent progress ; nor was it by the solemnity of the numbers 
alone, but by the force of his ingenuity and the sweetness of his manners, 
and even his countenance, that he excellently recommended them. Having 
resided among mortals for fifty years, behaving with the utmost candour 
(not more conspicuous for any other office of humanity than a friendship 
and love truly paternal to all whom he had instructed), he departed to the 
heavenly choir on the fourteenth day of August, 1727, that, being near, he 
might add his own Hallelujah to the Concert of Angels. ' Awake up my 
glory, awake lute and harp, I myself will awake right early ! ' ' 

* Dr. Blow. 



LONDON WESTMINSTER ABBEY. 147 



JOHN ROBINSON ... ... ... ... ... 1727 1762 

Born 1682. Chorister in the Chapel Royal, and pupil of Blow. Organist of 

St. Lawrence, Jewry, 1710; St. Magnus, London Bridge, 1713, retaining 

both these appointments until his death. Deputy-Organist at West- 

minster Abbey for some years before succeeding Dr. Croft in the full office. 

Died April 30, 1762. Buried in the North Aisle of the Choir of the Abbey, 

in the same grave as Dr. Croft. His Double Chant in E flat, said to have 

been the favourite of George III., is still very popular. 
Boyce, in the biographical notes to his " Cathedral Music," describes 

Robinson as " a most excellent performer on the organ." 
From the following memorandum, in a MS. book at the Abbey, it appears 

that during Robinson's time the organ was removed from its ancient posi- 

tion in the North Choir Aisle to the Screen: 
" The new organ built by Mr. Shrider and Mr. Jordan was opened on the ist 

August, 1730, by Mr. Robinson ; the anthem, Purcell's 'O give thanks.' " 



BENJAMIN COOKE, Mus.D., " I?62 ' 793 



Son of Benjamin Cooke, a musicseller in New Street, Covent Gardeh. 
Born in London, 1734. Pupil of Dr. Pepusch. Appointed Deputy- 
Organist to Robinson at Westminster Abbey at the age of twelve. 
Conductor of Academy of Ancient Music, 1752. Lay Vicar of West- 
minster Abbey, 1758; Master of the Choristers, 1759; Organist, 1762. 
Organist of St. Martin-in-the- Fields, 1782. Died at Dorset Court, Cannon 
Row, Westminster, September 14, 1793. Buried in the West Cloister. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ pieces, Glees, &c. 

His Evening Service in G was composed for the re-openine of the Abbey 
Organ after the addition of the Pedal Organ (by A very). There is a tablet 
to his memory on the wall of the West Cloister of the Abbey, on which is 
engraved his fine Canon, three in one by augmentation, which he intended 
to be sung as an appendix to Bird's " Non nobis." 

SAMUEL ARNOLD, Mus.D., Oxon., ma ...... 1793* l8 2 

Born in London, August 10, 1740. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Composer 
to Covent Garden Theatre, 1773, afterwards Proprietor of Marylebone 
Gardens and Director of the music there. Organist and Composer of the 
Chapel Royal, 1783. Conductor of the Academy of Ancient Music, 1789. 
Organist (not Master of the Choristers) of Westminster Abbey, J793-* 
Died October 22, 1802. Buried in the North Aisle of the Choir of the 
Abbey Composer of Church Music, Oratorios, Operas, Burlettas, Ac. 
Editor of the "Arnold Edition " of Handel's works ; also of " Cathedral 
Music '' in continuation of Boyce. 

MURAL TABLET TO DR. ARNOLD. 

To the beloved and respected Memory of SAMUEL ARNOLD, Doctor of Music. 
Born July 30, o.s., 1740. Died Oct. 22, 1802. Aged 62 years and two 
months. And is interred near this spot. This tablet is erected by- h 
affectionate widow. 

Here lies of genius, probity, and worth 

All that belongs to nature and to earth. 

The hand that freely felt and warmly gave 

The heart that pity stretched to help and save 

The form that late a glowing spirit warmed 

Whose spirit fled to Him, Who spirit gave, 

Now smiles triumphant o'er the feeble grave 

That could not chain it here, and joins to raise - 

With Heaven's own choir the song of prayer and praise. _ 
^OnhistornbstoneTnthe Abbey, the ye^of his appointment is wrongly given as 1789. 



148 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

Oh Shade revered ! Our nation's loss and pride 
(For mute was harmony when ARNOLD died). 

" Oh let thy ' still-loved son ' inscribe thy stone 

" And with a ' mother's sorrow ' mix his own." 

[These lines are by Arnold's son, S. J. Arnold (d. 1852}, the dramatic author 
and some time lessee of the English Opera House, now the Lyceum.] 



ROBERT COOKE ... ... ... ... ... 1802 1814 

Son of Dr. B. Cooke. Born 1768. Organist of St. Maitin-in-the-Fields (in 
succession to his father), 1793. Organist of Westminster Abbey, 1802. 
Master of the Choristers, 1806. Committed suicide, owing to a love 
affair, by drowning himself in the Thames, August 22, 1814. Buried 
in the same grave as his father in the West Cloister. Composer of 
Church Music. 



GEORGE EBENEZER WILLIAMS ... .. ... 1814 1819 

Born 1783. Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral. For some time Assistant-Organist 
at the Temple and (to Dr. Arnold) at Westminster Abbey. Organist of the 
Philanthropic Chapel, St. George's Road, 1805. Died April 17, 1819. 
Buried in the South Cloister. Composer of Chants, Sanctuses, &c. Author 
of " An Introduction to the Art of Playing on the Pianoforte," " Exercises for 
the Pianoforte," &c. 



THOMAS GREATOREX 1819 1831 

(See under Carlisle.) 



JAMES TURLE 1831 1882 

Born at Taunton, March 5, 1802. Chorister in Wells Cathedral. Pupil of 
J. J. Goss and G. E. Williams. Appointed Deputy-Organist at Westminster 
Abbey, 1819. Organist of Christ Church, Southwark, 1819; St. James's, 
Bermondsey, 1829. Music Master to the School for the Indigent Blind, 1829. 
Succeeded Greaiorex as Organist of Westminster Abbey, 1831. Retired from 
active duties of the post, 1875. Died in London, June 28, 1882. Buried in 
Norwood Cemetery. Composer of Church Music, Glees, &c. Joint-Author, 
with E. Ta\lor, of "The Art of Singing at Sight." Editor of Willbye's 
First Set of Madrigals ; Single and Double Chants, composed for the use of 
the Choral Service of Westminster Abbey. Joint Editor, with Dr. J. F. 
(now Sir Frederick) Bridge, of the Westminster Abbey Chant Book, &c. 
Compiler of Hymn and Chant Books, &c. 

On the day of Turle's retirement, September 19, 1875, his Service in D was 
sung at Westminster Abbey. 

There is a memorial tablet to him in the West Cloister, and a window in the 
North Aisle of the Choir. 

" He had an enormous hand. On one occasion, at the Prussian Embassy, 
he met the Chevalier Neukomm, who boasted that he could extend his 
hand on the keyboard over an octave and three notes. Turle quietly 
approached the pianoforte, and taking an octave and a half into his 
enormous hand, exclaimed, ' One more for luck ! ' No wonder that a 
roar of laughter greeted the triumph of the English organist over the 
German composer." (Article by F. G. Edwards, Musical Times, July, 
1907.) 



OXFORD MAGDALEN COLLEGE. 149 

SIR FREDERICK BRIDGE, Kn l C.V.O., 
M.A., propter merita, Mus.D., Oxon., W4; 
F.R.C.O. ... I8 82 1918 

Born at Oldbury, Worcestershire, Decembers, 1844. Chorister in Rochester 
Cathedral. Pupil of John Hopkins, Sir J. Goss, and Sir George Elvey. 
Organist of Shorne Church, 1861 ; Parish Church, Strood, 1862 ; Holy 
Trinity, Windsor, 1865 ; Manchester Cathedral, 1869 ; Lecturer on 
Musical Composition, Owens College, Manchester, 1872 Appointed 
Permanent Deputy-Organist, Westminster Abbey, 1875, succeeding Turle 
in the full office, 1882. Conductor for some years of the Highbury 
Philharmonic and Western Madrigal Societies. Afterwards Conductor 
of the Madrigal Society. Director of the Music at the Royal Jubilee 
Thanksgiving Service in Westminster Abbey, June 21,1887. Appointed 
Gresham Professor of Music, 1890. Conductor of the Purcell 
Commemoration Festival in Westminster Abbey, November 21, 
1895. Conductor of Royal Choral Society, 1896. Knighted in 1897 
Professor of Counterpoint and Composition at the Royal College ot Music. 
Director of the Music at the Coronations of King Edward VII. and 
King George V. Retired from Organistship of Westminster Abbey, 
1918, with the title of Emeritus Organist. Composer of Oratorios, 
Cantatas, Church Music, Organ Music, Madrigals, Part-songs, Songs. &c. 
Author of works on Counterpoint, Double Counterpoint and Canon, Organ 
Accompaniment, Musical Gestures, "A Westminster Pilgrim," &c. 
Editor of various works. Lecturer, &c. 

SYDNEY HUGO NICHOLSON, M.A., Mus.B., 

Qxon., 1902 ... ... ... ... ... 1919 

Born in London, February 9, 1875. Student of the Royal College of 
Music under Sir Walter Parratt and others. Organist of Barnet Parish 
Church, 1898 ; Lower Chapel, Eton College, 1903 Acting-Organist of 
Carlisle Cathedral, 1904 ; Organist of Manchester Cathedral, 1909. 
Organist of Westminster Abbey, 1919. Composer of a Choral Ballad 
"Ivry," a female-voice Cantata, "The Luck of Edenhall," "British 
Songs for British Boys," a Service in D flat, and other Church Music, &c. 
President of the Church Music Society. Lecturer, &c. 



OXFORD MAGDALEN COLLEGE. 

(For CHRIST CHURCH COLLEGE, OXFORD, see under Cathedrals, p. 83.) 

In Bloxam's " Registers of Magdalen College " will be found a complete list 
of the Instructors of the Choristers and Organists of the College from the year 
1483. It should be remembered, however, that at this early period the office of 
Organist was not the department of a single individual, but of several of the 
musical staff of the College Chapel in turn. 

ROBERT PERROT, Mus.B., Cantab., ism (? Mus.D., 

Oxon., ma) ... 1510 1539 

Instructor of the Choristers and Organist. (Resigned in 1539.) 
A descendant of an ancient Pembrokeshire family. Born at Hackness, Yorks. 
Was Instructor of the Choristers, 1510-1535. According to Wood's " Fasti " 
he supplicated in 1515 for the degree of Mus.D., and the request was to 



150 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

be granted on the condition that he composed a Mass and one Song. 
Whether he actually obtained the degree is not recorded. At one time 
he was Principal of Trinity Hall, and in 1534 Receiver-General of the 
Archdeaconry of Buckingham. He died in 1550 and was buried in 
St. Peter's Church.* 

THOMAS APPILBY ... ... ... ... ... 1539 I 54 I 

(See under Lincoln.) 

JOHN SHEPPARD, (?)Mus.B., Oxon.f ... ... 1542 J 554 

Instructor of the Choristers and probably also Organist. Fellow, 1549-1551. 
Chorister in St. Paul's Cathedral under Thomas Mulliner. He appears to 
have supplicated, as a "student of music for the space of twenty years," 
for the degree of Mus.D., but it is not known whether he was admitted. 
Admon^hed three times by his College for offences " contra formam 
statuti." One of these was entrapping and carrying away a chorister 
from Malmesbury without the King s license for so doing. He was a 
Gentleman of the Chapel Royal under Queen Mary. His music, 
some of which is preserved in MS., is mentioned by Hawkins, Burney, 
and Morley ("Introduction"). The words of some of his Anthems 
appeared in Clifford's Collection. An Anthem by him, " I give you a 
new Commandment," was printed in " The Parish Choir" (1848). 

RICHARD NICHOLSON, Mus.B., Oxon., 15956 ... I $g$ 1639 
Instructor of the Choristers, and probably also Organist. Afterwards became 
the first University Professor of Music (or rather Choragus) under the 
endowment of Dr. William Heather. Died 1639. Composer of Madrigals, 
&c. Contributor to " The Triumphs of Oriana." Died 1639. In 1637 
Nicholson appears to have had an assistant named COURTEIS or CURTIS. 

ARTHUR PHILLIPS, Mus.B., Oxon. 1639 

See under Bristol.) 



THEODORE COLEBY (or COLBY) ... ... ... 1661 1664 

(See under Exeter.) 

BENJAMIN ROGERS, Mus.B., Cantab., IM; Mus.D., 

Oxon., tees ... ... ... ... ... 1664 1685-6 

" Informator Choristarum " and Organist. 

Born at Windsor, 1614. Chorister in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and 
afterwards Lay Clerk there. Organist of Christ Church Cathedral, 
Dublin, 1639. Returned to England owing to the Rebellion and 
was again Lay Clerk of Windsor until 1644, when the Choir was 
disbanded. After the Restoration he became Organist of Eton College 
and, for the third time, Lay Clerk of Windsor, also Assistant- 
Organist there to Dr. Child. Organist and " Informator Choristarum" of 
Magdalen College, Oxford, 1664, at a salary of 60 per annum and rooms 
in the College. { Was dismissed by the College, 1685-6, but was allowed a 

* For further information concerning Perrot, see Bloxam'a Magdalen Register. 1 . 

f- According to Grove's " Dictionary of Music and Musicians." 

J There was considerable opposition to this at first, in consequence of the salary being 
larger than had been given to any previous organist at the College. But it was explained that 
it "was little enough for a man of that quality, and at a time when organists were scarce. Nor 
had any man there to object against it." (See Bloxam.) 



OXFORDS-MAGDALEN COLLEGE. 151 



pension of 30, and lived in comparative obscurity at Oxford until his death 
in June, 1698. Buried at St. Peter-le-Bailey, Oxford. Composer of much 
Church Music, Glees, Suites for Strings, and the Hymn " Te Deum 
Patrem colimus," which is sung annually on May ist at early morning 
on the Magdalen Tower. Some of his Anthems are in MS. at Magdalen 
and New Colleges.* 

One cause of his dismissal was " his troublesome behaviour in the 
Chapel, where usually he would talk so loud in the organ loft, that he 
offended the company, and would not leave it off, though he hath been 
sent to by the President not to make such a scandalous noise there. There 
were frequent complaints of him from the Clerks, to whom, especially the 
Chanter, he used to be very cross, in not playing Services as they were 
willing and able to sing, but out of a thwarting humour would play nothing 
but Canterbury Tune, wherein he minded not the honour of the College, 
but his own ease and laziness." (See Bloxam.) 

FRANCIS PIGOTT, Mus.B., Cantab., law 16^5-6 1687 

According to Dr. Clerk's MS. (see Bloxam) he appears to have been pre- 
viously Organist of St. John's College, and to have " offered his service in 
Dr. Rogers's place for ^40 per annum, and the reversion of 20 more after 
the decease of Dr. Rogers." Organist of the Temple Church, London, 
1688. Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 1695. Organist of the Chapel 
Royal, 1697. Died May 15, 1704. Composer of Church Music, Airs for 
the Harpsichord, &c. 

DANIEL PURCELL ... ... ... ... ... 1688 1695 

Brother of the great Henry Purcell (Organist of Westminster Abbey). Born 
in London about 1660. Nothing is known of his early career. Organist of 
Magdalen College, Oxford, 1688. ' Resigned this post, and went to London, 
1695. Organist of St. Andrew's, Holborn, 1713. Died 1717. Composer 
of Church Music, Operas, Masques, Odes, Songs, Sonatas, " A Lamenta- 
tion for the Death of Mr. Henry Purcell," &c. 

Burney says: "He was a wicked punster, and no less wicked composer." 
His right to the second title is doubtful, but that to the first is recorded in 
"Joe Miller," from which the following is a specimen of his " wonderful 
replies" : 

" Dr. Sewel and two or three more gentlemen, walking towards Hampstead 
on a summer's day, were met by the famous Daniel Purcell, the punster, 
who was very importunate with them to know upon what account they 
were going thither. The Doctor merrily answered him ' To make hay,' 
'Very well,' replied the other, 'you'll be there at a very convenient 
season, the country wants rakes. 1 " (See Bloxam.) 

THOMAS HECHT ... ... 1695 *734 

Son of Andrew Hech% Organist of Lincoln Cathedral. Was admitted 
Organist of Lincoln in succession to his father, but declined office. Ap- 
pointed Organist of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1695. Matriculated 1714. 
Died April 5, 1734. Buried in St. Ebbe's Churchyard. 

He left 120 towards the enlargement of the College organ. According to 
his will he was cousin to Edward Thom(p)son, Organist of Salisbury 
Cathedral. 

MATTHEW PHILLIPS was Organist for about three months during the 
vacancy. Doubtless he was the Matthew Phillips to whom Hecht 
bequeathed one of his spinets. (See his Will in Bloxam.) 

* The late T. S. Rumpus had in his possession a volume containing the whole of Dr. Benjamin 
Rogers's compositions for the Church, scored in the autograph of Dr. Phil. Hayes and 
transcribed from the books of Magdalen and New Colleges. 



152 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



WILLIAM HAYES, Mus.D., Oxon ... 1734 1777 

(See under Worcester.) 



PHILIP HAYES, Mus.D., Oxon., ITTT 1777 1797 

Son of the foregoing. Born at Shrewsbury, 1738. Chorister in the Chapel 
Royal. Pupil of his father. (Is said to have been Organist of Christ 
Church Cathedral, Oxford, 1763-1765, and to have been displaced by 
Thomas Norris.) Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 1767. Organist of New 
College-, 1776. Organist of Magdalen College, and University Professor of 
Music, 1777. Organist of St. John's College, Oxford, 1790. Died suddenly, 
in London, March 19, 1797. Buried in St. Paul's Cathedral. Composer 
of an Oratorio, " Prophecy." Odes, a Masque, Church Music, Glees, Songs, 
Concertos for Organ or Harpsichord, &c. Author of " Memoirs of Prince 
William Henry, Duke of Gloucester." 

Dr. Philip Hayes was extremely corpulent, and was supposed to be the 
largest man in England. His unusual bulk earned for him the name of 
" Phil. Chaise." * Being of a very conceited and overbearing disposi- 
tion, he made himself unpopular to his brother musicians on more than 
one occasion. 

" When the Grand Commemoration of Handel, which took place in May, 
1784, was in contemplation, two very pompous gentlemen, Dr. Hayes 
of Oxford and Dr. Miller of Doncaster, came to Town to give their 
gratuitous assistance as conductors by beating time. After several 
meetings and some bickerings, it was at length agreed that Dr. Hayes 
should conduct the first act, and Dr. Miller the second. When the time of 
performance had arrived, and Mr. Cramer, the leader, had just tapt his 
bow, (the signal for being ready,) and looked round to catch the eyes of the 
performers, he saw to his astonishment a t <li gigantic figure with an immense 
powdered toupee, full dressed, with a bag and swoid, and a huge roll of 
parchment in his hand. ' Who is that gentleman ? ' said Mr. Cramer. 
1 Dr. Hayes,' was the reply. ' What is he going to do ? ' 'To beat time.' 
' Be so kind,' said Mr. Cramer, ' to tell the gentleman, that when he has 
sat down I will begin.' The Doctor, who never anticipated such a set down 
as this, took his seat, and Mr. Cramer did begin.'' .Parke's " Musical 
Memoirs, ?> Vol. I., p. 39.) 

WALTER VICARY, Mus.B., Oxon., isos ... ... 1797 1845 

Born 1770. Chorister in the Chapel Royal. Assistant-Organist to Dr. P. 
Hayes at Magdalen College; Organist, ditto, 1797. Lay Chaplain of New 
College, Oxford, 1812-1844. Lay Clerk of St. John's College, Oxford, 
1816-1828. Organist to the University, 1830. Dhsd at Oxford, January 5, 
1845. Buried in Holywell Churchyard. Composer of Church Music, 
Songs, &c. 



* At a time when the facilities of coach travelling were not very great, it was common to see 
upon the chimney piece of tne public room of an inn, an announcement of "the want of a 
companion in a chaise." Dr. Philip Hayes, of Oxford (whose unwieldy person rendered his 
travelling in one of the "sixinsides" of the time a matter of considerable inconvenience), 
contemplating a journey to London, accepted the first companionship that offered at the Star ; 
and, to avoid the toil of a walk fiom his house in Holywell, it was arranged that he should be 
taken up there. On the morning appointed, the inquirer for a companion jumped into the 
chaise luggage all right and, dashing up to the Doctor's door, he saw a figure little less than 
the great Danitl Lambert, supported by a servant on either side, slowly advancing from the 
wall. In amazement, he hastily lowered the front glass, roaring out, " Post-Boy Hoy, is that 
the gentleman we are to take up?" " Ees, sir; that be Dr. Phil. Hayes." "Fill chaise, 

by ," replied the traveller, "he shan't come in here ; drive on, drive on," thus leaving the 

poor Doctor to get on his journey as well as he could. 



OXFORD NEW COLLEGE. 153 

BENJAMIN BLYTH, M.A., Oxon 1845 1859 

Son of Benjamin Blyth, Mus.D., Oxon. Born 1824. Chorister in Magdalen 
College. Matriculated at the College, 1841. Clerk, 1842-1845. Organist, 
1845. " A - D - l8 45 Jan. 26to. In locum Gualteri Vicary (Choristarum 
Informatoris atque Organistae) sufTectus est Bcnjaminus Blyth, hujus 
Collegii Clericus, et in arte musica peritissimus.'' (Ste Bloxam.) Died at 
Whitchurch, Oxon., 1883. Composer of the Music to " Sicut Lilium," 
sung before the Vacation at Magdalen College School. His uncle, Mr. 
Blyth (of the firm Blyth and Sons. Organ Builders), is mentioned in the 
Registers as the tuner and repairer of the old College organ. 

(Sin) JOHN STAINER, M.A. and Mus.D., Oxon. ; 

D.C.L. and Mus.D., Dunelm.; F.R.C.O. ... 1859 1872 
(See under London St. Paul's Cathedral.) 

(SiR) WALTER PARRATT, Mus.D., Oxon.; F.R.C.O. 1872 1882 

(See under St. George's Chapel, Windsor.) 

JOHN VARLEY ROBERTS, M.A., proptev merita, 

Mus.D., Oxon., me; F.R.C.O 1882 1918 

Born at Stanningley, near Leeds, September 25, 1841. Organist (when twelve 
years old) of St. John's, Parsley. Organist of St. Bartholomew's, Armley, 
1862 ; Hal. fax Parish Church, 1868 ; Magdalen College, Oxford, 1882 ; St. 
Giles's, Oxford, 1885-1893. Conductor of the Oxford Choral and Philhar- 
monic Society, 18^5-1893. Founder and first Conductor of the University 
Glee and Madiigal Society. Lecturer in Harmony and Counterpoint for 
the University Professor of Music. One of the Examiners for University 
Musical Degrees. Retired December 31, 1918. Died February 9, 1920. 
Composer of Church Music, Organ pirces, Songs, Part-songs, &c. Editor 
of the " Parish Church Chant Book," &c. 

HALDANE CAMPBELL STEWART, M.A., Mus.D., 

Oxon., ma 1919 

Chorister in Magdalen College under Mr. (now Sir Walter) Parratt, 1879- 
1882. Classical Exhibitioner of Magdalen College, 1887-1891. Director 
of Music at Lancing College, 1891-1898 ; ditto at Tonbridge School, 1898- 
1919. Organist of Magdalen College, Oxford, 1919. Composer of 
Church Music, &c. 



OXFORD NEW COLLEGE. 



WILLIAM MEREDITH 



Died January 5, 1637. On his tombstone in the Cloisters he is described as 
" Vir pius et facultate sua peritissimus." The following epitaph also upon 
him is from Wood's "Hist, et Antiq. Univ. Oxon.": 

" Here lyes one blowne out of breath, ^ 

Who liv'd a merry life, and dyed a merry death: 

- PlNK was Organist in 1640. 



154 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

SlMON COLEMAN was Organist in 1646. He was expelled from the 
College, together with some of the Chaplains and Fellows, in the year 
just mentioned. 

MlLES is said to have been Organist and Instructor of the Choristers 



in 1652 ; and 

CROUCH in 1657; but as the organs had been taken down and 
removed in 1646 or 1647, it is difficult to imagine how they carried out 
the duties of the first-named office. 



FLEXNEY was Organist at the beginning of 1662. 



ROBERT PICKHAVER ... ... ... ... 1662 1663 

(See under Winchester College.) 

WILLIAM KING,* B.A., Oxon 1663 1680 

Son of George King (Organist of Winchester College). Clerk of Magdalen 
College, 1648-1652. Chaplain of Magdalen College, 1652-1654. Died 
November 17, 1680. Buried in New College Cloisters. Compo>er of a 
complete Service in B flat, containing a setting of the Litany still sung at 
Lichfield Cathedral. It was published by John Bishop, of Cheltenham, 
half-a-century ago. Composer also of Anthems, Songs, &c. 

Inscription on his gravestone : " Hoc sub lapide obdormiscit quicquid 
mortale reliquum est Gulielmi King, istius Collegii nuperrime Organistas, 
cujus in Musica singularis eminentiaipsum angelorum consortii participem 
fecit die mensis Nov. 17, 1680, aetat 57." 



RICHARD GOODSON (Senr.), Mus.B., Oxon. .. ^82 
(See under Oxford Christ Church Cathedral.) 

JOHN WELDON 1694 1702 

(See under Chapel Royal.) 

SIMON CHILD ... 1702 1731 

A MS. book of Anthems in score, by Weldon and others, in S. Child's auto- 
graph, formerly belonging to Archdeacon Heathcote (who was a Fellow of 
New College), was in the possession of the late J. S. Bumpus. On the 
fly-leaf of this book are some notes by Archdeacon Heathcote relating to 
former Organists of the College, one of which says that Child was suc- 
ceeded by Richard Church. On the same fly-leaf is scribbled in pencil, 
" Simon Child, Ejus Liber. 1716." This interesting book contains several 
unpublished Anthems by Weldon. 

* " When appointed to preside over the new organ at New College^the salary of his office 
was raised to 50 per annum, and the following agreement was made with him by Dr. 
Woodward, the Warden, viz. : That he should play the organ upon Surplice Days and Litany 
Days only, unless he should be by some of the House desired at any other time." (MS. Elvey.) 



OXFORD NEW 'COLLEGE. 155 



RICHARD CHURCH ... . . ... ... ... 1732 1776 

(See under OxfordChrist Church Cathedral.) 

PHILIP HAYES, Mus.D., Oxon 1776 1797 

(See under Magdalen College.) 

ISAAC PRING, Mus.B., Oxon., 1799 ... ... 1797 1799 

Brother of Dr. Joseph Pring, of Bangor. Born at Kensington, 1777. Chorister 
in St. Paul's Cathedral. Pupil of Dr. Philip Hayes, and afterwards succeeded 
him as Organist. Died of consumption, at Oxford, October 18, 1799. 
Composer of Church Music. 

WILLIAM WOODCOCK, Mus.B., Oxon., isoe ... 1799 1825 

Born at Canterbury, 1754. Chorister in Canterbury Cathedral. Assistant- 
Organist of the Cathedral and St. John's College, Oxford, 1778-1784. 
Lay-Clerk of the Cathedral, and of Magdalen, New, and St. John's Colleges, 
resigning the two latter appointments on becoming Organist of New 
College. Died at Oxford, 1825. Composer of Church Music. 

ALFRED BENNETT, Mus.B., Oxon., 1825 ... ... 1825 1830 

Son of Thomas Bennett and brother of H. Bennett, of Chichester Cathedral. 
Born 1805 Pupil of his father. Organist of New College, Oxford, and of 
the University Church, 1825. Died September 12, 1830, from injuries 
sustained by a fall from the stage-coach " Aurora." whilst on his way to the 
Worcester Musical Festival. Buried in the Cloisters of New College. 
Composer of Church Music. Editor, with (Dr.) William Marshall, of a 
Collection of Chants. Author of "Instructions for the Spanish Guitar,' 
"Vocalist's Guide," &c. 

STEPHEN ELVEY, Mus.D., Oxon., IKW 1830 1860 

Brother of Sir George Elvey, Organist of Windsor. Born at Canterbury, 
June, 1805. Chorister in Canterbury Cathedral, and pupil of Skeats (Senr.). 
Organist of New College, 1830; University Church. 1845; St. John's 
College, 1846. University Choragus, 1848. Died at Oxford, October 6, 
1860. Composer of Church Music. Editor of the work known as " Elvey's 
Psalter." His Evening Service, in continuation of Croft's Morning Service 
in A, is well known. 

I am indebted to the late J. S. Bumpus for the following particulars 
concerning Dr. Stephen Elvey : 

Very early in life Dr. Stephen Elvey lost his right leg by an accidental shot, but 
with a wooden substitute he was enabled to manage the pedals. Not- 
withstanding this disadvantage, few performers could give greater effect 
to Handel's choruses in Wykeham's beautiful chapel. 

His love for Handel's music was only exceeded by the way in which he 
interpreted that music to others. At the opening of the Crystal Palace, at 
Sydenham, in 1854, after listening to the " Hallelujah' 1 Chorus, he turned 
to a friend, saying, with tears in his eyes: "What will this be like in 
Heaven ? " 

J. S. Bumpus had in his possession a Kyrie, Credo, and Sanctus in E flat, 
and Magnificat and Nunc dimittis in F, by Stephen Elvey (all unpublished}. 
The Kyrie is adapted from Handel's Minuet in ' Berenice." 

GEORGE BENJAMIN ARNOLD, Mus.D., Oxon. ; 

F.R.C.O l86 l86 5 

(See under Winchester J 



156 CATHEDRAL ORGA.XISTS. 

JAMES TAYLOR, Mus.B., Oxon., ma; Mus.D., 

Oxon., honoris causa, 1894 ... ... ... 1865 1900 

Born at Gloucester, 1833. Pupil of G. W. Morgan. Organist of St. Mary- 
le-Crypt, Gloucester, 1850. Organist of New College, Oxford, 1865. 
Organist also to the University. Died August i, 1900. There is a 
memorial tablet to him on the wall of the Cloisters. Composer of Church 
Music, Organ pieces, Pianoforte pieces, Songs, &c. 

HUGH PERCY ALLEN, Mus.D., Oxon., F.R.C.O. 1901 1919 
Now SIR HUGH ALLEN. 

(See under St. Asaph.) 

WILLIAM HENRY HARRIS, Mus.D., Oxon., mo; 

F.R.C.O 1919 

Born in London, March 28, 1883. Chorister in Holy Trinity, Tulse Hill. 
Pupil-Assistant-Organist of St. David's Cathedral. Lord Charles Bruce 
Scholar at the Royal College of Music, 1899-1902, studying the organ 
under Sir Walter Parratt. Organist successively of St. John the 
Baptist, Kensington ; Wimbledon Parish Church ; and Ewell Parish 
Church. Accompanist to the (London) Bach Choir. Assistant - 
Organist of the Temple Church. Assistant-Organist of Lichfield 
Cathedral, holding this appointment concurrently with those of Organist 
of St. Augustine's, Edgbaston, and Professor of Counterpoint, &c., at 
the Birmingham and Midland Institute. Organist of New College, 
Oxford, 1919. His compositions include a Setting for baritone solo, 
chorus, and orchestra, of Francis Thompson's " The Hound of Heaven." 
[Carnegie Award, 1919.] 



OXFORD ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE. 

Very little information can be obtained of the early Organists of St. John's 
College, owing to the fact that the College records were many years ago 
destroyed by damp. 

JOHN FRITH, Mus.B., Oxon., lea ... 

" He was required to compose a piece in seven parts for his degree." 

(" Degrees in Music," by C. F. Abdy Williams.) 
A Service in G by him is included in an old MS. Organ book formerly in the 

possession of the late J. S. Bumpus, who was of opinion that the book 

once belonged to St. John's College. 

ROBERT LUGG (or LUGGE), Mus.B., Oxon., leas... 

His degree exercise was a Canticum in five parts, which was required to be 

sung in the music school. (See " Degrees in Music.") 
A Service in G and three Anthems by Robert Lugg are included in the Organ 

book above mentioned. 
According to the " Oxoniensis Alumni " he " changed his religion for that of 

Rome, and went beyond the seas." (See under John Lugg, pp. 43 and 44.) 



OXFORD ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE. 157 

WILLIAM ELLIS, Mus.B., Oxon., 1639 (?)i646 

Reappointed c i rca j^o 1674 

Previously Organist of Eton College. On being deprived of his appointment 
at St. John's College, Oxford, during the Rebellion, he established weekly 
meetings for the practice of music at his house in Oxford, which were 
attended by some of the most notable musicians of the period. A detailed 
account of these gatherings may be found in Hearne's " Life of Anthony 
Wood," or in Hawkins's " History of Music." 

At the Restoration it is supposed that Ellis was reappointed Organist cf 
St. John's College. Died 1674. Some Rounds and Canons by him are 
included in Hilton's Collection, " Catch who catch can " (1652). 

The MS. Organ book above mentioned contains three Anthems by William 
Ellis. Two of these, " Almighty God " and " This is the record of John," 
were evidently composed for the Feast of the patron Saint of the College 
St. John the Baptist's Day. 

FRANCIS PIGOTT, Mus.B., Cantab. 

(See under Magdalen College, Oxford.) 

Nothing is known of the Organists of St. John's College during this period. 
Probably the Choral Service was suspended. 

THOMAS NORRIS, Mus.B., Oxon. 1765 1790 

(See under Oxford [Christ Church] Cathedral.) 

PHILIP HAYES, Mus.D., Oxon. ... ... ... 1790 1797 

(See under Magdalen College, Oxford.) 

WILLIAM CROTCH, Mus.D., Oxon. ... ... 1797 1807 

(See under Oxford [Christ Church] Cathedral.) 

WILLIAM CROSS 1807 1825 

(See under Oxford [Christ Church] Cathedral.) 

WILLIAM MARSHALL, Mus.D., Oxon 1825 1846 

(See under Oxford [Christ Church] Cathedral.) 

STEPHEN ELVEY, Mus.D., Oxon 1846 1860 

(See under New College, Oxford.) 

THOMAS GRIZZELLE 1860 1868 

RICHARD PORTER ... ... ... ... - 1868 1875 

Born 1839. Organist of St. Paul's, Oxford, at the age of 14. Afterwards 
Assistant-Organist to Dr. S. Elvey. Succeeded his father as Organist of 
St. Martin's ("Carfax"), 1857. Organist of St. John's College, 1868. 
Was also Assistant-Organist of New College. Died of consumption, 
January, 1875. Buried on January 13 in Holywell Cemetery. 

WILLIAM THOMAS HOWELL ALLCHIN, Mus.B., 

Oxon., 1869 ... ... ... 1875 1883 

Born 1843. Conductor of the Oxford Choral Society, 1869. Organist of 
St. John's College, Oxford, 1875. Local Examiner for R.A.M., 1881. Died 
at Oxford, January 8, 1883. Composer of a Sacred Cantata, " 
Rebellion of Korah," Songs, &c. 



i58 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

FREDERICK ILIFFE, M.A., Mus.D., Oxon., wg ; 

F.R.C.O. ... 1883 

Born at Smeeton-Westerby, Leicestershire, February 21, 1847. Organist 
successively of St. Wilfred's, Kibworth, and St. Barnabas', Oxford. 
Organist of St. John's College, Oxford, 1883. Conductor of the Queen's 
College (Eglesfield) Musical Society, 1883. Composer of an Oratorio, 
" The Visions of St. John the Divine," Cantatas, Church Music, Orchestral 
Music, Organ pieces, Pianoforte pieces, &c. Author of a critical analysis 
of Bach's "Das Wohltemperirte Clavier" (Novello & Co., 1896). 



RATHFARNHAM- ST. COLUMBA'S COLLEGE. 

Founded in 1843 at Stackallan, the mansion of Lord Boyne, near Navan. 
Removed to Rathfarnham, near Dublin, 1849. The first public school 
established upon strictly Church principles in Ireland. 

EDWIN GEORGE MONK, Mus.D., Oxon. ; F.R. A. S. 1844 1846 
(See under York.) 

JOHN BAPTISTE CALKIN, F.R.C.O. 1846 1852 

Born in London, March 16, 1827. Pupil of his father, James Calkin. 
Organist and Precentor of St. Columba's College, Navan (afterwards 
Rathfarnham), 1846 ; Organist of Woburn Chapel, London, 1853; Camden 
Road Chapel, 1863; St. Thomas's Church, Camden Town, 1870-1884. 
Professor at the Guildhall School of Music. Died in London, April 15, 
1905. Composer of Church Music, Chamber Music, Part-songs, Songs, 
Organ pieces, Pianoforte pieces, &c. 

GEORGE BENJAMIN ARNOLD, Mus.D., Oxon.; 

F.R.C.O ... 1853 1856 

(See under Winchester Cathedral.) 

HERBERT STEPHEN IRONS 1856 1857 

(See under Southwell.) 

ALEXANDER SAMUEL COOPER, F.R.C.O 1857 1859 

Born in London, April 30, 1835. Organist of St. Columba's College, 
Rathfarnham, 1857. Afterwards Organist successively of St. John's, 
Putney, and St. Paul's, Covent Garden. Died 1900. Composer of Church 
Music, Part-songs, Songs, &c. Editor of "Parochial Psalter" and 
" Parochial Chant Book." 

EDWARD MURLESSE CLARKE 1859 1862 

Born 1827. Organist of St. Columba's College, Rathfarnham, 1862. 
Afterwards Inspector of Choral Union, 1863-1882, for the Diocese of 
Canterbury. Died at Ringmore, Devon, March 15, 1887. 



RATHFARNHAM ST. COLUMBA'S COLLEGE. 159 

FREDERICK CAMBRIDGE, Mus.B., Dunelm., usa ... 1862 1865 
Born at South Runcton, Norfolk, March 29, 1841. Chorister in Norwich 
Cathedral. Pupil of Dr. Z. Buck, and afterwards of Molique. Organist of 
St. Columba's College, Rathfarnham, 1862 ; St. Mary's, Leicester, 1866 ; 
Parish Church, Croydon, 1868. Conductor of the Croydon Vocal Union, 
&c. Died at Croydon, 1914. Composer of Church Music, Glees, Organ 
pieces, Pianoforte pieces, &c. 

THEODORE EDWARD AYLWARD ... ... May, 1866, Dec., 1866 

(See under Chichester.) 

FREDERICK WILLIAM HOGAN, M.A., Dub. :.. 1866 1868 

Born at Reichill, Armagh, August 23, 1845. Pupil of Robert Turle, at 
Armagh, and Dr. J. C. Marks, at Cork. Choirmaster to the Llandaft 
Diocesan Choir Union, 1866. Organist of St. Columba's College, 
Rathfarnham, in November of the same year. Took Holy Orders, and held 
several Curacies from 1870. Vicar of All Saints', Eglantine, Co. Down, 
1883. Composer of Church Music, &c. 

GEORGE HARDACRE ... ... 1869 1870 

Afterwards Organist of the Parish Church, Daventry. 

W. KEELING ......... 1870 1871 

J.HEIGHTON ......... ... May, 1871, July, 1871 

R. NASH ........... ; Aug., 1871 1872 

E. HARDING, B.A., Oxon ....... ... 1872 1872 

A nephew of Dr. Pusey. 

Afterwards became a Master at the Priory School, Bath. 

CHARLES LEE WILLIAMS, Mus.B., Oxon. ,F.R.C.O. 1872 1875 
(See under Gloucester.) 

E. C. OWSTON ...... l8 75 l8 77 

WALTER LANGLEY APPLEFORD, M.A., Dub. Feb., 1877, Apr., 1877 
One of the Masters. Took duty for two months until Mr Hyde succeeded 
him in April. Afterwards Chaplain of Ripley Hospital, Lancaster. 

C.F.HVDE .......... ' 8 ?7 1886 



where he was Music Master. 

HARRY CRANE PERRIN, Mus.B., Dub.; F.R.C.O. 1886 1888 
(See under Canterbury.) 



160 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS 

DONALD WALLACE LOTT ............ 1888 1890 

Son of J. B. Lott, Mus.B., the present Organist of Lichfield Cathedral. 
Born at Canterbury, March 18, 1868. Pupil of his father, H. Walters, 
Mus.B., and Sir Robert Stewart. Organist of the Chapel of St. John's 
Hospital, Lichfield, 1885 ; Assistant-Organist of Lichfield Cathedral, 1885 ; 
Organist of St. Columba's College, Rathfarnham, 1888 ; Organist and 
Music Master of St. Chad's College, Denstone, 1890; Organist of the 
Parish Church, Lancaster, 1892 ; Holy Trinity, Broadstairs, 1893 ; Holy 
Trinity, Swansea, 1895-1898 ; and afterwards of St. Bartholomew the 
Great, Smithfield, London. Composer of College Grace (MS.). Lecturer 
on Music. 

JOSHUA N. BRYANT, B.A., Dunelm ....... 1890 1891 

Born, June 4, 1864. Pupil of Sir Robert Stewart. Organist of King Alfred's 
School, Wantage, and afterwards of St. Columba's College, Rathfarnham. 
Subsequently Organist and Choirmaster to the Countess of Craven. 



MYLES CECIL BERKELEY, M.A., Cantab. ... 1892 

Born at Secunderabad, August 7, 1866. Chorister in Manchester Cathedral. 
Student at the Royal Academy of Music, under T. Westlake, F. Walker, 
F. Davenport, and H. Rose. Afterwards pupil of Drs. A. H. Mann and 
C. Wood, at Cambridge. Since 1894 successively Precentor and Organist 
of Forest School, Walthamstow, and Chaplain of the Royal Naval 
College, Osborne, Isle of Wight. 

FREDERIC WILLIAM ATTWOOD ......... 1894 I 9 

Born at Conderton, near Tewkesbury, August 9, 1869. Pupil of Drs. C. J. 
Frost and J. V. Roberts. Successively Organist of Bow Parish Church, 
London ; Assistant-Organist of St. Peter's, Brockley ; and Organist and 
Choirmaster at " The Philberds," Maidenhead. Organist of St. Columba's 
College, Rathfarnham, 1894 ; St, Alban's, Ottawa, Canada, 1900 ; All 
Saints' School, Bloxham, 1902. Reappointed to St. Columba's College, 
Rathfarnham, 1911. 

From 1900 until 1903 the following were Organists for short periods, 
successively : 

R. W. HIGGINS, F. HEMSLEY, F. C. BUTCHER, and 
W. C. HUGHES. 

J. S. COOPER ............... 1903 1906 

Scholar of the College, and pupil of F. W. Attwood. Resigned owing to 
ill-health. 

J. E. GRIGSON ............... 1907 1909 

Afterwards Music Master and Organist of St. Cyprian's School, Eastbourne. 

JOHN GREY CLARKE, M.A., Oxon., IKKJ ; Mus.B., 

Oxon., ma; F.R.C.O ...... ....... 1909 1911 

Student of the Royal College of Music. Scholar of St. John's College, 
Oxford. Organist and Music Master of All Saints' School, Bloxham, 
1896; Warwick School, 1901. Organist of St. Mary-le-Bow, London, 
1908; St. George's, Cannes, France, 1908. Organist and Assistant- 
Master of St. Columba's, Rathfarnham, 1909. Resigned, and went to 
London, 1911. Composer of Church Music, &c. 

FREDERIC WILLIAM ATTWOOD (Reappointed)... 1911 



TENBURYST. MICHAEL'S COLLEGE. 161 



TENBURY ST. MICHAEL'S COLLEGE. 

Founded in 1856 by the Rev. Sir Frederick A. Gore Ouseley, Bart., mainly 
for the education of boys in music and for Holy Orders. 

The object of the College is expressed in the Statutes thus : 

" To form a model for the Choral Service of the Church in these 
realms ; and, for the furtherance of this object, to receive, educate, 
and train boys in such religious, musical, and secular knowledge as 
shall be most conducive thereto." 

JOHN CAPEL HANBURY, M.A., Oxon., 1859 ... 1856 (?)i857 

Subsequently took Holy Orders and became Curate of Pipe and Lyde, and 
Second Classical Master of Hereford Cathedral School, 1858. Divinity 
Lecturer and Chaplain of Wadham College, Oxford, 1872. Rector 
successively of Lower Bromley, Essex, 1880 ; and Bourton-on-the- Water, 
Gloucestershire, 1884. Hereford Chaplain at Wiesbaden, 1888. 

(SiR) JOHN STAINER, M.A., and Mus.D., Oxon. ; 

D.C.L., and Mus.D., Dunelm. ; F.R.C.O. ... 1857 1859 
(See under London St. Paul's Cathedral.) 

LANGDON COLBORNE., Mus.B., Cantab. ; Mus.D., 

Cantuar. ... ... 1860 1874 

(See under Hereford.) 

ALFRED ALEXANDER ... J 874 1877 

Born at Rochester, May 6, 1842. Chorister in Rochester Cathedral. Pupil 
of and Assistant to John Hopkins. Organist of Shorne Church (in 
succession to Sir F. Bridge), 1862; Strood Parish Church, 1865. Sub- 
sequently Organist to the Earl of Mar and Kellie. Organist successively of 
St Michael's College, Tenbury. 1874; Wigan Parish Church, 1877; American 
Church, Nice, 1891 ; and St. Andrew's, Southporr. Composer of Cantatas, 
Church Music, Chamber Music, Organ pieces, Songs, Part-songs, &c. 

WILLIAM CLAXTON, M.A., Oxon., IK*; Mus.B., 

Oxon. ,1882 ... ... 1877 

Subsequently took Holy Orders and became Curate of Hartley Wintney, 
1887- Curate of Woolston, Hants, 1893; and Vicar of Navestock, Essex, 
1897. Composer of Church Music, Part-songs, Songs, &c. 

WALTER J. LANCASTER, Mus.B., Viet.; F.R.C.O. 1886 1889 
Born 1860. Chorister in St. George's Chapel Windsor (for six months only). 
Pupil of T. E. Jones, Dr. Longhurst. and Dr. E. J. Hopkins. Organist of 
Dover Parish Church, 1878; All Saints', Kingston -on-Thames, 1883. 
Organist and Music Master of St. Michael's College, Tenbury, 1886. 
Organist of the Parish Church, Bolton, 1889. Composer of Church Music, 
Songs, &c. 



162 CATHEDRAL ORGAMSTS. 



ALLAN PATERSON, Mus.B., Dub., u; F.R.C.O. 1889 1893 

Born August 3, 1865. Assistant-Organist of Hereford Cathedral, 1884 ; 

Organist of St. Michael's College, Tenbury, 1889 ; Priory Church, Malvern, 

1893 ; Govan Parish Church, 1895 ; St. Paul's Church, Cannes, 1898-1899. 

Now Organist of St. Paul's, Greenock. Composer of Church Music, &c. 
During the Easter Term of 1894, Mr. C. H. MoODY (now Organist of 

Ripon Cathedral) acted as Organist. 

JAMES LYON, Mus.D., Oxon,, isos 1894 1896 

Born October 25. 1872. Pupil of Drs. T. W. Dodds and Herbert Botting. 
Sub-Organist of Bangor Cathedral, 1892. Organist of St. Michael's 
College, Tenbury, 1894 ; St. Mark's. Surbiton, 1896. Organist and Music 
Master of Warwick School, 1897. Organist of Wallasey Parish Church, 
near Liverpool. Composer of Church Music, Organ Music, Songs, 
Pianoforte pieces, Violin pieces &c. 

EDGAR C. BROADHURST ... ... ... ... 1896 1907 

Born at Lympstone, Devon, June 10, 1876. Chorister in Hereford Cathedral. 
Pupil of G. R. Sinclair,- and Assistant-Organist of Hereford Cathedral. 
For some time Accompanist to the Hereford Choral and Orchestral 
Societies and to the Hereford Festival Choir. Organist of St. Michael's 
College, Tenbury, 1896. Organist of Harrow Parish Church, and 
Assistant-Master at Harrow School, 1907. 

MAURICE GORDON BURGESS, F.R.C.O 1908 1909 

Student of the Guildhall School of Music. Organist of St. Michael's, 
Tenbury, 1908 ; Dulwich College, 1910. 

PERCY C. DAVIS Jan., 1910 Dec., 1910 

Went to America. 

NORMAN C. WOODS, M.A., mo ; Mus.B., 

Cantab., 1906 ; F.R.C.O. 1911 1912 

Born at Gosport, June 22, 1882. Organist of the Parish Church, 
Chiswick, 1906 ; the Parish Church, Ludlow, 1908 ; St. Michael's 
College, Tenbury, 1911 ; Holy Trinity, Southport, 1913. Now a Priest 
in Orders and a Minor Canon of Winchester Cathedral. 

ARTHUR BAYNON, F.R.C.O. ... ... ... 1913 I 9 1 9 

Born at Clifton, 1889. Articled pupil to Cedric Bucknall, at All Saints', 
Clifton, and the University. Music Master of Truro College, 1911. 
Organist of St. Michael's, Tenbury, 1913. Resigned 1919. 

ERNEST BULLOCK, Mus.D., Dimelm., F.R.C.O. 1919 1919 

(February to December.) 
(See under Exeter.) 

HEATHCOTE DICKEN STATHAM, Mus.B., 

Cantab., mi ... ... ... ... ... 1920 

Chorister in St. Michael's College, Tenbury, 1900. Mus. Scholar, 
Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, 1908. Scholar of Royal College 
of Music, 1912. Organist of Calcutta Cathedral, 1913. St. Michael's 
College, Tenbury, 1920. 



WINCHESTER COLLEGE. 163 



WINCHESTER COLLEGE. 

In William of Wykeham's Statutes of 1400 there is no provision for an 
Organist, and for more than a century one of the Lay Clerks appears to have 
taken the duty. The first mention of a regular Organist occurs in 1542, when, 
according to the Bursar's book, 

ROBERT MOSE 

held the appointment at a salary of 5 per annum. This seems to have 
continued to be the amount of the Organist's salary until the time of John 
Reading. 

JOHN HAWKYNS was Organist in 1548. 

His name appears in the Computus Roll for that year. He is said to have 
been formerly a Monk of Waltham Abbey. 

THOMAS WEELKES, Mus. B., Oxon. ... ... 1598 1602 

(See under Chichester.) 

WILLIAM EMES ... ... ... ... ...(?)i6o2 1637 

Succeeded Weelkes. Died 1637. A William Eimes was Organist of 
Wimborne Minster in 1610. 



GEORGE KING ... 1645 (?)i665 

Father of William King (Organist of New College, Oxford). Died 1665. 
Buried in the Cloisters of Winchester College. 

ROBERT PICKHAVER 1665 1678 

Previously Organist of New College, Oxford. In 1665 " he received 4 gs. 6d. 

in payment for an instrument of music called ' le harpeelen ' (the 

harpsichord ?)." (Kirby's " Annals of Winchester College ") Died 1678.^ 
Two Anthems by him, " Consider and hear me " and " Sing unto the Lord," 

are included in the MS. Organ book formerly in the possession of 

the late J. S. Bumpus, mentioned on p. 156. 

GEFFRYS (JEFFRIES?) 1678 1681 



JOHN READING ... 1681 1692 

During Reading's time the salary was increased from 5 to 50 per annum. 
(See also under Winchester Cathedral.) 

JEREMIAH CLARK ... 1692 I?)i6g5 

(See under London St. Paul's Cathedral.) 

JOHN BISHOP l6 95 1 737 

(See under Winchester Cathedral.) 

JAMES KENT ... i?37 '774 

(See under Winchester Cathedral.) 



1 64 CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 

PETER FUSSELL 1774 1802 

(See under Winchester Cathedral.) 

GEORGE WILLIAM CHARD, Mus.D., Cantab. ... 1802 1849 
(See under Winchester Cathedral.) 

BENJAMIN LONG, Mus.B., Oxon., ms ... ... 1849 ^50 

Died 1850. Buried in the Cloisters, Winchester College. 
(See also under Winchester Cathedral.) 

SAMUEL SEBASTIAN WESLEY, Mus.D., Oxon. ... 1850 1865 
(See under Gloucester.) 

WILLIAM HUTT 1865 1901 

Born August 25, 1843. Chorister in Westminster Abbey. Pupil of James 
Turle, James Coward, and Professor G. A. Macfarren. Organist successively 
of St. Michael's, Queenhithe ; Berkeley Chapel, Mayfair ; and the Parish 
Church, Mitcham. Organist and Music Master of Winchester College, 1865. 
Retired 1901. Died at Littlehampton, March 18, 1904. 

EDWARD THOMAS SWEETING, Mus.D., Oxon. ... 1901 
(See under St. John's College, Cambridge.) 



WINDSOR ST. GEORGE'S CHAPEL (ROYAL). 

JOHN MARBECK (or MERBECKJ, Mus.B., Oxon., mo(?)i54i 



Born about 15 14. Lay Clerk, and afterwards Organist, of St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor. Condemned to the stake, for his adherence to 
the Protestant faith (1544), but escaped through the intervention of 
Gardiner. Bishop of Winchester. Died about 1585. Adapter of the 
ancient Plain-Song to the English Service, published in 1550 as " The 
booke of Common Praier Noted." Composer of Church Music, including 
a Mass " Per arma justitie," Motets, &c. Author of a Concordance, 
" The Lives of the Holy Sainctes, Prophets, Patriachs, and others, 
contained in Holy Scripture," 1574, &c. 

In the Dedication, to Edward VI., of his " Concordance," he describes himself 
as " destitute bothe of learnyng and eloquence, yea, and suche a one as in 
maner never tasted the swetnes of learned Letters, but altogether brought 
up in your highnes College at Wyndsore in the study of musike and 
plaiyng on organs, wherin I consumed vainly the greatest part of my life." 
According to the " Injunctions newly given by the Kinges Mats Com- 
missioners for the reformation of certain abuses " (4 Edward VI., 
October 26, 1550), GEORGE THEXTON was evidently a Joint-Organist 
with Marbeck at that time : 

" And whereas we understand that John Merbeck and George Thexton, hath 
of your graunt, frees appointed them severally for playing upon organs. 
We take ordre that the sayd John and George shall enjoy their severall 
offices during their Lyves, if they continue in that Colledge, in as large 
and ample maner as if organ plaing had still continued in the Church. "- 
(Ashmolean MS., No. 1123, f. 38b-4ib.) 

* He probably reli .quished th-; active dunes of his appointment some years earlier. 



WINDSOR ST. GEORGE'S CHAPEL (ROYAL). 165 

RICHARD FARRANT I5 6 4 I5 s 

Born about 1530. Gentleman of the Chapel Royal until 1564. Master of 

the Choristers (and probably one of the Organists) of St. George's Chapel 

Windsor, 1564. Reappointed a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, 1569. 

Died at Windsor, November 30, 1580. Composer of Church Music. The 

well-known Anthem, Lord, for Thy tender mercies' sake," attributed to 

R. Farrant, is more probably the work of John Hilton. 
Farrant had an allowance of 81 6s. 8d. as Master of the Choristers of 

St. George s Chapel, for their board and education. He resided in a 

house within the Castle, called Old Commons. 
The office-book of the Treasurer of the Chamber, in the reign of Elizabeth, 

contains several entries of payments to Farrant for the presentation of 

Plays at the Court by his Choristers. 

JOHN MUNDY (MUNDAY, or MUNDIE), Mus.D., 

Oxon., 1624 circa 1585 1630 

Is said to have succeeded Marbeck as Organist. Pupil of his father, William 
Mundy, and for some time Organist of Eton College. Organist of 
St. George's Chapel, Windsor, circa 1580. Died 1630. Buried in the 
Cloisters, St. George's Chapel. Composer of Church Music, Madrigals, 
"Songs and Psalms," &c. There are several pieces by him in the 
Fitzwilliam Virginal Book. 

NATHANIEL GILES (or GYLES), Mus.D., Oxon., im 1585 1633 

Born of a Worcestershire family, about 1558. Possibly a Clerk of 
Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1577.* Organist of Worcester Cathedral, 
1581-1585. Master of the Choristers and one of the Organists of St. 
George's Chapel, Windsor, 1585. Master of the Children of the Chapel 
Royal, 1597. Died January 24, 1633. Buried in St. George's Chapel, 
Windsor. Composer of Church Music, Madrigals, &c. Contributor to 
Leighton's " Tears and Lamentacions of a Sorrowful Soule." 

The Dean and Canons of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, bv Deed dated ist 
October, 1595, nominate Nathaniel Gyles, B.M., to be Clerk in the Chapel, 
and one of the Players on the Organs there, and also to be Master, 
Instructor, Tutor, and Creansor, or Governor of the ten Choristers, 
agreeing to give him an annuity of 81 6s. 8d. and a dwelling-house 
within the castle, called the Old Commons, wherein John Mundie did 
lately inhabit, with all appurtenances, as one Richard Farrante enjoyed 
the same. The stipend to be paid monthly by the Treasurer, over and 
beside all other gifts, rewards, or benevolence that may be given to the 
Choristers for singing of Ballads, Plays, or the like : also such reasonable 
leave of absence as the statutes allow, except when Her Majesty shall 
be present, or an Installation or Funeral of any noble person shall be 
solemnized, on condition that the said Nathaniel Gyles shall procure meet 
and apt Choristers within the space of three months after avoidance, (Her 
Majesty's Commission for the taking of children being allowed unto him,) 
and that he shall instruct them in Singing, Pricksong, and Descant, and 
bring up such as be apt to the Instrument ; and that he shall find them 
sufficient meat and drink, apparel, bedding and lodging at his own costs 
within the New Commons lately appointed for them ; and that he shall find 
a sufficient deputy during the times of sickness and absence " (Ashmolean 
MS., No. 1125. 33.) 



* Sir Ivor Atkins has found that Giles was not a Chorister of Magdalen College, Oxford, as 
stated by Bloxem. 



1 66 CATHEDRAL ORGAXISTS. 



At the instigation of Sir Ivor Atkins it was recently discovered, by means 
of the records in St. George's Chapel, that in 1586 Nathaniel Gyles 
received a similar annuity as Master of the Choristers there, and that he 
was first appointed such in 1585. The Indenture given above was 
probably a document of renewal, the various officials of the Chapter 
being appointed by the year only. 

" Nathaniel Giles, Dr. of mewsicke died y c 24th of Janewary & was 
bewryed the 2gth of the same munneth, 1633." (Extract from the Registers 
of St. George's Chapel.) 

His son, Nathaniel Giles, became a Canon of Windsor, and afterwards of 
Worcester. 

WILLIAM CHILD, Mus.D., Oxon. ... ... ... 1632 1697 

(See under Chapel Royal.) 

[The Choral Service and Organ were suppressed from 1644 until the 
Restoration.] 

JOHN GOLDWIN (or GOLDING) 1697 1719 

Born 1670. Pupil of Dr. Child. Organist of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, 
1697 5 Master of the Choristers there, 1703. Died at Windsor, November 7, 
1719. Composer of a Service in F, a few Anthems, and some " Lessons " 
for the Harpsichord (MS.). 

FRANCIS PIGOTT (Junr.) 1756 

Probably grandson of Francis Pigott (SenrJ, and son of J. Pigott (Organists 
of the Temple Church). The year of his appointment to St. George's 
Chapel is not known. He was also Organist of Eton College. 

EDWARD WEBB 1756 1788 

Also Organist of Eton College. 

Died 1788, through loss of blood, after undergoing an operation for the 
removal of a wen from the nostril. Buried in the Cloisters. 

THEODORE AYLWARD, Mus.D., Oxon., 1791 ... 1788 1801 

Born 1730. Organist of Oxford Chapel, London, W., about 1760 ; St. 
Lawrence, Jewry, 1762; St. Michael's, Cornhill, 1768; St. George's Chapel, 
Windsor, 1788. Was also Private Organist to Queen Charlotte. Gresham 
Professor of Music, 1771. Died in London, February 27, 1801. Buried in 
St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Composer of Church Music (in MS.), 
Musical Dramas, pieces for the Harpsichord, Glees, Songs, &c. 

Epitaph (by the poet Hayley) on Dr. Aylward, in the Rutland Chapel, North 
Aisle of St. George's Chapel : 

Aylward, adieu ! my pleasing, gentle friend, 
Regret and honour on thy grave attend: 
Thy rapid hand harmonious skill possest, 
And moral harmony enriched thy breast ; 
For heaven most freely to thy life assign'd 
Benevolence, the music of the mind; 
Mild as thy nature all thy mortal scene, 
Thy death was easy, and thy life serene. 1 ' 



WINDSOR ST. GEORGE'S CHAPEL (ROYAL). 167 



WILLIAM SEXTON ......... ...... l8oi 

Born 1764. Chorister in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and in Eton College 
Pupil of Edward Webb. For some years Assistant-Organist of St. Georee's 
Chapel. Organist, Sub- Precentor, and Master of the Choristers iloi 
Died 1824. Composer of Church Music, Glees, Songs, &c. 

KARL FRIEDRICH HORN ............ ^24 1830 

Born at Nordhausen, Saxony, 1762. Pupil of Schroter. Came to London 
as valet to the Marquis of Stafford, 1782. Afterwards became a teacher of 
music, and was Music Master to Queen Charlotte until 1811. Organist 
of St. George's Chapel, Windsor, 1824. Died August 5, 1830. Composer of 
Sonatas for the Pianoforte, Twelve Themes with variations for the Pianoforte, 
with an accompaniment for the Flute or Violin. Author of a Treatise on 
Thorough Bass. Collaborated with Samuel Wesley in the preparation of 
an English edition of J. S. Bach's " Wohltemperirte Clavier," which was 
published in 1810-12. 

His son, Charles Edward Horn, was a celebrated Singer and Composer, 
whose songs "Cherry Ripe" and "I know a bank " have taken a place 
among our national ballads. 

HIGHMORE SKEATS (Junr.) ......... 1830 1835 

Born at Canterbury, 1786. Presumably a pupil of his father, whom he 
succeeded as Organist of Ely Cathedral, 1804. Organist of St. George's 
Chapel, Windsor, 1830. Died at Windsor, February 24, 1835. Buried in 
the Cloisters of St. George's Chapel. Composer of Church Music. 



SIR GEORGE JOB ELVEY, Kn'-'Mus.D., Oxon., isw 1835 

Born at Canterbury, March 27, 1816. Chorister in Canterbury Cathedral. 
Pupil of Highmore Skeats (Senr.); also of his brother, Stephen Elvey, and 
afterwards, at the Royal Academy of Music, of Cipriani Potter and Dr. 
Crotch. Lay Clerk of Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford, 1 833. Organist of 
St. George's Chapel, Windsor, 1835. Private Organist to Her Majesty, 1837. 
Knighted 1871. Conductor of the Windsor Glee and Madrigal Society and 
of the Windsor and Eton Choral Society. Retired from the post at 
Windsor, 1882. Died at Windlesham, Surrey, December 9, 1893. Buried 
outside the West Front of St. George's Chapel, Windsor. Composer of 
Oratorios, Odes, Church Music, Glees, Part-songs, Music for Orchestra, 
Organ, Pianoforte, Violin, Songs, &c. 

SIR WALTER PARRATT, Kn*- K.C.V.O.; Mus.D., 

.Oxon., 1894; F.R.C.0 ............. 1882 

Born at Huddersfield, February 10, 1841. Pupil of his father, Thomas 
Parratt (Organist of Huddersfield Parish Crmrch), and George Cooper. 
Appointed Organist of Armitage Bridge Church, 1852: St. Paul's, 
Huddersfield, 1854; Witley Court (Private Organist to Earl Dudley), 
1861 ; Wigan Parish Church, 1868; Magdalen College, Oxford, 1872; 
St George's Chapel, Windsor, 1882. Conductor of the Windsor and 
Eton Madrigal Society, 1882. Sometime Conductor of the Windsor 
and Eton Choral Society. Founder and Conductor of the Windsor and 
Eton Orchestral Society. Professor of the Organ at the Royal College of 
Music, 1883. Knighted 1892. Master of the Music to Her, Majesty the 
Queen, 1893. Professor of Music in the University of Oxford, 1908-1918. 
Knight Commander of the Victorian Order, 1921. Composer of Music to 
" Agamemnon," " Story of Orestes," " Elegy to Patroclus," Church Music, 
Organ pieces, Songs, Pianoforte pieces, &c. Lecturer and Writer on Music. 



INDEX OF ORGANISTS' NAMES. 



When more than one page number is given against an Organist's name, that 
in the larger type indicates where the biographical notes concerning that 
Organist are to be found. 



A. 

PAGE 

" Adam the Organist " . . . . 79 

Alcock, John . . . . . . 59 

Alcock, Walter Galpin .. 103, 140 
Alexander, Alfred .. .. .. 161 

Allchin, William Thomas Howell 157 
Allen, Sir Hugh Percy . . 42, 97, 156 
Allen, John . . .. .. 17 

Allinson (or Allanson), Thomas. . 64 
Amner, John .. .. ..40 

Amott, John 50 

Amps, William 126 

Angel, Alfred 46 

Appilby, Thomas.. .. 62,130 
Appleford, Walter Langley . . 159 
Armes, Philip . . . . 24, 33 

Arnold, George Benjamin 115, *55. '58 
Arnold, Samuel . . . . 138, 147 

Ash well, Thomas 62 

Atkins, Sir Ivor Algernon . . 119 
Atkins, Robert Augustus . . 97 

Atkinson, Frederick Cook . . 83 

Attwood, Frederick William . . 160 
Attwood, Thomas . . 73, *39 

Ayleward, Richard . . . . 81 

Aylward, Theodore .. ..166 
Aylward, Theodore Edward 24, 68, 159 
Ayrton, Edmund . . . . . . 104 

Ayrton, Thomas 91 

Ayrton, William 91 

Ayrton, William Francis Worrall 91 

B. 

Badham, John .. .. .. 54 

Bailey, Edward . . . . 20, 96 

Bailey, John 20 

Bairstow, Edward Cuthbert . . 123 

Baker, Edmund 19 

Baker, Henry 79 

Banks, Ralph 93 

Barcrofte, George 40 

Barcrofte, Thomas . . . . 39 

Barnby, Sir Joseph . . . . 132 

Barnes, Robert . . . . . . 1 

Barneys (or Barnes), Thomas .. 17 
Barrett, John . . . . . . 99 

Barton, Matthew .. .. .. 124 



Bassett, Peter 
Batchelor, Chappell 
Bates, Frank 
Bates, George 
Bateson, Thomas 
Bath, George 
Batten, Adrian 
Baynon, Arthur 
Beale, George Galloway. . 
Beale, William 
Beckwith, John Charles . . 
Beckwith, John Christmas 
Beckwyth, Sir .. 
Bedsmore, Thomas 
Belcher, William Edward 
Benbow, John 
Bennett, Alfred (Senr.> .. 
Bennett, Alfred (Junr.) . . 
Bennett, George John 
Bennett, Henry R. 
Bennett, Thomas 
Berkeley, Myles Cecil . . 
Bettridge, Samuel 
Betts, Edward 
Bevin, Elway 
Bishop, John 
Bishop, William 
Black, George 
Black well, Isaac .. 
Blair, Hugh 
Blitheman, William 
Blow, John 
Blundell, Roper . . 
Blyth, Benjamin . . 
Bolton, Thomas . . 
Bond, John Henry 
Booth, John Stocks 
Booth, Richard 
Bowers, Robert . . 
Bowman, John 
Boyce, William . . 
Boys, William 
Boyse, Daniel 
Bramston, Richard 
Brewer, Alfred Herbert 
Bridge, John Frederick (Sir Frederick) 

78149 



PAGE 

.. 7 
.. 105 
.. 83 
.. 91 
17, 29 
.. Ill 
.. 70 
.. 162 
.. 68 
126, 128 
.. 82 
.. 82 
.. 100 
.. 60 
.. 98 
.. 84 
.. 155 
.. 127 
.. 66 
.. 24 
.. 23 
.. 160 
.. 1 
.. 76 
7, ^ 
113, 163 
.. 99 
.. 20 
.. 71 
.. 119 
.. 134 
137, 144, 146 
.. 92 
.. 153 
.. 2 
.. 91 
.. 95 
.. 76 
.. 93 
.. 128 
.. 138 
.. 63 
.. 116 
.. 107 
52 



170 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 





PAGE 1 PAGE 


Bridge, Joseph Cox 


21 Chomley, Richard .. ..11 


Brimble, John 


126 


Church, Richard . . . . 84, 155 


Brimley (or Brimlei), John 


36 


Clack, Richard 55 


Brind, Richard 


72 


Clark, Jeremiah .. 71, 137.163 


Broadhurst, Edgar C 


162 


Clarke, Charles E. J. .. 38, "9 


Broadway, Edward 


26 


Clarke, Edward Murlesse . . 158 


Broadway, Richard 


34 


Clarke, James Hamilton Siree .. 68 


Broderip, John 


110 


Clarke, Jeremiah 119 


Broderip, William 


109 


Clarke, John Grey . . . . 160 


Brodhorne, Thomas 


22 


Clarke-Whitfeld, John i, 56, 126, 128 


Brooksbank, Hugh 


68 


Clausy, John 107 


Brown, John . . 


109 


Claxton, Robert 40 


Brown, Richard 


108 


Claxton, William .. ..161 


Brown, William 


60 


Clerk, John 108 


Browne, Richard 


117 


Cobbold, William 79 


Browne, William 


33 


Cock (or Cocke), Arthur . . 10, 43, 135 


Browne, William (Senr.) 


36 


Codner, D. John D 100 


Browne, William (Junr.) 


36 


Cogan. Philip 34 


Bryan (Brian or Bryne), Albertus 




Colborne, Langdon .. 57, '61 


71 


, IH 


Colden, John 116 


Bryant, Joshua N. 


160 


Coleby (or Colby), Theodore 44, 150 


Buck, Percy Carter . . 10, 


110 


Coleman, Richard Henry Pinwill 89 


Buck, Zechariah 


82 


Coleman, Simon .. .. .. 154 


Bucknall, Cedric 


105 j Collinson, Thomas Henry . . 38 


Bull, John 53 


, i34 


Combes, George . . . . . . 9 


Bull, Thomas 


10 


Cook, Edgar Tom .. .. 75 


Bullis. Thomas 


40 


Gooke, Benjamin . . . . . . 147 


Bullock, Ernest . . . . 46 


, 162 


Cooke, Robert 148 


Burgess, Maurice Gordon 


162 


Cooper, Alexander Samuel . . 158 


Burgh, Richard 


61 


Cooper, George (Junr. i . . 73. 139 


Burstall, Frederick Hampton . . 


66 


Cooper, James . . . . 81 


Bussell, Humphrey 


7 


Cooper, J. S 160 


Butcher, F. C 


160 


Corfe, Arthur Thomas . . . . 102 


Butler, Thomas 


63 


Corfe, Charles William . . . . 86 


Byrcheley, John 


17 


Corfe, John Davis. . . . . . 9 


Byrd (or Bird), William .. 63 


, 134 


Corfe, Joseph 102 






Corfe, Robert . . . . . . 61 


C. 




Cotterell, Robert 116 


Calah, John . . . . 
Calkin, John Baptiste . . . . 158 
Cambridge, Frederick . . . . 159 
Camidge, John 122 
Camidge, Dr. John . . . . 122 
Camidge, Matthew . . . . 122 
Campion, William . . . . 22 
Capell, Thomas 23 
Carr, George 67 
Carter, William 76 
Chamberlayne, . . . . 100 
Chard, George William . . 115, 164 
Charles, J 121 


Cotton, Humphry .. ..81 
Courteis (or Curtis), .. ..150 
Coyle, Miles 55 
Cranbroke, John . . . . 10 
Crawe (or Crowe), James .. 62 
Creser, William 140 
Croft, William . . . . '37, 146 
Cross, William . . . . 86, J57 
Crotch, William . . . . 85, 157 
Crouch, 154 
Crow, Edwin John . . . . 91 
Crowe, Frederick Joseph 

Williotn 9S 


Chart, Thomas 
Chaundy, Edred Martin 


10 , Culley, Arnold Duncan.. .. 38 


Cheese, Griffith James 


77 D. 


Cherington, R 


118 I Dalton, Robert 14 


Cherry, Richard 


35 i Dare, Charles James . . . . 55 


Child, Simon 


154 Davies, Henry Walford . . . . 142 


Child, William . . . . 136, 


166 


Davies (or Davis), Hugh. . .. 54 


Chipp, Edmund Thomas 


42 Davies, Samuel 19 



INDEX. 



171 





PAGE 




PAGE 


Davis, Percy C. .. 


.. 162 


G. 




Davis, Richard 


.. 117 


Gaffe, George 


.. 95 


Davis, Thomas Henry . . 


.. 110 


Galway, Richard .. 


.. 1 


Davy, John 


.. 62 


Garland, Thomas 


.. 81 


Day, John. . 


.. 96 


Garrett, George Mursell . . 


.. 127 


Day John . . . . 


. 99 


Garton, Frederick S. 


.. 100 


Day, Thomas 


.. 143 


Geffrys, 


.. 163 


De La Maine, Henry 


.. 26 


George, John 


.. 109 


Deane, Thomas 


8 


Gerard, Alexander 


.. 96 


Dobinson, Abraham 


.. 14 


Gerard, John 


.. 96 


Dodson, 


.. 36 


Gibbes, Thomas 


.. 11 


Done, Michael 


.. 18 


Gibbons, Christopher . . a 


, 137. 144 


Done, William 


.. 119 


Gibbons, Edward 


8, 43, 124 


Dove, Robert 


.. 62 


Gibbons, Ellis 


.. 100 


Dowding, Emily 


.. 141 


Gibbons, Orlando.. 


135, 143 


Doyle, Langrishe 
Dunnill, William Frederick 


..i, 31 
.. 6 


Gibbs, 
Gibbs, Richard 


.. 54 

.. 80 


Dupuis, Thomas Sanders 


.. 138 


Gibbs, Thomas 


.. 81 






Gibson, Joseph .. 


.. 8 






Gilbert, John 


.. 2 


. 




Giles, Nathaniel 


H6.165 


Ebdon, Thomas 


.. 37 


Giles (or Gyles), Thomas 


.. 69 


Eblyn, Thomas 


.. 128 


Gladstone, Francis Edward 


24, 68, 82 


Edge, Edward 


.. 76 


Gleson, Walter 


.. 7 


Edwards, David 


.. 8 


Godfrey, Thomas 


29,33 


Elbonn, John 


.. 41 


Godwin, Matthew 


io, 43 


Elliott, Thomas 


.. 98 


Goldwin (or Golding), John 


.. 166 


Ellis, William 


130, 157 


Goodson, Richard (Senr.) 


84, 154 


Ellis, William 


.. 79 


Goodson, Richard (Junr.) 


.. 84 


Elmore, Arthur 


.. 6 


Goss, Sir John 


.. 73 


Elvey, Sir George Job 
Elvey, Stephen 


.. 167 
155, 15? 


Goss-Custard, Walter Henry 
Gray, Alan. . 


.. 66 
.. 130 


Ernes, William 


.. 163 


Greatorex, Thomas 


15, 148 


Este, Michael 


.. 58 


Greene, Maurice 


72, 137 


Evans, William 


.. 109 


Greggs, William 


.. 37 


Eveleigh, William George 


.. 27 


Grene, Richard 
Grigson, J. E. 


.. 116 
.. 160 






Grizzelle, Thomas 


.. 157 


F. 




Gunn, Barnabas 


.. 49 


Farrant, John . . . . 7, 3 


9, 53, ioo 


Gunton, Frederick 


21, 104 




165 




. 107 


J^siTcint, ivichtirci . . 
Fayrfax, Robert 


. .' 94 






Fermer (or Farmer), John 


29, 33 


H. 




Ferrabosco, John 


.. 40 


Hall, Henry (Senr.) 


45, 54 


Ferrer, 


3 


Hall, Henry (Junr.) 


.. 55 


Fido (or Fidow), John 


54, "7 


Hall, Richard 


.. 23 


Finell, Thomas .. ..29, 


30,33,34 


Hampton, John 


.. 116 


Fisher, Richard 


.. 116 


Hanbury, John Capel 


.. 161 


Fitzgerald, James F. 


.. 32 


Hanforth, Thomas William 


.. 103 


Flexney, 


.. 154 


Hardacre, George 


.. 159 


Ford, Henry Edmund 


.. 15 


Harding, E. 


.. 159 


Foster, John 


.. 37 


Hardy, Joseph Naylor .. 


.. 106 


Fox, William 


.. 40 


Harris, Joseph John 


.. 77 


Frith, John . . 


.. 156 


Harris, William Henry . . 


.. 156 


Frye, Frederick Robert . . 


.. 16 


Harwood, Basil .. '.. 


42. 87 


Fuller, Richard 


61, ioo 


Hasted, John 


.. 65 


Fuller, Robert 


.. 125 


Hawkins, James JSenr.) . . 


.. 40 


Fussell, Peter 


114, 164 


Hawkins, James (Junr.) . . 


.. 88 



172 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



PAGE 

Hawkins, John . . . . 90 

Hawkshaw, John (Senr.) 29, 33 

Hawkshaw, John (Junr.).. J . 33 

Hawkyns, John .. .. .. 163 

Hayden, Henry 97 

Hayden, William Robert . . 97 

Hayes, Philip . . 85, 152, 155, i57 
Hayes, William .. .. 118, 152 

Haylett, Thomas 21 

Hayne, Leighton George . . 131 

Hayter, Aaron Upjohn . . 55 

Hay ward, Robert 28 

Heath, John 92 

Heath, Paul 8 

Heathcote, Edward .. ..104 

Heather, Stephen 131 

Hecht (or Hight), Andrew . . 64 
Hecht, Thomas .. .. 6 4, 151 

Heighten, J 159 

Hemsley, F 160 

Henman, Richard .. ..45 

Henshaw, William . . . . 38 

Henstridge, Daniel . . 12, 47, 93 

Herbit, William 33 

Hesletine, James .. .. ..37 

Hewson, George Henry Phillips 2, 33 
Higgins, Edward . . . . . . 9 

Higgins, R. W 160 

Hill, Thomas 15 

Hilton, John .. .. 63, 127 

Hinde, Henry 58 

Hine, William 48 

Hoddinott, John 118 

Hodge, John 53 

Hodge, Robert . . . . 34, 109 
Hodge, Robert (Junr.) .. .. 1 
Hogan, Frederick William . . 159 

Holland, James 76 

Hollister, Thomas . . . . 26 

Holmes, George . . . . 64 

Holmes, John .. .. 100, m 

Hooper, Edmund .. .. 135,143 

Hopkins, Edward John . . . . 142 

Hopkins, John . . . . . . 94 

Hopkins, John Larkin .. 93, 129 

Hopkins, William E 35 

Horan, John . . . . 32 

Horn, Karl Friedrich . . . . 167 
Horncastle. Frederick William . . 2 

Hosier, Philip 47 

Howe, John . . . . 14 

Howe, John 142 

Howe, Joseph . . . . . . 93 

Howe, Richard 93 

Howe, Timothy . . . . . . 14 

Hoyle, Walter 27 

Hughes, Thomas .96 

Hughes, W. C. .. .. .. 160 



I'AGE 

Hulet, T 116 

Hull, Percy Clarke .. ..57 

Hunt, Hubert Walter .. ..10 

Hunt, John . . . . . . 56 

Huntley. George Frederick . . 79 
Husbands, Charles . . . . 84 

Husbands, John . . . . . . 61 

Husbands, William .. ..84 

Hutchinson, John . . 103, 120 

Hutchinson, Richard .. ..37 

Hutt, William 164 

Hyde, C. F . . 159 

Hygons, Richard 107 

Hylton -Stewart, Charles Henry 24 
Hylton-Stewart, Charles (Junr.) 94 



Iliffe, Frederick . . .... 158 

Ingham, Richard .. .. .. 15 

Ingleton, John . . . . 62 

Inglott, William 80 

Ions, William Jamson . . 78 

Irons, Herbert Stephen . . 105, 158 

Isaic, Elias 118 

Isaac(ke), Peter . . . . 30, 101 
Isaac, William . . . . 33 

J. 

ackson, John .. .. .. 109 

ackson, William . . . . 45 

ames, Robert . . . . 14 

anes, Robert 42 

arred (or Gerard), Richard .. 3 
efferies, John Edward . . . . 79 
effries (or Jefferies), Stephen 

(Senr.) 47 

Jefferies, Stephen (Junr.) . . 8 

Jekyll, Charles Sherwood . . 139 

Jewitt, Randall (or Randolph) 

18,29,33,112 

Johnson, Basil 132 

Jones, Dr. John . . . . . . 1 

Jones, John . . . . . . 96 

Jones, John .. .. 72, 141 

Jones, Thomas .. .. ..18 

Jones, Thomas Evance .. .. 13 

Juglott, William (or Inglott ?) . . 54 
Juxon, George .. .. ..11 

K. 

Kay (Key, or Keys) William .. 19 

Keeling, W 159 

Keeton, Haydn . 

Kelway, Thomas . . . . . 22 

Kemp, Joseph . . . . . 9 

Kempton, Thomas . . . . 41 

Kenge, William 119 

Kennedy, Walter . . . . 29 



INDEX. 



Kent, James . . 114 


PAGE 

, 128, 163 


Mann, Arthur Henry 


PAGE 
.. 126 


Key, William 


76, 96 


Marbeck (or Merbeck), John 


.. 164 


King, George 


IH.163 


Marchant, Charles George 


.. 35 


King, William 


.. 154 


Marchant, Robert Stanley 


.. 74 


Kingston, Thomas 
Kirby (or Kirkby), 


.. 63 
.. 120 


Marks, James Christopher 
Marks, Thomas Osborne. . 


.. 26 
2 


Kitson, Charles Herbert 


.. 32 


Marriott, Arthur 


.. 105 


Knight, Thomas 


.. 89 


Marshall, George 


.. 124 


Knyght, Thomas 


.. 100 


Marshall, John 


.. 107 


Knyvett, Charles 


.. 138 


Marshall, William 


86, 157 


Kyng, William 


.. 39 


Marson, George 


.. 11 






Martin, Sir George Clement 


.. 74 


L. 




Martin, Jonathan 


.. 138 


Lamb, Benjamin . . 
Lamb, George 
Lamb, William (Senr.) . . 
Lamb, William (Junr.) . . 
Lancaster, Laurence 
Lancaster, Walter J. 
Langdon, Richard . . * 
Langdon, Richard 
Langton, John 
Lant, Bartholomew 
Lant (or Lante), John . . 


.. 131 
.. 59 

.. 58 
.. 58 
.. 90 
.. 161 

9, 41, 45 
.. 88 
.. Ill 
.. 84 
.. Ill 

Qf\ 


Mason, George 
Mason, Leonard 
Mason, Thomas 
Masterman, Robert 
Mathews, John 
Matthews, Samuel 
Mercer, E. G 
Meredith, William 
Merifield, John 
Middlebrook, William . . 
Middleton, Hubert Stanley 
Miles, 


.. 127 

.. 120 
.. 53 
.. 36 
.. 34 
126, 129 
.. 15 
.. 153 
.. 118 
.. 65 
.. 106 
. 154 


Larkin, Edmund ov 
Lavington, Charles Williams . . 110 
Lee, William 104 
Leeve, Henry 143 
Leigh, John 76 
Ley, Henry George . . . . 87 
Lichfield (or Leichfield), Robert 47 
Liddle, Robert William . . . . 105 
Linsey, Richard 7 
Litster, Thomas 90 
Lloyd, Charles Harford 52, 7, 132, 140 
Lloyd, Llewelyn 97 
Lloyd, Thomas 3 
Long, Benjamin . . . "5. 164 
Longhurst, William Henry . . 13 
Loosemore, George . . 128 
Loosemore, Henry . . 44. 124 
Lott, Donald Wallace . . . . 160 
Lott, John Browning . . ' ' $? 


Mineard, Samuel .. 
Mitchell, John 
Mitternacht, 
Monk, Edwin George 
Monk, Mark James 
Moody, Charles Harry .. 
Mordant, Henry 
Mordant R 


.. 9 
.. 131 
.. 101 

123, 158 
.. 106 
.. 91 
.. 99 
99 


Morgan, Thomas 
Morgan, Tom Westlake . . 
Morley, James 
Morley, Thomas 
Morries, Lewis 
Morris, Herbert C. 
Mose, Robert 
Moss, Anthony 
Mounterratt, John 
Mudd, John 
Mudd, Thomas (?) 


.. 30 
.. 6 

9, 8 
.. 70 
.. 98 
.. 100 
.. 163 
.. 61 
.. 19 
.. 87 
.. 64 


Love, William 
Lowe, Edward 


zo 

84, 137 


Mundy (Munday, or Mundie) 


, John 
130, 165 


Lowe, Thomas 
Lugg (or Lugge), John . . 


.. 47 
.. 43 


Murgatroyd (or Murgetroyd), 


Charles 
65, i 


Lugg (or Lugge), Robert 
Luttman, William Lewis 
Lyde, William 


.. 156 
.. 95 
.. 108 

1 O 


Murphy, Samuel .. 
Murphy, William.. 
Muspratt, Frank 


31, 34 
.. 35 
.. 61 


Lyon, James 


. . Io5s 


Mutlow, William 


.. 49 






Myles, Richard . . 


.. 29 


M. 








Maclean, Charles Donald 
Macpherson, Charles 
Maddox, Matthew 


. . 132 
.. 74 
.. 99 


N. 

Nailer, Matthew 
Nares, James 


.. 108 
121, 138 
1 50 


Major, Leonard 


.. 84 


Nash, R 


J-t)t' 



174 



CA THEDRA L ORGA NISTS. 



PAGE 

Naylor, John 123 

Newbold, Richard .. ..18 

Nicholson, Richard . . . . 150 

Nicholson, Sydney Hugo 14, 16. 78, 

149 
Nixon, . . . . . . . 67 

Noble, Thomas Tenius . . 42, 123 
Norman, John . . . . . . 98 

Norris, Thomas . . . . 85, i57 

o. 

Olive, Edmund . . . . . . 4 

Oker (or Okeover), John . . 47, 108 

Orme, Edward . . . . . . 20 

Osborne, Charles . . " . . 61 

Osborne, Charles Grady . . 61 

Osborne, George Alexander . . 61 

Osborne, George William . . 61 

Ottey, Thomas 96 

Ouseley, Sir Frederick . . . . 86 

Owston, E. C. . . 159 

P. 

Paddon, James .. .. ..46 

Painter, Giles 7 

Palmer, Clement Charlton . . 14 

Palmer, John 7 

Parratt, Sir Walter . . 153, 167 
Parry, Robert .. .. 102, "o 

Parsons, John . . . . . . 143 

Pasmore, Peter . . . . 45 

Paterson, Allan 162 

Patrick, Nathaniel . . . . 117 

Peach, Charles 93 

Pearce, Edward 70 

Pearse, Charles 131 

Pearson, James 14 

Pepir, Leonard .. 62 

Perkins, Abednego G 96 

Perkins, Dodd 110 

Perkins, William 110 

Perrin, Harry Crane .. 14, 159 

Perrot, Robert 149 

Perry, William 55 

Phillips, Arthur .. .. 8,150 

Phillips, Matthew. . .. 99,151 
Philpott, Matthew . . . . 99 

Pick, Charles 14 

Pickhaver, Robert . . 154, 163 

Pigott, Francis . . 137, 14*. 151, *57 
Pigott, Francis (Junr.) . . 131, 166 

Pigott, J 141 

Pink, - 153 

Pitt, Thomas 118 

Pleasants, Thomas . . 81 

Plomer, Francis .. .. ..11 

Plomley, James . . . . 92 

Ponsonby, Noel Edward . . 42 



Popely, William 
Porter, Richard 
Porter, Samuel 
Portman, Richard 
Pratt, John 
Prendergast, William 
Preston, Thomas (Senr.) . 
Preston, Thomas (Junr.). . 
Price, George 
Priest, Nathaniel 
Pring, Isaac 
Pring, James Sharpe 
Pring, Joseph . . 
Propert, William Peregrine 
Pry nn, Anthony .. 
Purcell, Daniel 
Purcell, Henry 
Purvage, James 
Pyne, James Kendrick 



Quarles, Charles 



Q- 



R. 



PAGE 

.. 104 

.. 157 

.. 12 

.. 143 

.. 125 

.. 115 

.. 90 

.. 90 

.. 141 

.. 3, 9 

.. 155 

.. 5 

.. 4 

.. 99 

.. 7 

.. 151 

137, 145 

.. 7 
24, 78 



121, "8 



Ramsey, Robert 128 

Randall, John . . . . 125, 128 
Randall (or Randoll), William . . 135 



Rathbone, John 
Rathbone, Thomas 
Raylton, William 
Raynor, Lloyd 
Read, Frederick John 
Reading, John 
Reading, John 
Redford, John 
Rese (or Rees), 
Richardson, Aithur 
Richardson, Alfred Madeley 
Richardson, John Elliott. . 
Richardson, Vaughan 
Ringrose, William Weaver 
Riseley, George 
Roberts, John Varley 
Roberts, Robert 
Roberts, Thomas 
Robinson, Francis James 
Robinson, John 
Robinson, John 
Roche, James 
Rodgers, James 
Rogers, Benjamin 



112, 



8 

3 

12 
65 

25 
22 
163 
.. 69 
.. 67 
.. 99 
.. 75 
.. 102 
113, n7 
.. 105 
.. 10 
.. 153 
.. 5 
.. 8 
31,35 
31,35 
.. 147 
.. 26 
.. 88 
29, 131, 150 



Rogers, George Frederick Handel 61 
Rogers, James . . . . . . 41 

Rogers, Roland . . . . . . 5, 6 

Rooke, Edward 9 

Rootham, Cyril Bradley 97, 127 



INDEX. 



'75 



PAGE 

Roper, Edgar Stanley . . . . 140 
Rosingrave, Daniel 30, 34, 47, ior, 113 
Rosingrave, Ralph . . 3. 34 

Rother, Valentine .. ..11 

s. 

Sale, John Bernard .. ..139 
Salisbury, Edward .. 121, 128 

Sampson, Anthony .. ..61 
Saywell (or Sewell), Richard . . 17 
Selby, Bertram Luard- .. 94, 102 

Selby, William 10 

Sennes, Thomas . . . . . . 7 

Sexton, William 167 

Sharpe, Carter 88 

Sharpe, Jonathan 126 

* Shaw, 90 

Shaw, Alexander 37 

Sheppard, John 150 

Shrubsole, William . . . . 31 

Silver, John . . . . 112, 124 

Silvester, John . . . . . . 45 

Sinclair, George Robertson 57, Io6 
Skeats, Highmore (Senr.) 12, 41 

Skeats, Highmore (Junr.) 41, 167 

Skelton, George 65 

Smart, Sir George Thomas . . 139 

Smith, 3 

Smith, 76 

Smith, Elias 47 

Smith, George Townshend . . 56 
Smith, John Stafford . . . . 139 

Smith, Martin 49 

Smyth, Edward 36 

Smyth, William 26 

Smyth, William 36 

Sorrell, William .90 

South, Charles Frederick . . 103 

Sowthick, Thomas .. ..14 

Spain, John 93 

Speechly, John . . . . . . 89 

Spence. Charles 96 

Spofforth, Reginald .. ..65 
Spofforth, Samuel . . 60, 89 

Spofforth, Thomas .. ..104 

Stainer, Sir John . . . . 73, 153, 161 

Standish, David 88 

Standish, Roger . . . . 88 

Standish, William .. ..88 

Stanford, Sir Charles Villiers . . 129 
Stanley, Charles John . . . . 141 

Stanys, John 10 

Statham, Heathcote Dicken . . 162 
Stephens, James Brealsford . . 26 
Stephens, John . . . . . . 102 

Stephenson, Edwin . . . . 6 

Stevens, Richard John Samuel . . 141 
Stevenson, Robert .. ..17 



PAGE 

Stewart, Haldene Campbell . . 153 
Stewart, Sir Robert Prescott 31, 35 
Stimpson, James . . . . . . 15 

Stocks, Harold Carpenter Lamb 98 

Stonard, William 84 

Storey, Richard 87 

Stringer, John . . . . 19 

Stringer, Peter . . . . 18, ?6 

Sudlow, William 77 

Swarbrick (or Schwarbrook), Henry 55 
Sweeting, Edward Thomas 127, ^4 

T. 

Tallis (or Tallys), Thomas . . 133 

Tanner, Thomas 108 

Targett, James 23 

Taverner, John 83 

Taylor, James 156 

Taylor, John 142 

Tetlow, Edward 76 

Thexton, George 164 

Thomas 100 

Thomas 116 

Thompson, Edward . . . . 102 
Thome, Edward Henry . . . . 24 

Thorne, John 120 

Tiller, Richard 87 

Tireman, William . . "6, 128 

Tomkins, Giles (Senr ) . . 101, " 4 
Tomkins, Giles (Junr.) . . . . 117 
Tomkins, John . . . . 70, "4 

Tomkins, John 116 

Tomkins, Richard . . . . 99 

Tomkins, Thomas (Senr.) .. 98 
Tomkins, Thomas (Junr.) 117, 136 
Tomson (or Thomson), Edmund 55 

Toole, William i,26 

Travers, John 138 

Tremaine, Thomas .. ..23 

Tucker, Edward 100 

Tudway, Thomas 125 

Tunstall, Thomas . . . . 11 

Tupper, Harry William . . 105 

Turle, James 148 

Turle, Robert 2 

Turner, William 76 

Tye, Christopher . . . . 39, J 33 

v. 

Vicar Choral, A 

Vicary, Walter 152 

Vincent, George .. .. 103 

Vincent, James . . . . 141 

w. 

Wadeley, Frederick William . . 16 

Wain wright, John . . . . 76 

Wainwright, Richard . . . . 77 

Wainwright, Robert . . . . 76 



7 6 



CATHEDRAL ORGANISTS. 



Walkeley, Anthony .. ..102 
Walley, Humphrey .. .. 7 
Walmisley, Thomas Attwood 126, 129 

Walond, William 23 

Walrond, Theodore .. ..16 
Walsh, George . . . . 30, 34 

Walsh, Henry 34 

Walter, John . . . . . . 131 

Wanlass, 90 

Wanless(e), John 63 

Wanless(e), Thomas .. ..121 

Warcup, John . . . . 62 

Warne, George . . . . . . 142 

Warren, William . . . . 31, 34 

Warrock (or Warwick), Thomas 

53, 136, 144 

Warryn, Walter 93 

Wasbrough, John .. .. 9 

Wasbrough, Rice 9 

Watkins, John 62 

Weare, James 108 

Weaving, Thomas Henry .. 33 
Webb, Bartholomew . . . . 22 
Webb, Edward . . . . 131, 166 

Webb, Robert 47 

Weelkes, Thomas . . 22, 163 

Weldon,John .. .. 137, '54 
Wesley, Samuel Sebastian 

46, 50, 56, 115, 164 
Westcott, Sebastian . . . . 69 

White, Edmund 19 

White, James 33 

White, John 45 



42, 



White (or Whyte), Robert 

White, William Henry . . 

Whitt (or White), .. 
Wildbore, Robert 

Wilkes, John Bernard . . 

Williams, Charles Lee . . 
Williams, George Ebenezer 
Williams, John 

Williams, Thomas . . 
Willis (or Wilkes^, Anthony 
Wilson, 

Wilson, Archibald Wayet 

Wilson, John .. .. 
Wise, Michael 

Wise, Samuel . . . . 

Woffington, John . . 

Wood, Daniel Joseph .. 
Wood, David 

Woodcock, William .. 
Woods, Michael 

Woods, Norman C. .. 

Woodson, Leonard . . 

Woodward, Richard . . 

Wootton, Nicholas .. 

Worrall, Benjamin . . 

Wren, Charles . . . . 
Wren, Robert 

Wrench, Berkeley . . 

Wright, George . . . . 
Wyrnal, John 

Y. 

Young, John Matthew Wilson 



17, 39, 142 
. . 35 
..142 
128 
. . 67 
52, 68, 159 
. . 148 
92 

. . 126 
. . 33 
90 

78, 97 
..96 
101 
65, *4 
. . 1 
24,46 
41 

..155 
22 

.. 162 
. . 130 
. . 31 
.. 12 
. . 19 
47, 92 
11 

. . 47 
. . 88 
120 



66 



ML 

396 

W5 

1921 

Music 



Vest, John Ebeneser 

Cathedral organists past 
present. New and eril,, ea 



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